14 Life Below Water

SDG 14 - Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development

 Teaching and Learning:

  • ENVS 3130 course provides a study of freshwater ecosystems, abiotic components, community structures, energy flow, biogeochemical cycles and the evolution of natural and altered aquatic ecosystems. Emphasis placed on field and laboratory studies of the ecology of freshwater organisms and systems in western Newfoundland.
  • ENVS 4140 course combines freshwater, marine, and terrestrial habitats and focuses on field experience in observing, collecting, studying, quantifying organisms and the various environmental parameters which affect them in pristine and disturbed habitats.
  • ECON 3080 Natural Resource and Environmental Economics application of economic analysis to renewable and nonrenewable natural resource industries such as the fishery, forestry, and mining.
  • The School of Fisheries delivers education and training programs to students interested in entering the aquaculture, fishing, environmental and food industries.
  • The Marine Environmental Technology undergraduate program offered at the Marine Institute is focused on marine habitats, their protection, and developing solutions to manage marine resources.
  • Seminar on characterization of echinoderms.
  • PHD in Transdisciplinary Sustainability 
  • The Bachelor of Environment and Sustainability (BES) program bridges scientific concerns about natural resources with policy development and management. The four-year degree program offers two majors, one in Environmental Studies and one in Resource Management.
  • Memorial University is set to be the new host institution for a prestigious national public lecture series on ocean sustainability.
  • Advanced Diploma - Sustainable Aquaculture: about sustainable and healthy food production. There is one work term for field experience. 
  • The first graduate-level marine spatial planning program in North America. You want to work collaboratively to analyze how development impacts the ecological, economic, social and cultural aspects of coastal and marine areas and deliver sustainable solutions.

Research:

  • Ocean research plays a critical role in informing policy to address large-scale, international challenges, such getting to Net Zero Carbon, and achieving a sustainable Blue Economy. Through our partnerships with governments, industry, coastal communities, and international leaders, the Ocean Frontier Institute is well positioned to provide evidence-informed solutions in the ocean space.
  • OFI expects to fund two to five research projects which would each receive about $1 million per year in funding to investigate a couple of topics, one of which addresses both climate and human-induced ecosystem alteration, shifts in fishery abundance and distribution, sea level rise, as well as rapidly-evolving social, institutional and economic conditions.
  • The Centre is internationally recognized for its applied scientific and technical expertise, comprehensive research facilities and commitment to clients in the seafood processing and aquaculture industries.
  • The Dr. Joe Brown Aquatic Research Building (JBARB) provides state-of-the art facilities and world class staff with expertise to support research, training, pre-commercial production, and small scale commercial trials in marine aquaculture.
  • The Cold-Ocean Deep-Sea Research Facility (CDRF) at the Ocean Sciences Centre provides researchers with access to state of the art infrastructure and equipment for the study of aquatic organisms, especially those from the cold waters of the Arctic and North Atlantic oceans.
  • The Fisheries and Marine Institute of Memorial University is partnering with SeaRobotics Corp. to acquire its first autonomous surface vessel (ASV). The partnership will enhance its technology complement for training and research in ocean mapping, observation and characterization.
  • MI researchers restoring eelgrass beds and building artificial reefs in Placentia Bay. The reefs are part of a $4.7-million, five-year project to restore underwater eelgrass and create a new fish habitat in Placentia Bay. It’s led by a team of researchers, staff and students at CFER and funded by the federal government’s $71-million Coastal Restoration Fund.
  • A team of Marine Institute (MI) researchers building better models to assess Grand Banks fish stocks.
  • (OFI:) Through its unique partnership with its research partners, Memorial will lead breakthroughs in four key areas: sustainable fisheries; sustainable aquaculture; marine safety; and ocean data and technology.
  • The Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) is investing more than $8 million into areas ranging from climate change and marine biodiversity to agricultural management and learning and forgetting in extreme environments.
  • Ocean Frontier Institute, formed in partnership by MUNL, DAL, and UPEI, has a Centre for Sustainable Aquatic Resources (CSAR) which focuses on the development of sustainable harvesting technology for a rapidly changing ocean. 
  • The Marine Institute is home to the world’s largest flume tank. Combined with cutting edge analytical equipment, this tank is a unique laboratory setting for the testing of large, marine-based equipment. This facility is used to carry out performance evaluations, gear tests and other observations on newly developed or existing fishing gears and other related equipment in simulated underwater and near surface conditions. 
  • Multi-Partner Research Initiative (MPRI) aims to ensure Canadians have access to the best scientific information and methods available to respond to oil spills by supporting collaborative research among oil spill experts both in Canada and worldwide. 
  • The Association of Commonwealth Universities (ACU) has awarded Memorial with three Blue Charter fellowships, which aim to support world-class research and innovation in marine plastics by providing 38 academics with short-term placements at member universities across the Commonwealth.
  • Oil spill response measures
  • More funding in oil spill response research
  • Oil spill combat lab. Dr. Bing Chen established and leads the Northern Region Persistent Organic Pollution Control (NRPOP) Laboratory—the first of its kind in Canada.
  •  An app used by citizen scientists around the globe to report coastline pollution now allows users to record the specialized marine debris often found in this province, thanks to a group of Memorial researchers.
  • Three visiting international researchers at Memorial are working to come up with new ways to tackle plastic pollution in the world’s oceans by collaborating with local researchers. 
  • OFI expects to fund two to five research projects which would each receive about $1 million per year in funding to investigate a couple of topics, one of which addresses both climate and human-induced ecosystem alteration, shifts in fishery abundance and distribution, sea level rise, as well as rapidly-evolving social, institutional and economic conditions.
  • The Cold-Ocean Deep-Sea Research Facility (CDRF) at the Ocean Sciences Centre provides researchers with access to state of the art infrastructure and equipment for the study of aquatic organisms, especially those from the cold waters of the Arctic and North Atlantic oceans.
  • MI’s Underwater Exploration Laboratory in Conception Bay provides a year-round window on marine life
  • The Environmental Policy Institute (EPI) uses the​​ories, approaches, and methods from social sciences, humanities, and natural sciences to advance excellence in research and analysis on environmental policy issues. The EPI conducts research on environmental policy issues in topics such as water, forests, land, fisheries, minerals, oil and gas, energy, climate change, and biodiversity. It also conducts research on environmental policy issues at and across multiple levels, including individuals, households, communities, regions, provinces, nation-states, and international. EPI communicates and mobilizes research and knowledge to both academic and non-academic audiences.​
  • Dr. Gerald Singh, assistant professor in the Department of Geography, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, is among a team of international researchers who co-authored the article examining the potential to develop a sustainable and equitable “blue economy” for the global oceans. The research complements the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 14.
  • Dr. Marie Clément of the Marine Institute’s Centre for Fisheries Ecosystems Research and based at the Labrador Institute in Happy Valley-Goose Bay has assembled a team of researchers to determine whether caplin now returning to the North Coast of Labrador belong to northern or southern populations.
  • A trio of researchers engaged with fieldwork throughout Atlantic Canada have received 2018 grants of $63,300 for their ongoing projects from the Atlantic Salmon Conservation Foundation. Among them, Dr. Michael van Zyll de Jong, adjunct professor with Grenfell Campus now based in New Brunswick, is receiving $23,300 for a project titled Assessing the Impact of Instream Barriers and Climate Change on Wild Atlantic Salmon Population Persistence and Production in Forested Boreal Watersheds.
  • Memorial partners with Dalhousie, NOAA on Gulf of Maine expedition. Its powerful tides, combined with nutrients from bordering watersheds, creates an ecosystem that provides critical habitat for thousands of marine species.
  • Dr. Susan Ziegler, professor of earth sciences and Canada Research Chair in Environmental Science, Faculty of Science, is receiving $590,812 over three years from NSERC’s Strategic Partnership Grants, as well as $96,000 over three years from the provincial government’s Centre of Forest Science and Innovation. Her project is titled Climate Controls on Terrestrial-to-aquatic Biogeochemical Fluxes in Boreal Forest Watersheds.

Public Engagement:

  • The Ocean Sciences Marine Public Education Program allows public (no age limit) to observe and interact with Newfoundland's local sea creatures.
  • Ocean School, a program of the Ocean Frontier Institute in partnership with the National Film Board of Canada, is a groundbreaking educational experience that uses powerful storytelling techniques, immersive technologies and interactive media. Its inquiry-based approach advances critical thinking, innovation and environmental awareness.
  • The Fisheries and Marine Institute’s (MI) Ocean Innovation Conference 2016 is a two-day conference with exhibition that takes place biennally in St. John’s, N.L., and in other provinces during alternate years. The Arctic Ocean is ice-free for longer each year, changing usage patterns and increasing pressure on marine spaces and resources. It’s an important topic of conversation around the world and the challenges and opportunities facing this northern ocean will be the focus of the conference.
  • The investments will support efforts to enhance programming at Memorial University’s Bonne Bay Marine Station and the establishment of a collaborative partnership between Grenfell Campus and the artistic, environmental and tourism clusters in the Gros Morne National Park region.
  • Free, public events in NL are among Memorial’s activities aimed at bringing awareness to marine ecosystems and the scourge of plastic waste. Held in conjunction with Fisheries and Oceans Canada, the provincial department of Fisheries and Aquaculture, Fisheries Food and Allied Workers Union, World Wildlife Fund-Canada, Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society and the Fisheries and Marine Institute.
  • World fisheries day celebration 2017 held at MUN. Theme centred on innovation for sustainable fisheries and sustainable communities.
  • Recognized as Canada’s experts in fish capture, our team has core strengths in fishing gear design and testing, conservation engineering, fisheries biology, fish capture behaviour, and mechanical engineering. The team uses a combination of numerical simulation, physical modelling in the flume tank, and at-sea comparative fishing experiments to improve sustainable fishing practices and profitability of commercial fishing enterprises.
  • Memorial hosts healthy oceans public lecture: Estimates of marine biodiversity suggest that between 33 and 90 per cent of animals remain unknown to science, and while human pressures on the ocean will almost certainly increase in the future, we have little understanding of the role different species play in maintaining ocean health.
  • App made by Memorial Alumna which connects seafood consumers with local fisheries, eliminating middle-men. She took part in Memorial’s Entrepreneurship Training Program, was accepted into Genesis’ Evolution Program and received the Community Choice Award as part of Genesis’ Pitch and Pick event for startup companies.

Administration:

  • St. John's campus dining hall sustainability principles. 
  • Water pledge
  • Bottled water banned in Grenfell Campus. 
  • Most plastic (i.e. beverage containers, food containers and trays, cleaning supplies, etc.) can be recycled in the multi-stream bins around campus. 
  • Plastic-free pledge by the Marine Institute. The institute has installed a new 'hydration station' -- a water-dispensing device where people can fill up bottles twice as fast as a standard drinking fountain, to encourage the campus community to switch to reusable water bottles, foregoing the use of soft-plastic ones that are adding to the nation's growing disposal problems.
  • In 2016, the university initiated a sampling and testing program to test drinking water quality. University Health and Safety committee established a Drinking Water sub-committee to systematically assess the key parameters of drinking water quality in all buildings at Memorial and ensure that the intake of drinking water falls within the Guidelines for Canadian Drinking Water Quality, published by Health Canada.
  • Composting on Grenfell Campus
  • This facility was established in response to the significant quantities of processing discards generated from the fishing and aquaculture industries each year in Atlantic Canada.