Office of the Registrar
Sir Wilfred Grenfell College (2007/2008)
11 Course Descriptions


  1. Prerequisites may be waived by the Head/ Program Chair of the course area in question.

  2. Upon the recommendation of the appropriate Program Chair(s), any Major requirements may be waived by the Academic Studies Committee.

  3. Some of the courses in this section of the Calendar are available only at Sir Wilfred Grenfell College. Students who choose to transfer from Grenfell to the St. John's campus should see their faculty advisor to determine the extent to which such courses can be applied to their new program.

11.1 Anthropology

In accordance with Senate's Policy Regarding Inactive Courses, the course descriptions for courses which have not been offered in the previous three academic years and which are not scheduled to be offered in the current academic year have been removed from the following listing. For information about any of these inactive courses, please contact the Head of the Division.

Anthropology 1030 (Introduction to Archaeology and Physical Anthropology) and 1031 (Introduction to Social and Cultural Anthropology) or an equivalent course or courses are required of all students wishing to concentrate in anthropology.

The following courses, cross-listed with the Department of Sociology and identified by the prefix "S/A", are also taught at the introductory level: 2200, 2210, 2220, 2230, 2240, 2260, 2270, 2280, and 2350. These courses can be taken as first courses or may be taken following an Anthropology introductory course.


Introduction to Archaeology and Physical Anthropology

is a broad overview of Archaeology and Physical Anthropology introducing the concepts of human biological and cultural evolution and the methods and techniques by which these are investigated. The course is designed to provide the basis for further study in the disciplines.


Credit may not be obtained for both Anthropology 1030 and the former Anthropology 1000 or 2000.


Introduction to Social and Cultural Anthropology

is a general introduction to Anthropology emphasizing different forms of society and culture. Cultures within and outside the Western tradition will be examined, ranging from small-scale to more complex pre-industrial societies.


Credit may not be obtained for both Anthropology 1031 and the former Anthropology 1000 or 2000.



(S/A 2200)

is an interdisciplinary examination of the concept of Community. Readings will include community studies from North America and Europe.


Communication and Culture

(S/A 2210)

is an examination of verbal and non-verbal systems of communication, and the influence of language on human cognition.


Newfoundland Society and Culture

(S/A 2230)

(same as Folklore 2230) examines the Sociology and Anthropology of the Island of Newfoundland. The focus is on social and cultural aspects of contemporary island Newfoundland.


Canadian Society and Culture

(S/A 2240)

is a descriptive and analytic approach to the development of Canadian society and culture.


War and Aggression

(S/A 2260)

is a critical review of ethological, psychological and sociological approaches to the understanding of violence and organized aggression.



(S/A 2270)

is a comparative and historical perspective on the family as a social institution, the range of variation in its structure and the determinants of its development.


Newfoundland Folklore

(same as Folklore 2300) is a survey of the various types of Folklore: tale, song, rhyme, riddle, proverb, belief, custom, childlore and others, with stress on their function in the Newfoundland community culture. Individual collection and analysis of materials from the students' home communities, supplemented by data from the Memorial University of Newfoundland Folklore and Language Archive.

Prerequisite: Folklore 1000 or 2000, or Anthropology 1031.


Credit may not be obtained for both Folklore 2300 and the former Folklore 3420.


Religious Institutions

(S/A 2350)

(same as Religious Studies 2350) is a comparative study of religious institutions and beliefs, calendrical feasts and solemnities, religious roles and hierarchies, ritual innovation and revitalization.


Classics in Social and Cultural Anthropology

is an examination of selected milestone monographs, ground-breaking studies for subdisciplinary specialties and major syntheses.


Anthropologists in the Field

base many of their ideas on experiences they have while living in other cultures. This course examines the human relationships through which anthropologists explore cultures and how in turn these relationships affect the anthropologists and the development of their discipline.


Threatened Peoples

is an examination of key social and cultural factors involved in the global extinction of small-scale societies; the intrusive influences that jeopardize small-scale societies, such as disease; economic and military incursion; the role of international non-governmental agencies in aid of threatened peoples; and the role of the anthropologist in this human crisis.


Modern World Cultures

is an examination of significant studies of 20th century populations and their implications for understanding the human condition.


Physical Anthropology: The Human Animal

investigates the human animal as we exist now and as we developed through time. Students will discover how the study of fossil remains, living and extinct primates, and the applications of the principles of genetics, adaptation and variation of human evolution help to provide an understanding of how biology and culture have interacted to produce modern humans.

Prerequisite: Anthropology 1030.


Folk Literature

(same as Folklore 2500) is an examination of the major genres of folk literature: folk narrative, folk poetry and song, folk drama, and the traditional generic forms within folk speech. An introduction to the textual, comparative and contextual methods of analysis. The literature discussed will be international in scope.

Prerequisite: Folklore 1000 or 2000, or Anthropology 1031.


Credit may not be obtained for both Folklore 2500 and any of the former Folklore 3400, English 3400, Sociology/Anthropology 3400.


The Third World

is an examination of the anthropology of the Third World. The course considers perspectives on peasantry, including such topics as underdevelopment, land reform, hunger, political and social movement.


Cultural Crises and the Environment

is an examination of social and cultural aspects of dilemmas in the use of renewable and non-renewable resources such as animals, arable land, forests, fisheries, air, water, fossil fuel, and nuclear energy. Special attention to Third World and marginal populations.


Social Movements

(S/A 3140)

is an examination of social movements which challenge prevailing social institutions and cultural values. Social movements considered may include religious cults and sects, millenarian movements, attempts at utopian and communal living, feminism, labour and revolutionary movements.


Persistence and Change in Rural Society

(S/A 3210)

assesses the social and cultural significance of the rural experience in the face of expanding urbanism. Topics may include (a) the nature of rural society in Canada, (b) similarities between Canadian and European rural society, ©) utopian and anarchist movements in rural life, and (d) reaction of agricultural populations to external influence.


Gender and Society

(S/A 3314)

is an examination of biological, psychological, social and cultural aspects of gender, with an emphasis upon contemporary directions of change in sex roles.


The Early Ethnohistory of North America's Native People

(same as History 3520) explores the North American native response to early European contact and initial settlement. Particular attention will be paid to cultural change resulting from the adoption of European goods, participation in the fur trade, the introduction of European disease, and the adaptation to a permanent European presence.


The Later Ethnohistory of North America's Native People


(same as History 3525) examines Indian and Inuit cultural history of the 18th and 19th centuries, including the fur trade, resistance and accommodation to European expansion, the emergence of revitalization movements, demographic changes, and population shifts. Special emphasis will be placed on the ethnohistory of the native peoples of what is now Canada and northern United States.


Social and Cultural Aspects of Death

(S/A 4072)

covers topics which may include: symbolic meanings and values attached to death; cultural and historical variations in the management of death, e.g. treatment of the 'terminally ill', burial rites, the mourning process, and the social fate of survivors, together with the social and psychological meanings of these behaviours. Open to those without normal prerequisites by permission of the Instructor.


Music and Culture

(S/C 4440)

(same as Folklore 4440 and Music 4440) explores traditional music as an aspect of human behaviour in Western and non-European cultures. Examination of the functions and uses of music; folk-popular-art music distinctions; and the relation of style to content. Outside reading, class exercises and individual reports will be required.