General Arctic Resources

The following list of publications, theses and other sources provides further information regarding a general history of the Arctic.

Aporta, Claudio

2003   Old Routes, New Trails: Contemporary Inuit Travel and Orienting in Igloolik, Nunavut. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Alberta, Edomton

Appelt, M., J. Berglund and H.C. Gulløv (editors)

2000   Identities and Cultural Contacts in the Arctic. Proceedings from a Conference at the Danish National Museum, Copenhagen. The Danish National Museum and Danish Polar Center.

Arneborg, Jette and Bjarne Grønnow (editors)

2006   Dynamics of Northern Societies: Proceedings of the SILA/NABO Conference on Arctic and North Atlantic Archaeology. National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen.

Baglow, John

2010   Foreign Bodies: The Etiology of Nunavut Governance. M.A. Thesis, Carleton University, Ottawa.

Behrisch, Erika Kathryn Renee

2002   Voices of Silence, Texts of Truth: Imperial Discourse and Cultural Negotiations in Nineteenth-Century British Arctic Exploration Narrative. Ph.D. Thesis, Queen's University, Kingston.

Bennett, John, and Susan Rowley (editors)

2004   Uqalurait: An Oral History of Nunavut. McGill-Queen's University Press, Montreal.

Begin, Maxime Steve

2004   Des radars et des hommes: Memoires inuit de la station Fox Main de la DEW Line (Hall Beach, Nunavut). M.A. Thesis, Université Laval, Quebec City.

Bergeron, Odile

2005   "Religion is not Inuit": Experience, identite et ontologie religieuses contemporaines des jeunes Inuit d'Iqaluit. M.A. Thesis, Université Laval, Quebec City.

Bernauer, Warren

2011 Uranium Mining, Primitive Accumulation and Resistance in Baker Lake, Nunavut: Recent Changes in Community Perspectives. M.A. Thesis, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg.

Binney, G.

1931   The Eskimo Book of Knowledge. Hudson's Bay Company, London.

Blake, Dale

2001   Inuit Life Writings and Oral Traditions: Inuit Myths. Educational Resource Development Co-operative, St. John`s.

Blakney, Sherrie Lee

2010   Connections to the Land: The Politics of Health and Wellbeing in Arviat Nunavut. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg.

Bonny, Eleanor Ayr

2008   Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit and Knowledge Transmission in a Modern Inuit Community: Perceptions and Experiences of Mittimatalingmiut Women. M.N.R.M Thesis, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg.

Bowes-Lyon, Lea-Marie

2006   Comparison of the socio-economic impacts of the Nanisivik and Polaris mines: A sustainable development case study. M.Sc. Thesis, University of Alberta, Edmonton.

Button, David Michael

2008   The Role of Fur Trade Technologies in Adult Learning: A Study of Selected Inuvialuit Ancestors at Cape Krusenstern, NWT (Nunavut), Canada 1935-1947. EdD. Thesis, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB.

Caseburg, Deborah Nancy

1993   Religious Practice and Ceremonial Clothing on the Belcher Islands, Northwest Territories. M.Sc. University of Alberta, Edmonton.

Charlebois, Shawn Lamont

1999   Paddling with the Ancestors: Elders' Perspectives on the Construction and Use of the Caribou Skin Qajaq. M.A. Thesis, The University of Manitoba, Winnipeg.

Davis, Jonathan Duffy

2008   Ethnobotany of the Copper Inuit of Kugluktuk, Nunavut, Canada. M.Sc. Thesis, California State University, Fullerton.

Colombo, John Robert (editor)

1981   Poems of the Inuit. Ottawa: Oberon Press.

Crass, Barbara Ann

1998   Pre-Christian Inuit mortuary practices: A compendium of archaeological and ethnographic sources. Ph.D. Thesis. The University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee.

Dawson, Peter C.

2002   Space Syntax Analysis of Central Inuit Snow Houses. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 21: 464-480.

Evans, K

1984   Edmund James Peck: his contribution to Eskimo literacy and publishing. Canadian Church Historical Society Journal 26: 58-68.

Evans, Michael Robert

1999   Frozen light and fluid time: The folklore, politics, and performance of Inuit video. Ph.D. Thesis, Indiana University, Indiana.

Field, Edward (translator)

1973   Eskimo Songs and Stories Collected by Knud Rasmussen on the Fifth Thule Expedition. Delacorte Press, New York.

Francis, Catherine Lee

1996   Bartering for Leviathan: The whale resource negotiations between the Inuit Circumpolar Conference and the International Whaling Commission, a case of cross-cultural negotiation. M.A. Thesis, Carleton University, Ottawa.

Friesen, T.M.

2004   Contemporaneity of Dorset and Thule Cultures in the North American Arctic: New Radiocarbon Dates from Victoria Island, Nunavut. Current Anthropology 45(5): 685-691.

Friesen, T. Max and Charles D. Arnold

2008   The Timing of the Thule Migration: New Dates from the Western Canadian Arctic. American Antiquity 73(3): 527-538.

Friesen, Trevor Max

1996   "Periphery" as a Centre: Long-Term Patterns of Intersocietal Interaction on Herschel Island, Northern Yukon Territory. Ph.D. Thesis, McGill University, Montreal.

Fritz, Stacey A.

2010   DEW Line Passage: Tracing the Legacies of Arctic Militarization. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks.

Gedalof, Robin

1979   An Annotated Bibliography of Canadian Inuit Literature. Department of Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, Ottawa.

Gedalof, Robin (editor)

1980   Paper Stays Put: A Collection of Inuit Writing. Drawings by Alootook Ipellie. Hurtig Publishers, Edmonton.

Gibbons, Roy C

2002   Aboriginal Participation in Commercial Fisheries of the Canadian North: The Inuit Experience. M.M.S. Thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's.

Gilberg,R . and H.C. Gullov (Editors)

1997   Fifty years of Arctic research: anthropological studies from Greenland to Siberia. Museum Ethnographical Series 18, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen.

Ginsburg, Faye

2003   Atanarjuat Off-Screen: From "Media Reservations" to the World Stage. American Anthropologist 105(4): 827-831.

Gislason, Robin

2007   Beluga co-management; Perspectives from Kuujjuarapik and Umiujaq, Nunavik. Master of Environment Thesis, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg.

Grønnow, Bjarne (editor)

2009   On the Track of the Thule Culture from Bering Strait to East Greenland : Proceedings of the SILA Conference "The Thule Culture - New Perspectives in Inuit Prehistory". Papers in Honour of Hans Christian Gulløv. National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen.

Hadley, Kristopher R.

2008   Assessing Thule Inuit Impacts on High Arctic Lakes and Ponds: A Paleolimnological Approach. M.Sc. Thesis, Queen's University, Kingston.

Harder, Miriam Teresa

2010   Traditional and Monetary Resource Sharing in an Inuit Ilagiit: Economic Relations in Clyde River, Nunavut. M.A. Thesis, McGill University, Montreal.

Henderson, Lyle

2005   Thule and Caribou Inuit Subsistence Strategies: Re-evaluating the Origins of the Caribou Inuit. M.A. Thesis, McGill University, Montreal.

Himpele, Jeff

2003   Introduction. American Anthropologist 105(4): 820-821.

Hiram, Lea

2005   Sens et sensibilite du savoir chez les Inuit des Iles Belcher (Nunavut). M.A. Thesis, Université Laval, Quebec City.

Hitch, Michael William

2006   Impact and Benefit Agreements and the Political Ecology of Mineral Development in Nunavut. University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ont.

Hodgetts, Lisa

2013   Gendered Inuinnait (Copper Inuit) Landscapes of Banks Island's Northern Interior, Arctic Canada, 17th -20th Centuries, A.D. Journal of Field Archaeology 38(1): 1-14.

Hollowell, Julia J

2004   "Old Things" on the Loose: The Legal Market for Archaeological Materials from Alaska's Bering Strait. Ph.D. Thesis, Indiana University, Indiana.

Hornagold, Louise

2004   Sustainability, Authenticity and Tourism Development in Nunavut. M.A. Thesis, Trent University, Peterborough.

Houston, James

2006   James Houston's Treasury of Inuit legends. Harcourt, Orlando.

Houston, James

1965   Tikta'Liktak: An Eskimo Legend. Harcourt, New York.

Hughson, Paula Kigjugalik

2010   Our homeland for the past, present and future: [Special characters omitted.] Akulliqpaaq Qamaniq (Aberdeen Lake) and [Special characters omitted.] Qamaniq Tugliqpaaq (Schultz Lake) landscapes described by Elder John Killulark. M.N.R.M Thesis, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg.

Huhndorf, Shari

2003   Atanarjuat, The Fast Runner: Culture, History, and Politics in Inuit Media. American Anthropologist 105(4): 822-826.

Imrie, Devin D.

2009   Inuit Knowledge and Adaptations to Sea Ice Change in the Belcher Islands, Nunavut. M.N.R.M Thesis, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg.

Jenness, Diamond

1923   Report of the Canadian Arctic Expedition 1913-1918, Vol. XII: The Copper Eskimos. Kings Printer, Ottawa.

Jenness, Stuart E.

2011   Stefansson, Dr Anderson and the Canadian Arctic Expedition, 1913-1918. A Story of Exploration, Science and Sovereignty. Canadian Museum of Civilization, Quebec. Mercury Series, History Paper 56.

Jenness, Stuart E.

1991   Arctic Odyssey: The Diary of Diamond Jenness 1913-1916. Canadian Museum of Civilization, Hull.

Johnson, Donald S.

2010   Close World-System Encounters on the Western/Central Canadian Arctic Periphery: Long-term Historic Copper Inuit-European and Eurocanadian Intersocietal Interaction. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg.

Johnson, Donald Steven

1999   Northern Periphery: Long-Term Inuit-European and -Euroamerican Intersocietal Interaction in the Central Canadian Arctic. M.A. Thesis, McGill University, Montreal.

Johansson, Karin

2008   Inuit safety culture and its potential influence on management practices in Auyuittuq National Park, Nunavut. M.N.R.M Thesis, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg.

Kendrick, Anne

1994   Community Perspectives, Caribou User Participation and the Beverly-Qamanirjauq Caribou Management Board in Northcentral Canada. M.A. Thesis, McGill University, Montreal.

Kennedy, M. P. J.

1993   Inuit literature in English: a chronological survey. Canadian Journal of Native Studies 13(1): 31-41.

Koke, Paul E.

2009   The Impact of Mining Development on Subsistence Practices of Indigenous Peoples: Lessons Learned from Northern Quebec and Alaska. M.A. Thesis, University of Northern British Columbia, Prince George.

Kowalchuk, Karen

2010   Inuit knowledge of mammal distribution in Nunavut: Applications in wildlife management and risk assessment. M.A. Thesis, University of Guelph, Guelph.

Krejci, Paul R.

2010   Skin Drums, Squeeze Boxes, Fiddles and Phonographs: Musical Interactions in the Western Arctic, late 18th through early 20th Centuries. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks.

Laidler, Gita Joan

2007   Ice, Through Inuit eyes: Characterizing the importance of sea ice processes, use, and change around three Nunavut communities. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Toronto, Toronto.

Langley, Lynita Sue

1994   Subsistence, Seasonality, and Gender: Processual and Post-Processual Approaches to Five Archaeological Sites in the Northwest Territories, Canada. M.A. Thesis, University of Alberta, Edmonton.

Le Moine, Genevieve Mary

1991   Experimental Analysis of the Manufacture and Use of Bone and Antler Tools among the Mackenzie Inuit. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Calgary, Calgary.

Lukens, Robert D.

2011   American Arctic Exploration A Social and Cultural History, 1890--1930. Ph.D. Thesis, Temple University, Philadelphia.

Lyons, Natasha, P. Dawson, M. Walls, D. Uluadluak, L. Angalik, M. Kalluak, P. Kigusiutuak, L. Kiniksi, J. Karetak and L. Suluk

2010   Person, Place, Memory, Thing: How Inuit Elders are Informing Archaeological Practice in the Canadian North. Canadian Journal of Archaeology 34(1): 1-31.

MacDonald, Martha (editor)

2010   Very Rough Country: Proceedings of the Labrador Exploration Symposium. Labrador Institute, Happy Valley-Goose Bay, NL.

Martin, Keavy

2012   Stories in a New Skin: Approaches to Inuit Literature. University of Manitoba Press, Winnipeg.

McGhee, R.

2009   When and Why Did the Inuit Move to the Arctic. In The Northern World AD 900-1400: The Dynamic of Climate, Economy, and Politics in Hemispheric Perspective, edited by Herbert Maschner, Owen Mason and Robert McGhee, pp. 155-164. University of Utah Press, Utah.

McGhee, Robert

2009   The Population Size and Temporal Duration of Thule Culture in Arctic Canada. In On the Track of the Thule Culture, From Alaska to East Greenland, edited by Bjarni Gronnow. National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen.

McGhee, Robert

2005   The Last Imaginary Place: A Human History of the Arctic World. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

McGhee, Robert

2001   The Arctic Voyages of Martin Frobisher: An Elizabethan Adventure. Canadian Museum of Civilization and McGill-Queen's University Press, Montreal and Kingston.

McGhee, Robert

2000   Radiocarbon Dating and the Timing of the Thule Migration. In Identities and Cultural Contacts in the Arctic: Proceedings from a Conference at the Danish National Museum, Copenhagen, Applet, Martin, Berglund, Joel & Gulløv, Hand Christian eds., pp. 181-191. The Danish National Museum & Danish Polar Center.

McGhee, Robert

1996   Ancient People of the Arctic. University of British Columbia Press, Vancouver.

McGhee, Robert

1994   Disease and the Development of Inuit Culture. Current Anthropology 35(5): 565-594.

McGhee, Robert

1978   Canadian Arctic Prehistory. Van Nostrand Reinhold, Toronto.

McGhee, Robert

1976   Differential Artistic Productivity in the Eskimo Cultural Tradition. Current Anthropology 17(2): 203-220.

McGrath, Robin

1999   Angulalik's Trial. The Beaver 79 (2): 20-29.

McGrath, Robin

1993   Samuel Hearne and the Inuit Oral Tradition. Studies in Canadian literature 18 (2): 94-109.

McGrath, Robin

1992.   The history of Inuit literacy in Labrador. The Newfoundland Quarterly 87 (Fall 91/Winter 92): 35-40.

McGrath, Robin

1988   "Monster Figures and Unhappy Endings in Inuit Literature." Canadian Journal of Native Education 15(1): 51-8.

McGrath, Robin

1988   "Words Melt Away Like Hills in Fog": Putting Inuit Legends Into Print. Children's Literature Association Quarterly 13(1): 9-12.

McGrath, Robin

1987   Editing Inuit Literature: Leaving the Teeth in the Gently Smiling Jaws. Children's Literature Association Quarterly, 1987 proceedings: 31-35.

McGrath, Robin

1984   Canadian Inuit Literature: The Development of a Tradition. National Museum, Ottawa.

Melchin, Nicholas

2010   "How frigid Zones reward the Advent'rers Toils": Natural History Writing and the British Imagination in the Making of Hudson Bay, 1741--1752. M.A. Thesis, University of Victoria, Victoria.

Miller, Elizabeth Mary

1994   Sewing and silence, sewing and struggle: Socializing women's work in Igloolik, Northwest Territories. M.A. Thesis, University of Windsor, WIndsor.

Morrison, David

1990   Iglulualumiut Prehistory: The Lost Inuit of Franklin Bay. Archaeological Survey of Canada Mercury Series Paper No. 142, Canadian Museum of Civilization Hull, Quebec.

Morrison, David

1989   Radiocarbon Dating Thule Culture. Arctic Anthropology 26(2): 48-77.

Mysak, Lawrence A.

2001   Patterns of Arctic Circulation. Science 293: 1269-1270.

Nadasdy, Paul

2002   'Property' and Aboriginal Land Claims in the Canadian Subarctic: Some Theoretical Considerations. American Anthropologist 104(1): 247-261.

Nakashima, Douglas J

1991   The Ecological Knowledge of Belcher Island Inuit: A traditional basis for contemporary wildlife co-management. Ph.D. Thesis, McGill University, Montreal.

Nelson, D. Erle & R. Mcghee

2002   Aberrant Radiocarbon Dates on an Inuit Arrowhead. Arctic 55 (4): 345-347.

Nickels, Scot

1992   Northern Conservation and Tourism: The Perceptions of Clyde River Inuit. M.A. Thesis, McGill University, Montreal.

Olofsson, Ebba

2004   In search of a fulfilling identity in a modern world: Narratives of indigenous identities in Sweden and Canada. Ph.D. Thesis, Uppsala Universitet, Sweden.

Park, Robert W.

2008   Growing Up North: Exploring the Archaeology of Childhood in the Thule and Dorset Cultures of Arctic Canada. Archaeological Papers of the American Anthropological Association 15: 53-64.

Park, Robert W.

1998   Size counts: the miniature archaeology of childhood in Inuit societies. Antiquity 72(276): 269- 281.

Park, Robert W.

1994   Approaches to Dating the Thule Culture in the Eastern Arctic. Canadian Journal of Archaeology 18: 29-48.

Park, Robert W.

1993   The Dorset-Thule Succession in Arctic North America: Assessing the Claims for Culture Contact. American Antiquity 58(2): 203-234.

Park, Robert W.

1988   "Winter Houses" and Qarmat in Thule and Historic Inuit Settlement Patterns: Some Implications for Thule Studies. Canadian Journal of Archaeology (12): 163-175.

Patton, A Katherine B

1997   The Ideological Dimensions of Whale Bone Use in Thule Winter Houses. M.A. Thesis, McGill University, Montreal.

Peplinski, Lynn

2001   Public Resource Management and Inuit Toponymy: Implementing Policies to Maintain Human-Environmental Knowledge in Nunavut. M.A. Thesis, Royal Roads University, Victoria.

Petrone, Penny

1992   Northern voices: Inuit Writing in English. University of Toronto Press.

Pollick, Jason

2003   Anguaks in Copper and Netsilik Inuit Spirituality. M.A. Thesis, Université Laval, Quebec City.

Procter, Andrea H

1999   Definitions and the defining process: "Traditional ecological knowledge" in the Keewatin region, Nunavut. M.N.R.M Thesis, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg.

Quinn, D. B.

1979   The Eskimo Brought by Frobisher in 1576 and 1577. In New American World: A Documentary History of North America, David B. Quinn ed., pp. 216-218. Arno Press, New York.

Rasmussen, Knud

2009 [1921]   Inuit folk-tales, with an introduction by Birgit Kleist Pedersen and Jette Rygaard ; afterward and translation by W. Worster. Adventures in New Lands, v. 2, International Polar Institute.

Riedlinger, Dyanna

2001   Community-based assessments of change: Contributions of Inuvialuit knowledge to understanding climate change in the Canadian Arctic. M.N.R.M Thesis, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg.

Rojas, Aluki

2001   Iglumi Isumatait: A reinterpretation of the position of Inuit women. M.A. Thesis, Trent University, Peterborough, Ontario.

Rollmann, Hans

2008   The Origin of Fog: A Labrador Inuit Folk Tale. Newfoundland and Labrador Studies 23 (1): 79-84.

Routledge, Karen

2011   In These Latitudes: American and Inuit Stories of Survival, 1850--1922. Ph.D. Thesis, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ.

Rowley, Graham W.

2007   Cold Comfort: My Love Affair With The Arctic. 2nd edition, McGill-Queen's University Press, Montreal.

Rowley-Conwy, Peter

1999   Introduction: Human occupation of the Arctic. World Archaeology 30(3): 349-353.

Rundstrom, Robert A.

1990   A Cultural Interpretation of Inuit Map Accuracy. Geographical Review 80(2): 155-168.

Sandlos, John Kurt

2004   Northern Wildlife, Northern People: Native Hunters and Wildlife Conservation in the Northwest Territories, 1894--1970. York University, Toronto.

Schledermann, Peter

1996   Voices in Stone: a personal journey into the Arctic past, Komatik Series No. 5, Arctic Institute of North America and the University of Calgary.

Schledermann, Peter

1976   The Effect of Climatic/Ecological Changes on the Style of Thule Culture Winter Dwellings. Arctic and Alpine Research 8(1): 37-47

Shannon, Kerrie Ann

1997   The Unique Role of Sled Dogs in Inuit Culture: An Examination of the Relationship between Inuit and Sled Dogs in the Changing North. M.A. Thesis, University of Alberta, Edmonton.

Shirley, James Malcolm

2002   Tracking Change: An Analysis of Efforts to Involve the Nunavut Public in Wildlife Monitoring. M.E.S. Thesis, Dalhousie University, Halifax.

Sisco, Ashley

2010   Becoming a Qallunologist: One Qallunaa's Journey Remembering Marble Island. M.A. Thesis, Carleton University, Ottawa.

Sjunner, Roger

2000   Traditional Knowledge and Global Politics: The Promotion of Inuit Culture. M.A. Thesis, McGill University, Montreal.

Stern, Pamela Rose

2001   Modernity at Work: Wage labor, Unemployment, and the Moral Economy of Work in a Canadian Inuit Community. Ph.D. Thesis, University of California, Berkeley.

Stevenson, Marc G

1993   Central Inuit social structure: The view from Cumberland Sound, Baffin Island, Northwest Territories. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Alberta, Edmonton.

Stewart, Andrew McLean

1993   Caribou Inuit Settlement Response to Changing Resource Availability on the Kazan River, Northwest Territories, Canada. Ph.D. Thesis, University of California, Santa Barbara.

Sturtevant, W.C.

1980   The First Inuit Depiction by Europeans. Études/Inuit/Studies 4: 47-49.

Taylor, Alexandra D M

2006   Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit about Population Changes and Ecology of Peary Caribou and Muskoxen on the High Arctic Islands of Nunavut. M.A. Thesis, Queen's University, Kingston.

Thompson, Caroline Joan

2008   Inside school administration in Nunavut: Four women's stories. Ph.D. Thesis, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario.

Vanast, Walter J

1996   Arctic Bodies, Frontier Souls: Missionaries and Medical Care in the Canadian North, 1896-1926. Ph.D. Thesis, The University of Wisconsin - Madison, Madison.

Van Deusen, Kira

2009   Kiviuq : an Inuit hero and his Siberian cousins. McGill-Queen's native and northern series 54, McGill-Queen's University Press.

VanNijnatten, Debora

1991   The power dynamics of Native participation and decision-making in the establishment of North Baffin National Park. M.A. Thesis, Queen's University, Kingston.

Veillette, Jean J., A. Dyke, and M. Roy

1999   Ice-flow evolution of the Labrador Sector of the Laurentide Ice Sheet: A Review, with New Evidence from Northern Quebec. Quaternary Science Reviews 18: 993-1019.

Wachowich, Nancy

2001   Making a living, making a life: Subsistence and the re-enactment of Iglulingmiut cultural practices. Ph.D. Thesis, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver.

Walls, Matthew D.

2008   Caribou Inuit Traders of the Kivalliq. M.A. Thesis, University of Calgary, Calgary.

Whitridge, Peter James

1999   The Construction of Social Difference in a Prehistoric Inuit Whaling Community. Ph.D. Thesis, Arizona State University, Phoenix.

Williams, Lisa A.

2010   Media, identity, and international relations: The Arctic and Inuit in film and Canada's Arctic foreign policy. Ph.D. Thesis, York University, Toronto.

Wise, Jonathan Alexis Elliott

2000   Photographic memory: Inuit representation in the work of Peter Pitseolak. M.A. Thesis, Concordia University, Montreal.

Wisniewski, Sylvie

2003   Knowledge and process: Thinking through Isuma's video. M.A. Thesis, York University, Toronto.

Woollett, James M

1991   Cultural Perceptions of Man-animal Relationships and Carcass Utilization. M.A. Thesis, University of Alberta, Edmonton.

Zernask, Linda Birgitta

1992   The Symbolic Language of Thule Ivory Combs: A Classic Expression of Continuity and Graphic Innovation in the Prehistoric Art of The Canadian Arctic. M.A. Thesis, Trent University, Peterborough.