Use of Copyright Materials
As an institution dedicated to excellence, Memorial University of Newfoundland (Memorial University) is committed to ethical behaviour and integrity in all activities including the use of copyright materials.
This policy does not deal with questions of ownership of copyright materials created by Memorial University faculty, staff or students.
This policy applies to Memorial University and its separately incorporated entities. For greater certainty, it applies to anyone, including, but not limited to, faculty, staff and students of Memorial University and the separately incorporated entities, who use copyright material at Memorial University or through a website run by Memorial University.
Any definitions listed below apply to this document only with no implied or intended institution-wide use.
Author: The person(s) who created and fixed the form of the copyright work, and who are normally the first owner(s) of the copyright in the work.
Copyright Act/Copyright Laws: A Federal Act governing matters related to copyright, including regulations thereunder, and including case law which interprets the Copyright Act.
Copyright Office: A division of Memorial University's Distance Education, Learning and Teaching Support - DELTS. The Copyright Office centralizes the management of copyright issues for the Memorial University community; providing information and guidance related to copyright laws, policy and procedures.
Copyright Material/Work: Any original literary, dramatic, musical or artistic work created with skill and judgment.
Copyright Owner/ Rightsholder: The legal owner of a copyright work who can assert the rights of ownership.
Infringement: It is an infringement of copyright for any person to do, without the consent of the owner of the copyright, anything that the Copyright Act specifies the owner of the copyright has the exclusive right to do (see Rights of Ownership below).
Licences: Agreements between copyright owners or their licensing agents and end-users to allow for the use of their copyright works by granting prior permission that may be subject to certain terms. Memorial University has entered into agreements with some copyright owners to allow the ongoing use of some specific copyright material.
Licensing Agent: An individual or organization authorized by the copyright owner to act on their behalf.
Rights of Ownership: In relation to a copyright work, Section 3(1) of the Copyright Act refers to copyright ownership as the sole right to produce or reproduce the work or any substantial part thereof in any material form whatever, to perform the work or any substantial part thereof in public or, if the work is unpublished, to publish the work or any substantial part thereof. Moreover, copyright owners are solely entitled to exploit rights related to translation; conversion; recording; adaptation; communication by telecommunication; public exhibition; rental rights; and have the right to authorize any of the above.
Respectively, Sections 15, 18, and 21 of the Copyright Act deal with: performers' rights; rights of sound recording makers; rights of broadcasters.
Use/User: Use of a copyright work can include reproduction, transmission, public performance, display and translation. A User is any individual and/or party that uses copyrighted material owned by another.
User Rights: Specific legal rights provided by the Copyright Act to facilitate limited use of copyright works without the need for the consent of the copyright owner. Most significant for Memorial University is the right of "fair dealing", and the specific exceptions for educational institutions, libraries, archives and museums.
Memorial University is committed to compliance with copyright laws. The Copyright Act as well as related Memorial University policy and procedure govern the utilization of all copyright works by members of Memorial University. As members, all faculty, staff and students will endeavor to inform themselves of their legal duty and conduct their actions accordingly.