Office of the Registrar
Faculty of Arts (2011/2012)
9.26 Police Studies

Program Co-ordinator: Prof. P. Ayres, Associate Dean of Arts (Undergraduate)

This major program in Police Studies would be most beneficial for students who have completed the Diploma in Police Studies, for experienced police officers and for others working in a policing environment, and for those interested in any aspect of policing, corrections or law enforcement, who wish to obtain a university degree. While students who successfully complete the Diploma in Police Studies Program are guaranteed probationary employment with the Royal Newfoundland Constabulary (RNC), no such arrangement exists with regard to those students admitted to the major in Police Studies.

The major program in Police Studies is intended to promote critical thinking about social issues to those working in a policing environment.

9.26.1 Major Program

The multi-disciplinary Major in Police Studies program is offered to students completing the Degree of Bachelor of Arts (B.A.). It is offered in conjunction with a minor in a single discipline. In order to be awarded a B.A. with a Major in Police Studies, students must complete all the requirements of the B.A. as outlined under Regulations for the General Degree of Bachelor of Arts. Students should contact the Program Coordinator by June 1st for Fall admission and by October 1st for Winter to discuss the planning of their program.

As is the case with any multi-disciplinary program, it is the students' responsibility to ensure that they have the necessary prerequisites to complete the program. For purposes of entry into the courses offered by participating departments, departmental heads will be asked to make every effort to offer places to these students as early as possible in the registration process.

9.26.2 Major Regulations

Students who major in Police Studies shall complete a minimum of 36 credit hours in courses which shall include the following: Core Courses
  1. Police Studies 2000, Police Studies 3000, Police Studies 4000 or 4001

  2. Students are required to complete an additional 27 credit hours in at least three different disciplines and chosen from the Elective Courses list below including:

    1. a maximum of 6 credit hours at the 1000 level;

    2. a maximum of 9 additional credit hours at the 2000 level;

    3. a minimum of 9 additional credit hours at the 3000 level or above; and

    4. a minimum of 3 additional credit hours at the 4000 level Elective Courses

The normal departmental prerequisites are applicable, but Department Heads may waive course prerequisites in cases where alternate preparation can be demonstrated. Previous specialized police training may be approved for unspecified credits which may be applied to the elective requirements of the Major in Police Studies only. It is recommended that students interested in applying to the RNC wait to enrol and complete Police Studies 3500 as part of that program.

Courses may be selected from the following list, and/or as approved by the Program Coordinator.

9.26.3 Course Descriptions


An Introduction to Policing in Canada

will examine the organization of policing, its mandate and operation. It will provide an overview of the history and development of policing in Canada; examples from Newfoundland and Labrador will be used where appropriate. It will discuss the various roles and responsibilities of the police in society. It will explore the issue by police decision making, the exercise of police powers, and the use of discretion by police officers. Several other issues relating to policing will be discussed including police recruitment and training, the professional role of the police, stress on the job and policing in a diverse society.


Crime Victims and Policing

will provide an opportunity to explore contemporary victim issues, in particular, as they relate to enhancing police response and sensitivity to the needs of victims. The course will explore different types of victimization, encourage critical analysis and understanding of the impact of the CJS on victims and the role of the victim in bringing about progressive and positive changes in the CJS. It will consider recent legislative developments, programs, services and emerging issues and discuss how victim engagement can promote public confidence in the administration of justice.

Prerequisites: A minimum of 60 credit hours, including Police Studies 2000 and two additional courses from the Elective Courses List.


Gender, Crime and Criminal Justice

examines the gendered aspects of criminal offending, victimization, criminal justice responses (police, courts, corrections), and workers in the criminal justice system.

Prerequisite: A minimum of 60 credit hours including Sociology 1000 and Police Studies 2000.



is a part-time unpaid placement with a police department, Provincial Corrections, or various areas of the Department of Justice including the Sheriff's Office and Correctional Facilities. The number of openings varies and admission to the course is selective and competitive. Placements are for 12 weeks, eight hours a week, in addition to a regularly scheduled class meeting.

Prerequisites: A minimum of 60 credit hours including Police Studies 2000 and three additional courses from the Elective Courses List.


Investigative Interviewing

will introduce students to investigative interviewing. It covers a range of topics that will help develop and/or improve the interviewing skills of those working in various disciplines where professional interviewing skills are essential.

Prerequisite: Students should have completed a minimum of 60 credit hours.


Advanced Issues in Policing

provides in depth discussion of various aspects of policing. It will discuss how social, economic and political factors influence the challenges of policing in a democratic society. It will look at police powers of arrest, search and release and how they are affected by the Charter of Rights and Freedoms. The different types of offences found in the Criminal Code and the special knowledge required to police them will be covered. The course will consider the use of police discretion, police misconduct and accountability and ethics in policing. It will also look at officer safety and stress in the work place. Several special topics related to policing will be discussed including: policing persons with mental illness, policing drug related offences, and policing racially diverse communities.

Prerequisites: A minimum of 60 credit hours, including Police Studies 2000 and three additional courses from the Elective Courses List.


Police Decision Making and Ethics

provides students with the tools to locate, critically review, and summarize the findings and practical implications of police research on key topics. These topics include the influence of discretion on police powers and the importance of ethics and accountability in policing. The course will also discuss police officer stress and how it is influenced by ethical dilemmas. Examples of misuse of discretion and ethical dilemmas will be discussed.

Prerequisites: A minimum of 60 credit hours, including Police Studies 2000 and three additional courses at the 3000 level from the Elective Courses List.