Research Publications

Research Publications


Lukewich, J., Asghari, S., Marshall, E., Mathews, M., Swab, M., Trammer, J., Bryant-Lukosius, D., Martin-Misener, R., Norful, A., Ryan, D., Poitras, M-E. (2022). Effectiveness of Registered Nurses on System Outcomes in Primary Care: A Systematic Review. BMC Health Services Research, 22:440.

MacDonald, CM., Hancock, PD., Kennedy, DM., MacDonald, SA., Watkins, KE., Baldwin, DD. (2022). Incivility in practice - incidence and experiences of nursing students in eastern Canada: A descriptive quantitative study. Nurse Education Today, 110

Young, JS., Chafe, R., Audas, R. (2022). “I Know How to Advocate”: Parents’ Experiences in Advocating for Children and Youth Diagnosed With Autism Spectrum Disorder. Health Services Insights.


Adreak, N., Srivaratharajah, K., Mullen, K.-A., Pike, A., Mackay, M.H., Comber, L., & Abramson, B.L. (2021). Incorporating a women’s cardiovascular health curriculum into medical education. CJC Open, 1-5. Available from:

Alsharawneh, A. & Maddigan, J. (2021). The oncological emergency of intestinal obstruction: ED recognition and treatment outcomes. Seminars in Oncology Nursing, 37. Available from:

Barrett, C., Mathews, M., Poitras, M.-E., Norfus, A.A., Martin-Misener, R., Tranmer, J., Ryan, D., & Lukewich, J. (2021). Job titles and education requirements of registered nurses in primary care: An international document analysis. International Journal of Nursing Studies Advances, Available from:

Belita, E., Schofield, R., Currie, G., Dietrich Leurer M., Dosani, A., Cusack, C., Danaher, A., Dilworth, K., Etowa, J., Filion, F., Joseph, C., Lukewich, J., MacDonald, J.A., & Reid-Haughian, C. (2021). Advancing excellence in community health nursing through evidence-based national standards of practice. Journal of Continuing Education Nursing, 52(4), 168-175. doi: 10.3928/00220124-20210315-05.

Braithwaite, S., Lukewich, J., Macdonald, D., & Tranmer, J. (2021). Influence of organizational attributes on registered nurse contributions to well-child care: A scoping review protocol. BMJ Open, 11: e052634. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-0052634

Bruneau, J., Moralejo, D., Donovan, C., Parsons, K. (2021). Recruitment of Healthcare Providers into Research Studies. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research. DOI: 10.1177/0844562120974911.

Callahan Fagan, V.R. & Parsons, K. (2021). The lived experience of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion in adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus: A phenomenological inquiry. Global Qualitative Nursing Research, 8, 1-15. doi: 10.1177/2333393620981058

Isler, C., Maddigan, J., Small, S., Jarvis, K., & Swab, M. (2021). Strategies and interventions that foster clinical leadership among registered nurses: A scoping review protocol. JBI Evidence Synthesis, 19(10), 2839-2846. doi: 10.11124/JBIES-20-00342.

Najah, A., Srivaratharajah, K., MD, Mullen, K., Pike, A., Mackay, M., Comber, L., & Abramson, B. Incorporating a Women’s Cardiovascular Health Curriculum into Medical Education. Canadian Journal of Cardiology- Open (in press)

Lukewich, J., Poitras, M-E., & Mathews, M. (2021). Unseen, unheard, undervalued: Advancing research on registered nurses in primary care. Practice Nursing. 34(4), 158-162.

Mathews, M., Ryan, D., Buote, R., Parsons, S., & Lukewich, J. (2021). Family practice nursing in Newfoundland and Labrador: Are reported roles reflective of professional competencies for registered nurses in primary care. SAGE Open Nursing, 7, 1-11. doi: 10.1177/23779608211053496.

Mathews, M., Spencer, S., Hedden, L., Gard Marshall, E., Lukewich, J., Meredith, L., Ryan, D., Buote, R., Liu, T., Volpe, E., Gill, P., Ryan, B., Schacter, G., Wickett, J., Freeman, T., Sibbald, S., Wong, E., McKay, M., McCracken, R., Belle Brown, J. (2021). Development of a primary care pandemic plan informed by in-depth policy analysis and interviews with family physicians across Canada during COVID-19: a qualitative case study protocol. BMJ Open, 11(7), 1-8. DOI:10.1136/bmjopen-2020-048209

Pike, A., Moodie, S., Parsons, K., Griffin, A., Smith-Young, J., Young, T-L., Mills, L., Barrett, M., Rowe, L., Parsons, M., Kielley, H., & Fleming, M. (2021). "Something is Just Not Right with My Hearing": Early Experiences of Adults Living with Hearing Loss. International Journal of Audiology. Available at doi: 10.1080/14992027.2021.1983656

Parsons, K., Gaudine, A., & Swab, M. (2021). Experiences of older adults accessing specialized health care services in rural and remote areas: A qualitative systematic review. JBI Evidence Synthesis, 19(6), 1328-1343. doi: 10.11124/JBIES-20-00048.

Small, S., Swab, M., & Maddigan, J. (2021). Pregnant and postnatal women’s experiences of interacting with health care providers about their tobacco smoking: a qualitative systematic review protocol. JBI Evidence Synthesis, 19(3), 652-659. doi: 10.11124/JBIES-20-00135.

Smith, J., Smith, J., Mader, J., Gustier, G., Conn, L., & Maddigan, J. (2021). An exploration of self-reported medicinal cannabis use among a sample of Eastern Canadian postsecondary students. Journal of Behavioral Health Services Research. Available from:

Stevens, K., Moralejo, D., Ersser, S., MacLean. C. (2021). Patient, Support-Person and Health-Care Provider Perspectives on Foot Self-Management for Adults With Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes: Personal Challenges. Canadian Journal of Diabetes. DOI: 10.1016/j.jcjd.2021.04.011.


Bielska, I. A., Embrett, M., Jewett, L., Buote, R., Manis, D. R., Parikh, M., Speicher, D. J., Agarwal, G., Nartowski, R., Finnegan, H., Bandara, T., Hamilton, C. B., Moore, E., Liu, R. H., Roher, S. I. G., Lopatina, E., Nguyen, D. T. K., Lawrence, L., Lukewich, J. (2020). Canada’s Multi-Jurisdictional COVID-19 Public Health Response – January to May 2020. Public Health Management/Zdrowie Publiczne i Zarzadzanie, Jagiellonian University Press. 18(1):8. doi:10.4467/20842627OZ.20.009.12663.

Drey, N., Gould, DJ., Purssell, E., Chudleigh, J., Moralejo, D., Gallagher, R., Jeanes, A., Wigglesworth, N., Pittet, D. (2020). Applying thematic synthesis to interpretation and commentary in epidemiologic studies: identifying what contributes to successful interventions to promote hand hygiene in patient care. BMJ Quality & Safety. 29(9):756-76. DOI:10.1136/bmjqs-2019-009833.

Jarvis, K., Richter, S., Farrell, A., Lukewich, J. (2020). Determinants of Accessibility to Primary Sexual Reproductive Health Care Among Vulnerable Women in Canada: A Scoping Review Protocol. Joanna Briggs Institute Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports. 18(9):2065-2074. DOI: 10.11124/JBISRIR-D-19-00262

Lukewich, J., Buote, R., Asghari, S., Aubrey-Bassler, K., Knight, J. (2020). Profile of Adults with Diabetes Mellitus in Newfoundland and Labrador: A Population-Based, Cross Sectional Analysis. CMAJOpen. 8(4): E895-E901. DOI:10.9778/cmajo.20190233

Lukewich, J., Allard, M., Ashley, L., Aurbrey-Bassler, K., Bryant-Lukosius, D., Klassen, T., Magee, T., Martin-Misener, R., Mathews, M., Poitras, ME., Roussel, J., Ryan, D., Schofield, R., Tranmer, J., Valaitis, R., Wong, S.T. (2020). National Competencies for Registered Nurses in Primary Care: A Delphi Study. Western Journal of Nursing Research. 42(12): 1078-1087. DOI:10.1177/0193945920935590

Mathews, M., Ryan, D., Buote, R., Parsons, S., Lukewich, J. (2020). A Qualitative Study Exploring the Influence of Clinic Funding on the Integration of Family Practice Nurses in Newfoundland and Labrador. Nursing Open, 7:1067–1073.

Pike, A., Dobbin-Williams, K., & Swab, M. The experiences of adults living with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator for cardiovascular disease: A systematic review of qualitative evidence. Manuscript number JBISRIR-D-19-00239. JBI Evidence Synthesis, 18 (11), 2231-2301 doi: 10.11124/JBISRIR-D-19-00239


Pike, A., Lukewich, J., Watkins, K., Wells, J., Kirkland, M., & Manuel, M. Identifying Indicators of National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN) Success in Nursing Graduates in Newfoundland & Labrador. International Journal of Nursing Education and Scholarship, 1-10. doi: 10.1515/ijnes-2018-0060

Parsons, K., Porr, C., Pike, A., & Kelley, P. The meaning of caring for nursing students in a baccalaureate nursing program: An arts-based inquiry. Journal of Nursing Education and Practice, 9(11), 35-46. doi: 10.5430/jnep.v9n11p35


Gould, DJ., Moralejo, D., Drey, N., Chudleigh, J. & Taljaard M. Interventions to improve hand hygiene compliance in patient care: reflections on three systematic reviews for the Cochrane Collaboration 2007-2017. Journal of Infection Prevention. 19(3): 108- 113.

Lukewich, J., Williamson, T., Edge, D., VanDenKerkhof, E., Edge, D. & Tranmer, J. Team composition and chronic disease management within primary care practices in eastern Ontario: An application of the Measuring Organizational Attributes of Primary Health Care Survey. Primary Health Care Research & Development.

Manuel, A. & Colbourne G. (2018). Restoring normalcy: The experiences of five women livingwith an implantable cardioverter defibrillator. Canadian Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. 28(1): 3-9.

MacDonald, S., Manuel, A., Dubrowski A, Bandrauk, N., Law, R., Curran,V., & Wah Lee, Y. (2018). Emergency Management of Anaphylaxis: A High Fidelity Interprofessional Simulation Scenario to Foster Teamwork Among Senior Nursing, Medicine, and Pharmacy Undergraduate Students. Cureus 10(7): e2915. doi:10.7759/cureus.2915

MacDonald, S., Manuel, A., Law, R., Bandruak, N., Dubrowski, A., Curran, V., Smith-Young,
J., Simmons, K. and Warren, A. (2018). Assessing the impact of high fidelity human patient simulation on teamwork among nursing medicine and pharmacy undergraduate students. International Journal of Nursing and Health Sciences. 12(8), 336 – 341.


Chan, Z., CY., Stanley, D.J., Meadus, R.J., & Tong, C.W. (2017). A qualitative study on feedback provided by students in nurse education. Nurse Education Today, 55, 128-133.

Gien, L., Porr, C., Parsons, K., Allison, J. & Donovan, C. (2017). Challenges in self-management of type 2 diabetes mellitus in a rural community of Eastern Canada. Perspectives. 39(3): 6-15

Gould, DJ., Moralejo, D., Drey, N., Chudleigh, JH. & Taljaard, M. (2017). Interventions to improve hand hygiene compliance in patient care. (2017). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. (8) Art.No.: CD005186. DOI: 10.1002/14651858. CD005186.pub4

Moralejo, D., Ogunremi, T. and Dunn, K. (2017). Critical Appraisal Toolkit (CAT) for assessing multiple types of evidence. Canada Communicable Disease Report, 43(9):176-81.

Porr, C. (2017). Establishing therapeutic relationships in nursing practice. Advancing interpersonal competencies. Dubuque, IA: Kendall Hunt.

Stevens, K., Bruneau, J. & Moralejo, D. (2017). Foot self-management for adults with diabetes in western countries: A scoping review protocol. JBI Database of Systematic Reviews & Implementation Reports. 15: 2249-2256.

Twomey J.C., Way, C.Y., Parfrey, P., Churchill, D. & Barrett, B.J. (2017). Instrument refinement: The patient's perception of life on hemodialysis scale. SAGE open. 7(4): doi/full/10.1177/2158244017742952.


Earle-Crane, M., Power, M., & Stevens, K. (2016). From hospital to home: Supporting implementation of Safe-Sleep Guidelines. ARNNL Access. 38(3):14.

Chudleigh, J., Drey, N., Moralejo, D. & Gould DJ. (2016). Letter to the editor: Systematic reviews of hand hygiene in patient care post 2010. Journal of Hospital Infection; 94(1): 110-111.

Godwin, M., Gadag, V., Pike, A., Pitcher, H., Parsons, K., McCrate, F., Parsons, W., Buehler,

S., Slater, A. & Miller, M. (2016). A randomized controlled trial of the effect of an intensive one year care management program on measures of health status in independent, community-living old elderly: The Eldercare Project. Family Practice. 33(1): 37-41.

Gould, DJ., Creedon, S., Jeanes, A., Drey, N., Chudleigh, J. & Moralejo D. (2016). Impact ofobserving hand hygiene in practice and research: a methodological consideration. Journal of Hospital Infection. 95(2): 169-174.

Lukewich, J., Williamson, T., Edge, D., VanDenKerkhof, E. & Tranmer, J. (2016). Association

Between Registered Nurse Staffing and Management Outcomes of Patients with Type 2 Diabetes within Primary Care: A Cross-Sectional Linkage Study.Canadian Medical Association Journal Open (CMAJOpen). 4(2), E264-E270. doi:10.9778/cmajo.20150113

Manuel, A & Brunger, F. (2016). Embodying a new meaning of being at-risk: living with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator for Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy. Global Qualitative Nursing Research. 3: 1-10

Manuel, A., Macdonald, S., Mandville-Anstey, S., Percy, H. & Coffin, A. (2016). Translating heart health knowledge into action: A vascular and risk reduction program for women aged 35-65. Canadian Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. 26(4): 5-12

MacDonald, S., Manuel, A. & Crossman, R. (2016). Common disorders of the large intestine.In J.P Frizzell, & T. Capriotti (Eds.), Pathophysiology introductory concepts and clinical perspectives. (pp. 677-698). F.A. Davis Co. Philadelphia, United States

Menvia-Paster, O., Patra, P., Andes, K., Twomey, C. &Pena-Castillo, L. (2016). OMARC: An Online Multimedia Application for Training Health Care Providers in the Assessment of Respiratory Conditions. International Journal of Medical Informatics 89: 15-24

Rahaman, Z., Holmes, D. & Chartrand, L. (2016). An Opportunity for Healing an Holistic Care: Exploring the Roles of Healthcare Professionals Working within Northern Canadian Aboriginal Communities. Journal of Holistic Nursing. Sage, Online.

Stanhope, M., Lancaster, J., Jacobson, S. & Pike-MacDonald, S. (2016) Community HealthNursing in Canada. (3rd Edition). Elsevier, Toronto, Canada.

Small, S. P., de Boer, C. & Swab, M. (2016). Perceived barriers to and facilitators of labourmarket engagement for individuals with chronic physical illness – Experience with disability policy: a systematic review of qualitative evidence protocol. JBI Database of Systematic Reviews & Implementation Reports. 13(12): 59-69

Twomey, J.C. & Meadus, R.(2016). Men Nurses in Atlantic Canada: Career Choice, Barriers and Satisfaction. The Journal of Men’s Studies. 24(1): 78-88

Warren, J., Luctkar-Flude, M. & Lukewich, J. (2016). A systematic review of the effectivenessof simulation based education in nurse practitioner programs. Nursing Education Today. 46: 99-108

Zhang, Y.P., Wei, H.H., Zhao, X.S., XU, Y.Q. & Porr, C. (2016). Cross-cultural adaptationand validation of the comprehensive needs assessment tool (CNAT) for Chinese cancer patients. European Journal for Person Centered Healthcare. 4(1) 241-249

Zhang, Y.P., Wei, H.H., Wang, W., Xia, R.Y., Zhou, X.L., Porr, C. & Lammi, M. (2016).Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the osteoporosis assessment questionnaire short version (OPAQ-SV) for Chinese osteoporotic fracture females. Clinical Rheumatology. 35(4): 1003-1010


Bielska, I., Drobot, A., Moir, M., Nartowski, R., Lee, R., Lukewich, J. & Lukewich, M. (2015).Public Health in Canada: An Overview. Public Health and Governance. 13(2): 165-179

Gaudine, A. & Lamb, M. (2015). Nursing Leadership and Management: Working in CanadianHealthcare Organizations. Toronto: Pearson

Godwin, M., Pike, A., McCrate, F., Parsons, K., Parsons, W., Pitcher, H., Buehler, S., Gadag,V., Miller, M. & Slater, A. (2015). Descriptive analysis by sex of cognitively functioning elderly patients 80 years and older living independently in the community. Canadian Family Physician. 61(3): e142-e147

Kearney, A., Grainger, P., Compton, G. & Morgan, A.F. (2015). Impact of the relocation of a long-term residential care facility on staff. The Health Care Manager. 34(4): 327-336

Kearney, A. (2015). Viewpoint: It is time to reconsider policy for population-based mammography screening. Journal of Public Health Policy.36(3): 259-269

Khraim, F., Small, S. P., Crane, D. & Morgan, C. (2015). Piloting the use of smartphone applications as learning resources in clinical nursing education. American Research Journal of Nursing. 1(3): 22-27

Lukewich, J., Mann, E., VanDenKerkhof, E. & Tranmer, J. (2015). Self-management supportf or chronic pain in primary care: a cross-sectional study of patient experiences and nursing roles. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 71(11): 2551-62

Lukewich, J., Edge, D. S., Tranmer, J., Raymond, J., Miron, J., Ginsburg, L. & VanDenKerkhof, E. G. (2015). Undergraduate baccalaureate nursing students’ self-reported confidence in learning about patient safety in the classroom and clinical settings: An annual cross-sectional study (2010-2013). International Journal of Nursing Studies. 52(5): 930-938.

Manuel, A., Dobbin-Williams, K. and Swab, M. (2015).The experiences of adults living withan implantable cardioverter defibrillator for cardiovascular disease: A systematic review of qualitative evidence protocol. JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports. 13(6): 82-95.

Manuel, A. and Brunger, F. (2015). Awakening to” a new meaning of being at-risk for arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy: a grounded theory study. Journal of Community Genetics. 6(2): 167-175.

MacDonald, S. (2015). Chapter 6. Ethical Issues. In Yoder and Wise Leading and Managing in Canadian Nursing. Elsevier, Toronto, Canada.

Parsons, K., Gaudine, A. & Swab, M. (2015). Older nurses’ experiences of providing direct care in hospital nursing units: A qualitative evidence systematic review protocol. The JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports. 13(5): 87-96.

Parsons, K., MacDonald, S., Hyatt, A. & Moody, J. (2015). Increasing attitudes and interest in caring for older adults in first year nursing students using innovative teaching and learning strategies. Journal of Nursing Education and Practice. 5(9): 63-71.

Porr, C. & Mawji, A. (2015). Public health nursing. In L. Stamler, L. Yiu, & A. Mawji (Eds.),Community health nursing: A Canadian perspective (4th ed.). Don Mills, ON: Pearson Canada.

Small, S. P., Porr, C., Swab, M. & Murray, C. (2015). The experience and cessation needs ofIndigenous women who smoke during pregnancy: A protocol for a systematic review of qualitative evidence. The JBI Database of Systematic Reviews & Implementation Reports. 13(4): 51-64

Snow, N. & Davis, C. (2015). Diagnosis, intervention, and outcome development in psychiatric and mental health nursing. In W. Austin & M. A. Boyd (Eds.) Psychiatric and mental health nursing for Canadian practice. (pp. 165-185). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer

Strickland, J.T., Wells, C. F. & Porr, C. (2015). Safeguarding the children: The cancer journeyof young mothers. Oncology Nursing Forum. 42(5): 534-541

Twomey J.C., Barrett, B.J., Way, C.Y., Churchill, D. & Parfrey, P. (2015). The patient’s perception of life on hemodialysis scale (PPHS). Journal of Nursing Measurement. 23(1): 72-81

Whitehorne, K., Gaudine, A. & Meadus, R. (2015). Lived experience of the intensive care unitfor patients who experienced delirium. American Journal of Critical Care. 24(6): 474- 479

Zhang, Y.P., Zhao, X.S., Zhang, B., Zhang, L.L., Ni, C.P., Hao, N. Shi, C.B. & Porr,C. (2015). Cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric assessment of the Chinese version of the comprehensive needs assessment tool for cancer caregivers (CNAT-C). Quality of Life Research.24(7):1607-14


Dawe, D., Bennett, L., Kearney, A. & Westera, D. (2014). Women’s Emotional andInformational Needs Before and After Outpatient Surgery for Breast Cancer. Canadian Oncology Nursing Journal, 24(1): 20-24.

Gardner, G. & MacDonald, S. (2014) Neuromuscular blocking agents and therapeutic hypothermia post cardiac arrest in the intensive care unit: knowledge to practice. Analgesia and Resuscitation: Current Research. 3(2).

Lukewich, J., Corbin, R., VanDenKerkhof, E., Edge, D., Williamson, T. & Tranmer, J. (2014). Identification, summary and comparison of tools used to measure organizational attributes associated with chronic disease management within primary care settings. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice. 20(6): 1072-85

Lukewich, J., Edge, D. S., VanDenKerkhof, E. & Tranmer, J. (2014). Nursing contributions tochronic disease management in primary care within Canada. Journal of Nursing Administration. 44(2): 103-110

Manuel, A. and Brunger, F. (2014). Making the decision to participate in predictive genetic testing for Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy. Journal of Genetic Counselling. 23(6):1045-1055

Manuel, A., Macdonald, S., Alani, S., Moralejo, D. & Dubrowski A. (2014). Ebola Virus Hemorrhagic Fever: A Simulation-Based Clinical Education Experience Designed for Senior Undergraduate Nursing Students. Cureus. 6(11): e228. doi:10.7759/cureus.228.

Murray, C., Small, S. P. & Burrage, L. (2014). The lived experience of smoking in pregnancy.Open Journal of Nursing. 4: 762-773

Neumeier, M. & Small, S. (2014). Moving the discussion online: Asynchronous Discussion for

Clinical Post-Conference in a Baccalaureate Nursing Program Organ, K. & MacDonald, S. (2014). Satellite hemodialysis services for patients with end stage renal disease. Canadian Association of Nephrology Nurses & Technologists Journal. 24(1), 28-33.

Porr, C., Dawe, D., Lewis, N., Meadus, R., Snow, N. & Didham, P. (2014). Patient perception of contemporary nurse attire: A pilot study. International Journal of Nursing Practice. 20: 149-155

Porr, C., Brennan-Hunter, A., Crossman, R. & Parsons, K. (2014). Revolutionizing an accelerated baccalaureate nursing curriculum. Journal of Nursing Education and Practice. 4(9): 183-190

Small, S. P. & Brennan-Hunter, A. (2014). Education is the key to protecting children againstsmoking: What parents think and do. Open Journal of Nursing, 4: 110-121

Smith-Young, J., Solberg, S. & Gaudine, A. (2014). Constant negotiating: Managing work-related musculoskeletal disorders while remaining at the workplace. Qualitative Health Research. 24: 217-231

Stevens, LK., Ricketts, ED.& Bruneau JE. (2014). Critical appraisal through a new lens. Canadian Journal of Nursing Leadership. 27(2): 10-13

Twomey J.C., Parfrey, P., Barrett, B.J, Churchill, D. & Way, C.Y. (2014). Responsiveness of the patient’s perception of life on hemodialysis scale (PPHS). Canadian Association of Nephrology Nurses Technologists. 24(2): 33-44

Twomey. J.C. (2014). Dr. Hugh Twomey; A doctor and my dad. Downhomer. 26(10)

Yuan H. & Porr, C. (2014). Integrating spiritual care into a baccalaureate nursing program in Mainland China. Journal of Holistic Nursing. 32(3): 240-243