Office of the Registrar
Faculty of Arts (2011/2012)
9.2 Anthropology

All students who major in Anthropology will be assisted by a faculty advisor who will help them in planning their academic programs. For this purpose, it is essential that students declare their major at an early stage of their studies.

9.2.1 General Degree
  1. Major

    The student majoring in Anthropology must meet the requirements listed under Program Regulations - General and Honours Degrees. A minimum of 39 credit hours in Anthropology is required including:

    1. Anthropology 1031;

    2. 9 credit hours at the 2000-level chosen from any of the Anthropology courses between 2410 and 2416;

    3. Anthropology 3300 and 3410;

    4. 9 credit hours from Anthropology offerings at the 4000-level, of which one must be Anthropology 4412; and

    5. the remaining 12 credit hours are to be chosen from any of the Anthropology or Sociology/Anthropology (S/A) 3000-or 4000-level offerings.

  2. Minor

    A minor in Anthropology requires the completion of 24 credit hours including:

    1. Anthropology 1031;

    2. 6 credit hours at the 2000 level chosen from any of the Anthropology courses between 2410 and 2416;

    3. Anthropology 3410;

    4. 6 credit hours from the 4000 level including Anthropology 4412; and

    5. 6 credit hours chosen from Anthropology offerings at the 3000 level or above.

9.2.2 Honours Degree
  1. Admission: see Bachelor of Arts (Honours) Degree Regulations.

  2. Students intending an Honours program are required to complete 60 credit hours in Anthropology following the requirements in Major above, but in addition must include either Anthropology 4994 and 4995, or 4996. Thirty-six of the 60 credit hours must be at the 3000 or 4000 level. Students must also meet the requirements of the Program Regulations - General and Honours Degrees.

9.2.3 Regulations for Joint Honours, Anthropology and Another Major Subject
  1. Students must fulfil the requirements of the Bachelor of Arts (Honours) Degree Regulations.

  2. Students must complete:

    1. Anthropology 1031;

    2. 9 credit hours at the 2000 level chosen from any of the Anthropology courses between 2410 and 2416;

    3. Anthropology 3300 and 3410;

    4. 9 credit hours in Anthropology courses at the 4000 level including Anthropology 4412; and

    5. 15 credit hours to be chosen from any of the 3000 or 4000 level Anthropology offerings.

9.2.4 Course Descriptions

In accordance with Senate's Policy Regarding Inactive Courses, the course descriptions for courses which have not been offered in the previous three academic years and which are not scheduled to be offered in the current academic year have been removed from the following listing. For information about any of these inactive courses, please contact the Head of the Department.

Anthropology courses are designated by ANTH.

Students should note that credit may not be obtained for an Archaeology course if, prior to 2007, the student received credit for that course when it was designated as an Anthropology course.


Introduction to Anthropology

provides an overview of the field of social and cultural anthropology. Diverse case studies will be used to illustrate key anthropological concepts and methods.


Credit may be obtained for only one of ANTH 1031, the former ANTH 1000 or 2000.


Classics in Anthropology

is an examination of selected milestone monographs, ground-breaking studies for subdisciplinary specialties, and major syntheses. This course qualifies as a Research/Writing course.


Anthropologists in the Field

combines a firsthand introduction to ethnographic research and writing with an exploration of how anthropological understanding develops through the experiences and human relationships of anthropologists in the field. This course qualifies as a Research/Writing course.


Threatened Peoples

is an examination of key social and cultural factors involved in the global extinction of small-scale societies; the intrusive influences that jeopardize small-scale societies, such as disease; economic and military incursion; the role of international non-governmental agencies in aid of threatened peoples; and the role of the anthropologist in this human crisis.


Culture in a Globalized World

explores the way in which social, cultural, economic and political interconnections at the global level interact with local social and cultural processes.


Aboriginal Peoples of North America

is a survey course dealing with various indigenous peoples of North America.


Credit may be obtained for only one of ANTH 2414 and the former 3281.


Anthropology of Food

explores how cultural identities, social relationships, and inequalities are linked to the production, exchange, and consumption of food. This course qualifies as a Research/Writing course.


Cultural Formations

explores the symbolic formations that humans create in order to give meaning to their lives. Some of the cultural formations that will be studied include specific examples from the realms of religion, play, sports, art, and commonplace material objects.


Ecology and Culture

is a survey of the basic principles and perspectives of human and cultural ecology and ecological anthropology. Emphasis will be placed on the evolutionary development of basic ecological adaptations: foraging, horticulture, pastoralism, agriculture and industrialism. Major ecosystems and human adaptative adjustments to them will also be surveyed, especially arctic, mountain, desert, grassland and tropical rainforest ecosystems.


Anthropology and Directed Social Change

- inactive course.


Anthropology of Religion

(same as Religious Studies 3053) is a critical evaluation of anthropological research on religion, centering on seminal thinkers and major theoretical traditions. Special attention is given to the study of belief systems, and to relationships between belief and ritual.


Credit may be obtained for only one of ANTH 3053 and Religious Studies 3053.


Play, Games and Sport

is an examination of the phenomenon of play in a variety of human cultures, and in such forms of activity as religion, politics, festival, speech, performance, and artistic creation. Principal themes are the functional role of play in social relations, and the meaningful role of play in social thought.


Urban Anthropology

is an examination of anthropological studies of urban populations and population segments, such as ethnic groups and categories, occupations, neighbourhoods, etc.


The Idea of Culture

- inactive course.


Culture and Social Inequality

examines the role of culture in mediating different forms of social inequality, exploring the idea that culture is not only a way of life but also a way of managing power among unequals, from individuals to social classes. Readings in the course concentrate on cultural techniques of social control.


Anthropology in Social Policy-making

- inactive course.


The Politics of Ethnicity and Multiculturalism

examines anthropological approaches and contributions to debates about ethnicity and multiculturalism.


Anthropology and the Study of Social Problems

- inactive course.


Imaginary Worlds

explores the anthropology of imaginary worlds, including those created through pseudo-history, on-line gaming, science fiction and fantasy literature, and film. Particular examples will be examined in terms of the ways that social stratification, gender, ethnicity, race, and cultural beliefs become constructed inside of these imaginary worlds.


Banditry, Rebellion, and Social Revolution

examines types of social conflict specific to different kinds of class-based society, including social banditry, primitive rebellions, and peasant revolutions. More generally, social conflict is used to explore the variety of ways that pre-industrial societies have been made part of the modern world economy.


Environmental Crises

examines the social, cultural, and economic forces that have contributed to rapid resource depletion and other environmental changes during the 20th century and looks at how the impacts of these changes have been experienced in different parts of the world.


The Arctic

studies cultural, ecologic, economic and social systems in the northern circumpolar regions.


Fieldwork Methods

focuses on the process of anthropological fieldwork. Readings, discussions and evaluations will examine a range of issues and concepts that include observation techniques, interviewing, ethical issues, and the interpretation of data. Students will conduct original fieldwork to learn how to apply some of these skills.


The Anthropology of Gender

aims to provide students with a comprehensive introduction to the major research questions that have been addressed by anthropologists concerned with the study of gender. A variety of empirical examples are used to demonstrate the variation in what it means to be 'female' or 'male' across disparate time periods and cultural contexts.


Regional Studies in Anthropology


The Anthropology of Travel and Tourism

is an exploration of the anthropological study of travel and tourism. Students will learn how to critically evaluate this global industry and consider the role that it plays in the formation of contemporary human identity.


Visual Anthropology

explores the use of documentary film, photography, and new digital media in anthropological fieldwork. It also teaches students how anthropologists study visual media such as television, newspapers, popular films, social networking sites, web sites, and photography collections.


The Anthropology of Ritual

examines a range of theoretical perspectives, case studies and individual theorists in the study of ritual.


Medical Anthropology

focuses on a range of issues including illness, disease and healing, sexuality and reproduction, pandemics and epidemics, medical technology and bioethics.


Engaged Anthropology

is a seminar course exploring debates about the potential - and potential pitfalls - of a variety of approaches to publicly engaged anthropology.


War, Violence and Society

provides students with a comprehensive understanding of the issues and problems entailed in the anthropological analysis of war and violence. Key topics include: the relationships between war and globalization, political violence and culture, and militarization and social memory.


Classic Theory in Anthropology

(same as the former ANTH 4410) follows a historical approach to understanding some of the key theoretical trends in anthropology since the inception of the discipline.


Credit may be obtained for only one of ANTH 3410 and the former 4410.


Anthropology of Foraging

deals with societies heavily reliant on hunting, fishing, and gathering wild foods. Industrial and post-industrial settings in which various forms of foraging (including recycling) are the basis for some people’s livelihood will also be considered.


Anthropological Specialties

will have a topic of current interest and importance announced by the Department for each term.


Ethnography of Gambling

- inactive course.


The Fisheries Revolution

- inactive course.


Historical Anthropology

(same as Archaeology 3584 and History 3535) will explore selected issues in historical anthropology, with special reference to the Mediterranean and North Atlantic worlds. Students will read specific case studies in order to explore the theoretical issues raised by the attempt to understand historically-documented past cultures. In order to give practical examples of methodology classes will analyse primary source material. Students will be introduced to the textual analysis of myth and legal records, to the interpretation of images and to the analysis of patterns in material culture. The course will consider specific current interpretive issues, particularly the rise of individualism, the consumer revolution and the cultural construction of gender.


Credit may be obtained for only one of ANTH 3584, Archaeology 3584, and History 3535.


Legal Anthropology

explores selected themes and problems relating to the anthropology of law and legal institutions.


Advanced Seminar in the Anthropology of Gender

is a seminar that focuses on the critical analysis of cross-cultural research on gender roles, ideologies, and identities. Each year, particular emphasis is placed on the topics that are the current subject of extensive theoretical enquiry and debate in feminist anthropology.

Prerequisites: ANTH 3305 or permission of the instructor


Anthropology of Economic Processes

explores the way in which anthropologists have studied the inter-linkages among economic, social and cultural processes. Topics covered include key concepts and debates in economic anthropology and the way in which different societies and social groups are integrated within global capitalist markets.


Current Debates in the Anthropology of Ireland

explores selected current debates in the anthropology of Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. Seminars centre on the critical reading of recent ethnographic studies. The course considers Ireland, north and south, as a changing scene, assesses the current state of Irish ethnography and considers how the field might develop.


Special Areas in Anthropology

is a series of individual or small group tutorials and reading courses on topics of special or current interest.

Prerequisite: Departmental permission.


Advanced Newfoundland Ethnography

- inactive course.


The Intensive Study of One Culture

- inactive course.


Ethnographic Life Histories

- inactive course.


Contemporary Theory in Anthropology

is an evaluation of current approaches to culture and power through a focus on critical issues and major schools of contemporary thought influencing Anthropology in the late 20th and early 21st centuries. Emphasis is placed on major works, paradigms and individual theorists.


Anthropology of Labour

examines core issues and problems entailed in the anthropological analysis of work and labour in the context of the global economy.


Anthropology of Slums

examines social class forces producing a planet of slums, and details ways that everyday forms of violence, social injustice, and poverty take social shape in the everyday lives of slum dwellers. Among the topics covered are: social class formations, including ghettos, favelas, and shanty towns; surplus populations and disposable peoples resulting from late capitalist globalization; and forms of resistance and struggle that arise within dispossessed populations.


Anthropology of Sound

examines how ethnographers do comparative research on the everyday sounds found in people’s daily environments, including music and new media products.


Marx and Anthropological Inquiry

examines the uses of Marx’s later writings, especially Capital, in current American Anthropology. The primary focus is on the agenda-setting works of Eric Wolf and David Harvey. Topics include: capital accumulation and the making of localities; primitive accumulation and class formation; uneven global development; crises of capitalism and crises of social reproduction; capitalist globalization and disposable surplus populations.


The Craft of Writing Anthropological Narrative

is a seminar open to senior students in any discipline, which examines in detail both the mechanics and the sensitivities necessary to produce literate analysis.


Politics of Landscapes

- inactive course.


Honours Essay I

prepares students for the Honours Essay by helping them refine their research topics; providing them with independent research and writing skills; and offering a structured context in which to conduct the preliminary stages of Honours Essay research and writing.

Prerequisites: Admission to the Honours program in Anthropology.


Honours Essay II

is required as part of the Honours program.

Prerequisite: ANTH 4994


Comprehensive Examination

- is a component of the Honours program.