B.A. (Archaeology), University of Toronto
Sclerochronology; subsistence strategies; seasonal settlement patterns; oxygen isotope analysis; trace element analysis.
The ethnographic record describes Indigenous peoples on the Pacific Northwest Coast as hunter-fisher-gatherers who took advantage of specific, seasonally available, dietary resources. However, the archaeological record suggests that subsistence and seasonal settlements patterns were not universal along the coast. These patterns have been interpreted through shellfish analysis for the northern and central coasts, while there has been limited research on the southern coast. My Master’s research will focus on British Columbia’s southern coast’s subsistence and seasonal settlement patterns and will be incorporated with existing data to develop a pan-coastal understanding of variability in shellfish harvesting strategies and seasonal site occupation on the Pacific Northwest Coast.
I plan to investigate seasonal subsistence and settlement strategies on the Pacific Northwest Coast through the analysis of Saxidomus gigantea shells recovered from 3 archaeological sites near Sechelt, British Colombia. My main research goals are to: 1) identify the season shellfish were gathered and, by proxy, the season of site occupation; 2) determine the role of shellfish in local economies; and 3) interpret the nature of the regional seasonal settlement patterns on the southern coast of British Columbia. I will conduct micro-growth and oxygen isotope analysis on the Sechelt shells to determine shellfish gathering pressure and the season of shellfish collection. Furthermore, I plan to explore the potentials of trace element analysis on archaeological shells in palaeoclimate reconstruction.