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Dr. Fleming's Publications

Refereed Journal Publications

Westley, P.A.H., Ward, E. and Fleming, I.A. Fine-scale local adaptation in an invasive freshwater fish has evolved in contemporary time. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B, accepted 2 November 2012.

Hutchings, J.A, Côté, I.M., Dodson, J.J., Fleming, I.A., Jennings, S., Mantua, N.J., Peterman, R.M., Riddell, B.E., Weaver, AJ. and Vander Zwagg, D.L. Is Canada fulfilling its obligations to sustain marine biodiversity? A summary review, conclusions and recommendations. Environmental Reviews, accepted 7 September 2012.

Hutchings, J.A, Côté, I.M., Dodson, J.J., Fleming, I.A., Jennings, S., Mantua, N.J., Peterman, R.M., Riddell, B.E., and Weaver, A.J. Climate change, fisheries and aquaculture: trends and consequences for Canadian Marine Biodiversity. Environmental Reviews, accepted 8 August 2012.

Westley, P.A.H., Conway, C.M. and Fleming, I.A. 2012. Phenotypic divergence of exotic fish populations is shaped by spatial proximity and habitat differences across an invaded landscape. Evolutionary Ecology Research 14: 147-167.

Guénard, G., Boisclair, D., Ugedal, O., Forseth, T., Fleming, I.A. and Jonsson, B. 2012 The bioenergetics of density-dependent growth in Arctic char (Salvelines alpines). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 69: 1651-1662.

Bachan, M.M., Fleming, I.A. and Trippel, E.A. 2012. Maternal allocation of lipid classes and fatty acids with seasonal egg production in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) of wild origin. Marine Biology 159: 2281-2297.

Zimmermann, E., Purchase, C.F. and Fleming, I.A. 2012. Reducing the incidence of net cage biting and the expression of escape-related behaviours in Altantic cod (Gadus morhua) with feeding and cage enrichment. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 141: 71-78.

Guénard, G., Boisclair, D., Ugedal, O., Forseth, T., Jonsson, B. and Fleming, I.A. 2012. An experimental study of the multiple effects of brown trout, Salmo trutta, on the bioenergetics of two Arctic char, Salvelinus alpines, morphs. Journal of Fish Biology 81: 1248-1270.

Sundt-Hansen, L.; Einum, S.; Neregård, L.; Björnsson, B.T.; Johnsson, J.I.; Fleming, I.A.; Devlin, R.H.; Hindar, K. (2012). Growth hormone reduces growth in free-living Atlantic salmon. Functional Ecology 26: 904-911.

Bolstad, G.H.; Pélabon, C.; Larsen, L.K.; Fleming, I.A.; Viken, Å.; Rosenqvist, G. (2012). The effect of purging on sexually selected traits through antagonistic pleiotropy with survival. Ecology and Evolution 2: 1181-1194.

Moreau, D.T.R.; Fleming, I.A. 2012. Enhanced growth reduces precocial male maturation in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Functional Ecology 26: 399-405.

Moreau, D.T.R.; Conway, C.; Fleming, I.A. 2011. Reproductive performance of alternative male phenotypes of growth hormone transgenic Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Evolutionary Applications 4: 736-748.

Reddin, D.G., Dowton, P., Fleming, I.A., Hansen, L.P. and Mahon, A. 2011. Behavioural ecology at sea of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) kelts from a Newfoundland (Canada) river. Fisheries Oceanography 20: 174-191.

Westley, P.A.H. and Fleming, I.A. 2011. Landscape factors that shape a slow and persistent aquatic invasion: brown trout in Newfoundland 1883-2010. Diversity and Distributions 17: 566-579.

Larsen, L.-K., Pélabon, C., Bolstad, G.H., Viken, Å., Fleming, I.A., and Rosenqvist, G. 2011. Temporal change in inbreeding depression in life history traits in captive populations of guppy (Poecilia reticulate): evidence for purging. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 24: 823-834.

Moreau, D.T.R., Fleming, I.A., Fletcher, G.L, and Brown, J.A. 2011. Growth hormone transgenesis does not influence territorial dominance or growth and survival of first-feeding Atlantic salmon Salmo salar in food-limited stream microcosms. Journal of Fish Biology 78: 726-740.

Guénard, G., Boisclair, D., Ugedal, O., Forseth, T., Jonsson, B.and Fleming, I.A. 2010. Experimental assessment of the bioenergetic and behavioural differences between two morphologically distinct populations of Arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 67: 580-595.

Hering, D., Bottom, D., Prentice,E., Jones, K. and Fleming, I.A. 2010. Tidal movements and residency of subyearling Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) in an Oregon salt marsh channel. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 67: 524-533.

Yeates, S.E., Einum, S., Fleming, I.A., Megens, H.J., Stet, R., Hindar, K., Holt, W.V., van Look, K. And Gage, M.J.G. 2009 Atlantic salmon eggs favour sperm in competition that have similar Major Histocompatibility alleles. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B 276: 559-566.

Einum, S., Robertsen, G. and Fleming, I.A. 2008. Adaptive landscapes in declining salmonid populations. Evolutionary Applications, 1: 239-251.

Neregård, L.; Sundt-Hansen, L.; Hindar, K.; Einum, S.; Johnsson, J.I.; Devlin, R.H.; Fleming, I.A.; Björnsson, B.Th. 2008. Wild Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. strains have greater growth potential than a domesticated strain selected for fast growth. Journal of Fish Biology 73: 79-85.

Uglem, I., Bjørn, P.A., Dale, T., Kerwath, S., Økland, F., Nilsen, R., Aas, K., Fleming, I.A. and McKinley, R.S. 2008. Movements and spatiotemporal distribution of escaped farmed and local wild Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.). Aquaculture Research 39: 158-170.

Koseki, Y and Fleming, I.A. 2007. Large-scale frequency dynamics of alternative male phenotypes in natural populations of coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch): patterns, processes, and implications. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 64: 743-753.

Einum, S. and Fleming, I.A. 2007. Of chickens and eggs: diverging egg size of iteroparous and semelparous organisms. Evolution, 61: 232-238.

Sundt- Hansen, L., Sundström, L.F., Einum, S., Hindar, K., Fleming, I.A. and Devlin, R.H. 2007. Genetically enhanced growth causes increased mortality in hypoxic environments. Biology Letters 3: 163-168.

Garcia de Leaniz, C., Fleming, I.A., Einum, S., Verspoor, E., Jordan, W.C., Consuegra, S., Aubin-Horth, N., Lajus, D., Letcher, B.H., Youngson, A.F., Webb, J., Vøllestad, L.A., Villanueva, B., Ferguson, A. and Quinn, T.P. 2007. A critical review of inherited adaptive variation in Atlantic salmon. Biological Reviews 82: 173-211.

Henning, J.A., Gresswell, R.E. and Fleming, I.A. 2007. Use of seasonal freshwater wetlands by fishes in a temperate river-floodplain. Journal of Fish Biology 71: 476-492.

Hallerman, E.M., MacLean, E. and Fleming, I.A. 2007. Effects of growth hormone transgenes on the behavior and welfare of aquacultured fishes: a review identifying research needs. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 104: 265-294.

Hindar, K., Fleming, I.A., McGinnity, P. and Diserud, O. 2006. Genetic and ecological effects of salmon aquaculture on wild salmon: review and perspective. ICES Journal of Marine Science 63: 1234-1247.

Viken, Ã…., Fleming, I.A. and Rosenqvist, G. 2006. Premating avoidance of inbreeding absent in female guppies (Poecilia reticulata). Ethology 112: 716-723.

Henning, J.A.; Gresswell, R.E.; Fleming, I.A. 2006. Juvenile salmonid use of freshwater emergent wetlands in the floodplain and its implications for conservation management. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 26: 367-376.

Koseki, Y. and Fleming, I.A. 2006. Spatio-temporal dynamics of alternative male phenotypes in coho salmon populations in response to ocean environment. Journal of Animal Ecology 57: 445-455.

Weir, L.K.; Hutchings, J.A.; Fleming, I.A.; Einum, S. 2005. Spawning behaviour and success of mature male Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) parr of farmed and wild origin. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 62:1153-1160.

Naylor, R.; Hindar, K.; Fleming, I.A., Goldburg, R.; Mangel, M.; Williams, S.; Volpe, J.; Whoriskey, F.; Eagle, J.; Kelso, D. 2005. Fugitive salmon: assessing the risks of escaped fish from net-pen aquaculture. BioScience 55: 427-437.

Weir, L.K., Hutchings, J.A., Fleming, I.A. and Einum, S. 2004. Dominance relationships and behavioural correlates of individual spawning success in farmed and wild male Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar. Journal of Animal Ecology 73:1069-1079.

Einum, S.; Fleming, I.A. 2004. Environmental unpredictability and offspring size: conservative vs. diversified bet-hedging. Evolutionary Ecology Research 6:443-455.

Einum, S.; Fleming, I.A. 2004. Does within-population variation in egg size reduce intraspecific competition in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar? Functional Ecology 18:110-115.

Fleming, I.A., Einum, S., Jonsson, B. and Jonsson, N. 2003. Comment on “Rapid Evolution of Egg Size in Captive Salmonâ€Â. Science 302: 59b.

Einum, S., Fleming, I.A., Côté, I.M. and Reynolds, J.D. 2003. Population stability in salmon species: effects of population size and female reproductive allocation. Journal of Animal Ecology 72: 811-821.

Garant, D.*, Fleming, I.A.*, Einum, S.* and Bernatchez, L. 2003. Alternative male life-history tactics as potential vehicles for speeding introgression of farm salmon traits into wild populations. Ecology Letters 6: 541-549. (* contributed equally to the work)

Forseth, T.; Ugedal, O.; Jonsson, B.; Fleming, I.A. 2003. Selection on Arctic charr generated by competition from brown trout. Oikos 101: 467-478.

Einum, S. and Fleming, I.A. 2002. Does within-population variation in fish egg size reflect maternal influences on optimal values? American Naturalist 160: 756-765.

Lembo, G., Spedicato, M.T., Økland, F., Carbonara, P., Fleming, I.A., McKinley, R.S., Thorstad, E.B., Sisak, M. and Ragonese, S. 2002. A wireless communication system for determining site fidelity of juvenile dusky groupers, Epinephelus marginatus (Lowe, 1834), using coded acoustic transmitters. Hydrobiologia 483: 249-257.

Einum, S., Hendry, A.P. and Fleming, I.A. 2002. Egg size evolution in aquatic environments: does oxygen availability constrain size? Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B 269: 2325-2330.

Fleming, I.A., Agustsson, T., Finstad, B., Johnsson, J. and Björnsson, B.Th. 2002. Effects of domestication on growth physiology and endocrinology of Atlantic salmon. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 59: 1323-1330.

Singer, T.D., Clements, K.M., Semple, J., Schulte, P.M., Bystriansky, J., Finstad, B., Fleming, I.A. and McKinley, R.S. 2002. Seawater tolerance and gene expression in Atlantic salmon smolts: a comparison of hatchery-reared farm and native strains. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 59: 125-135.

Armstrong, J.D., Einum, S., Fleming, I.A. and Rycroft, P. 2001. A method for tracking the behaviour of mature and immature parr around nests during spawning. Journal of Fish Biology 59: 1023-1032.

Fleming, I.A. and Petersson, E. 2001. The ability of released, hatchery salmonids to breed and contribute to the natural productivity of wild populations. Nordic Journal of Freshwater Research 75: 71-98.

Einum, S. and Fleming, I.A. 2001. Implications of stocking: ecological interactions between wild and released salmonids. Nordic Journal of Freshwater Research 75: 56-70.

Johnsson, J.I., Höjesjö, J. and Fleming, I.A. 2001. Behavioural and heart rate responses to predation risk in wild and domesticated Atlantic salmon. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 58: 788-794.

Fleming, I.A., Hindar, K., Mjølnerød, I.B., Jonsson, B., Balstad, T. and Lamberg, A. 2000. Lifetime success and interactions of farm salmon invading a native population. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B 267: 1517-1524.

Einum, S. and Fleming, I.A. 2000. Highly fecund mothers sacrifice offspring survival to maximise fitness. Nature 405: 565-567.

Einum, S. and Fleming, I.A. 2000. Selection against late emergence and small offspring in Atlantic salmon. Evolution 54: 628-639.

Lembo, G., Fleming, I.A., Økland, F., Carbonara, P. and Spedicato, M.T. 1999. Site fidelity of the dusky grouper Epinephelus marginatus (Lowe, 1834) studied by hydroacoustic telemetry. Marine Life 9(2): 37-43.

Einum, S. and Fleming, I.A. 1999. Maternal effects of egg size in brown trout (Salmo trutta): norms of reaction to environmental quality. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B 266: 1995-2000.

Lembo, G., Fleming, I.A., Økland, F., Carbonara, P. and Spedicato, M.T. 1999.Homing behaviour and site fidelity of Epinephelus marginatus around the island of Ustica: preliminary results from a telemetry study. Biologia Marina Mediterranea 6: 90-99.

Fleming, I.A. 1998. Pattern and variability in the breeding system of Atlantic salmon, with comparisons to other salmonids. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 55(Suppl. 1): 59-76.

Armstrong, J.D., Grant, J.W.A., Forsgren, H.L., Fausch, K.D., DeGraaf, R.M., Fleming, I.A., Prowse, T.D. and Schlosser, I.J. 1998. The application of science to the management of Atlantic salmon: integration across scales. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 55(Suppl. 1): 303-311.

Lembo, G., Fleming, I.A., Økland, F., Carbonara, P., Ragonese, S. and Spedicato, M.T. 1998. Design of a telemetry study for the dusky grouper (Epinephelus marginatus, Lowe 1834). Biologia Marina Mediterranea 5: 1258-1265.

Mjølnerød, I.B., Fleming, I.A., Refseth, U.H. and Hindar, K. 1998. Mate and sperm competition during multiple-male spawnings of Atlantic salmon. Canadian Journal of Zoology 76: 70-75.

Fleming, I.A., Lamberg, A. and Jonsson, B. 1997. Effects of early experience on the reproductive performance of Atlantic salmon. Behavioral Ecology 8: 470-480.

Fleming, I.A. and Einum, S. 1997. Experimental tests of genetic divergence of farmed from wild Atlantic salmon due to domestication. ICES Journal of Marine Science 54: 1051-1063.

Einum, S. and Fleming, I.A. 1997. Genetic divergence and interactions in the wild among native, farmed and hybrid Atlantic salmon. Journal of Fish Biology 50: 634-651.

Fleming, I.A. 1996. Reproductive strategies of Atlantic salmon: ecology and evolution. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 6: 379-416.

Fleming, I.A., Jonsson, B., Gross, M.R. and Lamberg, A. 1996. An experimental study of the reproductive behaviour and success of farmed and wild Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Journal of Applied Ecology 33: 893-905.

Jonsson, N., Jonsson, B. and Fleming, I.A. 1996. Phenotypically plastic response of egg production to early growth in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar. Functional Ecology 10: 89-96.

Fleming, I.A. 1994. Captive breeding and the conservation of wild salmon populations. Conservation Biology 8: 886-888.

Fleming, I.A., and Gross, M.R. 1994. Breeding competition in a Pacific salmon (coho: Oncorhynchus kisutch): measures of natural and sexual selection. Evolution 48: 637-657. [Paper awarded the W.F. Thompson Award, American Institute of Fishery Research Biologists.]

Fleming, I.A., Jonsson, B. and Gross, M.R. 1994. Phenotypic divergence of sea-ranched, farmed and wild salmon. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 51: 2808-2824.

Fleming, I.A. and Gross, M.R. 1993. Breeding success of hatchery and wild coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) in competition. Ecological Applications 3: 230-245.

Fleming, I.A. and Gross, M.R. 1992. Reproductive behaviour of hatchery and wild coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch): does it differ? Aquaculture 103: 101-121.

Fleming, I.A. and Gross, M.R. 1990. Latitudinal clines: a tradeoff between egg number and size in Pacific salmon. Ecology 71: 1-11.

Fleming, I.A. and Gross, M.R. 1989. Evolution of adult female life history and morphology in a Pacific salmon (Coho: Oncorhynchus kisutch). Evolution 43: 141-157.

Fleming, I.A. and Ng, S. 1987. Evaluation of techniques for fixing, preserving and measuring salmon eggs. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 44: 1957-1962.

Fleming, I.A. and Johansen, P.H. 1984. Density and aggressive behaviour in young-of-the-year largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides). Canadian Journal of Zoology 62: 1454-1455.



Books & Edited Volumes

Hutchings, J.A, Côté, I.M., Dodson, J.J., Fleming, I.A., Jennings, S., Mantua, N.J., Peterman, R.M., Riddell, B.E., Weaver, AJ.. and Vander Zwagg, D.L. 2012. Sustaining Canadian Marine Biodiversity: responding to the challenges posed by climate change, fisheries, and aquaculture. Expert panel report prepared for the Royal Society of Canada, Ottawa, 315 pp.

National Research Council, USA (authors: Clegg, M.T., Barten, P.K., Fleming, I.A., Gross, M.R., Incze, L.S., Kapuscinski, A.R., O'Brien, P., Neis, B., Ryman, N., Smouse, P.E., Specker, J.L., Stickney, R.R. and Sutinen, J.G.). 2004. Atlantic Salmon in Maine: A Challenge in Conservation and Ecosystem Management. Final Report from the Committee on Atlantic Salmon in Maine. National Academy Press, Washington, DC, 276 pp. (ISBN 0-309-09135-7).

National Research Council, USA (authors: Clegg, M.T., Barten, P.K., Fleming, I.A., Gross, M.R., Incze, L.S., Kapuscinski, A.R., O'Brien, P., Neis, B., Ryman, N., Smouse, P.E., Specker, J.L., Stickney, R.R. and Sutinen, J.G.). 2002. Genetic Status of Atlantic Salmon in Maine. Interim Report from the Committee on Atlantic Salmon in Maine. National Academy Press, Washington, DC. 62 pp. (ISBN 0-309-08311-7).

Thorstad, E., Fleming, I.A. and Næsje, T. (eds.) 2002. Aquatic Telemetry. Proceedings of the Fourth Conference on Fish Telemetry in Europe. Kluwer Academic. (ISBN1-4020-0877-5) (reprinted from Hydrobiologia volume 483: 1-292; ISSN 0018-8)

Fleming, I.A. (ed.) 2001. Proceedings of the Workshop on the Release of Salmonid Fishes in Norway. Nordic Journal of Freshwater Research 75(1): 1-152. (ISSN 1100-4096)

 

Book Chapters

Fleming, I.A. and F.A. Huntingford. 2012. Reproductive Behaviour, pp 286-321. In S. Kadri, M. Jobling, and F. Huntingford (eds.) Aquaculture and Behaviour. Blackwell, Oxford. (ISBN-13: 978-1-4051-3089-9)

Moreau, D.T.R. and Fleming. I.A. 2012. The potential ecological and genetic impacts of aquaculture biotechnologies: Eco-evolutionary considerations for managing the blue revolution, pp 321-342. In: G.L. Fletcher and M.L. Rise (eds.) Aquaculture Biotechnology. Wiley-Blackwell, Ames, Iowa. (ISBN-13: 978-0-8138-1028-7)

Fleming, I.A. and Einum, S. 2011. Reproductive Ecology: a tale of two sexes, pp 33-65. In: Ø. Aas, S. Einum, A. Klemetsen and J. Skurdal (eds.) Atlantic salmon ecology. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. (ISBN 978-1-4051-9769-4)

Brodeur, R.D., Fleming, I.A., Bennett, J.M. and Campbell, M.A. 2009. Summer distribution and feeding of spiny dogfish off the Washington and Oregon coasts, pp 39-51. In V.F. Callucci, G.A. McFarland and G.G. Bargmann (eds.) Management and Biology of Dogfish Sharks, Special Volume of the American Fisheries Society. (ISBN 978-1-934874-07-3)

Jones, D.S., Fleming, I.A., Krentz, L.K. and Jones, K.K. 2008. Feeding ecology of cutthroat trout in the Salmon River Estuary, Oregon, pp. 144-151. In P. J. Connolly, T. H. Williams, and R. E. Gresswell (eds.) The 2005 coastal cutthroat trout symposium: status, management, biology, and conservation. Oregon Chapter, American Fisheries Society, Portland, OR.

Kapuscinski, A., Hard, J., Neira, R., Paulson, K., Ponniah, A., Kamonrat, W., Mwanja, W., Fleming, I.A., Gallardo, J., Devlin, R. and Trisak, J. 2007. Approaches to assessing gene flow, pp. 112-150. In: A.R. Kapuscinski, K.R. Hayes, S. Li. and G. Dana (eds.) Environmental Risk Assessment of Genetically Modified Organisms, Volume 3: Methodologies for Transgenic Fish. CABI Publishing, Oxfordshire, UK. (ISBN-13:9781 84593 2961)

Devlin, R.H., Sundstrom, L.F., Johnsson, J.I., Fleming, I.A., Hayes, K.R., Ojwang, W.O., Bambaradeniya, C. and Zakaraia-Ismail, M. 2007.Assessing phenotypic and ecological effects of transgenic fish prior to entry into nature, pp. 151-187. In: A.R. Kapuscinski, K.R. Hayes, S. Li and G. Dana (eds.) Environmental Risk Assessment of Genetically Modified Organisms, Volume 3: Methodologies for Transgenic Fish. CABI Publishing, Oxfordshire, UK. (ISBN-13:9781 84593 2961)

Ferguson, A., Fleming, I.A., Hindar, K., Skaala, Ø., McGinnity, P., Cross, T. and Prodöhl, P. 2007 Farm escapes, pp. 367-409. In: E. Verspoor, L. Stradmeyer and J. Nielsen (eds.) The Atlantic salmon: Genetics, Conservation and Management. Blackwell, Oxford. (ISBN-13:978-1-4051-1582-7)

Garcia de Leaniz, C., Fleming, I.A., Einum, S., Verspoor, E., Jordan, W.C., Consuegra, S., Aubin-Horth, N., Lajus, D., Villanueva, B., Ferguson, A., Youngson, A.F. and Quinn, T.P. 2007. Local adaptation, pp. 200-240. In: E. Verspoor, L. Stradmeyer and J. Nielsen (eds.) The Atlantic salmon: Genetics, Conservation and Management. Blackwell, Oxford. (ISBN-13:978-1-4051-1582-7)

Jordan, W.C., Fleming, I.A. and Garant, D. 2007. Mating system and social structure, pp 172-199. In: E. Verspoor, L. Stradmeyer and J. Nielsen (eds.) The Atlantic salmon: Genetics, Conservation and Management. Blackwell, Oxford. (ISBN-13:978-1-4051-1582-7)

Hindar, K. and Fleming, I.A. 2007. Behavioural and genetic interactions between escaped farm and wild Atlantic salmon, pp. 115-122. In T.M. Bert (ed.) Ecological and Genetic Implications of Aquaculture Activities. Kluwer Academic, New York.

Koseki, Y. and Fleming, I.A. 2004. The evolution of alternative life histories as reproductive strategies: sexual selection and alternative reproductive phenotypes, pp. 71-106. In K. Maekawa (ed.) Ecology and Evolution of Salmonids. Bun-ichi Sogo Shyuppan, Tokyo, Japan. (In Japanese)

Fleming, I.A. and Reynolds, J.D. 2004. Salmonid breeding systems, pp. 264-294. In A.P. Hendry and S.C. Stearns (eds) Evolution Illuminated, Salmon and Their Relatives. Oxford University Press, Oxford. (ISBN 0-19-514385-X)

Fleming, I.A. and Jensen, A.J. 2001. Fisheries: Effects of climate change on the life cycles of salmon, pp. 309-312. In I. Douglas (ed.) Causes and consequences of global environmental change. Volume 3. Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change. Wiley, Chichester. (ISBN 0-471-97796-9)

Fleming, R.A., Fleming, R.L. and Fleming, I.A. 2001. Life cycles, pp. 385-389. In H.A. Mooney and J. Canadell (eds.) The Earth System: biological and ecological dimensions of global environmental change. Volume 2. Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change. Wiley, Chichester. 625 p. (ISBN 0-471-97796-9)

Fleming, I.A. 1998. Spawning of Atlantic salmon, pp. 127-141. In R.V. Kazakov (ed.) Atlantic salmon. Nauka, St. Petersburg, Russia.575 p. (ISBN 5-02-026113-0) (in Russian)

Økland, F., Fleming, I.A., Thorstad, E.B., Finstad, B., Einum, S. and McKinley, R.S. 2000. EMG telemetry to record the intensity of swimming- and breeding-related behaviour in Atlantic salmon, pp. 51-58. In Moore, A. and Russell, I.A. (eds.) Advances in Fish Telemetry. Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science, Lowestoft, U.K., 264 p.

McNeely, J.A. et al. (Contributor). 1995. Human influences on biodiversity, pp. 711-821. In V.H. Heywood (ed.) Global Biodiversity Assessment. United Nations Environmental Programme and Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. (ISBN 0-521-56481-6)

Fleming, I.A. 1995. Reproductive success and the genetic threat of cultured fish to wild populations, pp. 117-135. In D.P. Philipp, J.M. Epifanio, J.E. Marsden and J.E. Claussen (eds.) Protection of aquatic biodiversity. Proceedings of the World Fisheries Congress, Theme 3. Oxford and IBH Publishing, New Delhi, India. (ISBN 81-204-0971-X)

Jonsson, B., and Fleming, I.A. 1993. Enhancement of wild salmon populations, pp. 209-242. In G. Sundnes (ed.) Human Impact on Self-recruiting Populations. An International Symposium of the Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters, Kongsvoll, Norway, 7-11 June 1993. Tapir Press, Trondheim, Norway. (ISBN 82-519-1455-8)

Other Articles

Thorstad, E.B., Fleming, I.A., McGinnity, P., Soto, D., Wennevik, V. and Whoriskey, F. 2008. Incidence and impacts of escaped farmed Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar, in nature. Report from the Technical Working Group on Escapes of the Salmon Aquaculture Dialogue, World Wildlife Fund. 108 p.

Weir, L.K.and Fleming, I.A. 2006. Behavioural interactions between farm and wild salmon: potential for effects on wild populations, pp 1-29. In: A Scientific Review of the Potential Environmental Effects of Aquaculture in Aquatic Ecosystems, Volume V. Canadian Technical Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2450.

Lacroix, G.L. and Fleming, I.A. 1998. Ecological and behavioural interactions between farmed and wild Atlantic salmon: consequences for wild salmon. Canadian Stock Assessment Secretariat Research Document 98/162.

Økland, F., Lamberg, A., Heggberget, T.G., Fleming, I.A. and McKinley, R.S. 1996. Identification of spawning behaviour in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) by radiotelemetry, pp. 35-46. In E. Baras and J.C. Philippart (eds.) Underwater Biotelemetry, Proceedings of the First Conference and Workshop on Fish Telemetry in Europe, University of Liège, Belgium.

Fleming, I.A. and Aagaard, K. 1993. Documentation and measurement of biodiversity. Report to the United Nations Environmental Program Expert Conference on Biodiversity, Norway, May 1993. NINA Utredning 50: 1-23.

Jonsson, B., Andersen, R., Hansen, L.P, Fleming, I.A. and Bjørge, A. 1993. Sustainable use of biodiversity. Report to the United Nations Environmental Program Expert Conference on Biodiversity, Norway, May. NINA Utredning 48: 1-22.

Fleming, I.A. and Hindar, K. 1992. When hot geology meets cold climate on an island. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 7: 360-361.



Published Proceedings (selected since 2000)

Fleming, I.A. 2004. Interactions between farmed and wild fish: experiences from Norway. In Sustentabilidad de al industria salmonera en Chile y el Mundo. Proceedings of the International Workshop on Salmon Farming in Chile: Keys to Sustainable Management, Puerto Montt, Chile, June 5-6, 2002. Terram Foundation, Santiago, Chile.

Finstad, B., McKinley, R.S., Fleming, I.A., Bjørnsson, B.Th., Augustsson, T. and Johnsson, J.I. 2002. Comparisons of wild and cultured Atlantic salmon: a case study from Norway. In McKinley, R.S., Driedzic, W.R. and MacKinlay, D. (eds.) Behavioral and Physiological Comparisons of Cultured and Wild Fish. Proceedings of the International Congress on the Biology of Fish, University of British Columbia, Canada, July 21-26, 2002. American Fisheries Society.

Fleming, I.A. 2002. Can hatchery fish contribute to the natural productivity of wild populations? pp. 32-56. In C. Orr, P. Gallaugher and J. Penikett (eds.) Speaking for the Salmon. Workshop Proceedings on Hatcheries and the Protection of Wild Salmon. Continuing Studies in Science, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, Canada. (ISBN 0-86491-230-7)

Fleming, I.A. and Einum, S. 2000. The implications of maternal decisions for offspring growth and survival, pp. 63-66. In Letcher, B. and MacKinlay, D. (eds.) Consequences of Salmonid Growth Variability. Proceedings of the International Congress on the Biology of Fish, University of Aberdeen, Scotland, July 23-27, 2000. American Fisheries Society. (ISBN 1-894337-16-6).

Fleming, I.A. 2000. What determines the ability of farm salmon to invade wild populations? pp. 23-24. Gallaugher, P. and C. Orr (eds.) Speaking for the Salmon. Workshop Proceedings on Aquaculture and the Protection of Wild Salmon. Continuing Studies in Science, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, Canada. (ISBN 0-86491-218-8)



Technical , Working Group and Other Reports (selected since 2000)

Westley, P.A.H., Ings, D.W. and Fleming, I.A. A review and annotated bibliography of the impacts of invasive brown trout (Salmo trutta) on native salmonids, with an emphasis on Newfoundland waters. Canadian Technical Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2924, 81 p.

Reddin, D.G., Fleming, I.A., Hansen, L.P. and Dowton, P. 2008. Ecological aspects of thermal habitat and depth experienced by Atlantic salmon kelts (Salmo salar) in Newfoundland. ICES Working Group on North Atlantic salmon, working paper 26.

Courtney, S., Blankenship, L., Bronsnan, D., Flemng, I.A., McKinley, S., Naish, K. and Secor, D. 2007. Review of Atlantic salmon hatchery protocols, production, and product assessment. Sustainable Ecosystem Institute report submitted to the Maine Atlantic Salmon Commission.

Ugedal, O., Forseth, T., Jonsson, B., Daverdin, R., Einum, S., Fleming, I.A., Saksgård, Boisclair, D. and Guénard, G. 2005. Competition within and between fish species – enclosure research, pp. 67-69. In B. Jonsson and N.G. Yoccoz (eds.) Ecosystem dynamics: human impacts on biological diversity. NINA’s strategic institute programs 2001-2005. NINA Temahefte 33.

Hey, J, Brannon, E.L., Campton, D.E., Doyle, R.W., Fleming, I.A., Kinnison, M.T., Lande, R., Olsen, J. , Philipp, D.P., Travis, J., Wood, C.C. and Doremus, H. 2005. Considering Life History, Behavioral, and Ecological Complexity in Defining Conservation Units for Pacific Salmon. An independent panel report, requested by NOAA Fisheries. 32 p.

Stet, R. (Co-ordinator), Jordan, W., Hindar, K., Cross, T., McGinnity, P., Conseguera, S., Coughlan, J., de Eyto, E., Einum, S., Farrell, K., Fleming, I.A., Megens, H.-J. and Tufto, J. 2005. Impact of aquaculture on the immune response genes of natural salmonid populations: spatial and temperal genetic signatures and potential fitness consequences. Final Report to the European Commission. Wageningen University. 174 p.

Morbrand, L., McConnaha, C., Barr, J., Costello, R., Fleming, I.A., Harrison, J. Huppert, D., Lichatowich, J., Malone, K., Marsh, J., Norman, G., Parkin, D., Smith, S. and Suzumoto, B. 2003. Artificial Production Review and Evaluation: Basin-level Report. Northwest Power and Conservation Council Document 2003-17.

Järvi, T. (Co-ordinator), Johnsson, J., Fleming, I.A., Armstrong, J., Metcalfe, N.B., Nicieza, A.G., McKinley, R.S. and Ryman, N. (Partners) 2002. Performance and ecological impacts of introduced and escaped fish: physiological and behavioural Mechanisms. Final Report to the European Commission. Institute of Freshwater Research, Drottningholm, Sweden. 250 p.

Forseth, T., Ugedal, O., Jonsson, B., Fleming, I.A. and GÃ¥sdal, O. 2002. How do we get large fish? pp. 27-31. In H.C. Pedersen and B. Jonsson (eds.) NINAs Strategic Institute Programmes 1996-2000: Sustainable exploitation of populations. Final Report. NINA Temahefte 18, 92 p. (ISBN 82-426-1285-4) (In Norwegian with an English abstract).

Fleming, I.A. 2001. Captive breeding: conflict between conserving genetic variation and natural behaviour, pp. 34-35. In K. Hindar and B. Jonsson (eds.) NINAs Strategic Institute Programmes 1996-2000: Conservation of biodiversity – from genes to landscapes. Final Report. NINA Temahefte 17, 125 p. (ISBN 82-426-1176-9) (In Norwegian with an English abstract).

Hindar, K., Fleming, I.A., Hansen, L.P. and Balstad, T. 2001. Hybridization between Atlantic salmon and brown trout, pp. 43-44. In K. Hindar and B. Jonsson (eds.) NINAs Strategic Institute Programmes 1996-2000: Conservation of biodiversity – from genes to landscapes. Final Report. NINA Temahefte 17, 125 p. (ISBN 82-426-1176-9) (In Norwegian with an English abstract).

Fleming, I.A., Hindar, K., Jonsson, B. and Hansen, L.P. 2001. Effects of escape salmon on wild salmon, pp. 94-97. In K. Hindar and B. Jonsson (eds.) NINAs Strategic Institute Programmes 1996-2000: Conservation of biodiversity – from genes to landscapes. Final Report. NINA Temahefte 17, 125 p. (ISBN 82-426-1176-9) (In Norwegian with an English abstract).

NINA-NIKU. 2001. Effects of escaped farm salmon. NINA-NIKU Fakta No. 4 – 2001. (In Norwegian)

Strand, R., Fleming, I.A. and Johnsen, B.O. 2001. Releases of salmonid fishes. Kongsvoll Workshop 2000. NINA Fagrapport 045: 1-49. (ISBN 82-426-1185-8) (In Norwegian with an English abstract)

Berger, H.M., Lamberg, A., Fleming, I.A., Hindar, K. and Fjeldstad, H.-P. 2001. Reconstruction of spawning sites for anadromous brown trout (Salmo trutta L.) and Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) in the river Gråelva, Stjørdalselva watershed in central Norway during 1999-2000. NINA Oppradsmelding 678, 27 p. (ISBN 82-426-1202-1) (In Norwegian with an English abstract).

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