Paul Ledger


Postdoctoral Fellow
Cross-appointed with Geography


Ph.D., University of Aberdeen, 2013


Office: QC 2013, Queens College
Phone: 709-864-8873

Research Interests

My research is interdisciplinary, drawing on palaeoecology, environmental archaeology, radiocarbon dating and Bayesian modelling. I am interested in chronology, the archaeology of the Norse North Atlantic diaspora and circumpolar hunter-fisher-gatherers in North America. In particular, I seek to illustrate how these groups impacted/interacted with their environment and how their palaeoenvironmental traces can be used to construct robust chronologies. Methodologically, this work draws me to small depositional settings recording localised environmental signals. When intimately associated with archaeological sites, such deposits are rich archives of chrono-cultural information. Currently, I am working on materials from the Port au Choix and L’Anse aux Meadows National Historic Sites.


Ledger PM, Forbes V, Masson-Maclean E, Hillerdal C, Hamilton WD, McManus-Fry E, Jorge A, Britton K, Knecht R (2018). Three generations under one roof? Bayesian modelling of radiocarbon data from Nunalleq, Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta, Alaska. American Antiquity 83: 505–524. DOI: 10.1017/aaq.2018.14

Mayoral A, Peiry J-L, Berger J-F, Ledger PM, Depreux B, Simon F-X, Milcent P-Y, Poux M, Vautier F, Miras Y (2018). Geoarchaeology and chronostratigraphy of the Lac du Puy intra-urban protohistoric wetland, Corent, France. Geoarchaeology 33: 594–604.
DOI: 10.1002/gea.21678

Miras Y, Ejarque A, Barbier-Pain D, Corbineau R, Ledger PM, Riera Mora S, Garreau A, Voldoire O, Allain E, Mangado Llach J, Sanchez de la Torre M, Martinez Grau H, Bergada MM, Smith S (2018). Advancing the analysis of past human/plant relationships: methodological improvments of artefact pollen washes. Archaeometry 60: 1106–1121.
DOI: 10.111/arcm.12375

Ledger PM (2018). Are circumpolar hunter-gatherers visible in the palaeoenvironmental record? Pollen-analytical evidence from Nunalleq, southwestern Alaska. The Holocene 28: 415–426. DOI: 10.1177/0959683617729447

Ledger PM, Edwards KJ, Schofield JE (2017). Competing hypotheses, ordination and pollen preservation: landscape impacts of Norse landnám in southern Greenland. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 236: 1–11. DOI: 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2016.10.007

Ledger PM, Forbes V, Masson-Maclean E, Knecht RA (2016). Dating and digging archaeology in circumpolar North America: a view from Nunalleq, southwestern Alaska. Arctic 69: 378–390. DOI: 10.14430/arctic4599

Britton K, McManus-Fry E, Nehlich O, Richards M, Ledger PM, Knecht R (2016). Stable carbon, nitrogen and sulphur isotope analysis of permafrost preserved human hair from rescue excavations (2009, 2010) at the precontact site of Nunalleq, Alaska. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 17: 950–963 DOI: 10.1016/j.jasrep.2016.04.015

Ledger PM, Edwards KJ, Schofield JE (2016). The biogeographical status of Alnus crispa in sub-Arctic southern Greenland: do pollen records indicate local populations during the past 1500 years? Polar Biology 39: 433–441. DOI: 10.1007/s00300-015-1790-0

Tipping R, Beresford A, Cook G, Hamilton D, Harrison JG, Jordan J, Ledger PM, Mauquoy D, McArthur J, Morrison S, Paterson D, Russell N, Smith D (2016). Landscape dynamics and climate change as agents at the Battle of Bannockburn. In: Penman P (ed.) Bannockburn 1314-2014: battle and legacy, proceedings of the 2014 Stirling conference. Shaun Tyas, Donington p. 111-128.

Ledger PM, Miras Y, Poux M, Milcent PY (2015). The palaeoenvironmental impact of prehistoric settlement and proto-historic urbanism: tracing the emergence of the Oppidum of Corent, Auvergne, France. PLOS One.DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0121517

Ledger PM, Edwards KJ, Schofield JE (2015). Taphonomy or signal sensitivity in palaeoecological investigations of Norse landnám in Vatnahverfi, southern Greenland? Boreas 44: 197–215. DOI: 10.1111/bor.12089

Miras Y, Beauger A, Lavrieux M, Berthon V, Serieyssol K, Andrieu-ponel V, Ledger PM (2015). Tracking long-term human impacts on landscape, vegetal biodiversity and water quality in the lake Aydat catchment (Auvergne, France) using pollen, non-pollen palynomorphs and diatom assemblages. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 424: 76–90. DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2015.02.016

Ledger PM, Edwards KJ, Schofield JE (2014). A multiple profile approach to the palynological reconstruction of Norse landscapes in Greenland's Eastern Settlement. Quaternary Research 82: 22–37. DOI: 10.1016/j.yqres.2014.04.003

Ledger PM, Edwards KJ, Schofield JE (2014). Vatnahverfi: a green and pleasant land? Palaeoecological reconstructions of environmental and land-use change. Journal of the North Atlantic 6: 29–46. DOI: 10.3721/037.002.sp605

Tipping R, Cook GT, Mauquoy D, Beresford A, Hamilton D, Harrison JG, Jordan J, Ledger PM, Morrison S, Patterson D, Russell, Smith D (2014). Reconstructing Battles and Battlefields: Scientific Solutions to Historical Problems at Bannockburn, Scotland. Landscapes 15: 119–131. DOI: 10.1179/1466203514Z.00000000030

Ledger PM, Edwards KJ, Schofield JE (2013). Shieling activity in the Norse Eastern Settlement: palaeoenvironment of the 'Mountain Farm', Vatnahverfi, Greenland. The Holocene 23: 810–822. DOI: 10.1177/0959683612472002

Schofield JE, Edwards KJ, Erlendsson E, Ledger PM (2013). Palynology supports ‘Old Norse’ introductions to the flora of Greenland. Journal of Biogeography 40: 1119–1130.
DOI: 10.1111/jbi.12067


Department of Archaeology

230 Elizabeth Ave, St. John's, NL, CANADA, A1B 3X9

Postal Address: P.O. Box 4200, St. John's, NL, CANADA, A1C 5S7

Tel: (709) 864-8000