Charles Mather


 Department of Geography
 Memorial University of Newfoundland
 St. John's, NL
 A1B 3X9

 Office: SN 2017
 Tel: (709) 864-8193
 Fax: (709) 864-3119



Globalization, Economy & Resources

Sustainable Communities & Regions

Health & Well-being

My current research focus is linked to an Ocean Frontier Institute Large Research Grant on social license and aquaculture. I am most involved in the 'social license' and 'community dynamics’ components of this large project. Together with colleagues at Memorial, we are working on a range of topics related to aquaculture and social acceptability broadly defined including marine debris, salmon naturecultures, feed bio-economies, aquaculture as frontier industry, and eco-certification. Theoretically we work at the intersection between STS and political economy.


My first degree was from the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg where I majored in Geography and Industrial Sociology. I subsequently received an MA from the University of British Columbia, and a PhD from Queen’s in Kingston.

Selected Publications

Adjemian, M., Janes, H., Martin, S.J., Mather, C. and White, M.J. 2024, Protein politics: Sustainable protein and the logic of energy. CFS/RCÉA, 11(1), 47–65.

Singh, G.G., Sajid, Z. and Mather, C. 2024, Quantitative analysis of mass mortality events in salmon aquaculture shows increasing scale of fish loss events around the world. Sci Rep 14, 3763.

Knott, C., Wiber, M.G. and Mather, C. 2024, Aquaculture’s offshore frontier: learning from the Canadian courts on ocean grabbing, ocean privatization, and property as process. Maritime Studies 23, 5.

Martin, S.J. and Mather, C. 2023, ‘Finprint’ technopolitics and the corporatisation of global food governance. Area, 00, 1–8.

Guthman, J., Butler, M., Martin, S.J., Mather, C. and Biltekoff, C., 2022. In the name of protein, Nature Food,

Power, N., Melvin, J., Mather, C. 2021. Multispecies hierarchies and capitalist value: Insights from salmon aquaculture, Environment and Planning E: Nature and Space.

Schoot, I. and Mather, C. 2021. Opening up containment, Science, Technology and Human Values.

Wiber, M.G., Mather, C., Knott, C. and Gómez, M.A.L., 2021. Regulating the Blue Economy? Challenges to an effective Canadian aquaculture act. Marine Policy, 131, p.104700.

Knott, C. and Mather, C., 2021. Ocean frontier assemblages: critical insights from Canada's industrial salmon sector, Journal of Agrarian Change.

Martin, S.J., Mather, C., Knott, C. and Bavington, D., 2021. ‘Landing’salmon aquaculture: Ecologies, infrastructures and the promise of sustainability. Geoforum, 123, pp.47-55.

Foley, P., Mather, C., Dawe, N. and Snook, J. (2019) Creative and constrained hybridisations in subarctic Inuit communities: Communal fishery development in Nunatsiavut, Canada. In C. Patrick Heidkamp and John Morrissey (eds) Towards Coastal Resilience and Sustainability, Routledge, Abingdon, pp. 309-326. Click here for access.

Mather, C. and Fanning, L. 2019. Is social licence ?going rogue’?, , 185(4), 498-504.

Foley, P. and Mather, C., 2019. Ocean grabbing, terraqeuous territoriality and social development, Territory, Politics and Governance, 7(3), 297-315.

Mather, C. and Fanning, L., 2019. Social licence and aquaculture: towards a research agenda, Marine Policy, 99, 275-282.

Mather, C., Johnsen, J.P., Sonvisen, S., Sridhar, A. and Stephen, J. 2017. Introduction to the themed issue – poststructural approaches to fisheries, Maritime Studies, 16:20.

Daniels, J. and Mather, C., 2017. Conservation and care: material politics and Atlantic salmon on Newfoundland’s Gander River, Maritime Studies, 16:17.

Daniels, J. and Mather, C., 2017. Conserving Atlantic salmon ‘after nature’ on Newfoundland’s Gander River, British Journal for the History of Science, DOI:

Foley, P. and Mather, C. 2016. Making Space for Community Use Rights: Insights From “Community Economies” in Newfoundland and Labrador, Society & Natural Resources, This paper is open access. 

Foley, P., Mather, C. and Neis, B., 2015: Governing enclosure for coastal communities: Social embeddedness in a Canadian shrimp fishery, Marine Policy. This paper is open access and can be downloaded here.

Badenhorst, C. and Mather, C., 2014. Blogging geographies, Journal of Geography in Higher Education, DOI:10.1080/03098265.2014.908276.

Mather, C., 2014. Avian influenza multiple: Enacting realities and dealing with policies in South Africa's farmed ostrich sector. Journal of Rural Studies, 33, 99-106.

Mather, C., 2013. From cod to shellfish and back again? The new resource geography and Newfoundland's fish economy, Applied Geography, 45, 402-409.

Mather, C., 2012. ‘Biosecurity and globalising economic spaces’, Urbani izziv, 23(2), 195-203.

Mather, C., 2011: Assembling geographies of crisis, Dialogues in Human Geography, 1, 342-345.

Mather, C. and Marshall, A., 2011: Biosecurity's unruly spaces, Geographical Journal, 4, 300-310.

Lepawsky, J. and Mather, C., 2011: From beginnings and endings to boundaries and edges: rethinking the circulation and exchange of electronic waste, Area, 43(3), 242-249.

Hammett, D. and Mather, C., 2011: Beyond decoding: political cartoons in the classroom, Journal of Geography in Higher Education, 35(1), 103-119.

Mather, C and Marshall, A 2011: Living with disease? Biosecurity and avian influenza in ostriches, Agriculture and Human Values, 28(2), 153-165.

Ian Cook...Charles Mather et al 2011: Geographies of food: 'Afters'
Progress in Human Geography, 35(1), 104-120.

Mather, C. 2007. Between the global and local: South African geography after apartheid, Journal of Geography in Higher Education, 31(1), 143-160

Mather, C. and Mackenzie, C. 2006. The body in transnational commodity cultures, Journal of Social and Cultural Geography, 7(3), 403-421

Mather, C. and Greenberg, S. 2003. Market liberalization in post-apartheid South Africa: the deregulation of citrus exports, Journal of Southern African Studies, 29(2), 393-412

Mather, C. 2002. Maps, measurements and landmines: deploying development and the global landmines crisis, Environment and Planning A, 34(2), 239-250