Angela Carter

Associate Professor

Angela Carter pictureSN 2032
Department of Political Science, Science Building
Memorial University of Newfoundland
St. John's, NL A1B 3X9 Canada

Telephone:  (709) 864-8178
Email: avcarter[at]mun[dot]ca


BA Hons (University of Ottawa); MA (Carleton University), MA (Cornell University), PhD (Cornell University)

Areas for Student Research Supervision

  • Environmental policy and politics
  • Climate crisis policy and politics
  • Equitable energy transitions
  • International comparative and Canadian cases


Examples of Recent Courses Taught

1000 Introduction to Politics and Government

4901/6901 Governing a World in Climate Crisis

Solving the Climate Crisis (first year writing seminar at the University of Waterloo)

Political Economy of the Environment (third year seminar at the University of Waterloo)

Energy at a Crossroads: Society, Technology, Environment, Health (fourth year seminar at the University of Waterloo)

Governing a World in Climate Crisis (PhD seminar at the Balsillie School of International Affairs, University of Waterloo)


Dr. Carter is the Canada Research Chair in Equitable Energy Governance and Public Policy. She has established an interdisciplinary comparative research program focused on environmental policies and politics surrounding Canadian fossil fuel development and on new international approaches to climate policy. She also serves as a Senior Associate at the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD).

​Dr. Carter is a settler researcher from Newfoundland / Ktaqmkuk, the ancestral homeland of the Beothuk and Mi'kmaq.

Selected Publications


Carter, Angela. Fossilized: Environmental Policy in Canada's Petro-Provinces. 2020. Vancouver: UBC Press.

*Recipient of the 2021 Donald Smiley Prize for the best book published in English or French in a field relating to the study of government and politics in Canada, awarded by the Canadian Political Science Association.

Articles (samples)

Newell, Peter and Angela Carter. 2024. “Accounting for supply-side climate policies.” International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics

Newell, Peter and Angela Carter.  2024. “What next for supply-side policy?” International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics

Norton, Sarah and Angela Carter. 2024. “From national ban to global climate policy renewal: Denmark’s path to co-leading an end to oil extraction.” International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics

Saha, Choyon Kumar, and Angela Carter. 2022. “Phase-out or Lock-in Fossil fuels? Least Developed Countries’ Burning Dilemma.” The Extractive Industries and Society 11.

McKenzie, Janette, and Angela Carter. 2021. “Stepping Stones to Keep Fossil Fuels in the Ground: Insights for a Global Wind down from Ireland.” The Extractive Industries and Society, 8(4).

Carter, Angela, and Janetta McKenzie. 2020. “Amplifying “Keep It in the Ground” First-Movers: Towards a Comparative Framework.Society & Natural Resources 33(11), 1339-58.

Strauch, Yonatan, Truzaar Dordi, and Angela Carter. 2020. "Constraining Fossil Fuels Based on 2°C Carbon Budgets: The Rapid Adoption of a Transformative Concept in Politics and Finance." Climatic Change 160(2), 181-201.

Strauch, Yonatan, Angela Carter, and Thomas Homer-Dixon. 2020. “However the Pandemic Unfolds, It’s Time for Oil Use to Peak—and Society to Prepare for the Fallout.Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 76(5), 238-43.

Carter, Angela. 2018. “Policy Pathways to Carbon Entrenchment: Responses to the Climate Crisis in Canada’s Petro-Provinces.” Studies in Political Economy 99(2), 151-74.

Carter, Angela, Gail S. Fraser, and Anna Zalik. 2017. “Environmental Policy Convergence in Canada’s Fossil Fuel Provinces? Regulatory Streamlining, Impediments, and Drift.Canadian Public Policy / Analyse de politiques 43(1), 61-76.

Carter, Angela, and Leah M. Fusco. 2017. “Western Newfoundland’s Anti-Fracking Campaign: Exploring the Rise of Unexpected Community Mobilization.” Journal of Rural and Community Development 12(1), 98-120.

Fusco, Leah M., and Angela Carter. 2017. “Toward an Anti-Fracking Mobilization Toolkit: Ten Practices from Western Newfoundland’s Campaign.” Interface 9(2), 276-99.

Carter, Angela, and Emily Eaton. 2016. “Subnational Responses to Fracking in Canada: Explaining Saskatchewan’s ‘Wild West’ Regulatory Approach.Review of Policy Research 33(4), 393-419.

Book Chapters (samples)

Haley, Brendan, Angela Carter, Michelle Adams, and Nick Mercer. Forthcoming 2023. “Megaprojects and Community Power: Tensions in Atlantic Canada’s Energy Transition.” In Sustainable Energy in Canada, S. Hill, J. Gaede, and M. Winfield (eds.). Vancouver: UBC Press.

Carter, Angela. Forthcoming 2023. “Keep It in the Ground.” In EnergizedKeywords for a New Politics of Energy and Environment, I. Szeman and J. Wenzel (eds.). Morgantown: West Virginia University Press.

Norton, Sarah, and Angela Carter. Forthcoming 2023. “Keeping Oil in the Soil: National Bans on Oil Extraction as the Future of Global Climate Policy?” In Extractive Bargains: Natural Resources and the State-Society Nexus, P. Bowles and N. Andrews (eds.). London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Carter, Angela. 2020. “Canadian Ecological Political Economy.” In Canadian Political Economy, H. Whiteside (ed.). Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 103-20.

Carter, Angela. 2017. “Engaging the Public to Avert the Risks of Oil Dependency.” In The Democracy Cookbook: Recipes to Renew Governance in Newfoundland and Labrador, A. Marland and L. Moore (eds.). St. John’s: ISER Books, 314-17.

Carter, Angela. 2016. “The Petro-Politics of Environmental Regulation in the Tar Sands.” In First World Petro-Politics: The Political Ecology and Governance of Alberta, L. Adkin (ed.). Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 152-89.

Carter, Angela, and Anna Zalik. 2016. “Fossil Capitalism and the Rentier State: Towards a Political Ecology of Alberta’s Oil Economy.” In First World Petro-Politics: The Political Ecology and Governance of Alberta, L. Adkin (ed). Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 51-77.

Carter, Angela. 2016. “Environmental Policy and Politics: The Case of Oil.” In Canadian Environmental Policy and Politics: The Challenges of Austerity and Ambivalence (4th Ed.), D. VanNijnatten (ed.). Don Mills: Oxford University Press, 292-306.

Carter, Angela. 2014. “Petro-Capitalism and the Tar Sands.” In A Line in the Tar Sands: Struggles for Environmental Justice, T. Black, S. D’Arcy, T. Weis and J. Russell (eds.). Toronto: Between the Lines, 23-35.

Policy Publications

Cameron, Laura, Angela Carter, and Katrin Sievert. 2023. “Why the Cost of Carbon Capture and Storage Remains Persistently High,” Re-Energizing Canada Project, International Institute for Sustainable Development.

Carter, Angela and Laura Cameron. 2023. “Why Carbon Capture and Storage Is Not a Net-Zero Solution for Canada’s Oil and Gas Sector,” Re-Energizing Canada Project, International Institute for Sustainable Development.

Brooks, Darin, Angela Carter, Emily Eaton, Éric Pineault, and Jean-Philippe Sapinski. 2023. “Mapping Fossil Fuel Lock-In and Contestation in Eastern Canada,” Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives BC and Corporate Mapping Project.

Dusyk, Nicole, Aaron Cosbey, Angela Carter, Lasse Toft Christensen, Laura Cameron, and Sarah Norton. 2023. “Setting the Pace: The Economic Case for Managing the Decline of Oil and Gas Production in Canada,” Re-Energizing Canada Project, International Institute for Sustainable Development.

Hackett, Finola, Claudel Pétrin-Desrosiers, Deborah McGregor, Christopher Buse, Courtney Howard, Ashley Chisholm, and Angela Carter. 2021. “The Lancet Countdown on Health and Climate Change: Policy brief for Canada.” Lancet Countdown, Canadian Medical Association, and Canadian Public Health Association.

Carter, Angela, and Truzaar Dordi. 2021. “Correcting Canada’s ‘One Eye Shut’ Climate Policy.” Technical Paper #2021-4, v1.1. Victoria, BC: Cascade Institute: 1-26.