From the point of view of degree regulations, Applied Mathematics, Pure Mathematics, and Statistics are considered to be one subject area.
The following undergraduate programs are available in the Department:

Applied Mathematics/Computer Science Joint Major (B.Sc. only)

Joint Major in Statistics and Economics (Cooperative) (B.Sc. only)

Pure Mathematics/Computer Science Joint Honours (B.Sc. only)
Details of these programs are given after the Regulations for the Honours Degree of Bachelor of Science.

At most 9 credit hours in Mathematics will be given for courses completed from the following list subject to normal credit restrictions: Mathematics 1000, 1031, 1050, 1051, the former 1080, the former 1081, 1090, the former 1150 and 1151.

At most 6 credit hours in courses below the 2000 level can be used toward the course requirements in Mathematics and Statistics for the Major, Joint Major, Honours or Joint Honours in Applied Mathematics, Pure Mathematics or Statistics.

In the program descriptions that follow, Mathematics 1000 may be replaced by the former Mathematics 1081.

Credit may be obtained for only one of Statistics 2500, 2510, 2550 and Psychology 2900. Credit may be obtained for only one of Statistics 2501, 2560 (former 2511), and Psychology 2901.

Students with credits in Mathematics or Statistics not listed in this Calendar must consult the department for equivalency before taking any course listed below.

The former Mathematics 1150 and Mathematics 1151 were courses designed specifically for students who intended to graduate with a degree in Primary or Elementary Education. No other students can receive credit for these courses. These courses are not acceptable as alternatives to any other First Year Mathematics course listed in this calendar. Students who have received credit for Education 125 or Mathematics 115/125 cannot receive additional credit for the former Mathematics 1150 or Mathematics 1151 or the current Mathematics 1050 or Mathematics 1051.


For the current academic year the Mathematics Placement Test (MPT) will be used to determine placement in the following courses: Mathematics 1000, Mathematics 1050, Mathematics 1051 and Mathematics 1090.

For subsequent years, students intending to register for the first time in any course below the 2000 level, must first submit a score for one of the following:

Advanced Placement Calculus Examination;

Other standardized tests acceptable to the Department of Mathematics and Statistics.


Normally, the Undergraduate Officer will be the advisor for each student who has undertaken a major in Applied or Pure Mathematics, and the Deputy Head (Statistics) will be the advisor for any student involved in a major in Statistics. Students should consult with their advisor at least once each semester to ensure that their choice of courses is appropriate.
Note:
The Department of Mathematics and Statistics will endeavour to give appropriate advice to students registered in its programs. However, the department points out that it is the responsibility of the student to see that his or her academic program meets the University's regulations in all respects. Students are referred to the UNIVERSITY REGULATIONS  General Academic Regulations (Undergraduate), Registration, Student Responsibility. The department accepts no responsibility for any matter arising from an inappropriate and/or improperly recorded registration.
All undergraduate courses offered by the Department of Mathematics and Statistics are identified to year by the first digit and to subject area by the second digit as follows:


Students shall complete the following requirements:

Mathematics 1000, 1001, 2000, 2050, 2051, 3000, 3001, Applied Mathematics 3100, 3132, 3161, Applied Mathematics/Pure Mathematics 3202, 3260, Applied Mathematics 4160, 4190.

Three credit hours in Applied Mathematics courses numbered 3000 or higher.

A computing course, early in your program. Computer Science 1510 is highly recommended.

A designated technical writing course offered by a Science department. Applied Mathematics 2130 is recommended. The technical writing course is prerequisite to some 3000level courses.

A statistics course. Statistics 3410 is recommended.
Students shall complete the following requirements:

Mathematics 1000, 1001, 2000, 2050, 2051, Pure Mathematics 2320, Mathematics 3000, Mathematics 3001, Pure Mathematics 3320;

One of Applied Mathematics/Pure Mathematics 3202, 3210, 3260;

Twelve further credit hours in Pure Mathematics courses numbered 3000 or higher, at least 6 credit hours of which must be in courses numbered 4000 or higher;

A computing course. Computer Science 1510 is recommended.

A designated technical writing course offered by a Science department. Applied Mathematics 2130 is recommended.

A statistics course. Statistics 3410 is recommended.
Students shall complete the following requirements:

Mathematics 1000, 1001, 2000, 2050, 2051, 3000, Pure Mathematics/Statistics 3410, 3411, Statistics 3520, 3521, 3530, 4590;

Nine further credit hours in Statistics courses numbered 3000 or higher at least 3 credit hours of which must be in a course numbered 4000 or higher excluding Statistics 4581;

Computer Science 2602.

Mathematics 3001 is recommended.
See General Regulations for Honours Degree. Students shall complete the following:

Mathematics 1000, 1001, 2000, 2050, 2051, 3000, 3001, Applied Mathematics 2130, 3100, 3111, 3132, 3161, Applied Mathematics/Pure Mathematics 3202, 3210, 3260, Applied Mathematics 4160, 4180, 4190, 419A/B;

Pure Mathematics/Statistics 3410;

Nine further credit hours in courses number 3000 or higher that are offered by the Department of Mathematics and Statistics, at least 3 of which must be in courses numbered 4000 or higher;

A computing course early in the program is required. Computer Science 1510 is recommended.
See General Regulations for Honours Degree. Students shall complete the following requirements:

Mathematics 1000, 1001, 2000, 2050, 2051, 3000, 3001, Applied Mathematics 2130, Pure Mathematics 2320, Statistics 2510, Applied Mathematics/Pure Mathematics 3202, 3210, 3260, Pure Mathematics 3300, 3301, 3320, 3330, 4300, 4310, 4399;

Twelve further credit hours in Pure Mathematics courses numbered 3000 or higher, at least 9 credit hours of which must be in courses numbered 4000 or higher;

A computing course early in the program is required. Computer Science 1510 is recommended.
See General Regulations for Honours Degree. Students shall complete the following requirements:

Mathematics 1000, 1001, 2000, 2050, 2051, 3000, 3001, Applied Mathematics/Pure Mathematics 3202, 3210, Pure Mathematics/Statistics 3410, 3411, Statistics 3520, 3521, 3530, Pure Mathematics/Statistics 4410, Statistics 4590, 4599;

Eighteen further credit hours in Statistics courses including at least 12 credit hours in courses numbered 4000 or higher excluding Statistics 4581;

Pure Mathematics/Statistics 4400 and Pure Mathematics/Statistics 4401 are recommended.
A total of 24 credit hours in courses offered by the Department of Mathematics and Statistics is required of which only 6 credit hours shall be in courses at the 1000 level and at least 6 credit hours shall be in courses numbered 3000 or higher.
The courses required for a minor in Statistics are:

Mathematics 1000, 1001; Statistics 2500 or 2510, Statistics 2501 or 2560.

Twelve further credit hours in Statistics courses numbered 3000 or higher excluding Statistics 4581.
It is recommended that Mathematics 2000 and Mathematics 2050 be taken since they are prerequisite to several further Statistics courses.
In accordance with Senate's Policy Regarding Inactive Courses, the course descriptions for courses which have not been offered in the previous three academic years and which are not scheduled to be offered in the current academic year have been removed from the following listing. For information about any of these inactive courses, please contact the Head of the Department.
In the descriptions of the courses which follow, the symbol (F) represents the Fall and (W) represents Winter. These labels are intended to indicate the semester when the course is generally offered. Unlabelled courses are offered as demand or programs dictate and as resources permit. The department tries to offer a variety of 1000, 2000 and 3000level courses during the spring semester (or intersession or summer session) every year. Students are encouraged to consult the department regularly for specific planned offerings, semester by semester.
102F, 103F and 104F
Mathematics Skills Program
are noncredit courses intended for those students who either have a weak background in mathematics or are returning to the subject after some years. The program enables students to master mathematical operations such as those involving whole numbers, fractions, decimals, percents, integers, exponents, linear equations, algebraic and rational expressions, formulas, graphs, systems of linear equations, basic trigonometry, exponents and radicals, and quadratics.
103F
A noncredit course enabling students to master mathematics operations such as those involving algebraic and rational expressions, formulas, graphs, systems of linear equations, basic trigonometry and number systems. / 1051 is a credit course with topics including elementary matrices, linear programming, elementary number theory, mathematical systems and geometry. Meets for three 50 minute classes and two 75 minute classes per week.
Prerequisites/Corequisites: Mathematics 102F and a recommendation by an MLC instructor resulting in approval by the MLC Director.
1000
Calculus I
(F) & (W)
is an introduction to differential Calculus including logarithmic, exponential and trigonometric functions.
Four hours per week.
Prerequisite: Mathematics 1090 or a combination of placement test and high school Mathematics scores acceptable to the department.
Note:
Effective Winter 2000, the credit restriction between Mathematics 1000 and the former 1080 has been lifted. However, credit cannot be obtained for both Mathematics 1000 and the former 1081.
1001
Calculus II
(F) & (W)
is an introduction to integral Calculus with applications. In addition to three lectures per week there will be a one and onehalf hour problem lab.
Prerequisite: Mathematics 1000 or 1081.
Note:
Credit cannot be obtained for both Mathematics 1001 and either the former Engineering 1411 or the former Engineering 2413.
1031
Mathematical Problem Solving
 inactive course.
1050
Finite Mathematics I
(F) & (W)
covers topics which include sets, logic, permutations, combinations and elementary probability.
Four hours per week.
Prerequisite: A combination of placement test and high school mathematics scores acceptable to the department or Mathematics 103F.
Notes:

With the exception of those already admitted at the time of registration in this course to a B.Ed. program that requires this course, students who already have obtained credit for six or more Mathematics credit hours numbered 2000 or above are not permitted to register for this course nor can they receive credit for it.

Credit cannot be obtained for Mathematics 1050 and the former 1150.
1051
Finite Mathematics II
(F) & (W)
covers topics which include elementary matrices, linear programming, elementary number theory, mathematical systems, and geometry.
Four hours per week.
Prerequisite: A combination of placement test and high school mathematics scores acceptable to the department or Mathematics 103F.
Notes:

With the exception of those already admitted at the time of registration in this course to a B.Ed. program that requires this course, students who already have obtained credit for six or more Mathematics credit hours numbered 2000 or above are not permitted to register for this course nor can they receive credit for it.

Credit cannot be obtained for Mathematics 1051 and the former 1151.
1090
Algebra and Trigonometry
(F) & (W)
provides students with the essential prerequisite elements for the study of an introductory course in calculus. Topics include algebra, functions and their graphs, exponential and logarithmic functions, trigonometry, polynomials, and rational functions.
Four hours per week.
Prerequisite: A combination of placement test and high school Mathematics scores acceptable to the department or Mathematics 104F.
2000
Calculus III
(F) & (W)
is a study of the differential calculus of functions of two variables, an introduction to convergence of infinite sequences and series. In addition to three lectures per week there will be a one and onehalf hour problem lab.
Prerequisite: Mathematics 1001.
Note:
Credit cannot be obtained for both Mathematics 2000 and any of the former Engineering 1411, 1412, 2412, or 2413.
2050
Linear Algebra I
(F) & (W)
includes the topics: Euclidean nspace, vector operations in 2 and 3space, complex numbers, linear transformations on nspace, matrices, determinants, and systems of linear equations.
Prerequisite: Mathematics 1000 or six credit hours in first year Mathematics courses.
Note:
Credit cannot be obtained for both Mathematics 2050 and the former Engineering 2402.
2051
Linear Algebra II
(F) & (W)
includes the topics: real and complex vector spaces, basis, dimension, change of basis, eigenvectors, inner products, and diagonalization of Hermitian matrices.
Prerequisite: Mathematics 2050.
2075
Introduction to the History of Mathematics
 inactive course.
2090
Mathematics of Finance
covers the topics: simple and compound interest and discount, forces of interest and discount, equations of value, annuities and perpetuities, amortization schedules and sinking funds, bonds and other securities, contingent payments.
Prerequisite: Mathematics 1001.
2091
Introduction to Actuarial Mathematics
 inactive course.
3000
Real Analysis I
(F) & (W)
covers proof techniques, structure of the real numbers, sequences, limits, continuity, uniform continuity, differentiation.
Three lecture hours and one laboratory hour per week.
Prerequisite: Mathematics 2000.
Note:
Credit can be obtained for only one of Mathematics 3000 and the former Mathematics 2001.
3001
Real Analysis II
(F) & (W)
examines Infinite series of constants, sequences and series of functions, uniform convergence and its consequences, power series, Taylor series, Weierstrass Approximation Theorem.
Three lecture hours and one laboratory hour per week.
Prerequisite: Mathematics 3000.
Note:
Credit cannot be received for both of Mathematics 3001 and the former Applied Mathematics/Pure Mathematics 3201.
2130
Technical Writing in Mathematics
(W)
is a project oriented course combining mathematical investigation and technical writing. By using computer programming, graphical and typesetting tools, students will explore mathematical concepts and will produce technical reports of professional quality. The latter will combine elements of writing and graphics to convey technical ideas in a clear and concise manner.
Prerequisites: Mathematics 1001 and (Computer Science 1510 or 1710 or 2710 or 2602 or permission of the Head of Department).
Notes:

First priority for enrolment in this course is given to students who are Applied or Pure Mathematics majors. Other students wishing to register should direct inquiries to the head of department.

This course qualifies as a Research/Writing course in the Faculty of Arts.
3100
Introduction to Dynamical Systems
(W)
examines flows, stability, phase plane analysis, limit cycles, bifurcations, chaos, attractors, maps, fractals. Applications throughout.
Three lecture hours per week.
Prerequisite: Applied Mathematics/Pure Mathematics 3260.
Note:
Credit can be obtained for only one of Applied Mathematics 3100 and the former 3190.
3111
Applied Complex Analysis
examines mapping by elementary functions, conformal mapping, applications of conformal mapping, SchwartzChristoffel transformation, Poisson integral formula, poles and zeros, Laplace transforms and stability of systems, analytic continuation.
Prerequisite: Applied Mathematics/Pure Mathematics 3210.
3132
Numerical Analysis I
(W)
is an introduction to numerical analysis, roundoff error, iterative methods for nonlinear equations in one variable, interpolation and polynomial approximation, discrete leastsquares approximation, numerical differentiation and integration.
Prerequisites: Mathematics 3000 or Applied Mathematics/Pure Mathematics 3260, and a computing course (Computer Science 1510 is recommended).
Note:
Credit cannot be obtained for both Applied Mathematics 3132 and Computer Science 3731.
3161
Ordinary Differential Equations II
(F)
examines power series solutions, method of Frobenius, Bessel functions, Legendre polynomials and others from classical Physics, systems of linear first order equations, fundamental matrix solution, numerical methods for initial value problems, existence and uniqueness of solutions.
Prerequisites: Applied Mathematics/Pure Mathematics 3202 and Applied Mathematics/Pure Mathematics 3260.
3202
Vector Calculus
(F) & (W)
deals with functions of several variables, Lagrange multipliers, vector valued functions, directional derivatives, gradient, divergence, curl, transformations, Jacobians, inverse and implicit function theorems, multiple integration including change of variables using polar, cylindrical and spherical coordinates, Green's theorem, Stokes' theorem, divergence theorem, line integrals, arc length.
Prerequisite: Mathematics 2000 and 2050.
Note:
Credit cannot be obtained for both Applied Mathematics/Pure Mathematics 3202 and Physics 3810.
3210
Introduction to Complex Analysis
(F)
examines complex numbers, analytic functions of a complex variable, differentiation of complex functions and the CauchyRiemann equations, complex integration, Cauchy's theorem, Taylor and Laurent series, residue theory and applications.
Prerequisite: Mathematics 3000.
3240
Applied Graph Theory
(F)
examines algorithms and complexity, definitions and basic properties of graphs, Eulerian and Hamiltonian chains, shortest path problems, graph colouring, planarity, trees, network flows, with emphasis on applications including scheduling problems, tournaments, and facilities design.
Prerequisite: Pure Mathematics 2320.
Note:
Credit cannot be obtained for both Applied Mathematics/Pure Mathematics 3240 and Computer Science 2741.
3260
Ordinary Differential Equations I
(F) & (W)
examines direction fields, equations of first order and first degree, higher order linear equations, variation of parameters, methods of undetermined coefficients, Laplace transforms, systems of differential equations. Applications include vibratory motion, satellite and rocket motion, pursuit problems, population models and chemical kinetics.
Prerequisite: Mathematics 2000.
Note:
Credit cannot be obtained for both Applied Mathematics/Pure Mathematics 3260 and Engineering 3411.
4100
Applied Functional Analysis
 inactive course.
4102
Stochastic Methods in Applied Mathematics
 inactive course.
4130
Introduction to General Relativity
(same as Physics 4220) studies both the mathematical structure and physical content of Einstein’s theory of gravity. Topics include the geometric formulation of special relativity, curved spacetimes, metrics, geodesics, causal structure, gravity as spacetime curvature, the weakfield limit, geometry outside a spherical star, Schwarzschild and Kerr black holes, RobertsonWalker cosmologies, gravitational waves, an instruction to tensor calculus, Einstein’s equations, and the stressenergy tensor.
Prerequisites: Applied Mathematics/Pure Mathematics 3202 and one of Physics 3220, Applied Mathematics/Pure Mathematics 4230 or permission of the Head of Department. Applied Mathematics/Pure Mathematics 4230 may be taken concurrently.
4131
Numerical Linear Algebra
 inactive course.
4132
Introduction to Optimization
 inactive course.
4133
Numerical Optimization
 inactive course.
4140
Introduction to Mathematical Control Theory
 inactive course.
4160
Partial Differential Equations I
(F)
covers two point boundary value problems, Fourier series, SturmLiouville theory, canonical forms, classification and solution of linear second order partial differential equations in two independent variables, separation of variable, integral transform methods.
Prerequisites: Applied Mathematics/Pure Mathematics 3202 and Applied Mathematics/Pure Mathematics 3260.
4161
Integral Equations
 inactive course.
4162
Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations
4170
Partial Differential Equations II
covers first order equations, Cauchy problems, CauchyKowalewska theorem, second order equations, canonical forms, wave equations in higher dimensions, method of spherical means, Duhamel's principle, potential equation, Dirichlet and Neuman problem, Green's function and fundamental solution, potential theory, heat equation, Riemann's method of integration, method of plane and Riemann waves for systems of PDEs of the first order.
Prerequisite: Applied Mathematics 4160.
4180
Introduction to Fluid Dynamics
(same as Physics 4205) covers basic observations, mass conservation, vorticity, stress, hydrostatics, rate of strain, momentum conservation (NavierStokes equation), simple viscous and inviscid flows, Reynolds number, boundary layers, Bernoulli's and Kelvin's theorems, potential flows, water waves, thermodynamics.
Prerequisites: Physics 3220 and either Applied Mathematics 4160 or Physics 3821.
4190
Mathematical Modelling
(W)
is intended to develop students' skills in mathematical modelling and competence in oral and written presentations. Case studies in modelling will be analysed. Students will develop a mathematical model and present it in both oral and report form.
Prerequisites: Applied Mathematics 3100, Applied Mathematics 3161, Applied Mathematics 4160, and a technical writing course offered by a Science department (Applied Mathematics 2130 is recommended).
419A and 419B
Applied Mathematics Honours Project
is a twosemester linked, 6 credit hour course that requires the student, with supervision by a member of the Department, to prepare a dissertation in an area of Applied Mathematics. In addition to a written project, a one hour presentation will be given by the student at the end of the second semester.
Prerequisite: Registration in an Honours or Joint Honours program in Applied Mathematics.
Credit Restrictions: Applied Mathematics 419A/B with the former Applied Mathematics 4199
4230
Differential Geometry
covers theory of curves, Frenet relations, curvature and torsion, singular points of curves, first and second quadratic forms, classification of points on a surface, Gaussian curvature, GaussWeingarten theorem, Christoffel's symbols, theorema Egregium, GaussCadazziMainardi theorem, internal geometry of surfaces, isometric and conformal mappings, geodesic curvature and torsion, parallel displacement, GaussBonnet theorem.
Prerequisite: Applied Mathematics/Pure Mathematics 3202.
4240
Differential and Integral Calculus on Manifolds
 inactive course.
42804290
Special Topics in Pure and Applied Mathematics
will have the topics to be studied announced by the Department.
Prerequisite: Permission of Head of Department.
Note:
Consult the department for a list of titles and information regarding availability.
2320
Discrete Mathematics
(F) & (W)
covers basic concepts of mathematical reasoning, sets and set operations, functions, relations including equivalence relations and partial orders as illustrated through the notions of congruence and divisibility of integers, mathematical induction, principles of counting, permutations, combinations and the Binomial Theorem.
Prerequisite: Mathematics 1001 or 2050.
Note:
Credit cannot be obtained for both Pure Mathematics 2320 and Computer Science 2740.
3300
Set Theory
is an introduction to Mathematical Logic, functions, equivalence relations, equipotence of sets, finite and infinite sets, countable and uncountable sets, Cantor's Theorem, SchroederBernstein Theorem, ordered sets, introduction to cardinal and ordinal numbers, logical paradoxes, the axiom of choice.
Prerequisite: Pure Mathematics 2320.
3301
Integration and Metric Spaces
is a brief review of the Riemann integral, RiemannStieltjes integration, metric spaces, the Baire Category Theorem, uniform continuity, the Banach Contraction principle, the Weierstrass Approximation Theorem and the StoneWeierstrass Theorem are covered.
Prerequisite: Mathematics 3001.
3303
Introductory Geometric Topology
covers graphs and the four colour problem, orientable and nonorientable surfaces, triangulation, Euler characteristic, classification and colouring of compact surfaces, basic pointset topology, the fundamental group, including the fundamental groups of surfaces, knots, and the Wirtinger presentation of the knot group.
Prerequisite: Pure Mathemtatics 2320.
3320
Abstract Algebra
(F)
is an introduction to groups and group homomorphisms including cyclic groups, cosets, Lagrange's theorem, normal subgroups and quotient groups, introduction to rings and ring homomorphisms including ideals, prime and maximal ideals, quotient rings, integral domains and fields.
Prerequisite: Pure Mathematics 2320.
3321
Applied Algebra
 inactive course.
3330
Euclidean Geometry
(F)
3331
Projective Geometry
3340
Introductory Combinatorics
(W)
includes topics: distributions, the binomial and multinomial theorems, Stirling numbers, recurrence relations, generating functions and the inclusionexclusion principle. Emphasis will be on applications.
Prerequisite: Pure Mathematics 2320.
3370
Introductory Number Theory
(F)
examines perfect numbers and primes, divisibility, Euclidean algorithm, greatest common divisors, primes and the unique factorization theorem, congruences, cryptography (secrecy systems), EulerFermat theorems, power residues, primitive roots, arithmetic functions, Diophantine equations, topics above in the setting of the Gaussian integers.
Prerequisite: Pure Mathematics 2320.
3410
Mathematical Statistics I
(F)
covers basic probability concepts, combinatorial analysis, conditional probability, independence, random variable, distribution function, mathematical expectation, Chebyshev's inequality, distribution of two random variables, binomial and related distributions, Poisson, gamma, normal, bivariate normal, t, and F distributions, transformations of variables including the momentgenerating function approach.
One and a half hour tutorial period weekly.
Prerequisite: Mathematics 2000.
3411
Mathematical Statistics II
(W)
examines sampling distributions. Limiting distributions, central limit theorem, minimum variance unbiased estimators, confidence intervals, MLE and its asymptotic properties, exponential family, sufficient statistics, RaoCramér inequality, efficiency, NeymanPearson lemma, chisquare tests, likelihood ratio test.
One and a half hour tutorial period weekly.
Prerequisite: Pure Mathematics/Statistics 3410.
42804290
Special Topics in Pure and Applied Mathematics
will have the topics to be studied announced by the Department.
Prerequisite: Permission of Head of Department.
Note:
Consult the department for a list of titles and information regarding availability.
4300
General Topology
examines topological structure on a set, neighbourhood, open and closed sets, continuity, subspaces and quotient spaces, connectedness, relation between topologies, base and subbase, product spaces, applications to Euclidean spaces. Hausdorff, regular, normal and compact spaces, metric spaces, compacta and continua, metrizability.
Prerequisite: Pure Mathematics 3300 or 3301, or both Mathematics 3000 and Pure Mathematics 3303.
4301
Algebraic Topology
 inactive course.
4302
Functional Analysis
 inactive course.
4310
Complex Function Theory
examines topology of C, analytic functions, Cauchy's theorem with proof, Cauchy integral formula, singularities, argument principle, Rouche's theorem, maximum modulus principle, Schwarz's lemma, harmonic functions, Poisson integral formula, analytic continuation, entire functions, gamma function, RiemannZeta function, conformal mapping.
Prerequisite: Pure Mathematics 3301 and Applied Mathematics/Pure Mathematics 3210.
4320
Ring Theory
examines factorization in integral domains, structure of finitely generated modules over a principal ideal domain with application to Abelian groups, nilpotent ideals and idempotents, chain conditions, the WedderburnArtin theorem.
Prerequisite: Pure Mathematics 3320.
4321
Group Theory
examines permutation groups, Sylow theorems, normal series, solvable groups, solvability of polynomials by radicals, introduction to group representations.
Prerequisite: Pure Mathematics 3320.
4331
Galois Theory
 inactive course.
4340
Combinatorial Analysis
continues most of the topics started in Pure Mathematics 3340 with further work on distributions, recurrence relations and generating functions. Generating functions are used to solve recurrence relations in two variables. Also included is a study of Polya's theorem with applications.
4341
Combinatorial Designs
4370
Number Theory
 inactive course.
4375
History of Mathematics
 inactive course.
4399
Pure Mathematics Dissertation
requires the student, with supervision by a member of the department, to prepare a dissertation in an area of Pure Mathematics. Although original research by the student will not normally be expected, the student must show an ability and interest to learn and organize material independently. A one hour presentation at the end of the semester will be given by the student.
Prerequisite: Registration in an Honours or Joint Honours program in Pure Mathematics.
4400
Lebesgue Integration
is a review of Riemann integration, outer measure, measure, measurable sets, measurable functions, the Lebesgue integral, properties of the Lebesgue integral, sequences of integrals, Fubini's theorem.
Prerequisite: Mathematics 3001.
4401
Probability Theory
4402
Stochastic Processes
 inactive course.
Note:
All 2000 level statistics courses, Statistics 3410, 3411, 4590, and 4591 have a laboratory period weekly.
2500
Statistics for Business and Arts Students
(F) & (W)
covers descriptive statistics (including histograms, stemandleaf plots and box plots), elementary probability, discrete random variables, the binomial distribution, the normal distribution, sampling distribution, estimation and hypothesis testing including both one and two sample tests, paired comparisons, chisquare test, correlation and regression. Related applications.
Prerequisite: Mathematics 1000 or 6 credit hours in first year courses in Mathematics or registration in at least semester 3 of a B.N. program or permission of the head of department.
2501
Further Statistics for Business and Arts Students
(F)
coves power calculation and sample size determination, analysis of variance, multiple regression, nonparametric statistics, index numbers, time series analysis, introduction to sampling techniques.
2510
Statistics for Physical Science Students
(F) & (W)
examines elements of probability, conditional probability, Bayes' Theorem, discrete random variables, cumulative distribution function, introduction to continuous random variables, mathematical expectation, estimation of mean, proportion and variance, hypothesis testing for onesample case.
Prerequisite: Mathematics 1000 or 1081.
2550
Statistics for Life Science Students
(F) & (W) & (S)
is an introduction to basic statistics methods with an emphasis on applications to life sciences and, in particular, to biology. Material includes descriptive statistics, elementary probability, binomial distribution, normal distribution, sampling distribution, estimation and hypothesis testing (both one and two sample cases), chisquare test, one way analysis of variance, correlation and simple linear regression.
Prerequisite: Mathematics 1000 or 1081.
2560
Further Statistics for Science Students
(W)
(formerly 2511) covers estimation and hypothesis testing in the twosample and paired sample cases, one way and two way analysis of variance, simple and multiple linear regression, chisquare tests, nonparametric tests including sign test, Wilcoxon signed rank test and Wilcoxon rank test.
Prerequisite: Statistics 2500 (with Mathematics 1000 or 1081) or Statistics 2510.
3520
Experimental Design I
(F)
is an introduction to basic concepts in experimental design, single factor designs including completely randomized, randomized blocks, Latin square and related designs, multiple comparison tests, fixed and random effects models, introduction to factorial design.
Prerequisites: Mathematics 2050 and either Pure Mathematics/Statistics 3411 or both 1001 and one of Statistics 2501 or 2560 (former 2511).
Note:
Credit can be obtained for only one of Statistics 3520, Psychology 3900 and 3950.
3521
Regression
(W)
covers inferences in linear regression analysis, matrix approach to regression analysis, multiple linear regression, model selection, polynomial regression, indicator variable, problem of simultaneous inferences, multicollinearity.
Prerequisites: Mathematics 2050 and either Pure Mathematics/Statistics 3411 or both Mathematics 1001 and one of Statistics 2501 or 2560 or the former 2511.
3530
Survey Sampling I
(F)
covers basic concepts, randomization, sampling frames, stratified sampling, the analysis of subclasses, cluster sampling, stratified cluster sampling, unequal clusters, ratio estimates selection with probabilities proportional to size.
Prerequisites: Either Pure Mathematics/Statistics 3411 or both Mathematics 1001 and one of Statistics 2501 or 2560 or the former 2511.
3540
Time Series I
covers Autocovariance, autocorrelation and correlation, stationarity, autoregressive, moving average and ARMA models, differencing, the integrated ARMA process, parameter estimation, model identification and diagnostic testing, forecasting, seasonal models, the use of data transformation.
Prerequisites: Either Pure Mathematics/Statistics 3411 or both Mathematics 1001 and one of Statistics 2501 or 2560 or the former 2511.
3570
Reliability and Quality Control
is an analysis of life, mortality and failure data, standard parametric models in reliability, quality control charts and cumulative sum charts, tolerance limits, contingency tables, interactions, application of sequential sampling.
Prerequisites: Either Pure Mathematics/Statistics 3411 or both Mathematics 1001 and one of Statistics 2501 or 2560 or the former 2511.
3590
Statistics in Applied Research
 inactive course.
4520
Experimental Design II
(W)
covers selected topics in ANOVA and ANCOVA including factorial experiments and unbalanced designs.
Prerequisite: Statistics 3520.
4530
Survey Sampling II
(W)
4540
Time Series II
is an analysis of time series in the time domain, including stationary and nonstationary processes, autocovariance kernels and their estimators, analysis of autoregressive and moving average models, spectral analysis including the power spectrum and its estimators, periodogram, smoothed and filtered estimators.
Prerequisites: Pure Mathematics/Statistics 3411 and Statistics 3540.
4550
Nonparametric Statistics
4560
Continuous Multivariate Analysis
examines the multivariate normal distribution and its marginal and conditional distributions, properties of the Wishart distribution, Hotelling's Tsquared statistic, a selection of techniques chosen from among MANOVA, multivariate regression, principal components, factor analysis, discrimination and classification, clustering.
Prerequisites: Mathematics 2051, Pure Mathematics/Statistics 3410 and one of Statistics 3520, or Pure Mathematics/Statistics 3411, or Statistics 3521.
4561
Discrete Multivariate Analysis
is an analysis of crossclassified categorical data, chisquare test, measures of association, multidimensional contingency tables, hypotheses of partial and conditional independence, loglinear models for Poisson, multinomial and productmultinomial sampling schemes, iterative scaling technique for maximum likelihood estimation, stepwise model selection procedures, partitioning chisquare, explanatory and response variables in contingency tables, logit models.
4580
History of Statistics
 inactive course.
4581
Quantitative Methods in Biology
 inactive course.
4585
Computational Statistics
is an introduction to modern computational statistics, using a statistical programming language, such as SPlus. Emphasis is placed on use of the computer for numerical and graphical exploratory data analysis, and on crafting programs to accomplish specialized statistical procedures.
Prerequisites: Mathematics 2000, Statistics 3520, 3521. Applied Mathematics/Pure Mathematics 2130 is recommended.
4590
Statistical Analysis of Data I
is for users of Statistics with emphasis placed on computer analysis of statistical problems drawn from various disciplines, descriptive statistics, analysis of univariate measurement data, chisquare tests, nonparametric tests, basic ANOVA and regression.
Prerequisite: one of Statistics 3520, or 3521, or Pure Mathematics/Statistics 3411.
4591
Statistical Analysis of Data II
 inactive course.
4599
Honours Comprehensive with Directed Readings
is a directed reading course with Comprehensive examination for students in Honours or Joint Honours Degree programs in Statistics only.
Prerequisite: Registration in an Honours or Joint Honours program in Statistics.