Voices of Newfoundland and Labrador

Regional and Temporal Variation in Newfoundland and Labrador English



Sandra Clarke (Linguistics)Philip Hiscock (Folklore)Robert Hollett (English)


This project addresses an important gap in the documentation of Newfoundland and Labrador English: the need for high-quality sound samples representing the wide range of linguistic variation to be found within the province. Over 60 short samples of speech have been digitized from conversational as well as radio interviews. These span the last 50 years, and represent 58 different communities from all areas of the island, along with 11 communities in Labrador. Though the primary focus is on traditional rural speech (the oldest speaker was born in the 1870s), coverage extends to younger urban speakers born in the 1980s. The samples thus provide not only a picture of spoken English as it has evolved over the past century, but also considerable information on the regional differences in phonology and morphosyntax that occur within the province. The identification of the principal linguistic features of each speech sample should provide a baseline for future linguistic work on regional variation in Newfoundland English.

The project’s output – a CD of digitized speech samples, along with a volume of transcripts, notes and interpretive text – is intended not only for a linguistic audience, but for all those with an interest in the cultural heritage of the province.

This project has received financial support from the Department of Tourism, Culture and Recreation of the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador.




Department of Linguistics

230 Elizabeth Ave, St. John's, NL, CANADA, A1B 3X9

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