JOURNAL OF A VOYAGE FROM OKKAK,
ON THE COAST OF LABRADOR,
TO UNGAVA BAY, WESTWARD OF CAPE CHUDLEIGH;
Undertaken to explore the Coast, and visit the
Esquimaux in that unknown Region.
By Benjamin Kohlmeister and George Kmoch,
Missionaries of the Church of the
UNITAS FRATRUM or UNITED BRETHREN.
Outfit. Opinions of the Esquimaux respecting the voyage.
Description of the company. Departure from Okkak. Arrival at
Departure from Nungorome Cove. Account of Solomon. Drift-ice.
Cape MugFord. Waterfalls from the Kaumayok Mountains. Fruitless
attempts to get out of the Ikkerasak, or straits.
Quit the Ikkerasak. Account of the Kaumayok Mountains, and of
Kangertluksoak. Public worship on sunday. Saeglek and its
inhabitants described. The missionaries visit the Esquimaux at
Departure from Saeglek. Fruitless attempt to reach Nachvak.
Retreat into Nullatartok Inlet. Slate Bay. Detention on account
of the ice. Arrive at Nachvak.
Reception at Nachvak. Description of the bay. The Esquimaux
manner of spearing salmon and trout. Christian deportment of the
Okkak and Hopedale Esquimaux. Jonas's address to the heathen.
Love of music general among these indians. Departure from
Nachvak. Danger in doubling the North Cape. Arrival at
Pass Cape Nennoktok. Visit the Esquimaux families at Kummaktorvik
and Amitok. Description of an Esquimaux travelling bed. Mountains
seen at Ungava. Netsek seal described. Greenland houses. Danger
of being shipwrecked near Kakkeviak.
Arrival at Oppernavik. Account of Uttakiyok. His perseverance
in waiting for the arrival of the missionaries. Islands and bays
between Kakkeviak and Killinek. Danger in the ice at Ammitok.
want of fuel supplied by robbing old graves.
Departure from Oppernavik. Pass the Ikkerasak of Killinek.
Whirlpools. The coast takes a southerly direction. Meeting with
Esquimaux from the Ungava country, who had never seen an
European. Anchor at Omanek. High tides. Drift-wood. Double
Cape Uibvaksoak. Distant view of Akpatok.
Chain of Black Mountains. The Dragon's Dwelling. Changes
occasioned by rise and fall of the tides, and dangers attending
them. Uttakiyok's superstitious customs. Singular effect of the
tide in the Bay of Ittimnekoktok. Arrive at Kangertlualuksoak
bay and river. Its situation. Transactions there.
Further transactions in Kangertlualuksoak Bay. The Esquimaux
women frightened by reports of indians. Ceremony of taking
possession of this new-explored country, as belonging to the King
of England, and of naming the river George River. Leave the bay
and proceed to Arvarvik. Whales caught by the Esquimaux in the
shallows. Storm at Kernertut.
Doubts expressed by Jonathan and the other Esquimaux on the
expediency of continuing the voyage. Consultations. Resolve to
proceed. Thunder-storm at Pitsiolak. Account of Indians.
Esquimaux cookery and hunting feasts. Arrival in the River
Sail up the River Koksoak. Transactions in that region.
Dangerous eddy. Meet Esquimaux. Address to them. Their joy and
eagerness to have missionaries resident among them. Find a
suitable situation for a settlement. Description of the country.
(E-Text furnished by Dr. Hans Rollmann; typed by Ms. Heather
Lives and Narratives of the
Labrador Missionaries //