By Orpheus Iunior,
For the generall and perpetuall Good of
Great Monarch, though You with Apollo's lore,
And with your Fathers rules are polisht more:
Though You of riper Iudgements doe not want
Proiectours rare, and full as elegant;
Disdaine not yet to marke what we entend,
And to Your Grace by Orpheus recommend.
Though we no Gold, nor Precious Stones present,
The value notwithstanding here is sent;
King Gyges Ring to see the Cause of harmes,
A New-found Fleece to rayse both Arts and Armes.
Christ was wel pleas'd with the poore widowes mite;
No lesse a Larke excels the greatest Kite.
A little Part a wise King will preferre
Of Practick Art before all Dreames, that erre.
MAgne, Monarcha, licet scriptis ab Apolline
Vdicious Readers, in this busie time I know you will wonder, how I dare bring forth new Proiects shadowed vnder a glorious Title to reforme Errours, and to restore Trading, when men of farre greater vnderstanding doe find themselues puzled, grauelled, and almost at their wits end, accounting the taske to exceed all the labours of Hercules. The presumption, I confesse, is great. Yet when I had called to mind that Action of Diogenes, how he tumbled vp and downe his Tub very laboriously at such time, when all his Neighbours prepared themselues for Armes, I resolued likewise to do somewhat, and by tossing too and fro the barrell of my Conceits, albeit barren and inferiour vnto many thousands in this Kingdome, to encourage others to lend their hands vnto the Publicke prop, if not perpetually to secure it, yet for a time to stay it, vntill their wisdomes had concluded on stronger meanes. Among many Remedies, which I haue heere produced, perhaps they may light on some not to bee contemned. At the least those which are Thriftie, will con mee thankes for reprehending of multiplicities of Law Suits and Prodigality: Both which do keep our State in an vnder ballance. The one vice disunites our hearts from /the: 4/ the harmony of Concord; making vs vnworthy of the Communion of Saints, and consequently of the Lords Table, and the other disperseth our substance, that wee cannot yeeld sufficient supplies to saue the honour of our Countrey. What a masse of treasure doe we yeerely spend in forreigne Commodities? What abundance of Silkes doe we consume on our backes? What a deale of Gold and Siluer lace? while the wary Spaniard, who hath the Indies in possession, contents himselfe with his owne Fashion and lesser moderation both in Apparell and Diet. The Dutch they follow no extrauagant Attires. Euery man is distinguished in his Ranke: some by wearing a Copper Chaine, others a Siluer; and the Nobler of Gold. In France the meanersort of women weare Hoods of Taffata, other of Satten, and the better of Veluet. No man intrudes into anothers vocation. But with vs, Ioane is as good as my Lady, Citizens Wiues are of late growne Gallants. The Yeoman doth gentilize it. The Gentleman scornes to be behind the Nobleman. Yea, many are not ashamed to goe as braue as the King. And if a Wiseman chance to taxe them for their prodigall humour: They will answere, that it is for the credit of the Kingdome; which indeed is a most weake excuse: for what redounds to the publike damage, and losse ought not to be termed honourable, as not safe nor worthy for a discreet Inhabitant to vaunt of. Such gaudie sights neuer last aboue a nine dayes wonder, nay, sometimes one only day, like your Pageants, /and: 5/ and then the memory becomes stale, their Silkes out of fashion. But the example, like a Leprosie, is transferred from the Court to the Citie, from the Citie to the Countrey. Of these and many other abuses, which our State had need to looke into, I purpose in this Treatise to discourse, submitting the necessitie of their Reformation to the Higher Powers consideration, as is meete and conuenient. In the first Part I will endeuour to remoue the Errours of Religion, in the Second the Diseases of the
Y Masters, You that slight the first Lesson of the Psalmes, you that plot at home,like craftie Crowders, to reape the fruits of all painfull Trades without wetting your Cats feet, though the Fish bee neuer so dearely prized, you I say, who repose your chiefest Felicitie in playing on the Violl of Fraud, and in idelizing a painted Strumpet, come not at Colchos, nor presume yee once, more then Tantalus, to touch the Golden Apples of our Hesperides. There lies a Couple of Dragons in the way. Pinge duos Angues, facer est locus. The Place is not for you. They that labour not with sweate, shall not taste of our Sweete. Keepe yee then at home, like Clinicall Apes to your Clogges. As a blacke Sheepe among some of you is accounted a perillous beast; no lesse offensiue is the grimme Porter of the Golden Ile. Yea and the Ramme, which beares the precious Fleece, hath /Hornes: b:7/
Hornes more piercing then Pikes to assault the assaylant Lozell. It is good sleeping in a whole Skin. Follow the example of Gryllus, who liked so well of his Epicurean and Swinish shape, that when the wise Vlysses had wrought the meanes for all his Companions to resume their manly formes from their sensuall and beastly shapes, into which the Witches of this enchanting World had metamorphosed them, he vtterly refused to returne into a reasonable Creature, saying, that of all formes, hee best agreed with the Hogges, Epicurus de grege Porci.
It is pittie therefore to reforme and reclaime any against their wills. If wallowing in mire doe so delight you, returne to your dunghils, vntill you grow fit for fat Bacon, Or else you may petition to Circe and Calypso to conferre on you the shape of Ganders, and to hisse brauely vntill the Foxes steale vpon you. O imprudent Readers! Will you still lull in the bosome of carelesse Securitie? Will you neuer leaue your carping at vertuous Proiects?
When the Raine raineth, & the Goose winketh,
Little knowes the Gander, what the Goose thin-
Little know you what your Wiues and children are like to suffer after these stormes. Little know you, or at least your hearts, like Pharaohes, are so hardned that you seeme not to know it,that the chiefest Cause of our Decay of Trading proceeds by Prodigality & the multiplicities of Law Suites nourished for some /pri-: 8/ priuat mens aduantage. Veritas non quaerit angulos. The way of Truth is plaine without indirect turnings. This is the effect and euent of your vncharitablenesse. I write not in passion, that our iudicious Senatours should esteeme my words, like the fortune of Cassandra, who was said to haue the Gift of true Prophesie, but withall such ill lucke, that none would belieue whatsoeuer shee prophesied. Now the Impostume is ripened, and Time the Discouerer of deceits hath made it manifest, that nothing hinders neighbourly loue, and the vnion of mindes for the execution of Noble Actions, as much as malicious rancour and ciuill discord at home.
It is in vaine for mee to diswade you from enuying and inueighing at our Golden Fleece, seeing our Preachers with their more Diuine admonitions haue missed to conuert you. Hisse then and spare not. Continue still in your customary courses of scoffing and scorning, vntill you smart at last for your Sardonicall Spleenes and ominous laughter.
But what a preposterous thing is it, That the Member which Nature formed to vtter the glory of the Creatour, to serue like a Golden Trumpet, or sweet sounding clapper in the Bell of Gods Temple to conuert Sinners, to comfort the sorrowfull should degenerate from the proper Office, for which it was ordained? and now to become so much peruerted, as to flout at all good endeuours? Eyther leaue off your mocking, or make the World partaker of a better worke. /Cum: b2:9/
In the meane space, as long as like Mules you claw one another, I assure yourwise Masterships, that you shall but minister matter to Buffones of rederision, as some of your alliance sometimes felt from the mouth of Tarleton, who being vpon the Stage in a Towne where he expected for ciuill attention to his Prologue, and seeing no end of their hissing, hee brake forth at last into this Sarcasmicall taunt:
I liu'd not in that Golden Age,
WE need not now cõplaine for want of Trade,
Sith frõ the West we golden wares may lade;
Which Orpheus shewes in this his Golden Fleece,
A Trade more rich, then Iason brought to Greece
From Colchos Land; if by our slouthfull ease
And wanton Peace we lose not the encrease.
What I first chalkt two yeeres at Cuperts Coue,
New Cambriols Planter sprung from golden-groue,
Old Cambriaes Soile, vp to the Skies doth rayse.
For which let Fame crown him with sacred Bayes.
[Marginal Note: Cambrensa Caroleia.] [Marginal Note: The New-found Politicke.]
ORpheus but late our Woods did make to ring,
And to his Harp great Charles his Carols sing.
Since that he toucht vpon th'Italian shore,
Whence Boccalinies Newes of State he bore.
But Orpheus now forsaking Easterne Greece,
From Westerne Colchos brings the Golden Fleece;
Which no Eutopia is, nor Fairy-land,
Yet Colchos in Elisian Fields doth stand.
Three luckie Births his Braine makes to appeare,
Whereas most Creatures breed but once a yeare.
Men Hercules among the Starres did put,
Cause Hydraes triple Head He off had cut.
Vnto the Spheare shall He aduanced bee?
And our new Orpheus haue no high degree?
Three Monsters Heads that lops off at one blow,
Errour, Vice, Want, which in our Country grow?
The One foule mouthed Cerberus did quell,
And chayning fast, him dragged about Hell:
The Other Errour, which in Hell was bred,
Hath by strong Reasons bound and Captiue led.
The Augean Stables He of filth did cleanse:
The Other Men, of vice and foule Offence.
Th'Hesperian Apples He by waking got:
But Orpheus greater Gaine doth vs allot.
For which let Paris iudge, who now shall haue
The Golden Apple, which the World doth craue?
O How my heart doth leape with Ioy to heare,
Our New-found Ile by Britaines prized deare!
That hopefull Land, which Winters sixe I tri'd,
And for our Profit meet, at full descri'd.
If Hope of Fame, of quiet Life, or Gaine
May kindle Flames within our minds againe:
Then let vs ioyne to seeke this Golden Fleece,
The like ne're came from Colchos into Greece.
Orpheus remoues all Errours from the way,
And how this Land shall thriue, he doth bewray
Thus ships & coine increase, wh~e least we thought,
For Fish and Traines Exchange, and all vnbought,
IOHN MASON. /11/
THe occasion of this Treatise, called the Golden Fleece. And the Reasons which moued the Authour to intermingle merrie and light conceits among matters of consequence. Page 1.
The great care, which Apollo takes for the Monarchy of Great Britaine.
The singular and respectiue loue, which hee beares towards the hopefull and magnanimous King Charles.
And how by his Proclamation, he caused Mariana the Iesuite to bee apprehended for animating Subiects against their naturall Prince. pag. 18.
The Conuiction of Mariana the Iesuite by the Testimonies of the Scriptures, and of the Ancient Fathers.
Apollo condemnes Mariana the Iesuite, to be tortured in Phalaris hisBrazen Bull, and banisheth the pernicious Sect of Iesuites out of the Territories of Parnassus. pag. 30.
How Doctor Wicliffe of Oxford, espying in a Church at Athens, a Franciscan Frier a kissing of a Maid of Honour belonging to the Princesse Thalia, brought S. Frances to surprize them, who of meere Idiotisme applaudes the Fact. pag. 38
Doctor Wicliffe conuerts Saint Frances and the kissing Frier before Apollo.
Saint Frances defendeth the cause, and discouereth seuen sorts of kisses.
Apollo refuteth his defence, condemnes the Frier, and abolisheth all Monasticall Orders. pag. 39.
Apollo censureth Thalia and her Gentlewoman for their lasciuious prankes; and reformeth the Comicall Court. pag. 50
The Author of the Nuns discouery at Lisbon exhibits a complaint to Apollo against Father Foster the Frier, Confessor to the English Nunnery at Lisbon, for committing carnall copulation with sundry of them.
Apollo makes a discourse of Auricular Confession, adiudgeth Foster to Ixions Wheele, and suppresseth all Nunneries. pag. 59.
Thomas Becket of Canterbury, accuseth before Apollo Walter de Mapes Archdeacon of Oxford in King Henry the Seconds time, for defending the Marriage of Priests against the Pope of Romes Decree. pag. 65.
Walter de Mapes is commanded by Apollo to defend his Positions against the Pope and Becket, who accordingly obeyeth, and prooues the lawfulnesse of /Cler: 13/ Clergie-mens Marriage, both by the Testimony of the Scripture, and of the Ancient Fathers. pag. 68.
Apollo reuerseth the Popes Canon made against the Marriage of the Clergie, and to that purpose sends out a Proclamation.
Apollo vpon Information giuen him by the Greek Church of Images, erected by the Pope in the Westerne Churches, and of Inuocations on Saints confuteth these Idolatrous Traditions, both by the Testimonie of the Scripture, and by the Positions of the Primitiue Church. pag. 74.
Martine Luther arriuing at Parnassus, shewes to Apollo, how the Popes vnder colour of redeeming mens Soules out of Purgatorie, vsed to conicatch Christians by the sale of Pardons.
Apollo condemnes both the Fable of Purgatorie, and the vse of Popish Pardons. pag. 81.
Gratian the Canonist conuents the Waldenses and Albigienses before Apollo for celebrating diuine seruice in their Country Language, and not according to the Rites of the Romish Church.
Zuinglius defends their cause by the Authoritie of the Scriptures and of the Primitie Church.
Apollo pronounceth a definitiue Sentence against the Pope, on the behalfe of the Waldenses and Albigienses. pag. 85.
Berengarius reneweth his opinion of the Lords Supper, and proues both by the Scriptures and by the Authoritie of the most ancient Fathers of the Primitiue Church, that the same is to be taken after a spirituall manner, and in commemoration of the Lords death. pag. 91.
The Romish Church accuseth the Church of AEthiopia, for denying to acknowledge her to be the Mother and Catholike Church.
The Patriarch of Alexandria challengeth the Primacie ouer that Church, and proues the Pope of Rome to be an Intruder, and to haue no Right at all ouer the Church of Aethiopia.
Apollo determineth the difference by discouering the wayes how the Pope got the Supremacy ouer the Westerne Churches, and how both he and the generall Councels erre in matters of Faith.
Scotus the Master of subtill Questions conuents Sir Geffrey Chaucer for calling the Pope Antichrist, and comparing the Romish Church to the griping Griffon, and the true Church to the tender Pellican. pag. 110.
Sir Geffrey Chaucer being prouoked by Scotus to defend his Cause, proues the Pope to bee the great and uniuersall Antichrist prophesied in the Scriptures. pag. 121.
Apolloes iudgement of Chaucers Apologie concluding that the Pope is the great Antichrist. pag. 131
Apolloes sentence promulgated for the Impurity of the Church Militant.
Doctor Whitgift Archbishop of Canterbury, complaines against Cartwright, Browne, and other Puritane Separists, for inuaighing against their Superiours.
Apollo condemnes this Sect, exhorting them to vnitie and to return to the bosome of their Mother Church. pag. 133.
The memorable Synod of Dort accuseth Arminius before Apollo, for broaching out of new Opinions in the Church to trouble the braines of the weaker.
Apollo confutes Arminius, and sheweth what a sober minded Christian oughtto conceiue of deepe Mysteries.
Arminius is commanded to recant. pag. 137.
The conclusion of the first Part. pag. 146.
MAlines and Misselden, two Merchants of Great Brittaine, doe seuerally declare their Opinions touching the Decay of Trade, and the Causes of the vnder-ballance of their Natiue Commodities with the Forraigne, which were brought into that Kingdome.
Apollo bewaileth their miserie, and commands a further enquirie to be made of the Causes. pag. 1.
Apollo causeth a Iury to bee impanelled out of the Vniuersities of Oxford, Cambridge, S. Andrewes, Aberdine, and the Colledge at Dublin, to finde out those persons which sold Ecclesiasticall Liuings.
The Presentours discouering some, bring them before Apollo.
His Maiesties censure, with his discourse of the Right of Tithes. pag. 6.
Vpon a Bill of Complaint exhibited by AEschines and Papinian, against Rewards vnequally conferred on persons of meane desert and descent, Apollo pronounceth aperemptorie Doome.
Hugh Broughton vpon some discontentment taken in seeing his inferiours promoted to eminent places before himselfe, complaineth vnto Apollo, that Florio, /Deane: 17/ Deane of Thaliaes Chappell, prophaned the sacred name of the Letany, by singing the same intermixt with triuiall toyes.
Apollo causeth Florio to repeat his Letany. pa. 18.
Apollo, after some shew of distaste against Florio, for his new morall Letany, at the last giues him leaue to defend it.
Florio in a briefe Oration declares the reasons, why hee inuented such a strange forme of Letany.
Apollo pronounceth his Censure. pag. 26.
Apollo asketh the Author of the Golden Fleece wherefore his Countreymen of Wales, hauing the commodiousnesse of the Sea with a large scope of land, are notwithstanding very much impouerished of late.
The Author imputes the cause vnto the multitude of Law Suites. pag. 29.
Orpheus Iunior exhibits a Petition vnto Apollo to diminish the number of Lawyers, and to punishtheir offences.
Apolloes Answer, shewing how they may bee restrained and punished. pag. 36.
Bartolus and Plowden, by the instigation of the Iesuiticall Faction, doe appeach Orpheus Iunior before Apollo, for certaine Offences supposed to bee committed by him. pag. 40.
Apollo commanding Orpheus Iunior to answer the Accusation of Bartolus and Plowden, who obeying extolleth Charitie, taxeth Conicatching and Hatred, and commends the Lawes.
Apollo smiled to see the impudencie of these Lawyers, yet not to seeme partiall in his Seruants cause, he commanded Orpheus to defend himselfe, who thus began. pag. 44.
The learned Vniuersities of Great Brittaine do find themselues agrieued, that Popish Physicians are permitted to practice Physick in this Kingdome.
Apollo remedies their grieuances; and decreeth that the Popish presume not to minister Physicke to any Protestant, but to them of their owne Sect. p. 54.
The Nobilitie of Parnassus do complaine, that their Inferiours with their Wiues do weare richer Apparell then themselues, shewing likewise, that they haue encroached on other Priuiledges oftheirs to bee burried in Coaches, by which presumptions many other corruptions are lately crept into Apolloes Court. p. 57.
Apollo commands certaine of his Attendants to prescribe remedies, how Husbands should liue with their Wiues chastly, and without iealousie to be Cuckolded, as also how men should contemne the baites of beautifull Women. pag. 62.
A Corollary or an epitomized Censure of Apollo pronounced after the aforesaid Opinions deliuered touching the Election of Wiues and their vsage. p. 72.
Cato the Censour of good manners hauing arrested certaine Persons a drinking more then the Lawes prescribed them, brings them before Apollo.
His Maiestie reproues them for their Drunkennesse, and banisheth them for euer out of the precincts of Parnassus.
The Authour of this Treatise called the Golden Fleece, exhibits a Bill of Complaint against the Tobacconists of Great Britaine.
Apollo condemnes the immoderate vse of Tobacco, and recommends the care of the extermination thereof to the Clergie and to the Temporall Magistrate. pag. 78.
Traiano Boccalini the Authour of the Booke called the New-found Politicke complayneth to Apollo, that the Seuen Wisemen of Greece, who were put in trust to reforme the World, did deceiue his Maiesties expectation; and that the World was worse then euer it was.
Apollo retires himselfe in discontent, but at length by the Fraternitie of the Rosie Crosse, he is comforted and walks along with them in Procession. pag. 83.
The foure Patrones or Patriarches of Great Britaine doe sing in Procession the ensuing Rithmes.
Apollo pronounceth a conclusiue Oracle to remedie all Abuses, preparing the way to the Golden Fleece. pag. 87.
Orpheus Iunior sheweth that one of the chiefest causes of the Decay of Trading in Great Britaine, proceeded by the rash Aduentures of the Westerne Merchants in passing the Straits of Gibraltar, and in fishing on the Coast of Newfoundland, without wasting ships to defend them from Pirats. pag. 102.
Orpheus Iunior is required by Apollo to discouer where the Golden Fleece lyes.
Orpheus performes his Maiesties commandement, shewes that there bee sundry kindes of the Golden Fleece, all which, after an allusion to the English natures, he reduceth into one mayne Trade, to the Plantation and Fishing in the Newfoundland. The generall cause, which moued Orpheus to regard this Golden Fleece.
Orpheus Iunior particularizeth the manifold benefits of the Golden Fleece, which might serue to repaire the decay of Trade, lately complained of in Great Britaine, and to restore that Monarchie to all Earthly happinesse. pag. 11.
Apollo calls an Assembly of the Companie, for the Plantation
of Newfoundland, where Master Slany, Master Guy, and others, meeting by his Maiesties commandement, Captaine Iohn Mason is willed to disclose, whether the Golden Fleece bee there, wehre Orpheus Iunior alledged it to be. Captaine Mason auerreth it to bee in the same Iland more abundantly then in any other place.
Apollo commands Iohn Guy, Alderman of Bristow, to shew how the Plantations in the Newfoundland might bee established and secured from the cold vapours, and foggie mists which in the Spring are supposed to molest that Country. pag. 26.
Sir Ferdinando Gorge is accused by the Westerne Fishermen of England, for hindering them of their stages, to dry their Fish in New England, and from trading with the Sauages for Furres and other commodities. Ferdinando Gorge his answere. Apollo reconcileth their differences. pag. 30.
Apollo mooued to pitie vpon a Petition preferred vnto him by certaine Saylers Widowes, whose Husbands perished in the Voyages vnder the East Indies Company, causeth foure famous Knights of Great Britaine, Sir Francis Drake, Sir Martin Frobisher, Sir Henry Middleton, and Sir Thomas Button, to signifie their opinions, where about the best passage to the East Indies did lie. pag. 39.
Apolloes censure of Sir Thomas Buttons Voyage to the Northwest Passage.
His directions for the preseruation of health in frostie seasons, and for the preuenting of the Scuruy.
An Elegie in their commendations which aduen- /tured:23/ tured their persons for the discouerie of the aforesaid Passage.
The Merchants of Lisbone doe complaine on the English and Hollanders, for trading into the East Indies for Spices, Drugges, and other Commodities. Apollo reiecteth their complaints, and aduiseth how they may saile thither with lesser inconueniences, then heretofore. pag. 51.
Apollo sends for some of the Merchants Aduenturers of euery seuerall Company out of Great Britaine, graceth them with his countenance, and promiseth them the continuance of his Fauours.
Apollo to make the Golden Fleece a complete Catholike Restoratiue to the State of Great Britaine, commands the Seuen Wisemen of Greece to declare out of their experience, some more meanes for the inriching of that State: which they seuerally performe. pag. 59.
Apollo not throughly contented with the proiects of the seuen wisemen of Greece, commands others, viz. Cornelius Tacitus, Comminaeus, the Lord Cromwell, Sir Thomas Chaloner, Secretary Walsingham, Sir Thomas Smith, and William Lord Burleigh, who were knowne to be farre more Politick Statesmen, to deliuer their opinions, how Great Britaine might be inriched.
The Order, which Apollo tooke for the setling of the Golden Fleece, before his late Progresse into the Tropicke of Cancer, recommending the same to the care of the Fraternitie of the Rosie Crosse, the foure Patrons of Great Britaine.
The consultation of the foure Patrons for the good of Great Britaine. The copy of Saint Dauids Sonnet, which he pronounced in the Amphitheater at Parnassus, in honour of the King of Great Britaines Mariage and Coronation. pag. 81.
Vpon an Information preferred before the Ladie Pallas against Scoggin and Skelton, for interrupting of Saint Dauid in his Sonnet, Shee vtters some Obseruations on the behalfe of the Learned, and thereby takes an Occasion to banish all Scoffing Companions from Parnassus, and from becomming at any time after partakers of the Golden Fleece, discouered in this Treatise.
The Conclusion of Orpheus Iunior to his Souereigne, the King of Great Britaine. pag. 95.
These pages constructed by Duleepa Wijayawardhana