Office of the Registrar
Faculty of Arts (2006/2007)
6.18 Linguistics Programs and Regulations
6.18.1 General Degree
  1. Many courses formerly offered by the Department of Linguistics have been renumbered or renamed. Students who have taken Linguistics courses at Memorial University of Newfoundland may not obtain credit for renumbered or renamed courses which the student has already taken. Students should consult with an advisor in the Department of Linguistics to ensure that they are taking the appropriate courses.

  2. Prerequisites may be waived in special cases by the Head of the Department.

  3. Students majoring in Linguistics must complete 36 credit hours in Linguistics, which must include the six courses numbered 1103/2103, 1104/2104, 3000, 3100, 3201, 3500, plus 18 credit hours in courses chosen from 1100/2100, 2060, 2210, 3104, 3105, 3155, 3212, 3310, 3850, 4050-4059, 4100, 4110, 4150, 4201, 4210, 4350, 4400, 4500, 4700. Of these 18 credit hours, 9 must be at the 4000 level.

Notes:

  1. Students intending to pursue graduate work in Linguistics should include 3500, 4201 and at least one of 4100 and 4110 in their programs.

  2. In planning a Major, students are required to consult with an advisor in the Department of Linguistics to ensure that their proposed program is possible within the constraints of course scheduling and prerequisites.

6.18.2 Honours and Joint Honours Degrees
  1. See General Regulations for the Degree of Bachelor of Arts (Honours).

  2. An Honours degree in Linguistics must include 60 credit hours in Linguistics courses of which the following are required: 1103/2103, 1104/2104, 2210, 3000, 3100, 3104, 3201, 3500, 3850, 4100 (and/or 4110), 4201, 4999, and at least one of 4150, 4210, 4350, 4400, 4500, 4700. Students should choose courses in consultation with their Honours Essay supervisor, to ensure that the needs and interests of the individual candidate are met, and to take into account the availability of courses which the department is able to offer. The Honours or Joint Honours student must also meet a language requirement of 6 credit hours or the equivalent in a second language. Under very special circumstances the Head of the Department may prescribe 6 credit hours in advanced courses in English dialectology in place of the above second language requirement.

  3. Linguistics may also be combined with another subject or subjects to constitute a Joint Honours degree. The required courses listed above for the Honours degree, except for 4999, will also be required for any Joint Honours degree in Linguistics. A total of 48 credit hours in Linguistics, which may include 4999, is required for Joint Honours in Linguistics. Students should consult their Department of Linguistics advisor to ensure that they select courses which complement their other Honours Subject of Specialization.

6.18.3 Minor Programs

General Minor (8 courses, 24 credit hours)

  1. The following courses are required:

    1. 1103/2103 and 1104/2104

    2. Any 2 courses from the following list: 3000, 3100, 3104, 3201, 3500, 3850

    3. An additional 4 courses selected from: 1100/2100, 2060, 2105, 2210, 3105, 3150, 3155, 3212 or 3220, 3310, 4100, 4110, 4150, 4201, 4210, 4310, 4350, 4400, 4500, 4700

    For students taking the General Minor who want to specialize in careers related to linguistics, it is recommended that they choose 24 credit hours from the following sets of courses.

    1. Courses Recommended for Potential Speech Language Pathologists (choose 24 credit hours from the following):

      Linguistics 1100/2100, 1103/2103, 1104/2104, 2210, 3000, 3100, 3104, 3155, 3201, 3500, 3850, 4150, and 4700.

      The above list is intended for those who plan to study Speech Pathology at another university. Please note that Speech Pathology is not offered at this University. Students should also plan to meet the requirements of the program to which they will apply. These often include course work in Biology, Psychology, Statistics as well as other fields.

    2. Courses Recommended for French Majors (choose 24 credit hours from the following):

      Linguistics/French 3302, 3310, 3311, 4310; Linguistics 1100/2100, 1103/2103, 1104/2104, 2210, 3000, 3100, 3104, 3150, 3155, 3201, 3500, and 3850.

    3. Courses Recommended for English Linguistics (choose 24 credit hours from the following):

      Linguistics/English 2400, Linguistics/English 2401, Linguistics 1100/2100, 1103/2103, 1104/2104, 2210, 3000, 3100, 3104, 3105, 3155, 3201, 3212, 3500, 3850, 4100, 4110, 4210, Linguistics/English 4403, 4420, 4421.

    4. Courses Recommended for Potential Teachers in Native and Northern Schools (choose 24 credit hours from the following):

      Linguistics 2060, a course on the structure of a Native Language of Canada (available in the series 1530-2023 or 4050 and 4051), plus Linguistics 1100/2100, 1103/2103, 1104/2104, 2210, 3000, 3100, 3104, 3105, 3150, 3155, 3201, 3500, 3850, 4150.

  2. Focus area in Linguistics for B.Ed. (Primary/Elementary) Students

    A minimum of 18 credit hours in Linguistics is required for students who are doing a focus area in the discipline. The program is as follows:

    Linguistics 1100/2100, 1103/2103, 1104/2104, 2210, 6 credit hours in courses chosen from Linguistics 3000, 3100, 3104, 3105, 3150, 3155, 3201, 3212, 3500, 3850, including at least one 3000 level course. Students are urged to include more than the minimum number of linguistics-related courses in their program.

6.18.4 Course Descriptions

In accordance with Senate's Policy Regarding Inactive Courses, the course descriptions for courses which have not been offered in the previous three academic years and which are not scheduled to be offered in the current academic year have been removed from the following listing. For information about any of these inactive courses, please contact the Head of the Department.

1100

Language and Communication

is a general and non-technical introduction to linguistic concepts which are important for understanding the nature of language, its change and its function for communication. Topics include: languages as structured systems; the systematicity of language change; the classification of languages into families and their geographical distribution; language, the brain, and language disorders; the acquisition of language; and human vs animal communication. (Intended for first-year students.)

Note:

Credit may not be obtained for both Linguistics 1100 and 2100.

1103

Introduction to Linguistics: Morphology and Syntax

is an introduction to the study of the meaningful components of words and sentences. This course will demonstrate the principles by which parts of words are organized into larger units (inflectional morphology and word-formation), and by which words pattern into phrases and sentences (syntax). Synchronic and diachronic data from English and several other languages will be analysed to illustrate how language is structured.

Note:

Credit may not be obtained for both Linguistics 1103 and 2103.

1104

Introduction to Linguistics: Phonetics and Phonology

is an introduction to the sounds of speech, their description (phonetics), organization (phonology), and interactions with morphology (morphophonology). The synchronic and diachronic patterns and regularities of language will be demonstrated through analysis of data selected from English and other languages.

Note:

Credit may not be obtained for both Linguistics 1104 and 2104.

1530-2023 are intended for fluent speakers of Innu-aimun or Inuttut who are planning to complete the Diploma in Native and Northern Education in Labrador. These courses are not normally offered at the St. John's campus.

1530

Reading and Writing in Innu-aimun I

Note:

Credit may not be obtained for both Linguistics 1530 and the former Linguistics 1030.

1531

Reading and Writing in Innu-aimun II

Note:

Credit may not be obtained for both Linguistics 1531 and the former Linguistics 1031.

2020

Introduction to Inuttut I

2021

Introduction to Inuttut II

2022

Issues in Oral Inuttut

2023

Reading and Writing in Inuttut

2025-2060 are intended for students who want to learn an Aboriginal language spoken in Newfoundland and Labrador.

2025

Introduction to Inuktitut I

- inactive course.

2026

Introduction to Inuktitut II

- inactive course.

2030

Introduction to Innu-aimun (Montagnais/Naskapi) I

- inactive course.

2031

Introduction to Innu-aimun (Montagnais/Naskapi) II

- inactive course.

2040

Introduction to Mi'kmaq I

- inactive course.

2041

Introduction to Mi'kmaq II

- inactive course.

2060

Aboriginal Languages of Eastern Canada

is an overview of the aboriginal languages of three language families of Eastern Canada: Eskimo-Aleut (Inuttut) and Algonquian (Innu-aimun, Mi'kmaq, Maliseet-Pasmaquoddy and Beothuk) and Iroquoian (Mohawk) with respect to both linguistic structure and current vitality. The history of language suppression and revitalization efforts, within the context of the larger issues of minority language attrition and maintenance.

2100

Language and Communication

is a general and non-technical introduction to linguistic concepts which are important for understanding the nature of language, its change and its function for communication. Topics include: languages as structured systems; the systematicity of language change; the classification of languages into families and their geographical distribution; language, the brain, and language disorders; the acquisition of language; and human vs animal communication..

Notes:

  1. Credit may not be obtained for both Linguistics 1100 and 2100. (Intended for students beyond first year.)

  2. This course may qualify as a Research/Writing course. Consult each semester's Undergraduate Registration Procedures booklet for the R/W designation.

2103

Introduction to Linguistics: Morphology and Syntax

is an introduction to the study of the meaningful components of words and sentences. This course will demonstrate the principles by which parts of words are organized into larger units (inflectional morphology and word-formation), and by which words pattern into phrases and sentences (syntax). Synchronic and diachronic data from English and several other languages will be analysed to illustrate how language is structured.

Note:

Credit may not be obtained for both Linguistics 1103 and 2103.

2104

Introduction to Linguistics: Phonetics and Phonology

is an introduction to the sounds of speech, their description (phonetics), organization (phonology), and interactions with morphology (morphophonology). The patterns and regularities of language will be demonstrated through analysis of synchronic and diachronic data selected from English and other languages.

Note:

Credit may not be obtained for both Linguistics 1104 and 2104.

2105

The Wonder of Words

is an introduction to the structure of words. This course presents methods of linguistic analysis through an in-depth study of English word origins. The French, Latin, and Greek origins of technical and scientific words are studied, together with the ways that these words may change in structure, sound, and meaning. The course will also provide an introduction to etymology, to writing systems and transliteration, and to the use of dictionaries.

Note:

Credit may not be obtained for both Linguistics 2105 and the former 1101.

2210

Language in Newfoundland and Labrador: An Introduction to Linguistic Variation

is a general, non-technical introduction to the languages of Newfoundland and Labrador. Topics covered include the concept of variation within language, both regional and social; the chief causes of such variation, and some of its societal and educational consequences; a survey of the regional and social dialects of Newfoundland English, and their major features; an overview of languages in the province other than English, and their current situation.

Note:

This course may qualify as a Research/Writing course. Consult each semester's Undergraduate Registration Procedures booklet for the R/W designation.

2400

History of the English Language to 1500

- inactive course.

2401

History of the English Language from 1500 to Modern Times

- inactive course.

2700-2720

Special Topics in Linguistics: Introduction to Uncommonly Taught Languages

including the following:

2700

Introduction to Irish Gaelic I

2701

Introduction to Irish Gaelic II

2702

Introduction to Japanese I

2703

Introduction to Japanese II

3000

Morphological Analysis

studies the meaningful parts from which words are built by using restricted data from a variety of languages. Practical work on selected languages will illustrate the wide range of notions which acquire formal expression in grammatical systems. Although previous knowledge of the languages to be discussed is not necessary, an important aspect of the course will be practical experience in analysing phenomena which are foreign to English. Discussion of languages taught at this University will be balanced with analysis of limited data sets from more exotic languages. Comparison of the means by which smaller units are organized into words will make possible an elementary typology of the world's languages.

Prerequisites: Linguistics 1103/2103 and 1104/2104.

3100

Generative Syntax

is an introduction to the syntactic theory developed by Chomsky, focusing on three essential notions: linguistic competence, universal grammar and linguistic parameters.

Prerequisite: Linguistics 1103/2103.

3104

Phonetics

builds on the introduction to phonetics given in 1104/2104, and deals with the wide range of sounds that are used in human languages. On the practical side, the student will systematically learn to identify, symbolize and pronounce a large number of sounds. The theoretical work will concentrate on an understanding of the articulatory, acoustic and perceptual features of speech sounds. This involves the close examination of data from foreign languages chosen to illustrate the fact that languages differ widely in their selection and organization of speech sounds. It also involves study of selected regional differences in the pronunciation of English.

Prerequisite: Linguistics 1104/2104.

3105

Issues in the Acquisition of English and the Adult Learner

(same as English 3105)

Prerequisites: English 2390, 3650; Linguistics 1104/2104; Education 2222; English 2010 is recommended.

3150

Bilingualism: Linguistic, Cognitive and Educational Aspects

- inactive course.

3155

Introduction to Language Acquisition

will examine a number of critical issues in the first and second language acquisition of syntax and phonology. Current generative approaches to first and second language acquisition will be covered, which will be exemplified with data from different languages. An introduction to phonological and syntactic speech disorders will also be offered.

Prerequisites: Linguistics 1103/2103 and 1104/2104.

3201

Generative Phonology

will present the basic terms, concepts, and methods of Generative Phonology. Theoretical constructs surveyed will include distinctive feature theory and syllable structure. These constructs will be exemplified using phenomena observed in natural languages, including allophony, allomorphy, and processes such as assimilation and neutralization. Students will also be introduced to recent, constraint-based theories of phonology.

Prerequisites: Linguistics 1104/2104.

3212

Language and Gender

is a survey of language and gender issues, including (i) the representation of males and females in English and other languages; (ii) stereotypes associated with male and female speech; and (iii) sex differences in language production.

Linguistics 2210 or Women's Studies 2000 are recommended.

3220

Linguistics and Law

- inactive course.

3302

History of the French Language

(same as French 3302)

3310

Phonology and Morphology of French

(same as French 3310)

3311

Introduction to General Linguistics: Aspects of French Linguistic Theory

- inactive course.

3500

Historical Linguistics

will focus on: Genetic relationships between languages; the comparative method; language change found in phonetics/phonology, morphology and syntax; lexical and semantic change; the role of language and dialect contact; comparative and internal reconstruction; the typological and genetic classification of languages.

Prerequisites: Linguistics 1103/2103 and 1104/2104.

3850

Semantics

is an introduction to the study of linguistic meaning. Word- and sentence-level semantics, grammatical meaning, pragmatics, and logical aspects of meaning.

Prerequisites: Linguistics 1103/2103 is required; Linguistics 3000 and 3100 are recommended.

3950-3960

Special Topics in Linguistics

4010-4091

will focus on the linguistic structure of certain languages, and are designed to provide senior students with the opportunity of being exposed to a substantial part of the grammar of a language other than those regularly offered in the Faculty of Arts. One course in this series will be offered each year, subject to availability of instructor.

Prerequisites: Linguistics 1103/2103 and 1104/2104, or the permission of the instructor and the Head of the Department.

4050-4054

Linguistic Structure of a North American Aboriginal Language

could study the following languages: Cree, Inuttut (Inuktitut), Innu-aimun (Montagnais/Naskapi), etc.

Note:

Except where an exemption is supplied by the head of the department, a student may not obtain credit for more than one course in the 4050-4054 series. Students may not obtain credit for any of the previously offered 4010, 4011, 4020, 4021, 4030, 4031, 4040, 4041 in addition to a course in the 4050-4054 series.

4055-4059

Linguistic Structure an Uncommonly Taught Language

could study the following languages: Fijian, Modern Arabic, Classical and Vedic Sanskrit, or other exotic languages.

Note:

Except where an exemption is supplied by the head of the department, a student may not obtain credit for more than one course in the 4055-4059 series. Students may not obtain credit for any of the previously offered 4060, 4061, 4065, 4066, 4070, 4071, 4080, 4081, 4090, and 4091 in addition to a course in the 4055-4059 series.

4100

Morphosyntactic Analysis

is an analysis of a wide range of linguistic data in morphology and syntax. The course will focus on essential linguistic concepts in more than one theoretical framework, and on the nature of linguistic evidence. (Usually offered in alternate years).

Prerequisites: Linguistics 3000 and 3100.

Note:

Credit may not be obtained for both Linguistics 4100 and the former 4001.

4110

Selected Topics in Generative Grammar

is usually offered in alternate years.

Prerequisite: Linguistics 3100.

4150

Language Acquisition II

provides an evaluation of the theoretical aspects of first and second language acquisition. Theories about the role of linguistic principles, learnability and the role of linguistic input are discussed, in light of research on the acquisition of English and other languages.

Prerequisite: Linguistics 3155.

4151

Advanced Topics in Phonological Acquisition

- inactive course.

4201

Phonological Theory

will familiarize students with current issues in phonological theory. Issues such as phonology in the lexicon, segmental and prosodic representations, the analysis of stress and tonal systems, as well as a comprehensive introduction to constraint-based approaches to phonology will be covered. Students will further develop their ability to analyse phonological data. (Normally offered every year in Winter semester).

Prerequisite: Linguistics 3201.

4210

Sociolinguistics

studies the detailed patterns of variation found in any given speech community, and factors which co-vary with them; the various theoretical models proposed to account for such variability. As their major assignment, students will complete a carefully restricted sociolinguistic project. (Usually offered in alternate years).

Prerequisites: Linguistics 1103/2103, 2210 and 3104.

4301

French Dialects, Patois and Argots

- inactive course.

4310

The French Language in Canada

- inactive course.

4350

General Romance Linguistics

- inactive course.

4400

Historical and Comparative Linguistics

- inactive course.

4403

Etymology: History of English Words

- inactive course.

4420

English Dialectology I

- inactive course.

4421

English Dialectology II

- inactive course.

4500

Introduction to Field Methods

is data collection and organization for an unfamiliar language in a simulated field situation, including methods of elicitation, data filing, preliminary analysis, and hypothesis formation and testing. In this course, you will learn to apply theoretical concepts from all major Linguistics subdisciplines, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, and historical linguistics. (Usually offered in alternate years).

Prerequisites: Linguistics 3000, 3100, 3104, and 3201.

4700

Experimental Phonetics

examines some empirical methods of studying the different stages of 'the speech chain' which links speaker to hearer, with special emphasis on the acoustic and perceptual stages. The source-plus-filter theory of speech production. A survey of the range of natural articulations and their acoustic effects. Some competing theories of speech perception. Acoustic versus perceptual bases for phonological features.

Prerequisite: Linguistics 3104, or permission of the Head of Department.

4750

Selected Topics in Phonology

4751

Selected Topics in Morpho-Syntax

4752

Selected Topics in Semantics

4753

Selected Topics in Acquisition

4754

Selected Topics in Linguistic Variation

4900 and 4901

Independent Study

are courses that are open to advanced students wishing to do individual research in consultation with an advisor.

4950-4960

Special Topics in Linguistics

Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor.

4999

Honours Essay