Friday Seminar Series
The bumpy road from muscle fibers to spinal cord: A kinesiologist's journey
Nov. 9, 2012
Interim scientific director IMHA, of the CIHR
Canada Research Chair, Physical Activity & Health Studies,
Faculty of Kinesiology and Recreation Management
Member, Spinal Cord Research Centre, Dept. of Physiology, University of Manitoba
PhD (Physical Education: exercise physiology) University of Alberta
MPE (Physical Education) University of Windsor
BPHE (Physical Education) University of Windsor
Dr. Gardiner spent 2 years after his PhD (1976 to 1978) as a USPHS postdoctoral fellow in the laboratory of Dr. V. Edgerton, UCLA.
Dr. Gardiner's primary research interest is in defining the role of regular physical activity in determining the properties of the nervous system. In particular, Dr. Gardiner's research program is designed to attempt to uncover basic adaptive mechanisms in nerve cells, and to demonstrate indirect evidence for activity-related adaptations in the central nervous system. The knowledge that will be generated by the research program is necessary for the development of a mechanistic approach to the use of exercise as a rehabilitative tool in conditions of neural and neuromuscular deficiencies. These conditions include those caused by normal and abnormal aging, those resulting from trauma and disease, or chronic inactivity-related neural and neuromuscular deficiencies.
Gardiner, P., and Edgerton, V. (in press). The sensorimotor system. In C. Tipton (Ed.), History of exercise physiology, Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
Woodrow, L.E., Sheppard, P., Gardiner, K., and Gardiner, P.F. (in press). Endurance exercise training alters spinal motoneuron mRNA levels: Potential mechanisms for enhanced excitability. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism.
Hui, A., Back, L., Ludwig, S., Gardiner, P., Sevenhuysen, G., Dean, H., Sellers, E., McGavock, J., Morris, J., Bruce, S., Murray, R., and Shen, G., "Lifestyle intervention on diet and exercise reduced excessive gestational weight gain in pregnant women under a randomised controlled trial", Br. J. Obster. Gynecol. 119 (1): 70-77, 2012.
MacDonell, C., Button, D., Beaumont, E., Cormery, B., and Gardiner, P., "Plasticity of rat motoneuron rhythmic firing properties with varying levels of afferent and descending inputs", J. Neurophysiol. 107 (1): 265-272, 2012.
Wittmeier KD, Wicklow BA, Macintosh AC, Sellers EA, Ryner LN, Serrai H, Gardiner PF, Dean HJ, and McGavock JM., "Hepatic Steatosis and Low Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Youth With Type 2 Diabetes", Obesity 20 (5): 1034-1040, 2012.
Gardiner, P. (2011). Advanced neuromuscular exercise physiology. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
Cahill, F., Pretorius, T., Kalmar, J., Gardiner, P., and Giesbrecht, G., Whole body hypothermia has central and peripheral influences on elbow flexor performance. Experimental Physiology, 96, 528-538, 2011.
Chopek, J., and Gardiner, P., Life-long carolic restriction: Effect on age-related changes in motoneuron numbers, sizes and apoptotic markers. Mechanisms of Ageing and Development, 131, 650-659, 2010.
MacDonell, C.W., Power, K.E., Gardiner, K.R., & Gardiner, P.F., Active and passive properties of hind-limb motoneurons during fictive locomotion in the decerebrate rate. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 34, S58, 2009.
Chopek, J.W., MacDonell, C.W., Power, K.E., Gardiner, K., and Gardiner, P.F., Differences in the excitation of rat hindlimb extensor and flexor motoneurons to quipazine- a serotonergic agonist. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism, 2010.
Ogborn, D., and Gardiner, P. Effects of exercise and muscle-type on BDNF, NT-4/5 and TrkB expression in skeletal muscle. Muscle & Nerve, 41, 385-391, 2010.
Power, K.E., MacDonell, C.W., Chopek, J.W., Gardiner, K., and Gardiner, P.F., Enhanced motoneuron excitability during locomotion: Insights from animal experimentation. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 2010.
Verret, C., Gardiner, P., and Beliveau, L., Fitness level and gross motor performance of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 27, 337-351, 2010.
Verret, C., Guay, M., Berthiaume, C., Gardiner, P., and Beliveau, L., A physical activity program improves behaviour and cognitive functions in children with ADHD: An exploratory study. Journal of Attention Disorders, 2010 [Epub ahead of print].