Geography literally means description of the Earth — its physical and human components and how they vary spatially. Geography studies the inter-relationships of climate, landforms, plants, animals and humans over the surface of the Earth.

Geographers are more than map-makers (though they are that, too). They are planners, researchers, environmentalists, educators and decision makers whose interests focus on some of society’s most pressing questions.

Geography at Memorial

We offer major, minor and honours programs leading to either a bachelor of arts (BA) or bachelor of science (B.Sc.) in geography. In addition, joint programs are offered in:

  • computer science/geography (B.Sc. major and honours)
  • Earth sciences/geography (B.Sc. honours)

We also offer a diploma in geographic information sciences (GISciences) that you can complete at the same time as your bachelor’s degree. In the GISciences diploma program, you gain valuable hands-on experience in cartography, remote sensing and geographic information systems.

Admission requirements

Admission to the major for BA students

You may apply for admission into the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences by indicating bachelor of arts as your program choice on the undergraduate application for admission. Direct entry into the faculty is subject to your meeting the general admission requirements for Memorial University.

You may choose geography as your major at the time of application or you can explore your options and declare a major in a later semester by emailing to make your choice official.

Admission to the major for B.Sc. students

If you're interested in completing geography as a science major, apply for admission into the Faculty Science by indicating bachelor of science as your program choice on the undergraduate application for admission. Direct entry into the faculty is subject to your meeting the general admission requirements for Memorial University.

To declare the geography major, you must complete 30 credit hours (10 courses), including the following:

  • Geography 1050
  • six credit hours in 2000-level geography courses
  • six credit hours in critical reading & writing (CRW) courses, including at least three credit hours in English
  • three credit hours in mathematics

Upon completion of these courses, you should contact the Department of Geography to declare the major.

Sample first year

Wondering what courses you would take in your first year? Check out a sample program of suggested courses for geography students.

Sample courses and degree map

GEOG 1050 - Geographies of Global Change
GEOG 2425 - Natural Resources
GEOG 3420 - Globalization of Food

Geography degree map for BA students

Degree maps are navigational tools, designed to help you make the right choices throughout your bachelor of arts degree. They cover information pertaining to your studies, provide study tips, career guidance, suggestions for involvement, advice on go abroad activities and on your well being.

Career opportunities

There are many career options for geography graduates. Environmental analysis and assessment opportunities abound; locational analysis for commercial activity remains an important option; urban and regional planning continues to lure practitioners; and mapping and spatial data analyses have expanded with the wide-spread adoption of computer technologies. Teaching situations, at all levels, have been abundant as well. Geographers have long supplied their expertise to these areas, while recently adding new tools for executing these endeavours. Other options include:

  • travel and tourism
  • community research
  • arctic investigations
  • international development and policy

Note: some of these careers may call for supplementary education or preparation in the form of graduate studies, experiential learning or professional courses and exams.

Program Information

Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences




Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science


St. John's

Honours Option:


Co-op Available:



4 years


Fall, winter and spring semesters

Application Deadline:

Applications are considered on a rolling basis. Students are encouraged to apply by

  • March 1 for fall admission
  • Oct. 1 for winter admission
  • Feb. 1 for spring admission

Supplementary Application:



Tuition InformationWebsite


Undergraduate Admissions and Programs

230 Elizabeth Ave, St. John's, NL, CANADA, A1B 3X9

Postal Address: P.O. Box 4200, St. John's, NL, CANADA, A1C 5S7

Tel: (709) 864-8000