Office of the Registrar
Faculty of Arts (2010/2011)
8.2 Anthropology

All students who major in Anthropology will be assisted by a faculty advisor who will help them in planning their academic programs. For this purpose, it is essential that students register with the Department at an early stage of their studies.

8.2.1 General Degree
  1. First Courses

    Anthropology 1031 or an equivalent course or courses are required of all students wishing to concentrate in Anthropology.

    The following courses, cross-listed with the Department of Sociology and identified by the designation “S/A”, are also taught at the introductory level: 2200, 2210, 2220, 2230, 2240, 2260, 2270, 2280 and 2350. These courses can be taken as first courses or may be taken following a departmental introductory course.

  2. Major Options

    The Department of Anthropology offers undergraduate programs concentrating in a) Social/Cultural Anthropology; b) Interdisciplinary Studies in Sociology and Anthropology.

    The student majoring in Anthropology must meet the requirements listed under Degree Regulations, Regulations for the General Degree of Bachelor of Arts. Under these regulations, a minimum of 36 credit hours in Anthropology is required. Specific regulations for each option follow:

    1. Social/Cultural Anthropology: Students wishing to concentrate in this option must take Anthropology 1031; 6 credit hours in Anthropology courses at the 2000-level chosen from Anthropology 2410, 2411, 2412, 2413; 6 credit hours from Social/Cultural Anthropology offerings at the 4000-level, of which one must be 4410 or 4412; the remaining 21 credit hours are to be chosen from any of the Anthropology or Sociology/Anthropology (S/A) 3000- or 4000-level offerings. Students should note that the completion of Anthropology 1031 and one 2000-level Anthropology course is a prerequisite for all Anthropology 3000-level courses, and that two Anthropology courses at the 2000-level or above are prerequisites for all Anthropology 4000-level courses.

    2. Interdisciplinary (S/A) option: Students wishing to concentrate in this option must take at least 24 credit hours in Sociology/Anthropology courses, plus a minimum of 12 credit hours in courses selected from the offerings of the Anthropology or the Sociology Department or both. Specific requirements are detailed under the Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies.

  3. Minor Options

    A minor in Anthropology or Sociology/Anthropology may be achieved by completing any one of three sets of courses:

    1. Social and Cultural Anthropology: Anthropology 1031; 6 credit hours in courses at the 2000 level chosen from 2410, 2411, 2412, 2413; and 15 credit hours chosen from Anthropology offerings at the 3000 level or above, including at least 3 credit hours in a course at the 4000 level.

    2. Sociology/Anthropology ("S/A''): see the regulations listed under the Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies.


    Students completing a major or minor in Anthropology or Sociology cannot elect to major or minor in the S/A program.

8.2.2 Honours Degree
  1. Admission: see Regulations for the Honours Degree of Bachelor of Arts.

  2. Students intending an Honours program are required to complete 60 credit hours in Anthropology following the requirements for the Major option, including Anthropology 4995, (or 4996). Students must also meet the requirements of the Regulations for the Honours Degree of Bachelor of Arts.

8.2.3 Regulations for Joint Honours, Anthropology and Another Major Subject
  1. Candidates must fulfil the requirements of the Regulations for the Honours Degree of Bachelor of Arts.

  2. Candidates must complete:

    1. Anthropology 1031;

    2. Six credit hours in courses chosen from Anthropology 2410, 2411, 2412, 2413;

    3. Fifteen credit hours in Anthropology courses at the 3000 level, chosen in consultation with a supervisor;

    4. Fifteen credit hours in Anthropology courses at the 4000 level, with a grade of 70 or better. These must include Anthropology 4410 and one of 4000 or 4412.

8.2.4 Course Descriptions

In accordance with Senate's Policy Regarding Inactive Courses, the course descriptions for courses which have not been offered in the previous three academic years and which are not scheduled to be offered in the current academic year have been removed from the following listing. For information about any of these inactive courses, please contact the Head of the Department.

Students should note that credit may not be obtained for an Archaeology course if, prior to 2007, the student received credit for that course when it was designated as an Anthropology course.

S/A course descriptions may be found in this Calendar under the Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies).

Anthropology courses are designated by ANTH.


Introduction to Social and Cultural Anthropology

is a general introduction to Anthropology emphasizing different forms of society and culture. Cultures within and outside the Western tradition will be examined, ranging from small-scale to more complex pre-industrial societies.


Credit may be obtained for only one of ANTH 1031, the former ANTH 1000 or 2000.


Communication and Culture



Labrador Society and Culture



Newfoundland Society and Culture


(same as Folklore 2350) (see Sociology/Anthropology Interdepartmental Studies)


Canadian Society and Culture



War and Aggression



Newfoundland and Labrador Folklore

(same as Folklore 2300) is a survey of the various types of Folklore: tale, song, rhyme, riddle, proverb, belief, custom, childlore and others, with stress on their function in the Newfoundland community culture. Individual collection and analysis of materials from the students' home communities, supplemented by data from the M.U.N. Folklore and Language Archive.

Prerequisite: FOLK 1000 or 2000, or Anthropology 1031.


Credit may be obtained for only one of ANTH 2300, Folklore 2300, and the former Folklore 3420.


Religious Institutions



Classics in Social and Cultural Anthropology

is an examination of selected milestone monographs, ground-breaking studies for subdisciplinary specialties, and major syntheses. This course qualifies as a Research/Writing course.


Anthropologists in the Field

is based on the fact that anthropologists base many of their ideas on experiences they have while living in other cultures. This course examines the human relationships through which anthropologists explore cultures and how in turn these relationships affect the anthropologists and the development of their discipline. This course qualifies as a Research/Writing course.


Threatened Peoples

is an examination of key social and cultural factors involved in the global extinction of small-scale societies; the intrusive influences that jeopardize small-scale societies, such as disease; economic and military incursion; the role of international non-governmental agencies in aid of threatened peoples; and the role of the anthropologist in this human crisis.


Modern World Cultures

is an examination of significant studies of 20th century populations and their implications for understanding the human condition.


Regional Studies: Aboriginal Peoples of North America

is a survey course dealing with the various tribal and band societies of North America, with special emphasis on the northern portion. The student will be introduced to the cultural history and language distribution of the area along with an examination of the major regional divisions. Several societies will be studied in more detail as case studies in the ethnographic analysis of specific cultural situations. The course will also deal with the effect on these cultures, through the historic period, of European trade, conquest, and settlement, again with special emphasis on the Canadian region.


Credit may be obtained for only one of ANTH 2414 and the former 3281.


Oral Literature

(same as Folklore 2500) is an examination of the major genres of folk literature: folk narrative, folk poetry and song, folk drama, and the traditional generic forms within folk speech. An introduction to the textual, comparative and contextual methods of analysis. The literature discussed will be international in scope.

Prerequisite: FOLK 1000 or 2000, or Anthropology 1031.


Credit may be obtained for only one of ANTH 2500, Folklore 2500, the former Folklore 3400, the former English 3400, and the former Sociology/Anthropology 3400.


Ecology and Culture

is a survey of the basic principles and perspectives of human and cultural ecology and ecological anthropology. Emphasis will be placed on the evolutionary development of basic ecological adaptations: foraging, horticulture, pastoralism, agriculture and industrialism. Major ecosystems and human adaptative adjustments to them will also be surveyed, especially arctic, mountain, desert, grassland and tropical rainforest ecosystems.


Anthropology and Directed Social Change

- inactive course.


Anthropology of Religion

(same as Religious Studies 3053) is a critical evaluation of anthropological research on religion, centering on seminal thinkers and major theoretical traditions. Special attention is given to the study of belief systems, and to relationships between belief and ritual.


Students may not receive credit for both Religious Studies 3053 and Anthropology 3053.


Play and Culture

is an examination of the phenomenon of play in a variety of human cultures, and in such forms of activity as religion, politics, festival, speech, performance, and artistic creation. Principal themes are the functional role of play in social relations, and the meaningful role of play in social thought.


Urban Anthropology

is an examination of anthropological studies of urban populations and population segments, such as ethnic groups and categories, occupations, neighbourhoods, etc.


The Idea of Culture

- inactive course.


Culture and Social Inequality

examines the role of culture in mediating different forms of social inequality, exploring the idea that culture is not only a way of life but also a way of managing power between unequals, from individuals to social classes. Readings in the course concentrate on cultural techniques of social control.


Anthropology in Social Policy-making

- inactive course.


Ethnicity and Culture

- inactive course.


Anthropology and the Study of Social Problems

- inactive course.


Bandits, Rebels, and Revolutions

examines types of social conflict specific to different kinds of class-based society, including social banditry, primitive rebellions, and peasant revolutions. More generally, social conflict is used to explore the variety of ways that pre-industrial societies have been made part of the modern world economy.


Cultural Crises and the Environment

is an examination of social and cultural aspects of dilemmas in the use of renewable and non-renewable resources such as animals, arable land, forests, fisheries, air, water, fossil fuel, and nuclear energy. Special attention to Third World and marginal populations.


Dominance and Power



Social Movements



Persistence and Change in Rural Society



Work and Society



Regional Studies: Contemporary Native Peoples of Canada



Regional Studies: The Atlantic



European Societies


is a survey of cultural and social variation in Europe, especially since 1950. Topics covered include micro-level concerns, such as kinship, religiosity, politics, economic and gender relations in small communities, as well as macro-level concerns, such as labour migration, state formation, social movements, and nationalism.


Peoples of the Pacific


- inactive course.


Regional Studies



Social and Economic Development



Regional Studies: The Arctic

is a courses on studies of cultural, ecologic, economic and social systems in the northern circumpolar regions.


The Anthropology of Gender

aims to provide students with a comprehensive introduction to the major research questions that have been addressed by anthropologists concerned with the study of gender. A variety of empirical examples are used to demonstrate the variation in what it means to be 'female' or 'male' across disparate time periods and cultural contexts.


Gender and Society



Oil and Society


- inactive course.


Culture and Aging


is an introduction to the study of aging from a social and cultural perspective. Distinctions between the biological and social elements of the aging process will be examined. The overview of social and cultural gerontology includes social, economic and political influences on later life, as well as the culture-based needs and aspirations of the aged.


Terrorism and Society



Interdisciplinary Specialties



Regional Studies in Anthropology


Anthropological Specialties

will have a topic of current interest and importance announced by the Department for each term.

Prerequisites: Six credit hours in Anthropology.


Historical Anthropology

(same as Archaeology 3584 and History 3535) will explore selected issues in historical anthropology, with special reference to the Mediterranean and North Atlantic worlds. Students will read specific case studies in order to explore the theoretical issues raised by the attempt to understand historically-documented past cultures. In order to give practical examples of methodology classes will analyse primary source material. Students will be introduced to the textual analysis of myth and legal records, to the interpretation of images and to the analysis of patterns in material culture. The course will consider specific current interpretive issues, particularly the rise of individualism, the consumer revolution and the cultural construction of gender.


Credit may be obtained for only one of ANTH 3584, Archaeology 3584, and History 3535.


Hunter-Gatherer Studies

(same as Archaeology 3590) examines past and present hunting and gathering societies from various areas of the world, both from an ethnographic and an archaeological perspective.

Prerequisites: 1030 and 1031.


Credit may be obtained for only one of ANTH 3590 and Archaeology 3590


The Use of Theory in Sociology and Anthropology



Society and the Life Cycle



New Media Methods in Social Research



Social and Cultural Change


- inactive course.


Society and Culture



Taboo and Law

- inactive course.


Aboriginal Self-Governance


- inactive course.


Social and Cultural Aspects of Health and Illness



Social and Cultural Aspects of Death



Studies in Underclass Life


is a critical inquiry into the social sources of human misery and suffering that characterize life in the underclass


Ritual and Ceremony


- inactive course.


Advanced Studies in Terror and Society


- inactive course.


Advanced Seminar in the Anthropology of Gender

is a seminar that focuses on the critical analysis of cross-cultural research on gender roles, ideologies, and identities. Each year, particular emphasis is placed on the topics that are the current subject of extensive theoretical enquiry and debate in feminist anthropology.

Prerequisites: ANTH 3305 or permission of the instructor


Language and Social Change



Oil and Development


- inactive course.


Gender and Social Theory



Culture and Personality



Advanced Interdisciplinary Specialties



Special Areas in Anthropology

is a series of individual or small group tutorials and reading courses on topics of special or current interest.

Prerequisite: Departmental permission.


Advanced Newfoundland Ethnography

- inactive course.


Fieldwork and the Interpretation of Culture

is an analysis of the experience and process of anthropological fieldwork. The focus of the course will be not only on the problems of the anthropologist but also on the anthropologist as problem. Exercises, readings, and seminar discussions will examine such topics as: learning to observe; the relationships among perspective, data, and interpretation; participating, observing, and helping; negotiation of roles and rules for dialogue; problems of "acceptance'', "relevance'', and ethics.


The Intensive Study of One Culture

- inactive course.


Biography and Culture

- inactive course.


Culture and Traditions of Ireland

(same as Folklore 4370) is an examination of the culture and traditions of Ireland through an interdisciplinary approach; historical, geographical, cultural and literary factors will be considered. Emphasis will be on the contemporary scene.


Credit may be obtained for only one of ANTH 4370 and Folklore 4370


History of Social and Cultural Anthropology

is a detailed examination of critical issues in the history of anthropology and its various subdisciplines from ancient times to the formation of schools of thought in the late 19th and 20th centuries.

Prerequisite: At least fourth-year standing in an Arts degree program, including 24 credit hours in Anthropology courses.


Modern Cultural Theory

is an evaluation of current approaches to culture through psychological, social-structural, critical, and symbolic Anthropology. Emphasis on major works, schools, and personages.


The Craft of Writing Anthropological Narrative

is a seminar open to senior students in any discipline, which examines in detail both the mechanics and the sensitivities necessary to produce literate analysis.


Music and Culture

(same as Folklore 4440 and Music 4440) examines traditional music as an aspect of human behaviour in Western and non-European cultures. Examination of the functions and uses of music; folk-popular-art music distinctions; and the relation of style to content. Outside reading, class exercises and individual reports will be required.


Credit may be obtained for only one of ANTH 4440, Folklore 4440, and Music 4440


Land Tenure and Culture

- inactive course.


Ethnography of Gambling

- inactive course.


The Fisheries Revolution

- inactive course.


Honours Essay



Comprehensive Examination



Honours Essay

is required as part of the Honours program.


Comprehensive Examination

- inactive course.