PGY2 Pediatrics

Supervisor:                           Dr. Nicole Hughes, Janeway

The assessment tools utilized during the rotations include global faculty ratings such as the ITER rotation evaluation sheet. An examination assessing knowledge obtained as per the listed curricula at each stage of training will be given on the last day. The examination will assess the acquisition of knowledge throughout the rotation. A pass mark is 70%. The inability to pass the exam will render the rotation incomplete, and the rotation will be completed at a later date. 360 degree evaluations by the pediatric technologists will also be included in the ITER evaluation sheet. This will also include nursing staff.  A printout of the complete required modules from the online curriculum will be required.

Duties and Responsibilities

Daily review and reporting of Emergency X-rays.

Completion of Daily Encounter Cards (ITERs) are required for each day of this rotation.  They are found in the residents' reporting area at the Janeway.

Daily fluoroscopy lists.


Daily review of neonatal ICU films and general reporting.


As time permits, limited ultrasound exposure, particularly with regard to normal cranial sonography.


Completion of online curriculum.


Radiology rounds for pediatric residents/interns/clerks: when arranged


Selective Pediatric radiology subspecialty rounds: Thursdays: 4:15 pm – 5:00 pm


Medical, surgical or other rounds if requested by supervisor


Working up cases and coding them for the teaching file.

Complete Pediatric Radiology online curriculum sections for Junior Resident, as well as Upper Airway Inflammation and Inflammatory Neck Lesions.  Provide print out of completed courses to Margie or Jennifer. The website can be accessed at:

* All examinations must be checked with a radiologist prior to reporting.


Required Reading List

Please read the corresponding RSNA physics module, as outlined in the physics curriculum

Introduction to Radiology in Clinical Pediatrics – Haller/Slovis


Appropriate sections from some of the following:

  1. Practical Pediatric Imaging – Kirks
  2. Emergency Radiology of the Acutely Ill or Injured Child – Swischuk
  1. Imaging of the Newborn, Infant and Young Child – Swischuk
  2. Caffey’s Pediatric Diagnosis
  1. Neurosonography section, “ Pediatric Sonography” – Siegel
  2. Ultrasound of Infants and Children – Teele
  1. Medical Expert
  2. Communicator

Become competent in interpreting plain films and performing basic procedures; namely, barium swallows, UGI’s and follow-throughs, enemas, VCU’s and IVP’s, and fluoroscopy.

Be aware of how to tailor any general procedure to answer the specific clinical concerns, be aware of radiation dosage and individual exposure in pediatrics.

Learn contrast dosage and treatment of reaction in the pediatric population.

Increase knowledge of anatomy and pathology related to organ systems with specific attention to the pediatric population.

Start to familiarize yourself with ultrasound/CT/MRI examination for pediatric conditions and related protocols.

Provide analgesia and sedation to pediatric patients when appropriate (MRI and CT).

Be able to read plain film studies of pediatric patients including the chest and musculoskeletal system.

Complete Pediatric Radiology online curriculum sections for Junior Resident, as well as Upper Airway Inflammation and Inflammatory Neck Lesions.  Provide print out of completed courses to Margie or Jennifer. The website can be accessed at:


Establish a therapeutic relationship with patients and communicate well with family.  Provide clear and thorough explanations of diagnosis, investigation and management.

Produce succinct reports that describe findings, most likely diagnosis, and, where appropriate, recommend further investigation or management.

Develop techniques for communication with apprehensive pediatric patients and parents.


  1. Collaborator
  2. Manager

Establish good relationships with peers and other health professionals.  Effectively provide and receive information.  Learn to deal with conflict situations.

The skills of being a collaborator are developed on a day to day basis.  Residents are strongly encouraged to interact with house staff and referring physicians as “first contact” in order to better develop these skills.  In addition, residents will be required to be active participants in inter and intra discipline rounds.

Consult effectively with other physicians and health care professionals.

Contribute effectively to other interdisciplinary team activities.


Learn competence in and make use of computer science/information technology as it pertains to Diagnostic Radiology.

Learn to set realistic priorities and use time effectively in order to optimize professional performance.

            Understand the fundamentals of quality assurance.

Utilize resources effectively to balance patient care, learning needs, and outside activities.


  1. Health Advocate
  2. Scholar

Learn to recognize the Radiologist’s role in ensuring appropriate radiological investigation and to act as an advocate for patients in terms of their diagnostic imaging needs.

Understand and communicate the benefits & risks of radiological investigation and treatment, including population screening and the risk of radiation exposure to the pediatric population.

Recognize the burden of illness upon the patients served by Radiology.

Know the benefits/risks of radiologic investigation. Consult CAR and ACR appropriateness guidelines.


Demonstrate an understanding and a commitment to the need for continuous learning.  Develop and implement an ongoing and effective personal learning strategy.

Be able to critically appraise medical information and demonstrate basic knowledge in biostatistics and experimental design with respect to Radiology.

Demonstrate an ability to be an effective teacher of radiology.

Work up cases for the teaching file.

Identify potential research project with supervisors.


  1. Professional

Demonstrate integrity, honesty, compassion and respect for diversity.

Fulfill medical, legal and professional obligations of a Diagnostic Radiologist.

Demonstrate timeliness, reliability and conscientiousness.

Understand the principles of ethics and apply these in critical situations.

Demonstrate an awareness of personal limitations, seeking advice when necessary. Accept advice graciously.