Jacqueline Carter-Major

B.A. (Hons), M.A. Carleton University; D.Phil. University of Oxford

Associate Professor and Psy.D. Program Director; R. Psych.

Office: SN3078
Phone: (709) 864-8118
Email: jacqueline.carter@mun.ca
Affiliations: Clinical



I received my doctorate from the University of Oxford in 1997 under the mentorship of Professor Christopher Fairburn and completed my post-doctoral training at the Toronto General Hospital Eating Disorders Program in Toronto, Ontario. I practised as a registered psychologist in Toronto from 1999-2012 where I was a Staff Psychologist in the Eating Disorders Program of the Toronto General Hospital and an Associate Professor in Psychiatry at the University of Toronto as well as an Adjunct Professor in Psychology at York University.

Research Interests

To date, my research has focused on understanding the nature and maintenance of eating disorder psychopathology, evaluating psychological treatments for eating disorders, and identifying predictors and mediators of treatment outcome. My current research is focused mainly on understanding and treating Binge Eating Disorder.

Current research projects

Firstly, I am collaborating with Dr. Marion Olmsted at the University of Toronto Eating Disorders Program to study predictors and mediators of treatment outcome in anorexia nervosa. Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by an intense fear of weight gain, extreme dietary restriction, and the maintenance of an unhealthily low body weight even in the face of severe physical and psychological impairment.

Secondly, I am collaborating with Dr. Caroline Davis (York University) to conduct research on an addiction model of binge eating disorder and obesity. Binge eating disorder (BED) is characterized by recurrent episodes of binge eating in the absence of extreme methods of weight control. Most individuals with BED are overweight or obese.

Thirdly, funded by the RDC, I am collaborating with Dr. Guang Sun in the Faculty of Medicine at Memorial University to study psychological and biological factors associated with weight regain in obesity.

Finally, I am conducting a randomized controlled trial to examine the effectiveness of guided Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) self-help for binge eating disorder. This research is being funded by the Newfoundland Centre for Applied Health Research.

Selected Publications

Rowsell, M., MacDonald, D. & Carter, J.C. (2016) Emotion regulation difficulties in anorexia nervosa: associations with improvements in eating psychopathology, Journal of Eating Disorders, 4:17.

Kelly, A.C. & Carter, J.C. & (2015). Self-compassion training for binge eating disorder: A pilot randomized controlled trial. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory Research and Practice, 88, 285-303.

Carter, J.C. & Kelly, A.C. (2015). Autonomous and controlled motivation for eating disorders treatment: baseline predictors and relationship to treatment outcome. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 54(1), 76-90.

Vella-Zarb, R.A., Mills, J.S., Westra, H.A., Carter, J.C., & Keating, L. (2015). A randomized controlled trial of motivational interviewing for binge eating. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 48, 328-332.

Trottier, K., Carter, J.C., McDonald, D.E., McFarlane, T.L. & Olmsted, M.P. & (2015). Adjunctive Graded Body Image Exposure for Eating Disorders: A randomized controlled initial trial in clinical practice. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 48, 494-504.

Davis, C., Levitan, R.B., Kaplan, A.S., Kennedy, J. & Carter, J.C. (2014). Food Cravings, Appetite, and Snack-Food Consumption in Response to a Psychomotor Stimulant Drug: The Moderating Effect of ‘Food Addiction’. Eating Behaviors, 5(403), 1-8. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00403

Davis, C. & Carter, J.C. (2014). If Certain Foods are Addictive, How Might this Change the Treatment of Compulsive Overeating and Obesity? Current Addiction Reports, 1, 89-95. doi: 10.1007/s40429-014-0013-z

Yilmaz, Z., Davis, C., Loxton, N. Kaplan, A., Levitan, R., Carter, J. C. and Kennedy, J. (2014). Overeating mediates MC4R polymorphism and variation in body weight. International Journal of Obesity, 1-7. doi:10.1038/ijo.2014.79

Kelly, A.C.* & Carter, J.C. (2014). Eating disorder subtypes differ in their rates of psychosocial improvement over treatment. Journal of Eating Disorders, 2, 1-10. doi:10.1186/2050-2974-2-2

Kelly, A.C., Vimalakanthan, K., & Carter, J.C. (2014). Understanding the roles of self-esteem, self-compassion, and fear of self-compassion in eating disorder pathology: An examination of female students and eating disorder patients. Eating Behaviors, 15, 388-391. DOI: 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2014.04.008.

Kelly, A.C.*, Carter, J.C. & Borairi, S.* (2014). Are improvements in shame and self-compassion early in eating disorders treatment associated with better patient outcomes? International Journal of Eating Disorders, 1, 89-95. doi: 10.1002/eat.22196

Weiss, C.V.*, Mills, J.S., Westra, H. & Carter, J.C. (2013). Motivational interviewing as a prelude to intensive treatment for eating disorders: A randomized controlled study. Journal of Eating Disorders, 1:34. doi:10.1186/2050-2974-1-34

Davis, C., Loxton, N.J., Levitan, R.D., Kaplan, A.S., Carter, J.C. & Kennedy, J.L. (2013). 'Food Addiction' and its Association with a Dopaminergic Multilocus Genetic Profile. Physiology and Behavior, 118, 63-69.

Pedram, P., Wadden, D., Peyvan, A., Gulliver, W., Randell, E., Cahill, F., Vasdev, S. Goodrich, A. Carter, J.C., Zhai, G., Sun, G. (2013). Food Addiction: Its Prevalence and Significant Association with Obesity in the General Population. PLoS ONE 8(9): e74832. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0074832

Lipsman, N., Woodside, D. B., Giacobbe, P., Hamani, C., Carter, J. C., Norwood, S. J., et al. (2013). Subcallosal cingulate deep brain stimulation for treatment-refractory anorexia nervosa: A phase 1 pilot trial. Lancet. 381, 1361-70. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736

Kelly, A.C. & Carter, J.C. (2012) Why self-critical patients have more severe eating disorder pathology: The mediating role of shame. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 52, 148-161.

Kelly, A.C., Carter, J.C., Zuroff, D.C. & Borairi, S. (2012). Self-compassion and fear of self-compassion interact to predict response to eating disorder treatment: A preliminary investigation. Psychotherapy Research, 23(3), 252-264.

Carter, J.C., Mercer-Lynn, K.B., Bewell-Weiss, C.V., Crosby, R.D., Woodside, D.B., & Olmsted, M.P. (2012). A prospective study of predictors of relapse in adults with anorexia nervosa: Implications for relapse prevention. Psychiatry Research, 200, 518–523.

Carter, J.C., Norwood, S.J. & Kelly, A.C. (2012). Interpersonal problems in anorexia nervosa: Social inhibition as defining and detrimental. Personality and Individual Differences, 53(3), 169-174.

Davis, C. Fattore, L. Kaplan, A.S., Carter, J.C., Levitan, R.D. & Kennedy, J.L. (2012). The suppression of appetite and food consumption by methylphenidate: The moderating effects of gender and weight status in healthy adults. International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology, 15(2), 181-7.

Davis, C., Levitan, R.D., Zai, C. Carter, J.C., Kaplan, A.S., & Kennedy, J.L. (2011). Opiates, overeating, and obesity: A psychogenetic analysis. International Journal of Obesity, 35(10), 1347-54.

Davis, C., Curtis, C. Levitan, R.D., Carter, J.C., Kaplan, A.S., & Kennedy, J.L. (2011). Evidence that 'food addiction' is a valid phenotype of obesity. Appetite, 57(3), 711-717.

Carter, J.C. & Bewell-Weiss, C.V. (2011). Non-fat-phobic anorexia nervosa: Clinical characteristics and response to inpatient treatment. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 44, 220-224.

Bewell-Weiss, C.V. & Carter, J.C. (2010). Predictors of excessive exercise in anorexia nervosa. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 51(6), 566-571.

Davis, C. & Carter, J.C. (2009) Compulsive overeating as an addiction disorder: A review of theory and evidence. Appetite, 53(1), 1-8.

Davis, C., Levitan, R.D., Reid, C., Carter, J.C., Kaplan, A.S. & Kennedy, J.L. (2009). Dopamine for 'Wanting' and Opioids for 'Liking': Obese Adults with and without Binge Eating. Obesity, 17, 1220–1225.

Carter, J.C., McFarlane, T.L., Bewell, C.V., Olmsted, M.P., Woodside, D.B., Kaplan, A.S., & Crosby, R. (2009). Maintenance treatment for anorexia nervosa: Cognitive behavior therapy versus treatment as usual. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 42, 202-207.

Dimitropoulos, G., Carter, J.C., Schachter, R. & Woodside, B. (2008). Family functioning in carers of persons with anorexia nervosa. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 41, 739-747.

Carter, J.C., Bewell, C.V. & Devins, G.M. (2008). Illness intrusiveness in anorexia nervosa. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 64, 519-526.

Bewell, C.V. & Carter, J.C. (2008). Motivation to change mediates the impact of eating disorder symptomatology on treatment outcome in anorexia nervosa. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 41, 368-371.

Davis, C., Levitan, R.D., Carter, J.C., Kaplan, A.S., Reid, C., Curtis, C., Patte, K. & Kennedy, J.L. (2008). Personality and binge eating disorder: A case-control study. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 41, 243-250.

Coelo, J., Carter, J.C., McFarlane, T.L. & Polivy, J. (2008). "Just Looking at Food Makes Me Gain Weight": Experimental Induction of Thought-Shape Fusion in Eating-Disordered and Non-Eating-Disordered Women. Behavior Research and Therapy, 46, 219-228.

Davis, C., Levitan, R.D., Kaplan, A.S., Carter, J.C., et al. (2007). Dopamine transporter gene associated with appetite suppression to methylphenidate in a case-control study of binge eating disorder. Neuropsychopharmacology, 32, 2199-2206.

Carter, J.C., Bewell, C., Blackmore, E., & Woodside, D.B. (2006). The impact of childhood sexual abuse in anorexia nervosa. Child Abuse and Neglect, 30, 257-269.

Woodside, D.B., Carter, J.C., & Blackmore, E. (2004). Predictors of premature termination of inpatient treatment for anorexia nervosa. American Journal of Psychiatry, 161, 2277-2281.

Carter, J.C., Blackmore, E., Sutandar-Pinnock, K., & Woodside, D.B. (2004). Relapse in anorexia nervosa: A survival analysis. Psychological Medicine 34, 671-679.

Carter, J.C., Olmsted, M.P., Kaplan, A.S., McCabe, R.E., Mills, J., & Aime, A. (2003). Self-help for bulimia nervosa: A randomized controlled trial. American Journal of Psychiatry, 160, 973-978.

Sutandar-Pinnock, K., Woodside, D.B., & Carter, J.C. (2003). Perfectionism in anorexia nervosa: A 6-24 month follow-up study. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 33, 225-229.

Carter, J.C., Aimee, A., & Mills, J. (2001). Assessment of bulimia nervosa: A comparison of interview and self-report questionnaire methods. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 30, 187-192.

Carter, J.C., Stewart, D.A., & Fairburn, C.G. (2001). Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire: Norms for young adolescent girls. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 39, 625-632.

Stewart, D.A., Carter, J.C., Hainsworth, J., Drinkwater, J., & Fairburn, C.G. (2001). Modification of eating attitudes and behaviour in adolescent girls: A controlled study. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 29, 107-118.

Book Chapters

Olmsted, M.P., Carter, J.C. & Pike, K.M. (2011). Relapse prevention. Chapter in J. Alexander and J. Treasure (Eds.), A Collaborative Approach to Eating Disorders. London: Routledge.

Carter, J.C. & Davis, C. (2010). An addiction model of binge eating disorder. Chapter in B.A. Johnson (Ed.), Addiction Medicine: Science and Practice. New York: Springer.

Pike, K.M., Carter, J.C. & Olmsted, M.P. (2010). Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Anorexia Nervosa. Chapter in C. Grilos & J. Mitchell (Eds), Treatment of Eating Disorders. New York: Guilford Press.

Olmsted, M.P., McFarlane, T.L., Carter, J.C. et al. (2009). Inpatient and Day Hospital Treatment for Anorexia Nervosa. Chapter in C. Grilos & J. Mitchell (Eds), Treatment of Eating Disorders. New York: Guilford Press.

Olmsted, M.P., McFarlane, T.L., Carter, J.C. and Trottier, K. (2007). Assessment of eating disorders. Chapter in S. Wonderlich, J. Mitchell, M. deZwaan & H. Steiger (Eds.), Eating Disorders Review: Part II. Oxford: Radcliffe.

Olmsted, M.P., Woodside, D.B., Carter, J.C. et al. (2007). Intensive treatments for eating disorders. Chapter in Gabbard's Treatment of Psychiatric Disorders: New Revised Edition. Washington: American Psychiatric Press.

Woodside, D.B., Sonnenberg, S., Jonas, D., Young, K., Carter, J.C. et al. (2006). Inpatient treatment of anorexia nervosa. Chapter in P.J. Cooper & A. Stein (Eds.), Childhood Feeding Problems and Adolescent Eating Disorders. London: Routledge.

McFarlane, T.L., Carter, J.C., & Olmsted, M.P. (2005). Eating disorders. Chapter in M.M. Antony, D.A. Roth, & R.G. Heimberg (Eds.), Improving Outcomes and Preventing Relapse Following Cognitive Behavior Therapy: A Clinical Handbook. New York: Guilford Press.

Carter, J.C., McFarlane, T.L., & Olmsted, M.P. (2004). Psychometric assessment of eating disorders. Chapter in T.D. Brewerton (Ed.), Clinical Handbook of Eating Disorders. New York: Marcel Dekker.

Carter, J.C. (2001). Self-help in the treatment of eating disorders. Chapter in C.G. Fairburn & K.D. Brownell (Eds.), Eating Disorders and Obesity: A Comprehensive Handbook, Second Edition. New York: Guilford Press.

Fairburn, C.G., & Carter, J.C. (1997). Self-help and guided self-help for binge eating problems. Chapter in D.M. Garner & P.E. Garfinkel (Eds.), Handbook of Treatment for Eating Disorders. New York: Guilford Press.



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