Labrador Inuit and Inuit-Metis Resources

The following list of publications, theses and other sources provides further information regarding the history of the Labrador Inuit and Inuit-Metis.

Ames, Randy

1977   Land Use in the Rigolet Region. In Our Footprints are Everywhere: Inuit Land Use and Occupancy in Labrador, Carol Brice-Bennett ed., pp. 279-308. Labrador Inuit Association, Nain.

Arendt, Beatrix

2011   Gods, Goods and Big Game: The Archaeology of Labrador Inuit Choices in an Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-Century Mission Context. PhD. Thesis, University of Virginia.

Arendt, Beatrix

2010   Moravians and the Inuit: An Archaeological Study in Hopedale. Arctic Studies Centre Newsletter 17: 17-18.

Arendt, Beatrix

2009   The Archaeology of Labrador Inuit and Moravian Missions. Arctic Studies Centre Newsletter 16: 28-29.

Arendt, Beatrix

2009   Hopedale archaeology Project 2008: Excavation of Housel and Anniowaktook Island. Provincial Archaeology Office 2008 Archaeology Review 7: 5-10.

Arendt, Beatrix

2008   2007 Season Report: Hopedale Archaeology Project. Provincial Archaeology Office 2007 Archaeology Review 6: 3-6.

Arendt, Beatrix

2005   Moravian Missionaries and Inuit in Labrador. Arctic Studies Centre Newsletter 13: 19-20.

Auger, Réginald

1993   Late-18th and early-19th century Inuit and Europeans in southern Labrador. Arctic 46(1): 27-34.

Auger, Réginald

1991   Labrador Inuit and Europeans in the Strait of Belle Isle From the Written Sources to the Archaeological Evidence. Centre d'études nordiques Université Lava, Collection Nordicana, no. 55.

Auger, Réginald

1991   European and Inuit Contact: Evidence from a 1769 Labrador Inuit Dwelling. Études/Inuit/Studies 15(1): 131-138.

Auger, Réginald

1989   Labrador Inuit and Europeans in the Strait of Belle Isle: From the Witten Sources to the Archaeological Evidence. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Calgary, Calgary

Auger, Reginald & Marianne P. Stopp

1989   1985 Archaeological Survey of Southern Labrador: Quebec/Labrador Border to Cape Charles. Archaeology in Newfoundland and Labrador, 1986, Annual Report No. 7. J. Callum Thomson and Jane-Sproull Thomson eds., pp. 198-212. Historic Resources Division, Government of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Baehra, Rainer

2010   Ethnological and Anthropological Explorations of the Labrador "Eskimo" Before 1880. In Very Rough Country: Proceedings of the Labrador Exploration Symposium, edited by Martha MacDonald, pp. 228-250. Labrador Institute of Memorial University, Happy Valley-Goose Bay.

Barrett, Blair

2008   Classical Meets Colonial: An Exploration of the Travel Narratives of George Best. Georgetown University, Washington, DC.

Brice-Bennett, Carol

1981   Two Opinions: Inuit and Moravian missionaries in Labrador 1804-1860. M.A. Thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's.

Bird, Junius

1945   Archaeology of the Hopedale area, Labrador. Anthropological papers of the AMNH 39: pt. 2. New York.

Briggs, Jean L.

1998   Inuit Morality Play: The Emotional Education of a Three-Year-Old. ISER, St. John's.

Borlase, Tim

1994   The Labrador Settlers, Metis and Kablunângajuit. Happy Valley-Goose Bay, N-L: Labrador East Integrated School Board.

Brewster, Natalie

2008   "The Inuit View in Southern Labrador: A view from Snack Cove." North Atlantic Archaeology 1: 25-42.

Brewster, Natalie

2006   The Inuit in Southern Labrador: The View from Snack Cove. Occasional Papers in Northeastern Archaeology No. 15. Copetown Press, St. John's.

Brewster, Natalie

2005   The Inuit View in Southern Labrador: A view from Snack Cove. M.A. Thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's.

Brice-Bennett, Carol (editor)

1977   Our Footsteps Are Everywhere: Inuit Land Use and Occupancy in Labrador. Labrador Inuit Association, Nain.

Butler, Don

2011   Exploring Soilscapes and Places Inside Labrador Inuit Winter Dwellings. Canadian Journal of Archaeology 35: 55-85.

Cabak, Melanie Ann

1991   Inuit Women as Catalysts of Change: An Archaeological Study of 19th Century Northern Labrador. M.A. thesis, University of South Carolina, Columbia.

Cabak, Melanie Ann and Stephen Loring

2000   A Set of Very Fair Cups and Saucers: Stamped Ceramics as an Example of Inuit Incorporation. International Journal of Historical Archaeology 4(1):1-34.

Campbell, Lydia

2000 [1894]   Sketches of Labrador Life. Killick Press, St. John's.

Cary, Henry C.

2004   Hoffnungsthal: The Archaeology and Architecture of the First Moravian Mission to the Labrador Inuit, 1752. M.A. Thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's.

Clermont, Norman

1980   Les Inuit du Labrador méridional avant Cartwright. Etude/Inuit/Studies 4(1-2): 147-166.

Cloutier-Glinas, Maryse

2010   Through space, time, and otherness: a spatial analysis of fifteenth to twentieth century Labrador Inuit settlement patterns. M.A. Thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's.

Davis, Davena

1987   The Dayspring From on High Hath Visited Us: An examination of the missionary endeavours of the Moravians and the Anglican Church Missionary Society among the Inuit in the Arctic regions of Canada and Labrador, 1880s-1920s. Ph.D. Thesis, McGill University, Montreal.

Dunn, Lawrence Albert

2002   Negotiating Cultural Identities: Conflict Transformation in Labrador. Ph.D. Thesis, Syracuse University, Syracuse.

Edwards, B.J.H.

1905   Eskimo Houses in Labrador. Moravian Missions 3(5): 69.

Fagan, Kristina

2010   "Well done old half breed woman": Lydia Campbell and the Labrador Literary Tradition. Papers of the Bibliographical Society of Canada 48(1): 49-76.

Felsberg, Susan

2010   People: Labrador's Very First Export. In Very Rough Country: Proceedings of the Labrador Exploration Symposium, edited by Martha MacDonald, pp. 214-227. Labrador Institute of Memorial University, Happy Valley-Goose Bay.

Felt, Larry, D. Natcher and A. Procter (editors)

2012   Settlement, subsistence and change among the Labrador Inuit: the Nunatsiavummiut experience. University of Manitoba Press, Winnipeg.

Firestone, M.

1992   Inuit Derived Culture Traits in Northern Newfoundland. Arctic Anthropology 29(1): 112-128.

Fitzhugh, William W.

2011   An Inuit Winter House on Petit Mecatina (Hare Harbor-1, EdBt-3) and Notes on the Harp Seal Failure of 2010. Provincial Archaeology Office 2009 Archaeology Review 9: 37-50.

Fitzhugh William W.

1994   Staffe Island I and the Northern Labrador Dorset-Thule Succession. In Threads of Arctic Prehistory: Papers in Honour of William E. Taylor, Jr., D. Morrison and J.-L. Pilon, editors: 239-268. Archaeological Survey of Canada Mercury Series Paper No. 149, Canadian Museum of Civilization, Hull.

Fitzhugh, William W., Anja Herzog, Sophia Perdikaris and Brenna McLeod

2011   Ship to Shore: Inuit, Early Europeans, and Maritime Landscapes in the Northern Gulf of St. Lawrence. In The Archaeology of Maritime Landscapes: When the Land Meets the Sea, edited by Ben Ford, pp. 99-108. Springer, New York.

Fleming, Laura Lee

2009   The Role of Governance and Knowledge Systems in Adaptation to Climate Change in Hopedale, Nunatsiavut. M.A. Thesis, University of Guelph, Guelph.

Germain, Alexandre

2007   Seeking Common Ground/trouver un terrain d'entente: Politics of National Park Establishment in the Torngat Mountains, Arctic Canada. M.A. Thesis, McGill University, Montreal.

Goldhar, Christina Alison

2011   Water Ways: Vulnerability to Freshwater Changes in the Inuit Settlement Region of Nunatsiavut, Labrador. M.A. Thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's.

Hancock, Gordon

2008   A Review of the 1771 Curtis Map. In Toponymic and Cartographic Research Conducted for the Labrador Metis Nation. Lisa K. Rankin, ed., pp. 21-32. Report on file with the Labrador Metis Nation, Goose Bay.

Hanrahan, Maura

2000   Industrialization and the Politicization of Health in Labrador Métis Society. The Canadian Journal of Native Studies 20(2): 231-250.

Hawkes, Ernest W.

1916   The Labrador Eskimo. Geological Survey of Canada Memoir 91.

Hay, Stephen

2008   The Creative Misunderstandings of George Cartwright: A Popular Culture in Cartwright's Labrador, 1770-1786. M.A. Thesis, Dalhousie University, Halifax.

Higdon, John

2005   Dating Late Thule/Historic Inuit Metal Use in Northern Labrador. BA (Hons) Dissertation Thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's.

Hennebury, Christine Chantel

1999   Gender and Spatial Analysis: An Eastern Thule Example. M.A. Thesis, The University of Manitoba, Winnipeg.

Hiller, James K

1977   Moravian Land Holdings on the Labrador Coast: A Brief History. In Our Footprints are Everywhere, C. Brice-Bennett ed., pp. 83-94. Labrador Inuit Association, Nain.

Hiller, J. K.

1971   The Moravians in Labrador, 1771-1805. Polar Record 15(99): 839-854.

Hiller, James K

1971   Early Patrons of the Labrador Eskimos: The Moravian Mission in Labrador, 1764-1805. In Patrons and Brokers in the East Arctic, R. Paine ed., pp. 74-97. ISER, St. John's.

Hiller, James K

1967   The Origins and the Early Years of the Moravian Mission in Labrador, 1752-1805. M.A.Thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland and Labrador, St. John's.

Hutton, S.K.

1912   Among the Eskimos of Labrador. J.B. Lippincott Co., Philadelphia.

Hutton, S.K.

1909   A Thesis on the Health and Diseases of the Eskimos. James Harwood, Derby.

Jordan, Richard

1978   Archaeological Investigations of the Hamilton Inlet Labrador Eskimo: Social and Economic Responses to European Contact. Arctic Anthropology, 15 (2): 175-185.

Jordan, Richard

1977   Inuit Occupation of the Central Labrador Coast Since 1600 AD. In Our Footprints Are Everywhere: Inuit Land Use and Occupancy in Labrador, C. Brice-Bennett ed., pp. 43-48. Labrador Inuit Association, Nain.

Jordan, Richard and Susan Kaplan

1980   An Archaeological View of the Inui/European Contact Period in Central Labrador. Études/Inuit/Studies 4(1-2): 35-45.

Josephs, Richard and Matthew Beaudoin

2010   Micromorphological Investigations of the Occupation Surface at Site FkBg 24: A 19th Century Multi Ethnic (Metis?) Sod House Floor, North River, Labrador. North Atlantic Archaeology 2: 67-80.

Jurakic, Irena

2007   Up North: European Ceramics and Tobacco Pipes at the Nineteenth-Century Contact Period Inuit Winter Village Site of Kongu (IgCx-7), Nachvak Fiord, Northern Labrador. M.A. thesis, Memorial University, St. John's.

Kaplan, Susan

1997   Developments in Labrador Inuit Archaeology Research. In Fifty Years of Arctic Research: Anthropological Studies from Greenland to Siberia, R. Gilberg & H.C. Gulløv, eds., pp. 181-186. Publications of the National Museum Ethnographical Series, vol. 18. Department of Ethnography, the National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen 1997.

Kaplan, Susan

1985   European Goods and Socio-economic Change in Early Labrador Inuit Society. In Cultures in Contact, edited by William Fitz-hugh, pp. 45-69. Smithsonian Institution, Washington.

Kaplan, Susan

1985   Eskimo-European Contact Archaeology in Labrador, Canada. In Comparative Studies in the Archaeology of Colonialism, edited by S. Dyson, pp. 53-76. British Archaeological Reports, International Series, 283.

Kaplan, Susan

1983   Economic and Social Change in Labrador Neo-Eskimo Culture. Ph.D. dissertation, Bryn Mawr College, Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania.

Kaplan, Susan and J.M. Woollett

2000   Challenges and Choices: Exploring the Interplay of Climate, History and Culture on Canada's Labrador Coast. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 32(2): 351-359.

Kennedy, John C.

2009   Two Worlds of Eighteenth-Century Labrador Inuit. In Moravian Beginnings in Labrador: Papers from a Symposium held in Makkovik and Hopedale, Hans Rollmann, ed., pp. 23-36. Faculty of Arts Publications, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's.

Kleivan, H.

1966   The Eskimos of Northeast Labrador: A History of Eskimo-White Relations 1771-1955. Norsk Polarinstitutt Skrifter No. 139, Oslo.

Lauze, Vincent

2012   A un pas de l'ethnogenese: Les individus d'ascendance mixte en Basse-Cote-Nord, 1850--1940. M.A. Thesis, Universite de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Que.

Loring, Stephen

1998   In Torngak's realm: the 19th-century photography of Moravian missionaries in Labrador. In Imaging the Arctic, Jonathan King and Henrietta Lidchi ed., pp. 207-220. British Museum Press, London.

Loring, Stephen & M. Cabak

2000   "A Set of Very Fine Cups and Saucers": Ceramics as an Example of Inuit Incorporation. International Journal of Historical Archaeology 4(1): 1-34.

Luttermann, Annette M.

2007   Historical Changes in the Riparian Habitats of Labrador's Churchill River Due to Flow Regulation: The Imperative of Cumulative Effects Assessment. Ph.D. Thesis, Dalhousie University, Halifax.

Luttermann, Annette

1995   Towards ecosystem-based management for protected areas through comprehensive land claims and interjurisdictional cooperation: A case study of the Torngat Mountain National Park proposal in Northern Labrador. M.E.S Thesis, Dalhousie University, Halifax.

Lutz, Maija M.

1982   Musical traditions of the Labrador coast Inuit. National Museums of Man Mercury Series Paper no. 78. National Museums of Canada, Ottawa.

Maggo, Paulus

1999   Remembering the Years of My Life: Journeys of a Labrador Hunter, Carol Brice-Bennett ed. ISER Books, St. John's.

Martijn, Charles A.

2009   Historic Inuit Presence in Northern Newfoundland Circa 1550-1800 CE. In Painting the Past with a Broad Brush: Papers in Honour of James Valliere Wright, edited by David L. Keenlyside and Jean-Luc Pilon, pp. 65-101. Canadian Museum of Civilization Mercury Series, Gatineau.

Martijn, Charles A.

1980   The Inuit of Southern Quebec-Labrador: A Rejoinder to J. Garth Taylor. Inuit Studies 4(1-2): 194-198

Martijn, Charles A. and L.J. Dorais

2001   Eighteenth- Century Innu (Montagnais) and Inuit Toponyms in the Northern Peninsula of Newfoundland. Newfoundland Studies 17 (2): 319-30.

Martijn, Charles A. and Norman Clermont, (editors)

1980   Les Inuit du Québec-Labrador Méridional / The Inuit of Southern Québec-Labrador. Études/Inuit/Studies 4 (1 & 2).

Martin, Debbie

2011   "Now we got lots to eat and they're telling us not to eat it": understanding changes to south-east Labrador Inuit relationships to food. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 70(4): 384-395.

McGrath, Robin

1988   A Bibliography of Labrador Inuit Literature. Unpublished file at CNS, Memorial University of Newfoundland and Labrador, St. John's.

Penny, Josie

2010   So Few on Earth: A Labrador Métis Woman Remembers. Dundurn Press, Toronto.

Reschny, Jamie

2007   Mining, Inuit Traditional Activities and Sustainable Development: A study of the effects of winter shipping at the Voisey's Bay Nickel Mine. M.A. Thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's.

Richling, Barnett

1989   "Very Serious Reflections": Inuit Dreams about Salvation and Loss in Eighteenth-Century Labrador Ethnohistory 36 (2): 148-169.

Richling, Barnett Edward

1979   Hard Times Them Times: An Interpretative Ethnohistory of Inuit and Settlers in the Hopedale District of Northern Labrador, 1752-1977. Ph.D. Thesis, McGill University, Montreal.

Rollmann, Hans.

2009   Moravian Beginnings in Labrador: Papers from a Symposium held in Makkovik and Hopedale. Occasional Publication of Newfoundland and Labrador Studies, No. 2, Newfoundland and Labrador Studies, Faculty of Arts Publications, St. John's.

Rollmann, Hans.

2002   Labrador Through Moravian Eyes: 250 Years of Art, Photographs & Records. Special Celebrations Corporation of Newfoundland and Labrador, Department of Tourism, Culture, and Recreation, St. John's.

Rollmann, Hans

1984   Inuit Shamanism and the Moravian Missionaries of Labrador: A Textual Agenda for the Study of Native Inuit Religion. Études/Inuit/Studies 8 (2): 131-8.

Savours, Ann

1963   Early Eskimo Visitors to Britain. Geographical Magazine 36.6: 336-343.

Scheffel, David

1981   The Demographic Consequences of European Contact With Labrador Inuit, 1800-1919. M.A. Thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's.

Schledermann, Peter

1976   Thule Culture Communal Houses in Labrador. Arctic 29(1): 27-37.

Schledermann, Peter

1971   The Thule Tradition in Northern Labrador. M.A. Thesis, Memorial University of St. John's.

Swinarton, Lindsay E.

2012   Dog Island, Labrador: The 2011 Field Season. Provincial Archaeology Office 2011 Archaeology Review 10: 169-171.

Swinarton, Lindsay E.

2008   Animals and the Pre-contact Inuit of Labrador: an examination using faunal remains, space and myth. M.A. Thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's.

Taylor, J. Garth

1990   The Labrador Inuit Kashim (Ceremonial House) Complex. Arctic Anthropology 27(2): 51-67.

Taylor, J. Garth

1988   Labrador Inuit Whale Use during the Early Contact Period. Arctic Anthropology 25(1): 120-130.

Taylor, J. Garth

1984   The Two Worlds of Mikak, Part II. The Beaver 31(4): 18-25.

Taylor, J. Garth

1983   The Two Worlds of Mikak, Part I. The Beaver 31(3): 4-13.

Taylor, J. Garth

1981   An Eskimo Abroad, 1880: his diary and death. Canadian Geographic 101(5): 38-43.

Taylor, J. Garth

1980   The Inuit of Southern Quebec-Labrador: Reviewing the Evidence. Études/Inuit/Studies 4(1-2): 185-193.

Taylor, J. Garth

1979   Indian-Inuit Relations in Eastern Labrador, 1600-1976. Arctic Anthropology 16(2): 49-58.

Taylor, J. Garth

1977   Traditional Land Use and Occupancy by the Labrador Inuit. In Our Footprints are Everywhere: Inuit Land Use and Occupancy in Labrador. C. Brice-Bennett ed. Labrador Inuit Association, Nain.

Taylor, J. Garth

1976   The Inuit Middleman in the Labrador Baleen Trade. Paper presented at 75th Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association.

Taylor, J. Garth

1974   Labrador Eskimo Settlements of the Early Contact Period. National Museums of Canada Publications in Ethnology, No. 9, Ottawa.

Taylor, J. Garth

1972   Eskimo Answers to An Eighteenth Century Questionnaire. Ethnohistory 19: 135-145.

Taylor, J. Garth

1969   William Turner's Journeys to the Caribou Country with the Labrador Eskimos in 1780. Ethnohistory 16(2): 141-164.

Taylor, J. Garth

1968   An Analysis of the size of Eskimo settlements on the coast of Labrador during the Early Contact Period. Ph. D. Dissertation, University of Toronto.

Taylor, James Garth & Helga Taylor

1977   Inuit Land Use and Occupancy in the Okak Region: 1776-1830. In Our Footprints are Everywhere Inuit Land Use and Occupancy in Labrador, Carol Brice-Bennett ed., pp. 59-82. Labrador Inuit Association, Nain, NL.

Trudel, Francois

1981   Inuit, Amerindians And Europeans: A Study of Interethnic Economic Relations on the Canadian Southeastern Seaboard (1500-1800). Ph.D. Thesis, The University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT.

Trudel, F.

1980   Les relations entre les Français et les Inuit au Labrador Méridional, 1660-1760. Études/Inuit/Studies 4(1-2): 135-146.

Tuck, James

1985   1984 Excavations at Red Bay, Labrador. In Archaeology in Newfoundland and Labrador 1984, edited by J.S. Thomson and C. Thomson, pp. 224-247. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador, St. John's.

Wheeler, Everrett Pepperell

1953   List of Labrador Eskimo place names. National Museum of Canada Bulletin No. 131, Ottawa.

Wheeler, Everrett Pepperell

1938   Topographical Notes on a Journey across Labrador. Geographical Review 28: 475-481.

Wheeler, Everrett Pepperell

1935   The Nain-Okak Section of Labrador. Geographical Review 25(2): 240-254.

Wheeler, Everrett Pepperell

1930   Journeys About Nain: Winter Hunting with the Labrador Eskimo. Geographical Review 20(3): 454-468.

Whitridge, Peter

2008   Reimagining the Iglu: Modernity and the Challenge of the Eighteenth Century Labrador Inuit Winter House. Archaeologies 4(2): 288-309.

Whitridge, Peter and James Woollett

2009   2008 Fieldwork at Green Island 6 and Napaktok Bay 1, Northern Labrador. Provincial Archaeology Office 2008 Archaeology Review 7: 147-154.

Woollett, James M.

2010   Oakes Bay 1: A Preliminary Reconstruction of a Labrador Inuit Seal Hunting Economy in the Context of Climate Change. Danish Journal of Geography 110(2): 245-259.

Woollett, James M.

2007   Labrador Inuit Subsistence in the Context of Environmental Change: An Initial Landscape History Perspective. American Anthropologist 109(1): 69-84.

Woollett, James Malcolm

2003   An Historical Ecology of Labrador Inuit Culture Change. Ph.D. Thesis, City University of New York, New York.

Woollett, James M.

1999   Living in the Narrows: Subsistence Economy and Culture Change in Labrador Inuit Society during the Contact Period. World Archaeology 30(3): 370-387.

Woollett, James M., Anne S. Henshaw and Cameron P. Wake

2000   Palaeoecological implications of archaeological seal bone assemblages: case studies from Labrador and Baffin Island. Arctic 53 (4): 395-413.

Woollett, James, N. Roy and N. Bhiry

2012   Environmental Change and Terrestrial Resource Use by the Thule and Inuit of Labrador, Canada. Geoarchaeology 27(1): 18-33.

Zutter, Cynthia

2009   Paleoethnobotanical Contributions to 18th-Century Inuit Economy: An Example from Uivak, Labrador. Journal of the North Atlantic 2(sp1): 23-32.