Office of the Registrar
School of Pharmacy (2006/2007)
8 Course Descriptions

In accordance with Senate's Policy Regarding Inactive Courses, the course descriptions for courses which have not been offered in the previous three academic years and which are not scheduled to be offered in the current academic year have been removed from the following listing. For information about any of these inactive courses, please contact the Director of the School.

All courses of the School are designated by PHAR and are restricted to students in the School of Pharmacy.

2002

Anatomy and Physiology I

presents a survey of human anatomy and physiology throughout the lifespan. It includes aspects of cytology and histology that form a foundation for the practice of pharmacy. Special emphasis is given to the skeletal, muscular, nervous and endocrine systems. The course will include both the vocabulary and concepts of anatomy and physiology with the overall goal being the understanding of the interrelationships and integration of all systems from the cell to whole organism.

CR: Nursing 1002 and PHAR 3201

LH: 2; attendance is required

2003

Anatomy and Physiology II

presents a survey of human anatomy and physiology throughout the lifespan. It includes aspects of cytology and histology that form a foundation for the practice of pharmacy. Special emphasis is given to the endocrine, circulatory, respiratory, urinary, digestive and reproductive systems. The course will include both the vocabulary and concepts of anatomy and physiology with the overall goal being the understanding of the interrelationships and integration of all systems from the cell to whole organism.

CR: Nursing 1012 and PHAR 3202

LH: 2; attendance is required

PR: PHAR 2002

2004

Introduction to Biochemistry

(formerly PHAR 3110) is an introduction to the major organic substances of living organisms, proteins, carbohydrates and lipids: their structure, analysis and biochemical function. Enzymes. Biochemistry of membranes: plasma membrane and specialized intracellular membranes. Biochemistry of selected differentiated cells.

CR: Biochemistry 2101 and PHAR 3110

OR: tutorials as required

PR: Chemistry 2400 and 2401 or Chemistry 2440

201W

Structured Practice Experience I

is a structured practice experience in community pharmacy after completion of the first year which will provide an opportunity for students to apply their technical skills and introduce them to patient care activities. The structured practical experience is comprised of four weeks, 35 hours per week and is held in May/June.

AR: attendance is required

CH: 0

LC: 0

PR: successful completion of all courses in the 1st year of the program

2101

Pharmacy Practice I

provides an overview of the Canadian Health Care System, the organization and role of pharmacy and pharmacists in the delivery of health care, and the federal and provincial regulations that govern the practice of pharmacy. An introduction to effective communication strategies in the delivery of pharmaceutical care will be discussed.

CO: PHAR 2150

CR: the former PHAR 3011

2102

Pharmacy Practice II

introduces the student to the basic skills and knowledge of the practice of pharmacy. Students will learn to apply these skills to build an expertise in pharmaceutical care. Emphasis will be placed on communication and patient counselling. Students will learn to apply pharmacy regulations in the dispensing of medications. The passing grade in this course is 70%, failing which the student may be required to withdraw from the program.

CH: 2

CO: PHAR 2151

CR: the former PHAR 3004

LC: 2

OR: tutorials 2 hours per week; attendance is required

2150

Pharmacy Skills

provides an introduction to the pharmacy profession with emphasis on necessary learning skills and the educational outcomes of the program. Students will begin the development of drug information search skills, computer skills, public speaking and basic interpersonal communications skills necessary in practice of pharmacy. Students will participate in self-directed learning modules in medical terminology and pharmaceutical calculations.

CH: 1

CO: PHAR 2101

LC: 0

OR: practical sessions 3 hours per week; attendance is required; tutorials 1 hour per week

2151

Pharmacy Skills

provides an introduction to the pharmacy profession with emphasis on necessary learning skills and the educational outcomes of the program. Students will continue the development of drug information search skills, computer skills, pharmaceutical calculation skills and basic interpersonal communications skills necessary in practice of pharmacy. Basic dispensing skills and the application of the legal framework in which pharmacists practice will be developed.

CH: 1

CO: PHAR 2102

LC: 0

OR: practical sessions 3 hours per week; attendance is required; tutorials 1 hour per week

PR: PHAR 2150 and 2101

2201

Pharmaceutics I

provides an insight into a number of physicochemical basics and explains them within a pharmaceutical context. The course provides the basic foundation necessary for the study of pharmaceutical dosage forms, pharmacokinetics and bio-pharmaceutics.

CR: PHAR 3012

LH: 3; attendance is required

PR: Mathematics 1000 and 1001 and Chemistry 1050 and1051; or Chemistry 1200 and 1001

2202

Pharmaceutics II

is designed to provide the student with an understanding of pharmaceutical dosage forms and their applications. It applies the principles taught in Pharmaceutics I to understand the design and components of the different pharmaceutical preparations.

CR: PHAR 3005

LH: 3; attendance is required

PR: PHAR 2201

2203

Pharmaceutical Analysis

is designed to introduce some important techniques and methods of analysis in pharmaceutical sciences. The laboratory exercises consist of both non-instrumental and instrumental analytical techniques that are widely employed in the analysis of pharmaceuticals.

CH: 2

LC: 2

LH: 3 hours every other week; attendance is required

PR: Chemistry 1050 and 1051 or Chemistry 1200 and 1001

3003

Pathophysiology

(formerly PHAR 4004) examines the nature of disease, causes and effects, and alteration in structure and function of cells, inflammation, neoplasia, genetic and chromosomal diseases, healing and repair, stress and disease.

CR: PHAR 4004

3009

Pharmacology

(formerly PHAR 4009) explores topics in general pharmacology including drugs used in the treatment of inflammatory diseases, renal pharmacology, anticoagulant and antithrombotic drugs, antihyperlipidemics, drugs used in the treatment of anemia, and endocrine pharmacology.

CR: the former PHAR 4009

PR: Medicine 4300 or equivalent

302W

Structured Practice Experience II

is a structured practice experience in hospital pharmacy after completion of the second year which will provide an opportunity for students to apply their technical skills and introduce them to patient care activities. The practical experience is comprised of four weeks, 35 hours per week, and is held in May/June.

AR: attendance is required

CH: 0

LC: 0

PR: successful completion of all courses in the 2nd year of the program

3103

Microbiology of Infectious Diseases

examines the various types of micro-organisms (bacterial, viral, parasitic and fungal), the environment in which they are able to multiply and their relationship to human diseases. The classifications of their morphology, mode of reproduction and the metabolic process, the physiological and epidemiological principles of infectious diseases and their manifestations are discussed including the principles of immunization.

LH: 1; attendance is required

3111

General Biochemistry

covers the catabolism of carbohydrates, lipids and amino acids. Mitochondria, chloroplasts and ATP synthesis. Biosynthesis of carbohydrates and lipids. Metabolic specialization of differentiated cells and tissues. Integration of metabolism.

CR: Biochemistry 3106

OR: tutorials as required

PR: PHAR 2004 or the former 3110 or Biochemistry 2101

3150

Pharmacy Skills

continues the development of the learning skills necessary for pharmacy practice in order to meet the educational outcomes for the second year of the pharmacy program. Students will continue to develop skills of drug information, communication, pharmaceutical calculations and sterile product preparation relating to the courses of study in the second year. Students will complete a first aid course.

CH: 1

CO: all 2nd year Fall semester pharmacy courses

LC: 0

OR: practical sessions 3 hours per week; attendance is required OR: tutorials 1 hour per week

3151

Pharmacy Skills

continues the development of the learning skills necessary for pharmacy practice in order to meet the educational outcomes for the second year of the pharmacy program. Students will continue to develop skills of drug information, communication and pharmaceutical calculations relating to the courses of study in the second year. Students will participate in practice sessions necessary to develop an understanding of and skills required in clinical kinetics.

CH: 1

CO: all 2nd year Winter semester pharmacy courses

LC: 0

OR: practical sessions 3 hours per week; attendance is required; tutorials 1 hour per week

PR: PHAR 3150

3203

Medicinal Chemistry I

(formerly PHAR 4010) presents topics covering the molecular basis of action, metabolism, and toxicity of drugs. It provides an orientation to medicinally important nuclei and their nomenclature, followed by principles of drug discovery and development. The relationship between molecular structure and biological action of drugs together with elementary molecular modeling, and theories related to receptors and drug action will be presented. Concepts of drug metabolism and the relevant metabolic pathways in relationship to drug inactivation and toxicity, along with the principles of drug latentiation and prodrugs is covered. The structures, selected physicochemical properties, mechanism of action, structure-activity relationships, toxic effects at molecular level, and metabolism of drugs including central nervous system.

CO: Medicine 4300 and PHAR 3003

CR: PHAR 4010

OR: tutorials 1 hour per week; attendance is required

PR: Chemistry 2440

3204

Medicinal Chemistry II

(formerly PHAR 4011) is a continuation of Pharmacy 3203 and focuses on the structures, selected physicochemical properties, mechanism of action, structure-activity relationships, toxic effects at molecular level, and metabolism of different pharmacological classes of drugs including cholinergic agents, analgetic and anti-inflammatory agents, insulin and oral antidiabetic drugs, steroids and related compounds, antihyperlipidemic agents, histamine and antihistaminic agents, diuretic agents, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and antagonists, and calcium channel blockers.

CO: PHAR 3009

CR: the former PHAR 4011

OR: tutorials 1 hour per week; attendance is required

PR: PHAR 3203

3205

Pharmaceutics III

consists of several units. The standards of good manufacturing practice will be introduced. Characteristics, preparation, quality assurance and delivery systems for sterile products will be covered. The basic principles governing the application of radiation and radioactive compounds in medical diagnosis and therapy will be discussed. The status of current biotechnology-based pharmaceuticals and biotechnology related matters will be addressed.

CR: PHAR 5017

PR: PHAR 2201 and 2202

3206

Applied Pharmacokinetics

(formerly PHAR 4006) is an introduction to biopharmaceutical and pharmacokinetic principles used in the selection, dosing, monitoring and evaluation of drug therapy. Application of these principles in evaluating drug literature and developing drug dosage regimens of selected classes of drugs for individual patients will be discussed.

CO: PHAR 3009

CR: the former PHAR 4006

PR: Medicine 4300, PHAR 2201and 2202

3301

Patient Care I

is an introductory course in patient care, especially in the areas of self-care and self-treatment and the role of the pharmacist. The regulatory environment of non-prescription products and the prevention and treatment of health conditions amenable to self-management will be discussed.

CO: PHAR 3009

CR: the former PHAR 4104

PR: Medicine 4300

3501

Pharmacy Research and Evaluation I

introduces students to principle roles of health policy with a special emphasis on pharmaceutical policy and its impact on health professionals, the public and on the delivery of pharmaceutical care.

CH: 1

LC: 1

PR: PHAR 2101 and 2102

4008

Chemotherapy

presents the principles of infectious diseases and cancer chemotherapy. Topics to be explored include molecular structure profiles in relation to mechanism of action, drug resistance, and toxicity of antimicrobial, antiviral, and antineoplastic agents. Antimicrobial activity/spectrum of activity of antibacterials, antifungals, antimalarial, antituberculosis, and antiviral/antiretroviral agents will be discussed. The classification and mechanism of action of cancer chemotherapeutic agents will be presented. Pharmacokinetic considerations, adverse effects/toxicity, and drug interactions will be explored for these agents.

CH: 2

CO: PHAR 4105

CR: the former PHAR 4005

LC: 2

OR: tutorials 1 hour per week

PR: Medicine 4300, PHAR 3009, 3103, 3203 and 3204

403W

Structured Practice Experience III

is a structured practice experience in community pharmacy after completion of the third year which will provide an opportunity for students to apply their technical skills and practise and participate in patient care activities. The practical experience is comprised of four weeks, 35 per week, and is held in May/June.

AR: attendance is required

CH: 0

LC: 0

PR: successful completion of all courses in the 3rd year of the program

4105

Immunology

is an introduction to the molecular and cellular basis of immunity and hypersensitivity. Manipulation of the immune system in the management and treatment of disease is discussed.

PR: PHAR 2002 and 2003 or PHAR 3201 and 3202

4150

Pharmacy Skills

continues the development of the learning skills necessary for pharmacy practice in order to meet the educational outcomes for the third year of the pharmacy program. Students will continue to develop skills of drug information and communication relating to the courses of study in the third year. Students will participate in practice sessions necessary to develop an understanding of and skills required in patient assessment. Students will build on their dispensing and education skills learned in first year through participating in dispensing and interview/counselling sessions in more complex patient situations. Students will learn to appreciate the challenges faced by, and in dealing with special patient populations.

CH: 1

CO: all 3rd year Fall semester pharmacy courses

LC: 0

OR: practical sessions 3 hours per week; attendance is required; tutorials 1 hour per week

4151

Pharmacy Skills

continues the development of the learning skills necessary for pharmacy practice in order to meet the educational outcomes for the third year of the pharmacy program. Students will continue to develop skills of drug information and communication relating to the courses of study in the third year. Students will participate in practice sessions necessary to develop an understanding of and skills required for in-home diagnostic testing. Students will build on their dispensing and education skills learned in first year through participating in dispensing and interview/counselling sessions in more complex patient situations. Students will learn to appreciate the challenges faced by, and in dealing with special patient populations. Health promotion and illness prevention issues will be applied through an interprofessional group project.

CH: 1

CO: all 3rd year Winter semester pharmacy courses

LC: 0

OR: practical sessions 3 hours per week; attendance is required; tutorials 1 hour per week

PR: PHAR 4150

4301

Patient Care II

discusses the principles of health promotion and disease prevention and the role of the pharmacist.

CH: 1

OR: tutorials 1 hour per week

4401

Therapeutics I

is part of a series that looks at the therapeutic management of common diseases. Topics include infectious diseases, hematology/oncology, dermatology, and musculoskeletal disorders. For each disease state discussion will centre around several key issues including: the establishment of desired therapeutic outcomes; development of appropriate pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapeutic alternatives; factors to be considered to aid in the selection of an individualized therapeutic regimen; and the development of a monitoring plan to evaluate efficacy and safety.

CH: 6

CO: PHAR 4105

LC: 6

OR: tutorials 2 hours per week; attendance is required

PR: Medicine 4300, PHAR 3009 and 3206

4402

Therapeutics II

is part in a series that looks at the therapeutic management of common diseases. Topics include womens' health, mens' health, gastroenterology, endocrine, neurological, and renal disorders. For each disease state discussion will center around several key issues including: the establishment of desired therapeutic outcomes; development of appropriate pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapeutic alternatives; factors to be considered to aid in the selection of an individualized therapeutic regimen; and the development of a monitoring plan to evaluate efficacy and safety.

CH: 6

LC: 6

OR: tutorials 2 hours per week; attendance is required

PR: PHAR 4401

4501

Pharmacy Research and Evaluation II

introduces the biostatistical, pharmacoepidemiologic and pharmacoeconomic concepts and develops the skills necessary to the practice of research and evaluation methods in applied pharmacy. The understanding of such methods is an important prerequisite in the critical appraisal of the health literature and the undertaking of evidence-based clinical practice.

PR: PHAR 3501

4502

Pharmacy Research and Evaluation III

introduces students to principles of critical appraisal and provides opportunities to apply these principles to critique and evaluate current medical literature. Students will be assigned to a tutorial group, which will meet twice during the semester to critically appraise at least two recently published studies (journal club). Emphasis will be placed on appropriate application of critical appraisal skills and group discussion of impact of study findings on clinical practice. In addition, this course will also discuss drug utilization reviews and evaluations and the role of the pharmacist, as well as adverse drug event reporting and the role of the pharmacist.

CH: 1

LC: 1

OR: tutorials 1 hour per week; attendance is required

PR: PHAR 4501

4503

Pharmacy Administration

introduces students to the basic principles of management as it relates to pharmacy practice. Topics will include human resources and financial management, marketing, strategic planning and the principles and issues associated with safe and appropriate drug distribution. These will be discussed from both a community and an institutional practice focus.

5001

Human Toxicology

covers the basic principles of toxicology, including toxicokinetics, mechanisms of toxicity and the major causes of mortality; the toxicology and treatment of the drugs that are the most important human poisons; and how new drug entities are assessed and regulated for safety.

5005

Communication & Patient Counselling

focuses on the elements of effective interviewing and communication with patients, both written and verbal. Special approaches to selected patient populations will be discussed. Communication sessions are intended to develop self-confidence and interpersonal communication skills.

CH: 1

LC: 0

OR: lectures or communications sessions 2 per week for six weeks; attendance is required

5009

Pharmacoepidemiology

covers the principles of epidemiology and its application in public health and the health services delivery system; the methods used in pharmacoepidemiologic studies; the use of pharmacoepidemiology to study the benefit risk and effectiveness of drugs; and the use of clinical trials to establish the efficacy of new drugs.

500X

Structured Practice Experience IV

provides experience in clinical practice. Students will participate as members of the health care team. They will be responsible for providing pharmaceutical care to patients. Activities will include attending patient care rounds, providing in-services and drug information, and participating in case presentations. Students will be evaluated periodically throughout the practice experience and will also be required to pass an exam. The structured practice experience is comprised of two six week modules, 35 hours per week.

AR: attendance is required

CH: 18

LC: 0

PR: successful completion of all course requirements for the degree and Clear Promotion

5011

Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

- inactive course.

5012

Pharmaceutical Analysis

- inactive course.

5013

Hospital Pharmacy Administration

- inactive course.

5017

Pharmaceutical Technology

examines the principles governing the development and evaluation of novel delivery systems for drugs including therapeutic proteins and peptides. The course objectives are to provide knowledge of the physicochemical and biopharmaceutical aspects of the design, use and evaluation of novel drug delivery systems with emphasis on controlled release systems for oral and percutaneous delivery. The basic principles of the application of radiation and radioactive compounds in medical diagnosis and therapy, rationale for the use, preparation and quality control of radiopharmaceuticals is also discussed.

AR: attendance is required

LH: 3

501A/B

Pharmaceutical Research

- inactive course.

501W

Seminar

consists of presentations given by students, and occasional visiting speakers, on pharmacy related topics. The final grade of PWD, PAS, or FAL is based on performance, attendance and participation.

AR: attendance is required

CH: 0

LC: 0

5104

Therapeutics II

provides an understanding of the therapeutic management of common diseases. The student is introduced to the pathophysiologies of common disease states, current drug (prescription and non-prescription) and non-drug therapies, procedures used to monitor drug therapy for clinical response, adverse reactions, drug interactions and contraindications, and the process for distinguishing the rational from the irrational use of drugs. The appropriateness and effectiveness of self-medication treatments will also be discussed.

CH: 8

LC: 8

OR: tutorials 2 hours per week

5150

Pharmacy Skills

continues the development of the learning skills necessary for pharmacy practice. Students will continue to develop skills of drug information and communication relating to the courses of study in the fourth year. Students will participate in discussion sessions relating to current practice issues (e.g., internet pharmacy), ethical issues in practice. Students will also complete a basic CPR course.

CH: 1

CO: all 4th year Fall semester pharmacy courses

LC: 0

OR: practical sessions 3 hours per week; attendance is required; tutorials 1 hour per week

5301

Clinical Toxicology

covers the toxicology and clinical management of toxicity associated with common medications.

CH: 2

CO: PHAR 5401

CR: PHAR 5001

LC: 2

5302

Patient Care III

focuses on pharmaceutical care considerations in special patient populations (e.g., geriatrics, neonates, pediatrics, pregnancy and lactation, critically ill, etc.). Implementation of pharmaceutical care in hospital, ambulatory and community practice settings will be discussed.

OR: tutorials 1 hour per week; attendance is required

5303

Patient Care IV

provides the student with a basic understanding of herbal products and supplements and will focus on pharmaceutical care considerations in using these products for the therapeutic management of common diseases.

CH: 2

LC: 2

OR: tutorials 2 hours per week; attendance is required

5401

Therapeutics III

is part in a series that looks at the therapeutic management of common diseases. Topics include transplantation, psychiatric, respiratory and cardiovascular disorders. For each disease state discussion will center around several key issues including: the establishment of desired therapeutic outcomes; development of appropriate pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapeutic alternatives; factors to be considered to aid in the selection of an individualized therapeutic regimen; and the development of a monitoring plan to evaluate efficacy and safety.

CH: 6

LC: 6

OR: tutorials 2 hours per week

PR: PHAR 4402

5501

Pharmacy Research and Evaluation IV

discusses the principles of critical appraisal and provides opportunities to apply these principles to critique and evaluate current medical literature. Students will be assigned to a tutorial group, which will meet twice during the semester to critically appraise at least two recently published studies. Emphasis will be placed on appropriate application of critical appraisal skills and group discussion of impact of study findings on clinical practice.

CH: 1

LC: 0

OR: tutorials 1 hour per week

PR: PHAR 4502

AR = Attendance requirement; CH = Credit hours are 3 unless otherwise noted; CO = Co-requisite(s); CR = Credit can be retained for only one course from the set(s) consisting of the course being described and the course(s) listed; LC = Lecture hours per week are 3 unless otherwise noted; LH = Laboratory hours per week; OR = Other requirements of the course such as tutorials, practical sessions, or seminars; PR = Prerequisite(s); UL = Usage limitation(s).