Barry Gaulton


Associate Professor
Department Head


Ph.D. Memorial University, 2006


Phone: (709) 864-8192
Office: QC 2002/2009

Research Interests

My research focuses on life in Eastern North America and Newfoundland during the 17th century. The broad themes I am interested in include historical archaeology, vernacular architecture, material culture, military archaeology, maritime archaeology, and non-pastoral transhumance. For more informtaion on my interests, please refer to the list of publications and supervised student research below.

Current Research Projects

My current research invloves ongoing excavations at Ferryland, Newfoundland, which focuses on George Calvert's colony of Avalon (1621) and the subsequent plantation established by Sir David Kirke in 1638. Visit the Colony of Avalon website for more details.

  • Ferryland Interim Report 2011 (PDF)
  • Ferryland Interim Report 2012 (PDF)
  • Ferryland Interim Report 2013 (PDF)
  • Ferryland Interim Report 2014 (PDF)
  • Ferryland Interim Report 2015 (PDF)
  • Ferryland Interim Report 2016 (PDF)

I am also investigating transhumant forager-fishers in Newfoundland and Labrador at Sunnyside, Newfoundland.

  • Sunnyside Interim Report 2010 (PDF)
  • Sunnyside Interim Report 2013 (PDF)
  • Sunnyside Final Report 2014 (PDF)
  • Sunnyside Interim Report 2015 (PDF)

As well as exploring a variety of other historic-period sites around the province.

  • Gaulton, Mills and Cary 2016. Trepassey's Mystery Fort: A cautionary tale in aerial prospection or a forgotten fortification from ages past (PDF)

Student supervision
Ph.D. Dissertations

Morrison, Adrian (in progress). Research topic: Merchants, Migrants, and Military Men: An Archaeology of Life in Early Eighteenth-Century Canso, Nova Scotia. (Co-supervised with Dr. Michael Deal).
Cromwell, Tom (in progress). Research topic: A study and analysis of the 18th century defenses of Newfoundland.
Clausnitzer, Art (2017). The Seventeenth-Century English Cod Fisheries of Newfoundland and New England, circa 1600-1713: An Archaeological and Historical Comparison. (Co-supervised with Dr. Peter Pope).
Miller, Aaron (2013). Avalon and Maryland: A comparative historical archaeology of the seventeenth-century New World provinces of the Lords Baltimore (1621-1644).

M.A. Theses

Archer, JD (in progress). Research topic: tbd.
Williams, Duncan
(in progress). Research topic: Shifting Identities, Changing Spaces: Outport Settlement Patterns at Ferryland, Newfoundland 1760-1830.
Petty, Ian (in progress). Research topic: As Elegant as They are Novel”: Exploring Consumption Patterns of 18th Century Ceramics in Newfoundland and the Northeast.
Newcombe, Simon (in progress). Research topic: An Examinaiton of Military Life in 18th Century Newfoundland Using the Archaeological Remains of an Officer's Barracks on Bois Island, Ferryland.
Comeau, Jennifer (in progress). Research topic: Foodways of the 16th-Century French Fisherman at Ferryland, Newfoundland.

Lacy, Robyn (2017). "Here lieth interr’d": An Examination of the 17th-Century burial landscape of coastal British North America.
Venovcevs, Anatolijs (2017). Not Just Fisherfolk: Winter housing and Seasonal Lifeways of Rural Euro-Newfoundlanders.
Hawkins, Catherine (2016). Research topic: English Border Ware Ceramics in Seventeenth-Century British North America.
Ingram, Sarah (2015). "By Which So Much Happiness Is Produced": An Analysis of the Seventeenth-Century Tavern at Ferryland, Newfoundland.
Clausnitzer, Art (2011). "As well as any beere": The seventeenth-century brewhouse and bakery at Ferryland, Newfoundland.
Cromwell, Tom (2011). The new fort : an examination of the design and construction of an 18th-century fort in Placentia, Newfoundland.
Tourigny, Eric (2009). What ladies and gentlemen ate for dinner: The analysis of faunal material from a seventeenth-century high status English household, Ferryland, Newfoundland.

B.A. Honours Essays

Miller, Mikayla. (2013). Examination and Interpretation of Architectual Remains of Structure 32, Ferryland, Newfoundland.
Whalley, Meaghan (2013). The Conservation of Nineteenth Century Waterlogged Archaeological Cork.
Graham, David (2012). Where once they stood...and dropped things: Answering Questions about Frenchmen's Island (ClAl-1) through an artifact analysis. (Recipient of the ITC Scholarship in Historical Archaeology for 2012).
Hawkins, Catherine (2012). English Border Ware Ceramics at Ferryland, Newfoundland.
Matte, Sarah (2011). Telling time in seventeenth- and eighteenth-century Colonial North America.
DeRoo, Tessa (2009). All the King's Ponies: The story of Ferryland's Horses as told by their furnishings.
Elwood, Kathleen (2009). Sparking an Interest in the Past: An examination of the seventeenth- and eighteenth-century gunflints from Ferryland Newfoundland.
James, Margaret (2009). Death and Christianity in the New World: An examination of Christian Burials in 17th- century Atlantic settlements. (Recipient of the ITC Scholarship in Historical Archaeology for 2010).
Gushue, Jennifer (2008). "Concerning the Healthfulness of this Countrie": Health, Hygiene and Medical Practices in seventeenth-century Newfoundland. (Recipient of the ITC Scholarship in Historical Archaeology for 2007).
Young, Jaclyn (2007). Kirke and his Curios: An examination of seventeenth-century Curiosity Collecting at Ferryland, Newfoundland. (Recipient of the ITC Scholarship in Historical Archaeology for 2007).
Flower, Abbey (2006). All Work and No Play: An archaeological analysis of simple pastimes in Early Modern Newfoundland.
Hynes, Kyla (2006). Tuscan Export Olive Oil Jars: A case study of a late eighteenth-century jar found in Bareneed, Newfoundland. (Recipient of the ITC Scholarship in Historical Archaeology for 2006).

Student Resources

HATCH Laboratory (Queen's College, MUN)

Graduate students conduct some of their artifact analyses in my historical archaeology lab at Queen's College. The lab has several tables for layout space; a small library of material on clay tobacco pipes, glass and ceramics; a computer; and a compact photography studio with tripod and scales.

Ferryland Collections Room and Conservation Lab (Ferryland, Newfoundland)

Student's researching artifact assemblages from the archaeological site at Ferryland will have access to the extensive collection of 16th- to 19th-century material housed in our collection's storage room in the Colony of Avalon Foundation building at Ferryland, Newfoundland. Two decades of excavation at Ferryland has unearthed one of the best collections of 17th-century material culture in North America. Our faunal collection (mostly from the 17th century) is contained within a separate storage facility in the same building.

Recent Publications

Gaulton, Barry C.
In press Made in France? Investigating seventeenth-century French clay pipes in North American contexts. Historical Archaeology, volume and page numbers forthcoming.

Venovcevs, Anatolijs and Barry C. Gaulton
In press Winter Housing: Archaeological Perspectives on Newfoundland’s Non-Pastoral Transhumant Tradition. In Historical Archaeologies of Transhumance across Europe, edited by Eugene Costello and Eva Svensson. European Journal of Archaeology Monograph.

Guiry, Eric J. and Barry C. Gaulton
2015 Inferring Human Behaviors from Isotopic Analyses of Rat Diet: a Critical Review and Historical Application. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 23(2): 399-426. DOI 10.1007/s10816-015-9248-9

Gaulton, Barry C. and Tânia M. Casimiro
2015 Custom-made ceramics, transatlantic business partnerships and entrepreneurial spirit in early modern Newfoundland: an examination of the SK vessels from Ferryland. International Journal of Historical Archaeology 19 (1): 1-20.

Gaulton, Barry C.
2014 The Curious Case of the Clay Tobacco Pipes from Frenchman’s Island, Newfoundland. North Atlantic Archaeology 3:1-23.

Clausnitzer, Arthur R. and Barry C. Gaulton
2013 The 17th-century Brewhouse and Bakery at Ferryland, Newfoundland. Northeast Historical Archaeology, 41 (accepted for publication, winter 2013).

Gaulton, Barry C.
2013 The commercial development of Newfoundland's English Shore: The Kirke Family at Ferryland (1638-1696). In Exploring Atlantic Transitions: Archaeologies of Permanence and Transience in New Found Lands. Edited by Peter E. Pope and Shannon Lewis-Simpson. Society for Post-Medieval Archaeology Monograph no. 7, Woodbridge, Suffolk, UK: Boydell and Brewer (in press).

Tuck, James A and Barry C. Gaulton
2013 "The evolution of a seventeenth-century manor". In Glorious Empire: Archaeology and the Tudor-Stuart Atlantic World. Edited by Eric Klingelhofer. Oxbow Books.

Miller, Aaron F, John D. Krugler, Barry C. Gaulton and James I. Lyttleton
2011 "Over Shoes over Boots": Lord Baltimore's final days in Ferryland, Newfoundland. Journal of Early American History 1:167-182.

Gaulton, Barry C.
2009 Canada. Journal of the Academie Internationale de la Pipe 2: 33-36.

Gaulton, Barry C. and Aaron F. Miller
2009 Edward Wynne's The Brittish India or A Compendious Discourse tending to Advancement (circa 1630/31). Newfoundland and Labrador Studies, 24 (1): 111-137.

Temple, Blair and Barry C. Gaulton
2008 "A Fashionable Tailor on Water Street": nineteenth-century tailor's chalks from St. John's, Newfoundland. Northeast Historical Archaeology, 37: 75-88.

Recent Presentations

2017 Exploring Devon-Newfoundland connections through 25 years of archaeology at Ferryland. The Devon-Newfoundland Story Symposium held in Exeter, Devon, U.K. April 2017.

2016 Trepassey’s Mystery Fort: A Cautionary Tale in Aerial Prospection or a Forgotten Fortification from Ages Past? (Barry C. Gaulton, Steve Mills and Henry Cary). Council for Northeast Historical Archaeology conference held in Ottawa, Ontario. October 2016.

2016 Archaeological Discoveries in 2016. Public lecture for the Colony of Avalon Foundation as part of ‘Colony Day’ celebrations, August 4th, 2016.

2016 Archaeological heritage as a catalyst for pubic engagement, rural rejuvenation, and rethinking our shared past: perspectives from a quarter century of community archaeology in Newfoundland and Labrador (Barry C. Gaulton and Lisa K. Rankin). Association of Critical Heritage Studies conference. Montreal, Canada, June 2016.

2016 Archaeology Report 2015. Presented April 25th at the 17th Annual General Meeting of the Colony of Avalon Foundation. Ferryland, Newfoundland.

2015 How much can a big hole in the ground tell you?: Preliminary investigations into the 1620s builder’s trench associated with Lord Baltimore’s Mansion House at Ferryland, Newfoundland. Paper presented at the Canadian Archaeological Association conference in St. John’s, Newfoundland. May 2015.

2015 Buildings, Bombardments, and Burnings: Archaeological evidence for the multiple occupations and destructions of Ferryland, Newfoundland (1621-1705). Co-authored paper presented by Catherine Hawkins at the Canadian Archaeological Association conference in St. John’s, Newfoundland. May 2015.

2015 George Calvert, David Kirke, and Jim Tuck: three visionaries and their impact on Ferryland, Newfoundland. The Rooms Provincial Museum, Coffee & Culture Series. Presented April 2nd.

2014 Exploring the Presence and Prevalence of 17th-century French Clay Pipes in Newfoundland, and Beyond. Paper presented at the Council for Northeast Historical Archaeology Conference held in Long Branch, New Jersey. November 2014.

2014 New discoveries (and rediscoveries) in 2014. Public lecture for the Colony of Avalon Foundation as part of ‘Colony Day’ celebrations, August 4th, 2014.

2014 Clay Pipe Research in Newfoundland: What works, what doesn’t and what more can be done? Paper presented at the Society for Historical Archaeology Conference in Quebec City.

2012 A Terraced Village at 'Avalon': The Construction and Evolution of George Calvert's 1621 Colony at Ferryland, Newfoundland. Council for Northeast Historical Archaeology, St. John's, Newfoundland.

2011 Exploring the Changes in Economics and Architecture at Ferryland, Newfoundland (1621-1696). Council for Northeast Historical Archaeology, Utica, New York.

2011 Transhumant European Forager-Fishers in Seventeenth-Century Newfoundland: Preliminary Interpretations from Sunnyside 1. Society for Historical Archaeology, Austin, Texas.

2010 Consolidating Settlement: Life after the Calverts, the Kirke family at Ferryland (1638-1696). Society for Post Medieval Archaeology, St. John's, Newfoundland.

2009 George Calvert's Mansion House at Ferryland, Newfoundland: A seventeenth-century domestic complex built for an English Lord. Council for Northeast Historical Archaeology, Quebec City, Canada

Selection of Recent Awards/Grants

2017 The P53 Project: Research and Conservation of a mid-nineteenth-century crate of Enfield rifled muskets recovered off the coast of Cape Freels, NL (co-applicant with Donna Teasdale). Funded by the Provincial Archaeology Office, Department of Business, Tourism, Culture and Rural Development.

2017 Survey and Testing at Backside Beach 1 (CjAj-10). Funded by the Provincial Archaeology Office, Department of Business, Tourism, Culture and Rural Development.

2017 SSHRC Travel Grants Competition Award for keynote address presented at the Devon-Newfoundland Symposium in Exeter, U.K.

2015 Ferryland Archaeology Project. Funded by the Department of Business, Tourism, Culture and Rural Development, Government of Newfoundland and Labrador and administered through the Colony of Avalon Foundation.

2015 Continued Excavations at Sunnyside 1 (ClAl-05), Trinity Bay, Newfoundland. Funded by the Provincial Archaeology Office, Department of Business, Tourism, Culture and Rural Development.

2011-2014 From Colonial Enterprise to Mercantile Venture: the archaeology of social and economic change at Ferryland, Newfoundland (Principal Investigator). Funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada.

2013 Further Investigations at Sunnyside (ClAl-05), Trinity Bay, Newfoundland. Funded by the Provincial Archaeology Office, Department of Tourism, Culture and Recreation, Government of Newfoundland and Labrador.

2009-2012 Ferryland Archaeology Project (Co-investigator with Dr. James A. Tuck). Funded by ACOA’s Strategic Community Investment Fund and administered through the Colony of Avalon Foundation.

2010 Preliminary investigations at Sunnyside 1 (ClAl-05), Trinity Bay, Newfoundland. Funded by the Provincial Archaeology Office, Department of Tourism, Culture and Recreation, Government of Newfoundland and Labrador.

2009 Faculty of Arts Research Initiative Award.


Department of Archaeology

230 Elizabeth Ave, St. John's, NL, CANADA, A1B 3X9

Postal Address: P.O. Box 4200, St. John's, NL, CANADA, A1C 5S7

Tel: (709) 864-8000