4. Newfoundland in the Glooscap Myth of the Nova Scotian Micmac:

A Wizard Carries Off Glooscap's Housekeeper

Once when Glooscap was living near Menagwes, he went out on a six weeks' hunting-excursion. While he was gone , a wizard named Winpe came along with his wife and child; and finding the Kesegoocskw and Marten by themselves in the wigwam, he took them prisoners and carried them on to Pasummookwoody, thence over to Grand Manan and Yarmouth, and then on to Newfoundland, before Glooscap overtook and recovered them.

Meantime Glooscap had gone on as far as Quaco. He returned home just in time to see the canoe pushing off from shore with the captives; so he called to the old woman to send back his little dogs, which she had taken with her. She accordingly placed the two tiny animals upon the dish in which the Indians toss their dice, put the dish upon the water, and then gave it a push towards the shore; straight forward it flew, bearing its precious burden, which reached the master's hand in safety.

Glooscap then remained a long time by himself before he set out to release the captives,-some accounts say three months, some say seven years. He finally determined to pursue and bring them home. But he was not going to take the trouble of following all the way on foot; he had horses at his beck, that could covey him through the water. He went down to the shore and sang; soon his obsequious servant, the whale, made his appearance, and awaited his pleasure. He descended and tried him; but the whale, being too small, sank under Glooscap's weight. Glooscap then called another, a larger one, which came alongside; knowing her to be sufficiently strong, he stepped off on her back. She pushed on until she began to mistrust that the land was near. She had no wish to run ashore; so she called and asked, Moonastabakunkwijeanook? ("Does not the land begin to show itself in the form of a bowstring?") Glooscap replied that they were still far from land. So on she went, until the water was so shoal that they could hear the clams singing. She could not understand what they said; but they were exhorting her to throw Glooscap off and drown him, as they were his enemies. Bootup asked Glooscap what the clams were saying in their song. "They tell you to hurry me on as fast as possible," said Glooscap. So the whale put on all steam, and was suddenly grounded high and dry. "Alas, my grandchild!" said she, "you have been my death. I can never get out of this." "Never you mind, Noogumee," said Glooscap; "I'll set you right." So on leaping ashore he put the end of his bow against the whale, and with one push sent her far out to sea. Bootup lighted her pipe, and pushed leisurely for home, smoking as she went.

Glooscap now began to search for the trail of his enemy, Winpe, who carried off his family. He came to a deserted wigwam, but he found a small birchen dish which had belonged to Marten; knowing the age of the dish, he gained all the information he desired. The foe had been gone from this place three months, moving on to the eastward. Glooscap pushed on in pursuit, and in due time arrived at Ogumkegeak (Liverpool), where he discovered another deserted wigwam. But looking round, he found one wretchedly poor-looking lodge, with a decrepit old hag in it doubled down with age, and apparently helpless. She was covered with vermin, and earnestly requested him to aid her in getting rid of them. Glooscap knew well what all this meant: she was not what she seemed, but an artful sorceress, his deadly foe, bent on his destruction. He said nothing, however, but complied with her request. She bent her head forward, and he soon discovered that her hair was filled with live toads. He picked them out one by one, and pretended to kill them by cracking a cranberry each time between his teeth; the toads he placed under a large dish that stood by, bottom upwards. The old woman was soon mesmerized by the gentle and soporific manipulations of the mighty personage who had taken her in hand, and was soon snoring soundly on the boughs. Glooscap went on. Soon the sorceress awoke, and found that she had been outgeneralled. She was furious, and pursued him in her rage, determined to be avenged. Her magical servants had escaped from their cage, and were hopping about in all directions; they soon covered the face of the earth.

Glooscap, however, was in no danger, and he therefore had no fear. He carried in his bosom two little dogs, not much bigger than mice, but which could in an instant assume the size and fury of the largest animals of their genus. As soon as the woman approached, Glooscap unleashed the hounds. He told them beforehand that as soon as he commanded them not to growl, to spring up on her; and the more he called them off, the more furiously they were to tear her. She paused at their formidable appearance, shrank back from their growling, and called to him to take care of his dogs. He shouted lustily to them to be quiet; but they raged all the more furiously, and soon tore her in pieces. He now moved on until he came to the top of a high mountain, where he could see a long way off. In the distance he saw a large wigwam. There an old couple resided who were wizards, and who hated Glooscap. They had two daughters, whom they sent out to encounter him. They gave to them a portion of sausage made of bear's-meat, to put round his neck; this was to kill him, and they were to bring to their parents for food a similar portion of his intestines. Glooscap gave his dogs the hint, and let them go; as soon as they began to growl at the girls, he commanded them to be quiet, telling them that these girls were his sisters. The dogs rushed on, and tore them to pieces. He took out the part the father desired, and, looking into the wigwam, said, "Was this the food you wanted?" Throwing it around the old man's neck, he caught him up and went on; he soon reached the main sea, and following the shore, he came to the old camping-places of Winpe. He always examined the wichkwedlakuncheejul (little bark dishes) left behind, which gave him all the information he needed; he found that he was rapidly gaining upon the enemy. He now went on; but before he reached the Strait of Canso he had to call up one of his marine horses to ferry him over, and then went on. Passing down the coast of Oonumage, he arrived in due time at Uktutun (Cape North), and found that the parties had left three days before for Uktukamkw (Newfoundland). Again he sang and charmed a whale to his aid, which (perhaps we should say who, since he has reason and intelligence) conveyed him safely to the other side. He now came up to where the party passed the previous night, and pushing on, soon overtook his old housekeeper, weak and tottering with ill-usage and hunger, and carrying on her back the starved and attenuated form of Marten. They were lagging behind, unable to keep pace with their persecutors, whom, however, they were obliged to follow. Marten, having his face turned backward, was the first to discover his friend, to whom he shouted most lustily for help and food. But the old woman would not believe that Glooscap was so near. "Your brother is not here," she said despondingly; "we left him far, far behind." But Marten, catching another glimpse, called out at the top of his voice, Nsesako! Nsesako! ookwojeguneme weloo ("My brother, feed me with the marrow of a moose's shin-bones!") The old lady now looked back and saw her friend, and fell fainting with joy.

When she came to, she gave an account of the capture and the cruel treatment she had received. "Never mind," said Glooscap, "I'll punish him."

Before they came up to the place where Winpe had pitched his tent, Glooscap gave Marten his instructions, and concealed himself near at hand. Marten had to fetch water for the party, and tend the baby in his swing, and carry it about on his back. He went for water when directed, and then, in accordance with his instructions, put into it all kinds of filth. Uksaa! ("Horrors!") exclaimed Winpe, and ordered him to go for more. Marten made a spring and tossed the baby into the fire, then ran for dear life towards the place where Glooscap was concealed, shouting, Nsesako! Nsesako! ("My brother! my brother!) Winpe pursued him, vowing vengeance, and telling him exultingly, "Your brother cannot help you. He is far enough away, where we left him; and, though you burn the world up, I'll seize and kill you."

Glooscap leaped up from his hiding-place and confronted the foe, who stopped suddenly at the unexpected site, but offered battle, and challenged Glooscap to the fight. Stepping back a few paces, Winpe prepared for the conflict by rousing all his magical powers. He swelled out his corporeal dimensions until his head almost reached the clouds, and his limbs were large and lusty in proportion. It was now Glooscap's turn to put on strength, and he overtopped his foe by mighty odds; his head went up far above the clouds. Winpe, seeing this, owned that he was beaten. "You have conquered and killed me!" he exclaimed. Glooscap gave him one tap with his bow, using no other weapon, and the huge form of his foe tumbled down dead. Winpe's wife was not molested, but she was ordered to leave and go immediately anywhere she pleased; she accordingly decamped.

Glooscap found on the island of Newfoundland a village of Indians, friends of his, called Kwemoo (Loons). As in all such cases, these Indians were at one time people, and at another time real loons. They entertained their king and benefactor, who bestowed many favours and wholesome counsel upon them, and directed them to think of him and to call for him when they needed his aid. This is the origin of the shrill and peculiar cry, or howl, of the loon; when they utter this cry, they are calling upon Glooscap.

Leaving his island friends, the loons, Glooscap called up one of his sea-horses and crossed back to Nova Scotia, landing at Piktook.{5}

Glooscap and the Beaver: How Glooscap formed Nova Scotia

One time there was the old woman and Glooscap living there a long while, and any way one time he had a brother who was a mink. A little black mink. They was living there in Newfoundland, an' one time this Glooscap was a great hunter. He was a powerful man, went hunti' aroun' Newfoundland. At last he come to a beaver dam. He looked at it and said, "I'm goin' t' try get one them beavers." Well, he went to work and broke the dam. While he was brokin' the beaver dam, an' the beaver got away, then he lost him. Then this beaver come 'cross in Cape Breton. Well, he got him lost. He don't know what to do. Well, he had big canoe. He said, "Goin' to see if I can't get that beaver," an' he went to work an' launched canoe in Newfoundland. He left his grandmother and little brother an' come 'crost at a place where there is a rocky ledge shaped like a broken canoe. He got there an' struck that rock, an' canoe got leak. He say, "Well, I'm goin' t' leave this canoe here." There yet. Well, he got off an' foot it. Come roun' to Newfoundland side, kep' trackin' this beaver, an' this beaver come 'crost to the mouth of Dorchester. From there you kin see rily waterall time. He see rily water, say, "That's the place that beaver went. I'm goin' t' follow that water, maybe I find beaver." Got to Cape Dory. Stop there takin' rest. Went work gettin' some seal. He got some seal an' some kind o' fish. Says, "I'll fry some o' this oil an' grease out o' the seal." He cut it up fine so it fry good. Got a pot,-Espence's Island, nearby, that was his pot. When he got t'rough, then he t'row this meat aroun' the shore. The light stones there are the fat he threw aroun'. He took the pot an' turned it upside down. It's there yet,-Espence's Island. He remained there a while, huntin' aroun'. He got to the mainland on this side. "Now," he said, "I'm goin' to try for moose." Had his dog an' bow an' arrow. Then while he was in the yard he lost his moose. Then he chased him, an' this dog of his kind o' rattled too, an' he couldn't track this moose very well. He got left. Both of them got left at the split rock. He got to the shore an' saw the moose swimmin' toward St. John way. That's at Isle Holt. Well, he lost him, so he said to the moose, "You'll stay there." That's Isle Holt. An' he look at his dog, he say, "You goin' t' stay here too an' watch for that moose." You can still see that dog's head at Cape Split. He left the island, got roun' on this side shore, come to beaver dam again. What he mus' do, break it again. He took stick an' break it. The water lowered down an' the Beaver go up Truro way. Rily waters there too. When he broke the dam he left two cliffs standing right up. You kin see them on a bright day jus' like piers. Then he walk roun' watchin' for that beaver come out somewhere. Well, then, he saw rily water goin' up to Truro way. Beaver came down by Kentville. He was watchin' aroun' Cape Rummerton (Blomidon?) on a big high mountain. He come down an' got him at Berwyck. He went work, pick up stone. Beaver come an' cross over this way. He got him, hit him in head. He went down an' skinned him. Two little lakes in the middle of the bog where he left his gall an' liver, them's Berwyck. He spread that beaver out where the bog is. You kin see the stone he used- salt water stone-pretty big.{6}

Glooskap Transforms Two Girls

Gluskap would walk over the water to Newfoundland, spearing eels. Two pretty girls said, "Now let us go and watch Gluskap going out to spear eels." Gluskap heard them, he can hear whatever you say, however far away. The girls were looking out of a stone window. He said, "You can stay there a while, watching me." So there they still are, bear-headed, with two strings of beads on, looking out of the window, waist high.{7}



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