is a survey of the structure, function and interrelations of Earth's lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere and biosphere. Topics include an exploration of the physical and chemical properties of planetary materials, forces driving and sustaining Earth systems, and biological modifiers (including humankind) on the Earth today.
Evolution of Earth Systems
- inactive course.
Concepts and Methods in Earth Sciences
is an introduction to a broad range of concepts concerning the development of the geological record and the Earth; practical methods for collection of field based data; topics in map interpretation and geometric analysis, stratigraphy, paleontology, structure and petrology. The course is presented with an emphasis on the development of practical skills needed to pursue a career in Earth Sciences.
PR: Earth Sciences 1000
The Solar System
(F and W)
is basic astronomy of the Solar System, tracing the search to understand motion of the Sun, Moon and planets in the sky; modern observations of planets, moons, comets, asteroids and meteorites and what they tell us about the origin and evolution of the Solar System.
PR: Mathematics 1000 (or Mathematics 1081)
UL: Earth Sciences 2150 is designed for students taking Earth Sciences as an elective subject and may only be used as a non-Science elective for Earth Sciences Majors and Earth Sciences Honours students.
is an outline of the major changes in life forms from Archaean times through the Phanerozoic to the present day, including details of invertebrate and vertebrate faunas and major floral groups; mechanisms and effects of mega-, and microevolution in the fossil record; Biology and classification of organisms and summaries of their geological significance in biostratigraphy, paleoecology and rock-building; relationships between major cycles of evolution and extinction to global processes. This course has a laboratory component.
CR: Biology 3811, the former Earth Sciences 3801, the former Biology 3800