1st It was begun by the instrumentality of John Jones concerning him it may be observed 1st that he was a person of mean parentage(1) and of little (or no) Education; so that it may be truly said he was no prophet nor the Son of a prophet(2) hence is also verified the holy saying that God chuses the foolish things of the world to confound the wise, and God hath chosen the weak things of the world to confound the things which are mighty and the base things of the world and things which are despised hath God chosen, yea and things which are not, to bring to nought things which are(3) ......


That the said Jones was born and bred in the Dissenting principles and strictly reared therein under which at fourteen and fifteen he experienced many devout affections and had much pleasure in religion many times tho in general thirsted after and comi tted henious sins ......


That it was by the benevolence of those people he got what little learning he had and might have acquired much more had it not been for his natural wicked disposition which exceeded most peoples ......


That when about Twenty years of age in the year 1757 he enlisted himself in the Royal Regiment of Artillery(4) where he gave loose to every passion more than ever and sought every delight in so much that the Oxx never dra nk water more greedily than he drank iniquity. [2]


That in 1765 he was ordered to this place(5) where for the first five years he more than formerly roll'd in all manner of abominations - but in the year 1770 the Lord was pleased to say hitherto shall thou go but no further and then brought him to a sence of his danger and made him cry out what should he do to be saved ......(6)


That this the Lord did by his own finger without the least help of the ordinary means there being not one at that time in the place that apparently sought God - hence he often looked upon himself as born out of time and touching the means without father and without mother ......


That in 1773 he was ordered to England where landing at Chatham in Kent(7) he soon joined a dissenting Church there who went by the name of the Whitfieldites(8) at this place he drank freely the sincere milk of the word with which his soul grew - abundantly; of this Church too much cannot be said for - discression, Love, Humility, and Zeal for Gods' glory ......


Being much refreshed and a little established in the doctrines of Grace and Truth he was in 1775 again ordered to this Country and place(9) greatly contrary to his will and the intentions of those of his friends as to tem poral things, but true is the saying What I do now thou knowest not but thou shall know hereafter(10) ......


During the Passage(11) which was long tedious and dangerous for the first time he ever prayed in public he kept prayers [3] morning and evening read Sermons and Prayed on the Sabbath his struggles on these occasions are not to be expressed but the duty was binding Let your light shine(12) ......

2nd Concerning St. Johns tis hard to say there were three people in it that made any consience of religion or payed any regard to words or actions that were not sensurable by Law, or that did not defame their character, as to the Sabbath it was nothing thought of except sometimes by going to what they call Church(13) from whence most would go to the Tavern, in short all seriousness or any thing like vital religion was reprobated by all from the Prophet downwar ds, true religion counted Enthusiasm and madness, and a man could not expose him self to redicule and contempt more than by living soberly singing praises and making prayer to God for all were gone a stray from the Prophet to the P riest, from the highest to the lowest and truly he that departed from evil made himself a prey ......

3rd Concerning the work how begun and from time to time carried on together with some few hints respecting the opposition and encouragements from 1775 to 1783 ......

First The said Jones with a Serjeant(14) and his Wife who came in the same Company Kept Prayers together in Jones's Room(15) all the Summer 1775, during which time the Lord was pleased to work upon the mind of the present Goaler and three Soldiers One of the Infantry and two of the Artillery who made them Six in number.

2nd Being thus increased they drew up some articles for their own goverment(16) and agree'd to present a petition to the Majestrates for the use of the Court House to meet in on Wednesday and [4] Sabbath Even ings promising not to interfere with Church hours which request was granted very readily(17) here Jones who was mouth to the little Society at first did nothing but sing Hymns Pray read a Sermon and close with Prayer with t he others, at length he used to exhort from part of the Sermon which had a greater effect upon the minds of the believing hearers and by their persuations he frequently omitted reading and expounded from a portion of Scripture the first was Bretheren s uffer a word of exortation(18) to their Meeting many used to come merely out of curiosity and for diversion to hear what the Babler had to say, this winter the Lord was pleased to work upon the mind of Nathan Parker(19) one of the present Elders

3rd In the Spring 1776 on the arrival of the new Governor (Montagu)(20) they were by his order forbid the use of the Court House(21) they retired to Jones's Room where many used to come from the Town but this privilidge was soon taken from them and all Towns folks forbid his Room being thus circumstanced they were oblidged to meet the remaining part of the Summer upon the Barrens every Lords Day when the weather would permit,(22) this Summer Wallis F. Lang(23) the other present Elder joined them with one more, this Summer they were indeed like partridges upon the Mountains(24) ......

4th In Autumn they came to a determination to Build [5] some little place of their own in order to worship God in, for there was not any in the Town that would let a Room to them, accordingly they set a day apart for fasting prayer and humiliation before God, that he would bless and support prosper and direct them, or, if what they were going about were contrary to his will he would prevent it, this done, and finding great strength from the first of Haggai(25) they engaged with the above Lang as carpenter and with another as Labourer under him to prepare the Stuff, yet here arose a great difficulty, not being able to raise a fourth part of the money requisite between them all, however with a humble dependance upon the Almighty they proceeded, and in obedience to the word went up to the Mountains to prepare the Stuff and then it was that the Lord took off the restraint of the Garrison and made way for them to take a Room in Town,(26) wherein they met once every Wednesday Evening and three times on the Sabbath the whole Winter, during which time they had two joined ......

5th In the Spring 1777 the Timber &a being brought out the frame of the House was raised and made Tenantable by the Labour of the two Elders and some little help from another man in Twenty Eight days to the admiration of friends and enemies,(27) as soon as it was ready they entered with joyful hearts that God had done so much for them but their joy did not last long, the Governor arriving was in a great rage and with many bitter Oaths declared he would pull it down Stick and Stone(28) but finding the ground Lease good he came to a [6] resolution to send Jones to Placentia(29), however the Lord in whose hands are the hearts of all and who says unto the proud waves hitherto shall ye go and no further permitted him to go so far and then put his Hook in his Nose and turned him back by the way he came, so that he did them no harm but rather good in as much as it made them fast and pray live humbly before the Lord and dependent upon him, the Lord was pleased to bless and increase them ......

6th In August 1778 Jones was again ordered to England with the Company to which he belonged,(30) the Society after Fasting and Prayer sent him a unanimous Letter and also a duplicate and triplicate of it requesting him to quit the Army and return to them as their Pastor under God,(31) he readily accepted the call and conditions notwithstanding some struggles arising from great offers made him in the Army,(32) And by the advice of the Revd. Messrs. Christopher Mends, Plymouth,(33) Herbert Mends, Sherborne,(34) John Crisp, Ringwood,(35) Edward Ashburner, Poole,(36) William Gray, Stalbridge,(37) Joseph Wilkings, Weymouth,(38) Simon Reader, Wareham,(39) James Rooker, Bridport,(40) and John Berry, Shaftesbury,(41) who all signed his Certificate as Minister of the Gospel - he under the favourable providences of a good God arrived here on the Ninth of July 1779 ......

7th On the Nineteenth July presented to the Magistrates for a licence according to Law the following being a true copy, Viz.

To the Worshipfull Edward Langman(42) and Nicholas Gill(43) Esqrs. His Majesties justices of the peace for this District, [7]

The Memorial of John Jones


That your Memoralist being appointed by a Presbytery of Dissenting Ministers in England to be Pastor of a Society of that profession at this place, And being no[w] arrived by the unanimous invitation of the said Society and having taken Councels advice on the occasion before he embarked and stated to him the application he heretofore made to your Worships for that purpose; was answered that your Memoralist had thereby done his duty according to Law and advised him to reapply to your Worships for a licence as a Dissenting Preacher(44) your Memoralist therefore most humbly hopes that your Worships will be pleased to grant his request, and as in duty &a

To this the Worshipfull Mr. Gill gave a ready and hearty consent but Mr. Langman was in a great rage vowing there should be no leave granted and that he would send Constables to stop him if he after that presumed to go any further(45) but this did not prevent the Church's assembling, tho with daily expectation of recieving Orders by the officers of the peace to the contrary ......

8th On the Lords day first of August the Governor being arrived(46) about the middle of the afternoon service Jones was served with the undermentioned Order by Peagum the Constable(47) Viz ......

"Mr. John Jones

I have laid your Memorial before the [8] Governor and have it in command from him to Order you to desist from your proceeding in preaching and holding such unauthorised Meetings and Assemblies in this place, and I have it in Orders from his Excellency the Governor to signify to you that if after this Notice you do proceed to preach and hold such unwarrantable Meetings and Assemblies for the future in this Harbour you must expect to answer the consequences attending such your bold and unlicensed proceedings, I therefore now order you to desist "from such doings for the future, as your compliance hereto will prevent such consequences, you otherwise will be subject to(48)


Dated at St. Johns Edward Langman

26th July 1779 Justice Peace

Upon receipt of this Order Jones immeadiately left off preaching read the above to the Congregation and then with the Society retired to his Lodging where they ended the devotion of the day

9th On the 21st of August Jones with Parker & Lang the two Elders presented the following Petition to his Excellency the Governor

St. Johns Newfoundland 21st August 1779

To his Excellency Richard Edwards Esqr. Governor and Commander in Chief in and over this island &a &a &a

The Humble Petition of John Jones


That your Excellencies Petitioner being approved in [9] England by Dissenting Ministers to be Pastor of a Society of that Profession at this place, and being lately arrived by their unanimous invitation, He on the 19th day of last Month Petetioned the Magistrates for a Licence to preach the Gospel to the said Society which request they have been pleased not only to refuse him the grant of but furthermore the Revd. Mr. Langman wrote him a Letter dated the 26th ult. containing a peremptory Command to desist which he received on Sunday the 1st Inst. from a Constable shewing "him at the same time his Authority for that purpose from the above Revd. Gentleman, your Excellency's petitioner being at time in the Service and Worship of God, when he instantly acquiesed in the injunction, notwithstanding his unspeakabl[e] reluctance at being prohibited; and as the Letter expressly asserted that it is in consequence of your Excellencies Orders, he most dutifullly begs leave to apprehend that he has been represented in an untrue and undeserving light, Nevertheless being consious that the guilty may on several occasions state their case equally advantagous with innocent, he will not plead on that subject, but if a few Letters from Major Williams of the Artillery (in whose Company he "has served several years)(49) together with a Certificate from Mr. John Lees the Barrack-Master at this place under whom he has likewi[se] served in that Department,(50) be adjudged necessary to "be produced he has them by him for your Excellencies inspection, and if another Certificate [10] from some principle persons residing here respecting his general character may be required to add weight to what may be inferred from the writings of the above Gentlemen, he will esteem it an extreem honour done him to wait on your Excellency therewith, and was fully determined to have laid his intentions so supported before your Excellency at the first convenient oppertunity after your Excellencys arrival had not the Revd Magistrate told him that he would produce the Memorial he had so lately receiv'd on the same occasion, he therefore beseeches permission to declare as a Christian that his views intentions and meaning were to endeavour to convince sinners of their errors and convert them to a state of Grace wherein it evidently appears with the divine blessing of God that they have in a few instances not gone without their reward, he now begs leave to submit the affair "to Your Excellencys judgment and as in duty bound will ever pray

The only satisfaction they could obtain was that he would consider of it, which at first seemed to look favourable, but upon consideration knowing that Amaziah the Priest was an enemy to true godliness and in order to serve his turn would not fail ......

reporting that he had conspired and that the Lord was not able to hear all his words, Amos 7th & 10th (51) they concluded that the matter was dubious ......

10th Not receiving any answer, on the 14th Septr. Jones with [11] the two Elders presented the following address Viz ......

John Jones most humbly begs leave to remind the Governor of a Petition he presented his Excellency on the 21st Ultimo respecting the Revd. Mr. Langmans commanding him to desist from preaching the Gospel to a Society of Dissenters at this place and as the multiplicity of business which has since intervened may very probably have occasioned his intreaty to slip the Governor's memory, he most ardently prays his Excellency will not be displeased at taking this method of reapplying, and if his request may meet with an affirmative answer, he will petition no longer continuance therein than may be found consistant with the character of a christian ...... and as in duty etca ......

Upon presenting the above adress Jones was ordered into the Cabbin(52) where he received much abusive language and accused of wanting to take peoples bread of their Trenchers as his Excellency phrased it, and of drawing people from their vocations,(53) both which he denied producing proof to the contrary, to the latter he reffered to the character offered in his favour by the principal Merchants, after a long altercation he was dismissed with this answer that whatever he had a mind to do in his own House he might without interruption, but should have no leave to act in public (54) ....[12]

11th Upon this Jones proposed returning to England but after fasting and Prayer the Society would not consent thereto judging it more expedient to write especially as without any fear worship could be carried on in his Lodging which had been done regularly since turned out of the Meeting House(55) whereupon the following address to the Society for promoting Religious Knowledge among the poor was drawn up as follows and signed by the whole of the little Society(56) ......

St. Johns Newfoundland 1779 . . . . .

To the Society Evangelical for promoting Religious Knowledge &a ...


We whose names are hereunto subscribed humbly beg leave to offer our most gratefull thanks for your kind and great donation of Books &a. deposited into the hands of the Reverend Mr. Mends of Plymouth we desire to receive this as a fresh instance of Gods favour to us, by your instrumentality and hope our incessant prayers shall be that this and your every other labour of Love, may be rewarded an hundred fold in your own bosoms, we further pray permission to lay our yet distressed condition before you, and hope that the Lord will still continue to influence your hearts towards us in sympathy and pity - Notwithstanding our being subjects of great Britain and are willing in every respect to approve ourselves such, our Governor and [13] chief Magistrate(57) after repeated solicitations by petitions will not suffer us to continue our Religious Exercises as Protestant Dissenters in the public place of Worship built by us, and by the consent of former Magistrates and not rejected by his Excellency Admiral Montague our late Governor, a copy of our Petitions with the chief Magistrates written Order for us to desist we have taken the liberty to trouble the Revd. Mr. Mends of Sherborne with, may the Lord recompence you for all past favours and incline you in pity towards us and to espouse our injured cause . . . We beg leave to remain


Most Gratefully

Your very dutiful and

Obedient Servants ......

This writing was first an adress of thanks for a donation of Religious Books to the amount of Twenty Eight Pounds which was received in the spring to be distributed amongst the Church &a. secondly to solicit their interest in the support of Jones ...... the remaining part of this Summer and the ensuing winter they contributed their usual oppertunities of devotion, observing another day of humiliation &a. ... and the Lord was pleased to add unto them ......

12th Early in the spring 1780 Jones receiv'd a letter from the Revd. Simon Reader, Wareham, wherein he was informed of the Revd. Doctor Staffords(58) waiting upon the Governor [14] in London, when his Excellency after some debate told the Doctor it was the fault of the Revd. Edward Langman(59) accordingly on his arrival another short address was presented supported by Colonel Pringle(60) at which time free permission to re-enter the Meeting House was granted(61) which was done the first Sabbath in August with great joy and gladness of heart, seeing the Lord had done such great things for them ......

13th The first Sabbath in October the Ordinance of the Lords Supper was administered for the first time by Jones and in this place of Worship and a most joyous time it was they also agreed that it should be administered the first Sabbath in every month, and that every Monday evening after Sacrament should be an evening of thanksgiving for the mercies received and of supplication to God that he would continue them ......

14th In April 1781(62) it was agreed that a day of Fasting, Prayer, and Humiliation should be observed to implore Gods blessing upon them, in prospering the Gospel, subduing their enemies, keeping the calamities of the day from them and preserving their Bretheren that Occupied the great Deep - this Summer they enjoy'd much peace, and revised, and made some alterations in the Church Articles(63) ......

15th During the Winter Season of 1781 & 82 the Lord was pleased to add to the Church greatly,(64) and at the same time the [15] prophane made much disturbance often during divine service some of the Gentlemen (so called] of the Navy attempted several times to set compositions of Powder on fire in the House and to let quantitys of Powder down the tube of the Stove, but God in providence and great mercy prevented .....

16th Early in the summer 1782 some time in the night one of the Window Shutters was wrenched from its place cast away and the Window broke in peicies(65) - some weeks after on a Sabbath Morning a note was found under the Door of the Meeting House and in it a Guinea, with the following writing, Restitution for the Windows broke in the Meeting House ...... Signed Multum in Parvo, This year that Excellent person Admiral Campbell(66) came out Governor to whom Jones and the Elder Nathan Parker presented the following address ......

To his Excellency John Campbell Esqr. Governor and Commander in chief in and over the Island of Newfoundland etca. etca. etca . . . . .

The humble address and Petition of John Jones Dissenting Preacher and that Community in general at this place From a sence of the Benefit and Blessing arising to Society in the appointment of wise and good Governors, and the many advantages accruing thereto from a due subordination they beg leave most dutifully to congratulate your Excellency on your safe arrival to this Goverment - also to acknowledge their most greatfull thanks to the preceeding Governors for the permission they have enjoy'd of religious exercise according to the profession [16] of the Christian Faith, And as they humbly hope their conduct hitherto has not been in any great degree derogatory to Christianity, nor in any wise to true Loyalty, they do meekly and earnestly pray, this invaluable priviledge may be continued to them, they would at the same time with all humility and faithfulness assure your Excellency, that should their request meet your approbation, their future endeavours shall be suitable to express their gratitude for so great an indulgence .....

And as in duty bound ever pray

St. Johns 6th August 1782

His conduct was beyond expression gentle, mild and good natured, and he gave for answer that so far from preventing he should do all in his power to further it ......

17th This Autumn a Circular Letter was sent from this Church to the Religious Societys at Carbonear, Harbor Grace, Bay Roberts, and Old Perlican(67) entreating their assistance in joining with them to Fast & Pray on the first Wednesday in March,(68) that God would please to defend, preserve, as bless us as usual ......

18th In the Spring 1784 the Revd. Mr. Langman was superceeded by the Revd. Mr. Price, His disgraceful dismission from the Church with the contemptious speeches of the public, compared with his former endeavours to defame Jones and turn him out of the Harbour, if rightly considered will fully expound the greatest part of the 49th Chap. of Isaiaih and 26th Ver., it was the general opinion he broke his heart under the indignity [17] cast upon him, however he died very soon after(69) ...... Mr. Price(70) had not been arrived many days when he took upon him to question Jones respecting his Authority for preaching etc. declaring he must not proceed any further without permission in writing from the Bishop of London. Jones produced the late Act of Parliment(71) with every requirement therein aledging he thought that sufficient otherwise the Law would have expressed further, this was streniously seconded by Mr. Elliott Elmes mercht.(72) was then present after several altercations the Revd. Gentleman pronounced his pretensions Legal, Jones being summoned to this his tryal some days before, had, previous to his going there - wrote the Revd. Doctor Stafford and the Revd. Mr. Mends an account thereof from whom he received the following answers the same summer ......

Copy of a Letter from the Revd. Doctor Stafford -

Revd. & Dear Sir

Your Letter reached me yesterday at Margate Kent 72 Miles from London wither I had retired to Bathe in the sea for preventing the return of my old Rhematic complain[t] but as you seem to be under some painful apprehension I embrace the first oppertunity of a reply to yours ......

I observe the changes which have taken place in the Island, No weapon formed against the shall prosper etc. providences and promises mutually throw a light upon each other, As to the threatnings of your Chief Justice(73) of pulling down your Meeting House I consider it as a vain thing if he does I will make him build you a better if it be possible, he can neither stand by pulling it down, nor [18] can he fine you for Baptising the Children of the Society nor can he make them to be re baptised without the consent of their own Parents, nor can he compel a Dissenter to go the Church, if he does any of these things, let me know by the first oppertunity, and I'll strip his Gown over his Ears, my advice is be not afraid of any of these things, I hear your new Governor is a Scotchman and I believe understands his own interest too well to meddle with you, you have as much right to Baptise(74) as to Preach, and if he attempts to hinder you let me know that he may be displaced, let the Governor know that you have friends in London who know how to get access to Mr. Pitt(75) or even to the Throne, the Coronation Oath(76) is your security; That there shall be no persecution for consience sake of any Protestant in his Reign,(77) ask him what satisfaction he requires, offer in writing a proposal of taking the Oaths of Allegience(78) and Supremacy(79) or else the new Test appointed 7 years ago,(80) If the tide run high tell him your Religion is established in Scotland,(81) and in England too in the opinion of Lord Mansfield,(82) and that every Subject of King George shall have that liberty if he claims it - tell him we are not in the hands of the Stewarts, and that no man shall deprive us and our fellow subjects with impunity make a declaration in writing that you as a Protestant Dissenter claim the benefit of an Englishman, and put down Sixpence for yourself(83) an Sixpence for place, and take witnesses that the Justice refused, and be sure you dont ask it as a favour but claim it as your right, wether they take it or no you are safe upon making the offer, I have only time to add [19] a few prudential maxims, pay all possible respect to your Governor, take no money for Baptizing, this will silence the Clergyman, dont advise your people to pay him, but I fear detaining the Post -

Yr Afft. Brother

(Signed) John Stafford

Extract of the Revd. Herbert Mends Letter

We greatly feel for your situation as a Church, but, fear not, remember tis a Church of Christ, a Church purchased by the Blood of him who is God, he will not suffer the enemies finally to prevail, no, tho they rage and threaten yet our King Jesus Reigns, therefore let his timorous flock sing Hallelujah, Am glad to find you have wrote Doctor Stafford, hope he will be active, We earnestly yea we urge it on you to be bold and steadfast fear not, you are engaged in the best of causes, for the best and strongest of masters, be assured we will stand by you, the chief Justice dares not fine you for Baptizing, you have an undoubted right to exercise your Religion as a British Protestant and tell him so, and let him know you have friends in England who will support you if he will attempt to pull down the Meeting House, for tho he is in Newfoundland yet he is not out of the reach of the English Laws, we all greatly disapprove of your returning here I must say it would be unjustifiable Stand still and [20] see the salvation of the Lord he who has done such marvelous things for you and delivered you so often from the jaws of the Lion, he will not leave you now therefore, fear not thou worm Jacob be not dismayed etca(84)

19th This year 1784 the Romish Priest(85) came to the Harbour, got full tolleration to marry(86) and exercise the Popish Religion in all Respects, obtained leave to build a Chapel and laid the foundation thereof(87) ......

20th The following Petitons Letters etc. were occasioned by a Riot at the Meeting House of St. Johns Newfoundland the 17th day of April 1785

To the Worshipfull Nicholas Gill, Dewis Coke,(88) and George Williams(89) Esqrs his Majesties of the peace for the district of St. Johns Newfoundland etc. etc. etc.

The Humble Petition of John Jones Dissenting

Minister in behalf of that Community ......


That on Sunday last the 17th Instant at Six O'Clock in the evening, when they were assembled in their place of Public Worship, they were disturbed by a number of seeming disorderly Men, some Women and Children, several whereof assaulted the Building with stones on its Roof, Sides, Ends, and even the Windows after the Shutters thereof were closed, insomuch that your Petitioners were [21] all prevented in their devotions, some greatly alarmed, and a serjeant of the Garrison received a stroke with a Stone upon his entering the Door, nor do your Petitioners know, what the event would have been had not Mr James Dougherty(90) made application to John Livingstone Esqr(91) who very humanely gave him self the trouble to leave his House and disperse the mob, your Petitioners desiring at all times to prove themselves, dutiful, Loyal, and peacable Subjects, humbly crave permission to lay this their grievance before your Worships imploring that redress and protection your Worships in your wisdom and equity may judge they are entitled to by the Laws and Liberties(92) of their Country ......

And as in duty bound etc.

During the investigation of the above subject in the Court the Worshipful Mr Coke aledged against Mr Jones that he was informed Mr. Jones Preached much against the Roman Catholics which greatly exaspirated that set of people and which ought not to be allowed of, and that the Revd. Mr. Price was his author, upon which a warm debate ensued between the Worshipful Mr. Williams and Mr. Coke aforsaid, Mr. Williams insisting that Mr. Jones had done no more than his duty suppose the accusation true, and that he thought it a duty incumbent upon every Protestant Minister, tho he had twelve Volumes of sermons by Bishop Tillotson(93) and he did not believe there was one without something against the Errors [22] of Rome, Mr. Jones asserted his innocency befor the Court and obtained Mr. Coke's permission to speak to Mr. Price on the subject, upon which the following Letter was sent to that Gentleman ......

April 15th 1785

Revd. Sir

While in Court last Thursday I was inform'd by the Worshipful Mr. Coke that in my public exercise I preach against the Roman Catholick's Religion and thereby make dissentions in this place, his Worship did not exhibit this as a positive charge but as the Subject of a private conversation, what I have great reason to believe originated from what I must suppose you first heard and afterwards spread, suppose information on your part, how far it is consistent with true religion to recieve and propagate evil reports to the prejudice of our neighbour, I will leave the world to judge. My peculiar regard for your office as a Clergy-man of the Established Church which I greatly venerate, and from an earnest desire for harmony in the common cause prevented me from an immeadiate and demonstrative vindication (then) of my innocence, not in the least doubting but you as a gentleman and that of the Gown, would, by Letter, or some explanation to their worships acquit me of any odium such an accusation might bring upon me . . [23] I believe the Scriptures as much as my own existance - I strive earnestly to walk agreeably to every precept therein contained, I receive them in the very identical sence of the Doctrinal Articles and Homilies of the National Church, I know Religion does not consist in Sects and Parties but as I have before told you in Righteousness and Godliness, I wish to live at peace with all men, from these considerations, and as one anxious to employ the utmost of his abilities in conjunction with you for the great cause of God and Religion in general, I cannot doubt but you will do that justice to my injured Character in this instance that I now request, and this more especially as you have in all our short interviews expressed your desire of unity and amity therein, and as in so doing you will much oblidge

Revd. Sir etc.

(Signed) John Jones

April 27th 1785

The polite Revd. Gentleman was pleased to send the following answer ......

Mr Price thinks Mr. Jones's Letter to be very insolent and unbecoming, however imputes it to his ignorance....

In consequence of not receiving any satisfactory answer from Mr. Price the following Petition was presented to the Court by John Jones ...... [24]

To the Worshipful Nicholas Gill, Dewis Coke, and George Williams Esq. etc. etc. etc. ......

The humble Petition of John Jones ......


That (if thought necessary) he may be permitted to attest upon Oath before this Court the truth of the following particulars, in vindication of his innocence, in respect of an accusation brought against him of giving offence in his public Preaching to his fellow subjects of the Romish persuasion and thereby breeding dissentions among his Majesties Subjects, the spread of which accusation he has reason to believe was occasioned by the Revd Mr. Price and must be prejudicial to your Worships Petitioner, He therefore humbly craves indulgence to take the aforesaid method it being the principle means in his power to assure your Worships and the public in general, that,to the best of his knowledge or remembrance he never used the words, Roman Catholic or Papist, Pope or Popery, in any of his public Preaching, either in St. Johns or elsewhere, that he wishes not to give offence to any, but to live at peace with all men, well knowing that true Religion does not consist in Sects and Parties but in Riteousness and Godliness and peace, that, so far from its being disagreeable to him, that his fellow Citizens of the Catholic party should enjoy with himself the full liberty of Concience,(94) he considered it as his duty cheerfully to acquiece in whatever his Majesty and the Parliment might think proper to do for thier relief in [25] a Toleration of their Religious Principles, and this not only from a motive of duty and Loyalty, but of equity and Justice, that what he would men should do unto him, the same he would do unto them, that he has frequently in private conversation admonished those of the Dissenting Community against any provoking expressions of that kind, that when the Revd. Gentleman aforesaid in several instances which your Petitioner could mention has endeavoured to stir up the mind of your petitioner to withstand and oppose the errors of Rome, you petitioners answer in the general was, that, altho he believed many things in the Church of Rome to be repugnant to Scripture and also that he thought it his duty to assert and prove Scriptural truths according to his several Oaths taken in this Court, and the sence of Protestant Divines of every denomination, yet as he found nothing of Pope or Popery in Sacred writ, he did not think it proper to express himself thus - Your Petitione[r] declaring in the fear of the Lord that his only motive for thus addressing your Worships is to exculpate himself of the Odium that must naturally rest upon him under such an accusation, meekly, and earnestly prays that if there should any indiscretion appear in this his conduct it may not be construed to his further disadvantage ......

And as in duty bound shall ever pray

Their Worships were pleased to return for answer to the above Petition ithat they were sufficiently perswaded of the truth of it without attesting it ...... [26]

The Issue of foregoing tryal was, that three offenders were convicted and sentenced corporal punishment,(95) but at the intercession of Mr. Jones they were forgiven, whereupon the following address of thanks, was presented to the Court by John Jones ......

To the Worshipful etc.

The Humble address of John Jones -

Meekly begs leave to take this method of expressing his grateful and unfeined thanks to the honourable Bench for thier ready attention to his late supplications, thier active and impartial exertion in his cause thier wise and humane determinations in his defence and thier great condesention in remitting the just punishment due to the offenders at his humble request He further prays permission to assure thier Worships that the end of time alone can obliterate the sanguine impressions thereof from his memory, which he hopes to prove by his future conduct as a dutyful and Loyal Subject, peacable and innofensive Citizen ......

The three following Letters passed between John Jones and the Revd. James O'Donnel, the Romish Priest upon the Subject of the foregoing Tryal(96) ...... [27]

St. Johns Nfld 27th April 1785

Revd. Sir

The truly benevolent part I understand you have taken in signifying your public disapprobation of a late attempt to interrupt my public Worship, demands of one a peculiar acknowledgement, and the design I have to do so I hope will plead in excuse for the trouble I give you of this, a stranger as I am to you Sir - I flatter my self many years patient forbearance under the like and often more furious insults will evidently justify me from the imputation of resentment spleen or party spirit - You will no doubt however have heard the late charge against me of breeding discord among the Inhabitants of this place, but from the very favourable oppinion I must entertain of your character, I promise my self the Attestation and other proff I offered yesterday to produce to thier Worships in Court, may satisfy you, as I believe it did those Gentlemen, of the injustice done me - I however cordially forgive the Authors and pray they may obtain mercy and grace.

It is true you and I differ in Theological Points, but I hope we are jointly influenced by the same pious and benevolent motives so strongly recommended in the precepts and examples of our common Lord, I am happy under our gracious and wise administration to enjoy a free liberty of consience and rejoice to see my fellow subjects of every denomination enjoying the like blessing with my self - To endeavour to do unto all men as I would they should do unto me, is my duty, and what I have hitherto strove to prove, and what by Gods grace I intend to pursue - I am

To Revd.Jas. O'Donnel Revd. Sir

With Cordial Regard

Yours etc. J.J.

[28] 5th May 1785


The great hurry of business that an Assistant Clergyman(97) and I have been crowded with these days past prevented me from acknowledging the receipt of your Letter ere now and assuring you that I deem my self blameable, both in the Eyes of God and man, were I not, as far as my influence can reach, to discountenance the smallest insult offered any denomination of christians in thier mode of worship, for tho my manner of Worshiping God is almost Eighteen hundred years Old, it is not yet arrived to that state of dotage as to build its happiness on the dissatisfaction of others, or dress up hatred on the score of consience in the gawdy attire of virtue, for in my notion of the christian religion its sacred maxims must be intirely reversed before such conduct could be justifiable under any pretence whatsoever. Religion in its original institution has been desined to make impressions of awe and reverential fear upon mens minds, which are naturally licentious - averse from duty and abhor nothing more than restraint for man woud if left to himself wantonly launch out into a boundless enjoyment of all his natural appetites and sensual inclinations, to prevent which God has imprinted such dread and terror on his judment, as woud, if attended to, restrain the most eager and luxurious appetite from its darling pleasures and desired satisfactions, this, the infinite wisdom of God has done, by giving the world some unaccountable relevations of himself in the rules of a most mysterious religion, to [29] protect which, from the incroachments of over bold minds, he has fenced it in with a sacred and majestick obscurity in some of its principal points, for the christian religion is as to a great part of it, is a kind of comment upon the divine nature, and an instrument to convey right conceptions of God into the soul of man, which is an object too high for our speculation and too sublime for our descriptions, for how can such vast and mighty things as the Attributes of God and their appendag[es] be crowded into a little finite understanding, how can our poor short faculties measure the length of his eternity, the breadth and Expansion of his immensity, the heights of his Precience and depths of his Decrees, and last of all that unutterable incomprehensible mystery of two natures united into one person, and of one and the same nature diffused into a triple Personality, all which being the fundamental matters treated of in the Christian Religion, how can it be otherwise than a system of mysteries and a knot of dark unexplainable propositions, this is the reason why not only you and I but many others differ in Theological points, as what seems dark and mysterious to one, appears without the least scrupl[e] clear and intellgible to another, but tho you and I differ in some points that is no reason we should in all, Religion is a tye between God and Man, and should a man mistake an immaginary for a real tye with his God, I should be sorry for Error, and that for his sake, but sure such a mistake should not dissolve the mutual friendship, that [30] ought to subsist between man and man, on the contrary - wherever there is the smallest spark of true Christianity it will kindle a friendly warmth in the hearts of its possessors for all mankind, for there is hardly any necessity or convienience of mankind but is in a great measure provided for by this great blessing of religion, which God planted among men as a tree of life not only to spring upwards towards himself, but also to spread its branches and extend its refreshing shade to cool the intemperate ardor of all below; for he who is an observant christian of any denomination is not only a better man, but also a better neighbour, a better subject to his King, and a truer friend, than he that is not so; for what can be more decidedly devised for the general good of mankind than to forgive injuries, love and caress our mortal advasaries, and instead of our enemies to hate only our revenge. Thus Religion like incense while it ascends to Heaven perfumes all about it and as it holds up one hand in supplication, reaches forth the other for the Benevolent support and benefit of Society, I'll contend anywhere for it, that this consists rather in the active piety of our lives, than in empty thoughts and fruitless persuasions, for what can one man be the better for what another man thinks or believes, when a poor man begs alms of me can I believe my Bread into his mouth or my money into his hands, without giving either to him, believing without doing is a cheap and easy, but still a [31] very worthless way of being Religious, and therefore it is but a poor argument for a man either of mine or any other persuasion to derive his santity from the unobserved rules of the Holy Catholick and Apostolick Church, or Botom his saintship on the virtues of the Society he belongs to and Sphistically conclude that he is no weed, only, because he grows among the corn, as to party or adhesion thereto, it carries a strong suspicion of the rankest of all bad qualities Viz, Spiritual pride, there are two things natural almost to all men - a desire of pre eminence in spiritual perfection, and a spirit of opposition to those who are not of thier own way and fully made up to thier own prejudiced mind, both these are eminently gratified by listing in a Religious party which occasions many to suffer persecutions with a greater relish of pride than others can inflict it, for I am sure it is not a true zeal rising from an hearty concern for Religion but rather a bad restless cross over bearing humor which is imped with smart and quickened with opposition, that makes people detest those who differ from them in Religious principles, for he who is truly Godly is humble and peacable will neither make nor be of a party, in the receiv'd sence of that word, such imitators of Corath, Dathan and Abbiran,(98) build upon the same Ground upon which they stood & into which they sunk, for that mans condition must be very unsafe, who deems prejudice a virtue, counts his Sin his perfection & makes the object of his repentance the ground of his salvation; from what [32] I here advance I hope you will do me the justice to believe I bestowed more of my time those Twenty Eight years past on the study of Philanthropy than Party(99) and that I cannot be so foolish as to fall out with a man for not saying his prayers in the manner I do, but however should the spirit of outbidding each other in the barter of Spiritual for temporal comodities, once take place in the minds of those, who are either by Ordination or appointment destined to reconcile Man to God they'l always breed opposition, disunite his Majesties subjects and become obnoxious both to God and man, these are the various sentiments that occured to me on the subject of your Letter, and you may rest assured that I wish for nothing more than that we may all live in such tranquility and good will towards each other in this life as may enable us to attain to every necessary qualification to enjoy the everlasting Bliss for which we have been originally created in the life to come, these are the unfeigned sentiments wherewith I remain.

your most humble May 5th 1785 and obedient Servant (Signed)James O Donel

Revd. Sir

Last Saturday I was unexpectedly favoured with your long Letter of that date, I did not wish you should have had the trouble of enlarging so much on the subjects [33] mentioned in yours as all intended by my letter to you was, from the respect I bear your Character to express my acknowledgements for the public admonition you were pleased to give such as might have been in the late insult offered to me and my hearers. In respect to other matters concerning our difference in points of Doctrine we have no doubt both of us so intirely made up our minds, that any discussion of those points would be needless, this consideration with the want of time and a desire to avoid controversy alone prevents me more fully answering yours, herein I hope you are not disappointed and this more especially as I am happy to find we agree in what is most effectual to promote Religious morals, the public peace, and welfare of Society in general, to which good end and according to the expressed desire on your part, I again hereby assure you, that no effort of mine shall in any wise be wanting.

To the Revd. Jas. O'Donel I remain etc.

St. Johns 11th May 1785 J.J.

This (1784) being the last year of Governor Campbell's Goverment,(100) Jones and Parker presented the following address

To His Excellency John Campbell Esq ......

Most Excellent Sir

As we have reason to fear this is the last period of your Excellencys Goverment over us and this Land in [34] general, and being sensible and greatly affected with your wise mind and humane power whereby we have possessed a peaceable and free enjoyment of our rights and libertys and above all the greatest of all priviledges the free liberty of consience in the use of our Religion, We beg leave to take this method of expressing our unfeigned sorrow at your Excellency's departure, and to offer our most grateful thanks, for the abundance of peace and happiness which we, under God, have enjoy'd during your Gentle and Equitable Administration at the same time we pray permission to assure your Excellency, that by God's grace, it shall be our constant care and studdy in all things to prove ourselves Dutiful and Loyal Subjects to our rightful Sovereign and all that Illustrious House,(101) and as in duty bound continually pray that the Throne may be established in righteousness and peace, and that your Excellency may abound with every blessing ......

The Governor very modestly expressed his fear that we flattered him, this he said proceeded from a sence of having done no more than his duty, adding that if we had not the same treatment from others we had not Justice done us, he thanked us for our fresh testimony of Duty & Loyalty assuring us he had not the least suspicion of the contrary from that Quarter ......

The following is a copy of a Certificate granted John Jones in 1781 by the Revd. Edward Langman and Nicholas Gill Esqs. [35] Justices of the peace, concerning which we would wish to remark the wonderful interposition of God, that the same person who in 1779 signed an order to prevent John Jones from Preaching at his peril, should in 1781 sign the following Certificate ......(102)

These are to Certify all whom it may concern that at the Quarter Sessions of the peace, held at the Court Hall in St. Johns Newfoundland, the Twenty fourth day of April last past, John Jones, took the Oaths of Allegiance Supremacy and Abjuration(103) and also the Declaration against Transubstantiation and against popery(104) and also the Declaration which Protestant Dissenting Ministers are obliged to make agreeable to an Act of Parliment made and passed in the Nineteenth year of his present Majestys' Reign,(105) Given under our hands & seals in St. Johns aforesaid, the Tenth day of May 1781

Signed Edward Langman J. P. Nichs. Gill J. P.

In 1785 Captain John Brown,(106) owner and commander of the Ketch, Hope, from and of Poole in Dorsetshire, came to this place and became acquainted with this Society, He (tho an intire stranger) from his love to, and concern for, the cause and glory of God interested himself in this Churches concerns to a great degree, enquired very [36] minutely into the state of its affairs as to the time unexpired on the meeting House etc. and upon his return to Poole aforesaid, being a member of the Dissenting Church under the Revd. Mr. Ashburners care, he the said Capt. Brown made a very particular report of it to some of the principle Members of the Church aforesaid, in consequence whereof Mr. Jones recd. the following Instructions in the spring 1786 from Mr. George Kemp(107) merchant of Poole ......

Poole 20th May 1786

Dear Sir

I have been exceedingly hurried in Business this Spring and prevented from owning the recs of your esteem'd favrs. of the 27th Sept. & 28th Novr. with the Keg of Berries which proved good and was properly divided and for which I thank you - The Box from Mr. Reader I forwarded you in march by a Vessel to Mr. Valentine,(108) with orders that it should go freight free, also a parcel of Books in a paper from London by a Vessel to Mr. Pike(109) the 29th Ulto - I Rejoice to hear that God is carrying on his own work amongst you in the midst of all opposition - I hope and trust that you will experience strength equal to your day and tryals, and be honoured to do much good in [37] St Johns, Our Friend Mr. Brown is sailed for Portugal and from thence to you, I have consulted with him and desired him to tell you, to send home a very particular account of the state of affairs, respecting the place of worship, the prospect of the continuance of the interest, & in short every thing that shall be needfull, in order that we may see, if some relief can be obtained for the establishing a good place of Worship - I refer you to him and conclude with my most earnest wish that the great Shepherd of Israel may preserve his flock under your care and that you may be strengthened for the work to which you are called, Dear Sir ......

yrs sincearly

(Signed) G Kemp

Upon the receipt of the above Letter Mr. Jones in conjunction with Nathan Parker Wallis Lang, Henry Phillips,(110) Joseph Lowman(111) Edward Freeman(112) and James Barnes(113) drew up an address to the Dissenting Churches as follows, Revd. Edward Ashburner, Poole Revd. Herbert Mends, Plymouth, Revd. Thomas Reader, Taunton(114) Revd. Simon Reader, Wareham, Revd. - Percy, Woolwich(115) Revd. Doctor Adams, Greenock,(116) Revd. William Skudder, Waterford,(117) with a Copy of the same to Mr. George Welsh,(118) Banker, Freemans Court, London and one to Mr. Samuel Greathead, London,(119) in which address the aid and assistance of these Godly people were [38] humbly and earnestly entreated, supported by the following reasons Viz 1st.Concerning the present building and the peoples circumstances, that the present building is built upon lease land which lease will expire in five years, Second, that according to contract a Chimney must be erected in the aforesaid building before the time herein expressed is expired, which Chimney will cost Twenty Pounds, Third, that it remains Sixty Pounds in debt to three people who are much in want of that money, Fourth that at the expiration aforesaid, the Society will be destitute of any place to worship God in, Fifth, that the whole community are poor having nothing but what they can earn by Labour and Business, Sixth, that there are not above eighteen that can afford to pay anything towards the necessary expence, and they that do contribute find it exceeding hard to spare from the support of thier familys five or six pounds per year, which some are obliged to do, and which they count thier honour, and happiness as long as God shall give them strength to work, and work to do, Secondly of the House proposed to be built, that the place of Worship should be Forty two feet long, by Thirty Two feet wide, constructed for Gallerys and if possible a Vestery, which would be necessary not only for experimental Meetings(120) upon the Week, which has always been found beneficial towards supporting the life of Godliness, but also for Church business and in a special manner for keeping a School which Mr. Jones now does, and which is of the utmost consequence to the rising generation, their being no [39] school in the place but what is kept by Romish Tutors,(121) Thirdly the expence attending this work, which upon calculation was found to Amount to between Six and Seven Hundred Pounds which was in a measure accounted for in the following manner first, that altho this Country is not inhabited in the interior parts nor much by the Water Side, there is no ground to be had without purchase, the whole being taken up either for the fishery or otherwise hence, Secondly, as it was judged most judicious to purchase a sufficiency of ground, they - the aforesaid John Jones etc. agreed with and gave a bond for the payment of one Hundred pounds in lieu of Two Plots of ground for Erecting the aforesaid buildings upon, Thirdly, owing to the declivity of the said ground a wall of Ten or Twelve feet high must be erected the whole length of the Building; from the distance of the Stones, the manner of conveying, namely upon Mens backs, with the scarcity of Lime,(122) and the great price of Masons Wages which is from Five to Six Shillings per Diem, this Wall will cost Sixty Pounds, Fourthly, by reason of the extream severity of the weather in the winter season a Chimney in the Vestery will be absolutely necessary, which cannot cost less than Twenty Pounds, Fifthly, notwithstand this country is very woody in most parts of it, it does not produce a sufficiency in quantity and in many cases any in quality fit for building, and as their is not any of the inferior sort to be had under five, and none of the superior sort under seven miles distance from St. Johns all which must be hauled out by the strength of men, the roads being impracticable for Horses, Lumber is in general from four to six Pounds per Thousand,(123) Sixthly, as is the Masons hire so is the Carpenters,(124) and the common Labourer, Two [40] Shillings and Six Pence per Diem,(125) which swells a little work to a large Sum ......

The Week before Christmas 1786 a day of Fasting Prayer Supplication, was observed by the Dissenting Community aforesaid, to intreat the Lord to shine upon the applications so that his people unto whom they were sent, might see the importance, and strech out the liberal hand for the perfecting the designs to his glory ......

In the Spring 1787 Mr. Jones received the following accounts being Extracts from Different people's Letters unto whom he had wrote the year before ......

The following is an extract from the Revd. Simon Reader's Letter Dated at Wareham 9th March 1787. . . . .

Dear Sir

When I recieved the favour of yours with the Petition relating to the building of a new Meeting House at St. Johns, I was morrally certain that a like application would so be made to this congregation, for defraying the expence of repairs and alterations of the Meeting House at wanage Nine Miles from hence, though I new not for what sum nor the time, I wished therefore to have brought on your affair in the beginning of the Winter, hoping that, that of Swanage might be defered till the end of it, but I was answered, that as we had but little connexion with [41] Newfoundland in comparison with Poole, we should wait to see what would be done there, & also that the Ships would not sail till the spring, One also of our most flourishing Tradesmen, and at the same time one of the most generous men among us is a declared Arian,(126) if not also a Socinian,(127) upon your petition being sent to him, said it could not be expected that he should do anything, as it was against his principles, In the mean time the application came from swanage, to Wareham, Pool & other Congregations in this neighbourhood for One Hundred and Fifty Pounds,(128) which I supposes obliges Poole as well as us, to defer a Collection for you, till next Winter, however my Daughter(129) wrote to a wealthy and liberal Gentleman in London on your behalf who answered that his hands were too full of attempts to spread the Gospel in England, to admit of his joining in this affair, I wrote the substance of your Petition to Doctor Mayo(130) in London, who answered that the board of Ministers(131) had agreed not to lay above three cases before thier friends in a year, and that yours could not come on in less than three years, I therefore desired that yours might be put on the list to come next in succession, I sent copy of your Petition to London, by a bearer of Mr. Winter's,(132) but was afterwards answered, that it had been shewn to several without effect . . . [42]

The following is an Extract from the Revd. Herbert Mends, dated Plymouth 20th March 1787......

The address from your Church I also received, you will be pleased to present to them as a body the affectionate respects both of my father & self, and tell them that we bear them and thier case on our Hearts before the Lord, and also that we are bound, not only by our strong affections to them, but by the far stronger bands of the dying love of immanuel to do our utmost for thier comfort and support and cannot but regret that it is not in our power to do more for them than we have hitherto done, I have represented your case to my friends and cannot but hope that the Lord will extricate you out of this difficulty and raise to himself a Holy spiritual Temple built on the Rock of Ages against which the Gates Hell shall never prevail ......copies of your Petition have been sent to many places and I trust the Lord of all, will incline the Hearts of many to assist you, I greatly approve of your conduct in making so early an application to England and in securing an eligible spot for your intended House, and think you have well accounted for the Sum of Five or Six Hundred Pounds in building a new House, this Summer God willing I purpose to go to London, at which time I shall be enabled to do more for you in person than by Letter ......[43]

The following is Copy of a Letter from Mr. Samuel Greatheed dated London 8th March 1787 . . . . .

My dear Brother,

If Ships have arriv'd already at St. Johns from England, without a Letter from me, it is not for want of recollection of affection, as I hope I shall for one be able to give you some evidence, tho not so great as I could wish Since the receipt of your statement and request for assistance it has been much upon my mind - I represented it to Mr.Bull(133) immeadiately, who began a subscription with his own Guinea, and has spared me (with inconvenience to himself) as much as was necessary to solicit help for you in several places around our neighbourhood, where tho little help could be expected, I thought it the more necessary to exert myself as it was out of the line of any other of your friends, By little parcells I had collected upwards of Thirty Pounds, and obtained the promise of future additions in places where circumstances rendered it impossible to do any thing at present - I came up to London chiefly on the same account last Week - I waited on Dr. Stafford who I found neither had been, or thought he should be, able to serve you in his own Congregation, and in consequence had advised you to think of renewing your Lease, this considerably lessned my expectations, but having wrote to Mr. Kemp I was refer'd by him to his uncle Mr. Welsh whom I suppose you are not unacquainted with, I had before recieving this answer, apply'd to the Revd. Mr. [44] Newton (the Author)(134) who accepted the representation very Cordially, and gave me some very good advice about it, but referring me also to Mr. Welsh - Upon consulting this Gentleman, I found it to be his oppinion, as well as that of our friends at Poole, that it would be utterly impossible to raise anything near the sum you want without you could yourself come over to England and solicit it, to this there appeared to me three obstacles which would probably be insurmountable, first the desertion of your people for the time, Second the risque of the two Voyages, third, the unwillingness which your own diffidence would occasion to preach in every place where you could expect Assistance, and of them could be obviated, the uncertainty of Success would perhaps appear to render the trial inexpedient Impressed by these considerations and encouraged by the cordiallity which the case had met with, almost every where in the Country places, I was induced to make a proposal, which I should very chearfully execute if I find it possible, namely to become your general Agent in this Matter, and to give up my time wholly to it till it should be accomplished - But as Mr. Bull cannot go thro his public work without Assistance,(135) and his health appears much on the decline, my opportunity for doing this will be precarious, and if you see any likelyhood of coming over, we might recieve your answer in all probability before I shall have been able to begin the business [45] and I cannot after all be very sanguine in my hopes especially as Mr. Ashburner with every exertion could procure only between Two and Three Hundred Pounds for building thier own Meeting House(136) - And as Dr. Wetherspoon(137) could obtain nothing when he came over from America for a sinister purpose three years since, however the Lord is able to do anything, and I should hope for his peculiar support to this cause - I have just paid Fifty Guineas to Mr. Welsh on your account, and at any rate think it will be possible to make them One Hundred, and Mr. Welsh thinks Poole will do as much - I am just setting off from Town, and can add nothing of a private nature, Mackelcan(138) cannot now write, but will as soon as possible thro Mercy we are in health, accept of our unfeigned Love in the Lord Jesus to whom we commit you and yours ......

Your unworthy Brother

& affectionate friend & Servant

(Sign'd) Saml. Greatheed

The following is Copy of a Letter received from Peter Geddis,(139) dated Woolwich, 17th April 1787 ......

Revrend Sir

Soon after my arrival here I visited your good friend Doctor Stafford, and gave him a very particular account of every circumstance that related to you, with [46] your views, intentions, and designs to carry on matters in Newfoundland, he appears to be greatly interested in your concerns a few days ago when I visited him, he told me he had wrote to you, and sent you some articles towards keeping a School - He thinks it in some degree impossible to raise a sufficiency to build a new Meeting House, except you could come to England yourself, and that by preaching in the different congregations in, and about London making known your intentions, and by being recommended by one to another, you may harbour no doubt of being successful. Mr. Piercy of Woolwich(140) is exactly of the same opinion, and told me yesterday, when I waited on him, that he would use his influence as far as possible, provided you think it advisable to come to England, he told me yesterday that a young Clergyman came up from the country lately to London, and in a short time raised as much as you want - when speaking on this subject to Mr. Piercy on a former occasion, I hinted that you had little to expect from the Whitfield party, as not being exactly the same with them, to which he replied their acts of benificence were not confined to Sects or Parties, but were equally free to every one in whom they could discover the immage of Christ - He desires me to signify that the greater part of his Congregation are of the poorer class but is certain that they would exert themselves if you was personally to make application - I am sensible you would be sorry to leave your flock for so long a space, and I am certain you will be grieved if there can be no place [47] provided for thier accomodation, may unerring wisdom guide your measures in this, as well as in all other cases, and prompt you to pursue whatever is most condusive to his Glory and the good of his people, is the sincere prayer of ......

Reverend Sir

Yours most Affectionately

(Signed) P. Geddes

Sergt. Royal R. Artillery

P.S. I must not forget to mention how far my own Pastor Mr. Turner(141) is interested in your concerns, that altho he cannot with his Pocket, yet he is confident that with his pen &a. he may be of more service than you are aware of - He begs leave to offer his best respects to you and all your flock, He is perfectly of the same oppinion with Doctor Stafford and Mr. Piercy, that nothing but a personal application, can have any probability of effecting the designs you have in view - But after all thiere appears a difficulty (to me at least) how you shall conduct yourself among the various sects and parties, without offending your own Conscience or some of them ......

Yours P Geddis

Serg. Royal R. Artillery

The following is copy of a Letter Recieved from Mr. Thomas Crews Junr.(142) dated Poole 29th May 1787. . . . .

Revd. & Dear Sir

I have not any thing very particular to communicate, yet I could not let our mutual and dear friend [48] Mr. Brown go without a line, and indeed he would make me do it, tho I do not see it absolutely necessary, because he can inform you fully and more circumstantially than I can write, besides I have just taken a wife(143) and am not quite settled in my new habitation and connexion, I and my wife immeadiately on being married paid a visit to our worthy good friend Mr. Geo. Welsh at London, where we staid a month & are but just returned, and whilst I was there I saw two Letters from Mr. Greatheed who enters into your cause with great Spirit & promising success, He purposed to be at London as this day, in order to collect what he could for Six weeks before the vacation, but Mr. Tupper, of Bath (being at Mr. Welsh's House) on the same plan, for Erecting a new House at Bath, it was judged advisable to desire Mr. Greatheed to employ his time about the Country, which he intended to do till about September & to come to London then instead of now, & Mr. Welsh wrote him when I left Town to this end, but I cant say his answer - I find Doctor Stafford have advised you to take a new Lease of the present House, at all events & at any rate, rather then build One, & to trust annually to help from England, for the payment of the Rent, but none of our friends think this the most eligible plan, it seems the good Doctor Stafford cannot with propriety do anything for the cause in his own Congregation or amongst his friends & that makes him give this advice, - I doubt not but the Lord will so far favour you as to enable Mr. Greatheed to collect a good part of the Money wanted, he has already in a few Country places got about £60, and which together [49] with what may be received will be paid to Mr. Welsh or Mr. George Kemp, therefore you will in due time draw on Mr. Kemp (payable in London or Poole) for the purchase of the land, Which Bills shall be duly honoured, Mr. Kemp was in London with me the other day, but now at Bristol therefore you will not perhaps hear from him by this oppertunity - Mr. Welsh desired me to tell you not to be discouraged by or attend to Dr. Staffords advice for the above reasons - I wish you would consult with Mr. Brown about what Bricks may be wanted for the Chimney & write Mr. Kemp of it at fall that we may contrive to send them out in the spring on the most Oeconomical plan - and dont you think, that the House could be framed at Hallifax and brought down from thence much Cheaper, than it can be done at St. Johns,(144) let this matter be enquired into and advise us - my love to all the Church - Please to accept of what Mr. Brown will hand you in my name as a token of my regard I believe me yours affectionately

Signed Thos. Crew Junr.

In consequence of the foregoing encouragements, the follow instrument for the preservation of truth and order in the Church was drawn up and executed, and a Copy of it sent to Mr. George Kemp Merchant at Poole ......

Whereas it has pleased Almighty God in the dispensation of his grace and providence according to the mighty workings of his power upon the minds of Man, so to dispose and incline the [50] Hearts of some of his people in Great Britain to contribute and commit to the disposal of us the undermentioned, John Jones, Nathan Parker, Wallis Lang, Henry Phillips, Joseph Lowman, Edward Freeman, and James Barnes ...... for the furtherance of the Gospel at St. Johns Newfoundland, and whereas we have many and strong reasons to believe that the supreme ruler and disposer of all events the Lord Jehovah Jesus, is yet influencing the minds of others of his people in Great Britain aforesaid to enable us more effectually to compleat our designs and purposes for his Glory and the salvation of Souls in years yet to come - Know all Men by these presents that we the above mentioned, John Jones, Nathan Parker, Wallis Lang, Henry Phillips, Joseph Lowman, Edward Freeman, and James Barnes ...... for and in defence of what we esteem the pure Doctrines, Order and Discipline of the Gospel, ordain and irrevocably decree, by ourselves and others, that the following articles, relative to the spread of the Gospel in the Dissenting profession now existing at St. Johns aforesaid, shall stand in full force and unalterable as they are now stated till the Thirtieth day of June, One Thousand Seven Hundred and Eighty Eight, and from thenceforth during the growth of Oak and Ash, except between the present and forementioned dates we receive instructions for amendment from some of our friends and benefactors in Great Britain aforesaid - First that immeadiately upon the Legal execution of this instrument, the Sum of One Hundred Pounds Sterling Money of Great Britain, be paid to Mr. Andrew Barnes of St. Johns(145) aforesaid for and in consideration of two Plots of Ground situate and lying [51] in St. Johns aforesaid, agreeable to the Bill of Sale and Bond to that purpose of the Twenty third of June One Thousand and Seven Hundred and Eighty Six, Secondly that with all possible speed a Meeting House and Vestery shall be erected upon part of One of the aforesaid Plots of Ground, both which buildings shall be dedicated to the worship of God, the business of the Church, and the education of Children, and to no other business, Thirdly, that a committy composed of Six of the Bretheren, shall constantly subsist to enquire into, consider of, and according to the utmost of thier ability regulate all matters belonging to the Church, which committy is to be Chosen by the majority of the Bretheren composing the Church, and from time to time kept compleat as occasion shall require thro Deaths, Misconduct or otherwise, Fourthly the Church shall abide by the decission of the Committy aforesaid, wherein the said Committy do unanimously agree, anything contrary to the Glory of God, and the good of the Church only excepted, Fifthly that in all cases which cannot be amicably settled by the said Committy a Church Meeting of the Brethren is to be called when the controverted point shall be settled by the majority of Votes, Sixthly that no person is to be admitted as a Minister, Elder or Deacon, except that he is persuaded of, believes in, and currently contends for, the Doctrines of Grace, as contained in the 'Confession' of Faith, and the Assemblys two Catechisms belonging to the present Church of Scotland,(146) Seventhly the Minister, Elders, and Deacons, are by Fasting and Prayer to be chosen into thier respective offices at a Church Meeting by the majority of Votes of all the Bretheren that in this or in any other of [52] the like cases can be convened together, Eighthly that the Minister shall have a right to be present at the Committy and Church Meetings and offer or withhold his Vote as appears most judicious to himself, which Vote when offered is to be of equal force with any other member of the Committy or Church Meeting, Ninthly no Preacher, Minister or Setter forth of Doctrines, shall at any time or upon any occasion be permitted to hold forth, Preach, Teach, or instruct, in the aforesaid Meeting House or Vestery, without the mutual consent of the Minister, Elders, Deacons, and the Majority of the Bretheren at large, Tenthly if thro corruption of Principle in Gospel truths any Minister, Elder or Elders, Deacon or Deacons, are admitted into his or thier respect office by the general Vote of the Bretheren, then and at that time composing the Church aforesaid, or should any Minister, Elder or Elders, Deacon or Deacons, be permitted to continue in office when Errors of principle touching points of Faith aforesaid, or habitual immoralitys contrary to true Holiness are discovered in and fully proved against him or them then the aforesaid Minister, Elders, Deacons, and Members, do and for such contempt of Gods sacred truths forfeit all right, Title, and Claim, to the aforesaid Two Plots of Ground, with all buildings thereon erected, and all Rents, Priviledges, Profits or Advantages thence arising, and in consequence thereof the Two aforesaid Plots of Ground, with all buildings thereon erected, together with whatever Rents, Profits or advantages thereunto belonging, Shall from thence forth become the whole and sole property, Estate, Right, [53] Title and Degree of that body of people collectively in the Kingdom of Great Brittain commonly called and known by the Society for promoting Religious Knowledge Among the Poor which Society usualy meet, or lately did meet at Founders Hall, London, that is to say, if as before observed, should a general Apostacy take place in the Officers and Members of the said Dissenting Church, in any future period, or for any other cause or causes, should the aforesaid Meeting House be left destitute of a Minister, inferior Officers, and Members holding and professing the faith of the Gospel and its fruit of Holiness, that then, and in such case or cases, the aforesaid Estate, with all its advantages are to be at the claim, direction and disposal of the aforesaid Society for Promoting Religious Knowledge among the Poor and so to be improved for the Glory of God, the furtherance of the Gospel, and the Salvation of immortal Souls, as those devout and Pious Gentlemen shall think proper, Provided always, that if at any time, the aforesaid places of Worship, shall be wanted for divine Service by Orthodox, Officers and Members, according to the System of Orthodoxy herein expressed, that then the said Meeting House and Vestery, with all other advantages thereunto belonging, whether, buildings, Gardens, Rents etca. to revert to the use of such people Professing the Faith of the Gospel according to the primary and true intent and meaning of these presents, Eleventh, that the Schoolmaster, Usher, etca. are to be admitted into Office by the Committy, and as far as possible, the same regard is to be paid to these teachers and instructors, [54] as to the former, respecting their principles, and moral practice, awful neglect whereof by the Church as a body will subject the whole community to the censures in all respects of the preceeding article, Twelfthly should such a general apostacy as aforesaid take place, which God forbid, that then and in such case, if there remains One or more, Member or members, who hold the Doctrines of Grace aforesaid, such steadfast member or members are hereby impowered to act in all things for and in behalf of The Society for promoting Religious Knowledge Among the poor aforesaid, and according to a Legal process of Law, in such cases, the aforesaid Minister, Elders, Deacons, and Members, who are fallen from the principles and practice of grace as aforesaid, and such out of the said Meeting House, Vestery and enclosures aforesaid, to turn and fully expell, and in the name and behalf of the said Society to enter, possess, and in all things for them and to their interest enjoy and improve, he or they the aforesaid Orthodox members, embracing the earliest oppertunity of transmitting an account thereof to the Society aforesaid Lastly that whatever priviledges, or advantages, Rents, or Profits, shall arise from the purchase of the Two Plots of Ground aforesaid, or from any building which now are or may hereafter be erected on the aforesaid Lands, the Meeting House, Vestery, and a Sufficiency of Burying Ground,(147) only excepted, shall be the Sole right and property of the said Minister, during his administration, exclusive of his [55] stated Salary,(148) any thing herein contained to the contrary notwithstanding, dated at St. Johns in the Island of Newfoundland this Fourteenth day of July in the year of our Lord One Thousand Seven Hundred and Eighty Seven and in the Twenty Seventh year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord George the third by the grace of God of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith etca etca etca. .....

John Jones Pastor

Signed and Sealed in presence Nathan Parker

of us in St Johns Newfound Wallis F. Lang

Land where no Stamp'd Paper Henry Phillips

is used ...... Joseph Lowman John Brown Edwd. Freeman

Thomas Coombes(149) James Barnes(150)

Timy Phillips(151) [56]

The following is copy of an advertisement printed by some friend or friends in England in the Winter 1787 and taken from a statement the Church sent to England in the fall 1786 ......

Case of the People at St Johns Newfoundland Recommended to all who love the Gospel 1787 ......

The principle settlement in the Island of Newfoundland is at the Harbour of St. Johns, The inhabitants are mostly Roman Catholics from Ireland, in the year 1775 the Gospel had never been statedly preached among them, A non-commissioned Officer of the Artillery named Jones, who had some time before been brought to a sence of Religion, returning thither from England at that time, obtained from the Magistrates permission to make use of the Court House for public Worship, and began to exhort people that Assembled there, from texts of scripture, he was debarred this priviledge the following year, but a few persons who had found benefit under his Ministry, determined to attempt building a small place for Worship, They procured with dificulty a Lease of some Ground, cut the Timber at five Miles distance, and erected the House chiefly by the labour of their own hands, the expence, however, so far exceeded thier calculation, that they incurred a debt of Sixty Six Pounds, - In the year 1778 Mr. Jones was ordered with the detachment of Artillery to England, and the little Society, which he had been instrumental in forming, sent after him a pressing invitation, to quit the Army and return to them as thier stated Minister, this call was highly approved by several Ministers, in that part of [57] England where he then was, and after obtaining his discharge, as well as a small Pension(152) for his former services, he returned again to St Johns with suitable instructions for his settlement with the people, - They have since that time greatly increased, and consisted last August, of Sixty Four persons, joined in communion, notwithstanding the death of several Members, and the removal of others to England and elsewhere (by which means a very considerable reduction has annually taken place), thier number has generally been formed of the very poorest sort, and there are not at present more than eighteen who can contribute to thier expences out of these no one has more than what he earns by labour or business they say therefore It is with great difficulty we can spare between five and Six Pounds per Annum, which some of us are oblidged to do in order to support the cause, and which we count our honour and happiness, while the Lord shall bless us with strength to labour, and work to do, Thus circumstanced in a country destitute of internal suport for Man or Cattle, and a great part of the Year deprived, by the Ice, of any communication with other parts of the World as well as of thier principle subsistence, the Cod Fishery on the great Bank - it is not surprising that they have not to this day been capable of any effectual exertion to clear themselves of the debt incurred at first, only Seven Pounds had been discharged the year before last - In five years more, thier Lease will expire, they are oblidgeed by contract to leave a Chimney in the House the building of which will cost Twenty Pounds, an expencee hitherto beyond their power, and the proprietor refuses to renew thier Lease at a lower Rent than an equal sum [58] per Annum, an additional burden which they have no prospect of ever being able to sustain, although thier present House is too small for the congregations that frequently Assemble - In the Summer 1785 a gentleman of Poole in Dorsetshire(153) being at St. Johns enquired minutely into thier affairs, and at his return to England, made a representation of them to several persons at that place, in consequence of which he with another friend wrote to Mr. Jones advising to send them an account of such measures as might be judged best, to see whether any relief could be obtained, they have accordingly sent a state of thier circumstances and proposals to several persons in England who are able to bear thier testimony to the representation - It has on due consideration, appeared most desirable to them to purchase some Ground, and to build upon it another place of Worship, the reasons of this proposal may be gathered from what is already stated, it remains to explain the Assistance which is requisite to accomplish it - The increase of settlements in Newfoundland is politically discouraged, chiefly perhaps, to promote attention to the Fishery, hence, excepting the ground which is taken up by this object, very few Acres are allowed to be occupied by Houses etc. at St. Johns, On this account land is very seldom to be bought, and then at great price, altho no part of the Island is inhabited but the Harbours on the Coast; a seasonable oppertunity occurring to purchase a piece of Ground, answerable to any necessary building and a burial place, they thought it expedient to agree for it at the price of One Hundred Pounds [59] to be paid (or the recognizance to be forfeited) on the first day of September following, The situation is centrical to the Town, a desirable circumstance where the inhabitants have to make thier way thro Snow more than knee deep for several Months, but on account of the declivity of this, as well as several parts of the Town, they will be obliged to raise a wall ten feet high along one side of the Building, to make the foundation level; They propose to build a place for Worship, forty two feet by thirty two feet, and a Vestry if possible, which, tho an additional expence would be of great utility, both to thier Social Meetings, and the education of thier Children, the former are held Weekly, and have always been found very beneficial to promote the power of religion among them, but require such an accomodation peculiarly in the extreem severity of thier Winter; there has been no School-Master in the place but the Popish which induced Mr. Jones to take upon himself the charge of instructing Children in the Bible and Catechisms,(154) he has now Thirty under his care but no proper place for them - The expence of building is unavoidably great, on account of excessive dearness of the necessary of life, and consequently of Labour and Workmanship, together with the difficulty of conveying materials, Carpenter's and Mason's Wages are from five to Six Shillings per diem, and Labourers Two Shillings and Six Pence; The Timber must be dragged by Men from distances between four and Seven Miles, the roads being impractible for Horses; Deal Boards cost from four to Six Pounds per Thousand feet; The Stones for the foundation Wall and Vestry Chimney must be brought from a distant spot with [60] much Labour, and the Lime Stone is carried thither from England The Masonry will therefore cost about Eighty Pounds, and the whole building (exclusive of the Ground purchased) at the nearest computation, between five and Six Hundred Pounds Sterling;(155) From the greatness of this expence it appears (to use thier own expressions) that if the Lord does not put it in the Hearts of his people in England to help them, they must desist fron their attempts which it may be observed have hitherto been so happily successful to promote the glory of God and the good of Souls; And that it will not be in their power to do much, if any thing, more than pay of the old debt, and building the Chimney, before the expiration of the Lease aforesaid, but as they might let their present House as a tenement, to some advantage for paying part of these expences, if a new place of Worship could be compleated two or three years before that time, it appeared particularly expedient to make an early representation of their case and it is the more desirable to obtain speedy relief; They therefore close with the request, If our design meets with the approbation of those to whom the Lord has given ability for helping us, so that our case moves your hearts (in compassion to our Souls, and the souls of our Children as well as the souls of others) to afford us some assistance that it may be transmitted to Mr. George Kemp Merchant at Poole, who has been an indefatigable friend to this cause, To conclude their situation appears on the whole, to be so important as to involve the only stated means of Salvation to Thousands of Souls [61] so urgent, as to stand in absolute need of support, so peculiar, as to be in several respects without a precedent, as well as too likely to remain without a parallel, and of such general concern as to appeal with equal propriety and force to every lover of the Gospel in this Country, from whence, only they have room to hope for assistance - Subscriptions will be gladly received by Mr. Welsh, Banker in Freemans Court, Cornhill, who has the case attested by several Ministers ......

The following is Copy of a Letter Received from Mr. Thomas Crew Jr dated Poole 9th June 1787 .....

Dear Sir

I have only time to say a few words and in the first place to thank you for your kind Letter of 9th May recd. some days since, and I glad you received the Books, Paper, etc. safe and to your liking, but I am sorry you should have been so much troubled and cast down from an Idea that the Wareham folks and People in general had got an unfavourable Idea respecting your intended plan of erecting a new House,(156) which is very far from being the case, nor did I ever hear the least hint of what you write, and I am very sure, that Mr. Velentine nor Captn. Tullock(157) neither wrote or spoke anything tending to discourage the Work, so far from it that the latter will I am persuaded contribute cheerfully according to his ability towards it, and I think you need be under no [62] apprehension of its being compleated in time, but it cannot be expected that such a Sum can be raised directly, I hope enough will be done this Summer and next winter to enable you to begin well, and I trust future applications will be attended with such success as to finish the whole - People whose ideas of Newfdland are, that you can have what Timber and Stuff for cutting and Board for Sawing, will of course ask what can make a Wood-House come to so much Money, but then your friends are ready enough to explain it to them, which cannot but be very satisfactory Therefore I beg you will be happy on that head - My love to Capn. Brown, Mr. Coombes, and all the Church -

I am your Affectionately

in the best bonds

(Signed) T. Crew Junr.

The following is an Extract from a Letter Recd. from Revd. Samuel Greathead dated NewPort Pagnell 25th May 1787 . . . . .

My Dear Friend and Brother

I wrote to you in the beginning of March from London by the first oppertunity I met with, and have since been in daily hopes of hearing from you, you have since then I apprehend heard by Captn. Brown, and are therefore well acquainted [63] both with what had been done, and was proposed for your assistance, Mr. Bull, after considerable difficulty arising from the great inconvenience he must suffer by my absence from the Congregation and Academy at length agreed to spare me Six Weeks before our vacation, and the same time after it, wishing me to return during the two Months he is absent, and suply his place, in which case he resolved to do without any other assistance, tho Mr. Welsh thought if otherwise it would have been expedient to pay a person for staying at Newport in my room - Matters being thus settled, I wrote a few days since to Mr. Welsh proposing to come to London to solicit your cause the beginning of next week; and was a little surprized at recieving a Note from him last night, mentioning that as One Minister is now collecting at London, and another is to follow him on like business, it was judged proper to defer my application in your behalf till after the Vacation, by the joint oppinion of Mr. Welsh, Revd. Mr. Ashburner, Mr. Kemp and Mr. Crew, who are now all in London, and have acted as a Committee in the management of your concerns, this I say a little surprized me, as I understood the time to be already settled, As to my private feelings it is highly pleasing that it should be postponed, for the present solicitation would have been attended with circumstances very inconvenient and even distressing to me, but I had suppressed the reluctance I felt on this account, thinking delays dangerous and wishing to seize oppertunity while it was offered, and I now fear that if we wait for a Clear opening in London, it will be as [64] much in vain as the Traveller in the Fable, who sat down contentedly by the side of a stream expecting that it would in time be Run out, and he should pass dryshod, There are I believe very few days in the year that do not bring applications of this kind to every person of Substance in the Religious World at London - I find even in the Country Towns, few Congregations that either are not in Debt themselves, or not encumbered with several Petitions that lay by for an oppertunity of solicitation, But in spite of these obstacles I have succeeded beyond all expectation wherever I have been permitted to plead the Cause, which I can attribute to nothing but the Lords influence upon the Hearts of Men, and to this only I trust for any prospect of success in what lies before me, for which if the Lord preserves my capacity and affords the opportunity I shall be ready whenever called upon [65] (158)

(Sign'd Saml Greatheed)

In consequence of the foregoing encouragements the following Petition for Leave to build was presented to Governor Elliot

The 30th of August 1787 -

To his Excellency John Elliot Esqr Governor and Commander in Chief(159) in and over the Island of Newfoundland etc etc etc

The Petition of John Jones Dissenting Minister in behalf of that Church at St Johns

Humbly Sheweth

That the Lease of your Petitioners Place of worship being nearly expired they have in consiquence thereof purchased a Piece of land sufficent to erect a Meeting House School-Room and Dwelling House for the Schoolmaster and Minister That in the purchase of the said Land your Petitioners have paid due regard to your Excellencys Orders issued last Fall respecting any Future Buildings in this Harbour the Land in question being more than an Hundred Feet above the upper Path(160) Your Petitioners hereby humbly pray your Excellency permission to erect the said Buildings And as in Duty etc etc

Wednesday the First of July(161) Mr Jones received the following note

Captain Gower(162) sends his Compliments and acquaints Mr Jones that he is directed by His Excellency Governor Elliot to survey the spot of Ground that Mr Jones wishes to erect some Houses upon which C G means to do tomorrow between the Hours of Ten & Eleven in the Morning

His Majestys Ship Salisbury Wednesday Morning [66]

The 3d of July Mr Jones receive the Following Letter from His

Excellency the Governor


Captain Gower of His Majestys Ship Salisbury having by my directions taken to his assistance two Persons well acquainted in the Fishery, and Examined the spot of Ground on which you have petitioned for Leave to erect a Meetinghouse Schoolroom and Dwelling house for the use of the Dissenters of this Place and reported that the said Spot of Ground is upwards of one hundred Feet above the upper Path and that the Buildings above mentioned will not be any way detrimental to the Fishery I am to acquaint you that you have hereby Permission to erect a Meetinghouse Schoolroom and Dwelling house for the use of the Dissenters of St Johns upon the spot of Ground described in your Petition and Captain Gowers said Report

I am


Your most Obedient Servt


Jo Elliot)

Mr John Jones Dissenting

Minister St Johns(163)

Having obtained Leave for building Mr Jones drew upon Mr George Kemp Mercht in Pool for one Hundred Pounds payment for the Land and the Bill of sale according to the Bond of Last year was executed the following whereof is a true Coppy -

Know all Men by these presents that I Andrew Barnes Senr of St Johns in the Island of Newfoundland Planter for and in Consideration of the sum of one Hundred Pounds Sterling [67] Lawful Money of Great Britain paid to me in hand by Messrs John Jones Nathan Parker, Walis Lang Henry Phillips Edward Freeman James Barnes and Joseph Lowman Actors for and in the behalf of the Dissenting Church at St Johns aforesaid the Receipt of which sum of one Hundred Pounds aforesaid I do hereby acknowledge and own my self to be fully and intirely satisfyed with for which sum of Money I have sold unto the said John Jones Nathan Parker Wallis Lang Henry Phillips Edward Freeman James Barnes and Joseph Lowman jointly all and singular that Part of my Estate real and Personal which I lately purchased from John Freeman(164) according to the Tennor and Date of the Bill of sale there given to me by the said John Freeman Viz All Houses Lands Tenements and Premises whatsoever or wheresoever situate lying and being in St Johns aforesaid (the Ground whereon the House of my son James Barnes do stand with the Priviledge of Nine Feet wide in Front for a yard only excepted) Have sold set over and delivered, and by these Presents in plain and open Market According to the just and due form of Law in that case made and Proved do Bargain set over and deliver unto the said John Jones Nathan Parker Wallis Lang Henry Phillips Edward Freeman James Barnes and Joseph Lowman jointly and seperatly forever for and in the behalf of the Dissenting Church aforesaid To have and to hold the said Bargained Plantation consisting of two Plots of Ground with the Buildings thereon according to the discription hereafter given Viz one Part of the aforesaid Land Joining to the House of the aforesaid James Barnes the North East End Width from the yard aforesaid in the front of said James Barnes House Thirty Nine Feet being nearly South East and North West bounded by the Path that leads to the Barrens. In width at the South West End of the said James Barnes house to the field of William Bevil Thomas,(165) bounding the South west end of said Ground, Seventy Feet; and bounding on the North East End by Elliott William Freemans(166) Garden and in length from the Path aforesaid (bounding to North East End) to the field aforesaid (bounding the South West end) One Hundred and Nine feet, bounded on the South East by Elliott Elmes's Flake and Joseph Lowmans House, Another part of the aforesaid Land contiguous to the Barrens, bounded on the East part by the path aforesaid nearly North and South, One Hundred and Six feet bounded on the north side by Edward Freemans Garden nearly North West and South east, Sixty Seven Feet, bounded by the Barrens on the north West side nearly North East [68] and South West Fifty Four feet; the South West side bounded by Mich Colberts(167) garden, nearly North West and South East, one Hundred and Twenty Three Feet; as their own Estate Right Tittle or Degree for ever More, except as before excepted, anything herein contained to the contrary not herewithstanding, and the said Andrew Barnes for himself his Heirs Executors administrators, and assignees, against all and all manner of Persons, Shall and will warrant and forever Defend the said premisses to and for the said Messrs. John Jones, Nathan Parker, Wallis Lang, Henry Phillips, Edward Freeman, James Barnes and Joseph Lowman, Jointly, In witness wherof I have hereinto set my hand and Seal in St Johns NewfLand this Thirtieth Day of July in the Twenty Seventh year of the Reign of Our Sovereign Lord George the Third by the Grace of God of Great Britain, France and Ireland King Defender of the Faith etc etc etc and in the year of Our Lord - One Thousand Seven Hundred and Eighty Seven -

Signed, Sealed and Delivered in presence of us Signd Andw. Barnes

Where no stampd Paper is used ......

Signd John Brown

Timy Phillips

Recorded in the Court of Sessions Books Pages 200, 201 & 202(168) this twelfth day of August in the Twenty Seventh year of the Reign of Our Sovereign Lord George the third by the grace of God of Great Britain France and Ireland King Defender of the Faith - and in the year of Our lord One Thousand and Seven and Eighty Seven

Signd Jas Woodmason C.J.(169) [69]

At a meeting of the Committee 27th November 1788(170) Present John Jones Nathan Parker, Wallis Lang, Henry Phillips James Barnes Edward Freeman and Joseph Lowman It was unanimously agreed First that Mr John Jones should write to Mr. George Kemp or Mr. Thomas Crews Mechts. in Poole for the following Articles for the furtherance of the new Building Viz -

12000 M Brick

20 Hogsheads Lime

30 pieces Timber 8 In. square at the top

20 Galls. Linseed Oil

700 White Lead Paint &c

2.0.0 4d Rose Nails

2.0.0 8d ditto

2.0.0 12d ditto

7.0.0 20d ditto

1.0.0 30d ditto

2.0.0 40d ditto

1.0.0 6 In Spikes

2 M 4d Sprigs

2 6d Ditto

4 Boxes Glass - 14 by 10

Secondly that Messrs. Parker & Lang & Lowman are to work in the woods occasionaly with ther men in the cutting and Squaring of Timber for the new Buildings for wch they are to be allowd four Shillings per Diam -

Thirdly - that the said Parker & Lang & Lowman are not obledge to work when thier Business calls them elsewhere -

Fourthly - that Two Men as Winter Servants are to be engaged to do the necessary Labour works in Collecting the timbers in the Woods Hauling them out &c -

Fifthly that the said Wintermen are to board with Wallis Lang, we finding their Meat and House Room only for which he is to be paid Twelve Pounds Twelve Shillings,(171) other usal necessarys to be found by the Church - Sixthly, that a Quarter Cask of Rum is to be Bought and left in the care of Mr. Lang who is to give it out to the several workmen as Directed by the Committee.(172) [70]

Committee met the 6th March 1788 Present John Jones Henry Phillips, Nathan Parker, Wallis Lang, Edward Freeman and Joseph Lowman. It was unanimously agreed That in consequence of James Barnes being turned out of Church Fellowship(173) Mr. George Brace(174) should be nomenated a member of the Committee in his room accordingly the Tenth Fowlowing the said Brace was Chosen in by the majority of the Church - Resolved by the committee

12th March 1788 Present John Jones, Nathan Parker Wallis Lang, Henry Phillips, Edward Freeman, Joseph Lowman, and Geo Brace - for which the said Parker, Lang and Lowman are to be paid Six Shillings per Deam for their Men -

14th march 1788 Committee mett. Present John Jones Nathan Parker, Wallis Lang, Henry Phillips, Josh Lowman Edward Freeman and George Brace, Resolved further that Wallis be hired Immediately to assist the wintermen in the Stones, and Resolved further that Walker(175) and McMinn Proceed as fast as Possible in raising the Foundation Wall, for wch they are to be two Shillings per yard Superfisal measure as per agreement and have all necessaries and attendance found them, Resolved again that more Labourers are to be Employed and to continue During the Summer as Occasion shall require -

Meeting of the Committee 18th July 1788 Present John Jones, Nathan Parker, Wallis Lang, Henry Phillips Edward Freeman, Jos Lowman, and Geo Brace, It was unanimously Agreed that Messrs Parker, Lang and Lowman shall put up the Frame of the new Building that the settlement of their pay shd be Deferd till [ ] when it should be Determined according as they are further employed, namely - If they are continued throu the winter they the said Parker Lang and Lowman are to be paid Five Shills per Deam for Summer Six Months & Four Shillings per Deam for Winter Six months, and their men - Four Shillings per Deam Summer and Winter but if in the fall aforesaid it should be found more adviseable to employ yearly Carpenters then and in such cases the said Parker, Lang and Lowman are to receive pay for their Summer service according to the customary Price of the Harbour -

23rd Novemb. 1788 At the meeting of the Committee composed of John Jones, Nathan Parker, Wallis Lang, Henry Phillips, Edwd Freeman, Jos Lowman and Geo Brace, It was resolved that Messrs Parker, Lang, and Lowman should proceed in the Work and be paid according - the resolves July the 18th and that 15000 M Feet of Board should be bought for the furtherance of the said Building, and whereas the Money in Stock is all [71] expended it was resolved that the aforesaid Committee bind themselves according to the undermentioned writing, to pay the several sums against their names Expressed for the further prosecution of the work, shod there no Money come out of England -

We the undermention John Jones, Nathan Parker, Wallis Lang, Henry Phillips, Edward Freeman, Jos Lowman and Geo Brace hereby engage Our Selves to pay the several sums against our Names Expressed which sums are to be paid approprisated to the use of the new Buildings now erecting in St. Johns for the use of the Dissenting Church providing there is not money enough come out of England - Given under our hands at St. Johns aforesaid - the 23rd Novemr. 1788

John Jones ...........£5.0.0 Po

Henry Phillips ...... 20.0.0 Twenty Pounds Nath. Parker ........ 10.0.0 Ten .. Ditto

Wallis Lang ......... 10.0.0 Ten .. Ditto

Edw Freeman ......... 10.0.0 Ten .. Ditto

Jos Lowman .......... 10.0.0 Ten .. Ditto

Geo Brace ........... 5.0.0 Five . Ditto

£70 in total

My Good old Friend (Extract of Letters recd. by Mr. John Jones

Your comfortable Lines of the 13th. Inst. I gladly received, and thankfull for the good News, That I am not forgotten by my much esteemd friend, and I realy feal my Heart faster bound than ever to him I realy Love & Esteem - I thank the Lord who has inclind the Hearts of his People to Build him a House, may it prove an Earthly Sanctuary to many yet unborn, I with Captn. Tullock are striving to Collect a few Pence to help it on I intend to bring, or send what we can rise -

I first put in 2 Guineas -

Capt. Tullock 2 Do

Capt. Balne(176) 1 Do

I have talkd to Mr. Webb,(177) he says to give you what he intends himself, wch. will be something worth while I hop and believe he will not fail. I have likewise tryed Mr. Pike,(178) Davis(179) &c - but no hopes - I think to try old Fred Noil(180) - the very bad Voyages(181) prevents other platers from Doing anything even to make up a Sufficence for Mr Mc.Geary(182) who is intreated to stay the winter

I have not anything more to add - But Remain

Carbonear 19th Septr 1787 Dr. Sir yours &c

Richd. Valintine [72]

Poole 1st March 1788

Dear Brother in Christ

O may the God of Grace mercy and Peace be with you and Bless the with all Spiritual Blessing in Heavenly things in Christ Jesus the Lord Amen

Mr Greathead has been here and have Collected £136. 2 from house to House - amongst some of our Friends, and after we were gone Mr. Ashburner Preached a Sermon for you and collected for you at the Meeting Door - £8.6 in the whole £144.8. I doubt not but the Lord will enable Mr. Greathead to get the most of it for you before Septr. next - I hope Capt. Coombes will be with you in the Ketch I hope some time in May - and I hope to be with you in the Brig

Rainbow some time in June,(183) the Lime will be sent out the first Ship that sails. Direct out from here or else I will bring it - There will be by your consent alteration in the Plan of Establishment(184) and think for the best which will be sent to you to approve or refuse - The Gentlemen here are Studdying everything so that the Work may go on with expedition, and I think will be send you such things as you will want, I have sent you your seeds(185) by the bearer Captn. Summers - May the God of all Grace be with you and all the Dear children of God in St. Johns - I Remain yr. Friend & Brother in the best bonds -

John Brown

a List of Subscribers at Poole(186)

Geo. Welsh £10.10.

John Brown 49.19. 9

Jo Crews 10.10 0

Mrs. Miller 5. 5

Mrs. Mary Budden 5. 5

John Budden 10 6

J. Bayly 10 6

Tullock & Bunn 10 6

Richd Miller 3. 3.

M. Monk 5. 5.

Richd Ledgar 2. 2.

James Charrett 1.11. 6

William Battes 2. 2.

Revd. Mr. Ashburner 5. 5.

Mr. Fryer 2. 2.

Mrs. Bushell 1. 1.

Mrs. Miller 10. 6

Mr. Taylor 1. 1. £111. 8. 9[73]

Amount brought forward £111. 8. 9

Mr. Burk 1. 1.

Mrs. Husman 1. 1. Miss Kemp 1. 1.

E & H Taverner 1. 1.

Mr. Cheesman 10. 6

Mrs. Puslleimb 10. 6

J. Baird 10. 6

J. Powell 10. 6

Geo. Kemp 7. 7.

John Kemp 2. 2.

Joseph Pelley 10. 6

John Dunford 2. 2.

Mr. Sweetland 10. 6

Robt. Coward 1. 1.

W. Pedden 1. 1.

James Furnell 10. 6

Rob. Bill 1. 1.

William Wills 10. 6 24.13. 3

136. 2

This Amt. collected by Mr. Ashburner 8. 6

£144. 8

Kingsbridge Devon 8th March 17[ ](187)

My Dear Friend & Brother

I am here on a Journey which was undertaken for your Cause, You are acquainted with the nature of my Situation at New Port Pagnell, being stadely engage to assist Mr. [ ](188) both in the Congregation and academy, it is difficult for him to spare me, and impossable for me to be absent without his Permission, He new my Endeavours to promote the Service of your cause was unavoidably impeded. All was Possiable was, now I think thought to get out one Sabbath to some Congregation in our neighbourhood to Sollict, and to prevail upon some Persons of my acquaintance to promote it in their Residences, Among this Discription the most usefull Friend was the Revd. Jno. Horsey(189) of Northampton, Minister at the Indepent Meeting near Dr. Doddriges(190) who raisd. 13 Guineas amongst his People last October. I had the former Statement of the Case printed in the Theological Miscellany,(191) some subscriptions were sent in, particularly £10 from Lady Smith widow of the Lord Chief Barnt.(192) £10 from Lady Mary Fitzgerald,(193) by Mr. Scott of the Lock Chaple.(194) S & T Reader sent in more than £14 - the whole at the End of the year Amounted to £154 - Since thiers a Mr. Welsh by applications to Mr. Bull prevaild on him to spare me for Six Weeks [74] to take a Journey Westward in the Business, I left new Port the begining of lst Mounth - settled my route at London with Mr. Welsh and proceeded to Portsmouth, where by 3 public Collections I gathered almost £26. I crossd. there to the Isle of Wight and at N Port from House to House collected £10, at Southampton Mr. Kingsburry(195) helped me to a like Sum I proceeded to Poole, and, including Mr. Welsh & Captn. Brown raised £135 - by particular Subscription in Mr. Ashburners Congregation only, he & Capt Brown companying me to the Houses. after this great Success I mett with expected Discouragements, being able to procure little more than £17 at Waymouth, Dorchester, Axminster, Heniton, the Minister at each place Subscribe handsomely, I came last Saturday to Plymouth - collected the next Eveng. at Mr. Kinsman's(196) at Dock £11.4.6 and went with Messrs. Mends and their people amongst them with some Difficulty we raisd. about £12. The Family of Mends subscribed 5 Guineas - and the other Subscrib. Presbyterians 6 more Mr. Gill(197) the Baptist Minister rejected it - I am now on my return home meaning to glean in my way back with what I could not take up in coming, I am at Mr. Erreses House near Kingsbridge where I have to collect tomorrow as well at Plue(198) 8 Miles Off but dont expect much at both - I then hope to proceed to Dartmouth to try what their NewfLand Connections will induce to give - for I find I have nothing to expect on the ground of Love to Christ - at Exeter something is begin which I hope will be augmented at Bridport I expect more - other places are uncertain - As I am very Disirous of a Circumstantial account First from you, I have been particular in notting an example, The Lord has been very mercifull to me in this Journey - preserving me from any danger, prospering my applications in many Instances beyond all expectations, and carring me without essential Damage thro Exertions wch. I apprehended must have put a Period to my public Labours - The Circumstances of my Journey have been rendered so agreeable that I should have enjoyd it highly could I have forgotten the Breech made upon my own Improvements in Learning, the Difficulties Mr. Bull is labouring and the Interruption of the academical Studies that I direct with some other powerfull attractions to N. Port, The Employment of begging is indeed irksome one, not however so much in this case as it would be in one where I could not disclaim my personal Interest I have respectisly receivd great Pleasure in being Witness to the Chearfullness with which some contribute liberally to the Cause of Christ, Poole is a peculiar Instance, that I think Gosport is not less remarkable in its circumstances, That Congregation had lately raised £2000 - among themselves to build their Meeting and Minister House, and as they had applied for no help to Others thought it necessary to Decline attending to other application but they allowd a public Collection for this and Gave £13 - [75] at the Doors, of wch. there was a poor Man who answered his Name gave a Guinea, I have also had the pleasure of forming acquaintance with some very worthy, Iamible Persons whom I should probably otherwise never have seen, Of these your Zealous Friends Mr C & H Mends must be Notted, The Letter recom. accompanied me Hither, and finding me about writing, sends his Kindness affections, saying he will write in a week or two from PG I purposed myself not to have written till I reacchd. Dartmouth, but having most leisure here, take the oppy. I have not your Letter with me now, I brought them on purpose to answer them there, I may therefore probably omit somethings, but shall now mention what occurs to me - Your proposal for vesting the property of the new Meeting House in one of the Public Societies did not meet with the Judgement of your Friends here, Mr. Welsh purposes that it should rather be committed in trust of the names of wch. are printed in the enclosed Paper* with some others of Poole,(199) but I suppose you will here of this from that Quarter, The printed Paper was drawn up by me as well as the former, which I found too long for general Personal and therefore when the copies were ac/shosted this was More than £350 - have been collected, I cant expect it up £400 before my return to N. Port, and I almost without prospect of Oppy. to prosecute the applications in future. I cannot Discover any way of contets of the Lord should remove or confine me. I dont write this to Discourage, but to set the matter in its real light - I have no doubt of the whole sum being raisd if a Sufficient applications can be carried on - I shall be ready to go on with it when oppy. admits, at the same time, I believe I can say with the utmost truth that had I £300 in the world without others dependant upon me, I would freely give it all to be deliverd from the burden of collecting, But I am urged to perseverance by a persuation that it is the work important wa[y] in which I can promote the Service of the Lord Jesus Christ, and pro[mp]ted, by the recollection of the Blessings I enjoyd. amongst you, which has endeard your concerns to me for ever -(200)

Your Letters to Mr. Newton were forwarded to him, and cordially received, and I hope will prove invitement to his further attention to the Case, I believe I mentiond that Mr. Thorntion(201) had given me 10 for you, I have had intermation that he thinks of giving more but he Grudges my time from the Academy and from Mr. Bulls assistancy in wch. he interests himself much, He also has a Stran[ge] Prejudice against building Meeting Houses, and to ask him for anything is not the way ever for his nearest Friends to Obtain it. - What he may do is therefore wholly uncertain -

* Case of the People at St. Johns NfLand

To esteem nothing foregin to ourselves that affects the welfare creatures, is a sentiment that has always be applauded as proper to humanity, To intrest ourselves for the Salvation of Souls and the progress of the Redeemers Kingdom, is equally proper to Christianity - It is apprehended by those who were thoroughly acquainted with facts that no case ever appealed to the maxims and [76] feelings of Christians with greater proprity and force than that of the people at the harbour of St. Johns the principle settlement in NewfLand The Gospel has been planted there and remarkeably bllessed, but the continuance of it appears to depend upon the assistance that may at present be procured from England for building a place of worship -

Their present meeting house was built ten years since, upon ground of which they took a lease that now approaches to expiration, A very small Society had there been recently formed under the pastoral care of Mr. John Jones, who still continues to labour among them, After their utmost exertions in raising a very slight house they remained £60 in debt. This they have never been able to discharge, although their number has so much increased, that they consisted last year of between 60 and 70 persons joined in church fellowship, besides numerous hearer[s] They are mostly of the poorest condition, and none amongst them has any thing but what he earns by labour or trade -

Barrenness of soil, extreme severities of climate, and Other Distressing inconveniences of situation, render the necessaries of life excessively Dear, Workmanship is consequently very expensive, carpenters, and masons wages being five or Six Shillings a Day, The timber that is cut upon the Island must be dragged by men from the Distance of several miles, Hence at the most accurate estimate, the whole expence of a convient wooden building including purchase of ground, a foundation wall &c will amount to between six and Seven Hundred Pounds Sterling - The importance of these circumstances is hightened by the prevalence of popery, and total want of gospel light almost throughout that extensive Island, The instruction of the rising generation which Mr. Jones has undertaken, and in which he meets with the greatest encouragement adds to this consideration, On the whole, the peculiar urgency and merit of the case induced several individuals in England, who had long been conversant with the affairs at St. Johns, to exert themselves in its behalf, by contributing their assistance, and recommendation it to others, In the course of last year above £150 was collected, clear of all expences £100 of wch. has been paid at St. Johns for a piece of ground to erect the meeting House upon - The sums contributed are lodged in the hands of Mr. Walsh Banker in Cornhill, who is joined with the Revd. Mr. Ashburner, Mr. Geo Kemp, Mr. Crews, and Capt. Brown of Poole, Revd. S. Reader of Wareham, T. Reader, of Taunton, T. Mends of Plymouth(202) and S. Greatheed of N. Port Pagnell, to constitute a committee for obtaining and insuring the present and future support of the gospel at St. Johns -

N.B. A more particular account of the progress of the gospel at NfLand was inserted in the Theological Miscellany for Octr. last It includes also a Circumstantial explanation of the expence in the proposed building - (203) [77]

Dartmouth 11th March 1788

I am sorry from this place to find no better account than that Mr. Stokes(204) and myself with a Mr. Plumleigh(205) of this Place and the Revd. Mr. Blackford(206) of Torquay have been to the principle Merchants without any success whatever, being particulary rejected by everybody but Mr. Newman one who was willing to contribute with his Brothers(207) - and if they consented would send it to Mr. Stokes - alas how is the Glory departed from Dartmouth since Mr. Tidewell(208) Dyed - Mr. Adams,(209) the present Minister, very old and infirm, wishs well to the cause and was very willing we should call on any of his people, but a Gentleman above mentiond. who enterd zealously in to the matter, could not think it worth while -

I am returning through Totness, to Exeter, at which Places I fear the example of Dartmouth will have a bad Effect, and

also at Bridport If they have not finishd. there already, as prosed among themselves -

I think it advisable to set about the metting House and raise the Shell Defering the Galleries to another season, and going to as little Expence as possiable about the Vestry, where perhaps a Stove may supply a chimney for the present. I can by no means mage to furnish what I have begun, from a Varity of Hinderances, wch. I am aware of supposing others, I may at present be affected with a dispondency, from the Discouragements of this day -

Let me here from you as soon as possiable after you receive this, and be particular in informing me what has been done for and by you - If all persons have the most need of such Information, but I could not obtain it last year nor do I know any thing of your present state, but from Letters which Captn. Brown and Mr. H. Mends shewd. me, thou I have reason to believe I received all your letters - May the Lord Jesus Christ be with you generally and individually, for your comfort and Prosperity -

May his Loving kindness continually preserve you - My cordial affection waits uppon every one amongst you - Remember and pray for your Friend and Servant in the Lord

Signd. Saml Greatheed

(I could not raise £5. last Sabbath)

Poole 25th February 1788

Revd. & Dear Sir

A vessel of Mr. Gadens,(210) Capt. Summers being Sailing for France & St. Johns I embrace the oppy. to acknowledge the rect. of your sundry favors last fall & to return you mine & Mrs. C.s thank your kind present of Berries(211) - Your School Books Paper &c. goes by this oppy & Capt. Summers will I doubt not take care of the Boxes and deliver them safe - enclosed you have the Booksellers a/c thereof Amt. to £12.0.6 wch. you may pay Capt. Brown or as might be most convein[ient] to you - I have not realy time to write you a long Letter - respecting the cause only must observe that Mr. Greatheed was here last we[ek] in his way to the West, having made a Collection of £135 - & about £45 in his way to this Place, all which added to what was collected last year Amd. to £300 - clear of Expences out of which £100 has been paid the Amt. your a/c. for the Land, & here remains at this time £230 [78] in hand £100 we think to send you in Cash by Capt Brown the Lyme and Nails will go as soon as Possiable & the Bricks the Summer, because they are not to be got at Present - I hop if Mr. Greatheed should be able to get sufficient time from Mr. Bull he will by the next year raise Money enough for the whole - (I refer you to Our Friend Capt. Brown who is at present quite at leisure) I beg leave to refer for further Particulars, and as I am very busy and hope to write you again soon - I must conclude with Love to your self and all

Friends & believe me D Sir

Your very sincerely

Signd. Thomas Crews Jnr.

Wareham 5th March 1788

Dear Sir

I recd. your favours, and hope you will receive the usial quantity of Candles are 4 doz. from my two daughters & Misses. & Mrs. Clarkes(212) that Married that my late daughter and my Niece, what Mr. Compton who makes them adds, I never know but hopes that he has now done the same, I should not have mentiond. these things, had not things taken an unhapy turn here - which are doubtfull, Some time ago I mentiond. one of our most flourishing Tradesmen, and at the same time one of the most generous men among, but unhappily declairing himself a unitarian, wch. I was afraid would much prejudice our collection for your meeting House - he is Brother and a rich uncle of thieviatry I apprehend in his sentiments were at the head of the design to oblidge me to have an assistant of their Chusing, with wch. I acquainted you last year - After much altercation they got one in Augst. last who finding me take less notice of him at his coming than he expected assurd. me by letter that not approval of all the congregation should constitute him my assistant without my own - But uppon his declairing himself Arian, I told him I must beg to be excused from accepting him as my assistant, On wch. they that had sent for him after hearing him but 3 times, Determind. that if he went away that I should too, after having been here ever since Octr 1738, and they wd. lockd. the doors against me - though I had been the prisiple Instrument of rebuilding the meeting House after it was burnt down in 1762,(213) They askd. however, if I would preach with him. If they chose him Lecturer, I answerd. I could not in Conscience consent to an Arian, that I saw no difference betwixt an Assistant and a Lecturer, but that I would preach with him for the present, without binding my self for any time, He askd. if I would behave civilly to him. I answerd. not only civilly but friendly, On wch. it was determind. that I should give up £20 pr A. that I should preach at all my usual times, my Salary being about £60 pr A. - [79] he is That I should preach at all my usual times except one Lords day in the afternoon in a Fortnight & he that afternoon and every Lords day Eving. Thus we go on at present, but my good Brother at Taunton and my worthy Friends Messrs. Ashburner and Welsh and a few People here wish me wholly to separate and to Preach in my own School to wch. I answer that I will hold but about 50 People, & I new not when to get a larger Place, no do I believe more than abt. that number will separate with me, Such a Deffection in a Congregation I never knew wch. I allways thought almost wholly Iuritarian & where I have been so long - treated as much respect As I could reasonably expect or desire, They themselves are supprised, and one of leaders sade to me that he did not expect it would have gone down so easy - I lookd. at Gods hand in it and would humble myself deeply before him for the past sins of Life, but bless his Grace that keeps my mind composd. But I am sorry that this hinders our collection for your meeting House, I had made a small one about the beginning of the affair, but our worthy Friend Mr. Greatheed here lately and preaching I was in hope to have mended it and therefore concurrd. his mentiong the case from the pulpit which he did disiring some person to stand at the Door to collect, but no body did, and one of those that usd. to do it gave me this reason that he thought Mr. Greatheed was brough here in opposition to Mr. Hill(214) the Lecturer, I therefore the next Lords day desird. that they who were willing to contribute more would let me have it, but I have had but £18 - of wch. Mr. Hill gave £5 - after Mr. Greatheed was gorne - a paper was dropd. about him in a Place in the Street such are the unhappy first fruits Arianism here but I rejoice in Mr. Greatheeds signal success in several other places - My I am now in 72nd year is a further hinderance to my seperating - nor does Mr. Hill Directly attack the Deity of Christ in Public, but only now & then draws a Dergrading satence - My family have left of hearing him - I yet hear him those afternoons only when he preaches, but dont know how long I shall do - you see how great of yours & your Friends Prayers wch. I began almost 3 years ago, I was very ill and then a great concern was expressd. for fear of loosing me - & blessed be God nothing material is now alledged against me but only the general wish seems to be that I wd. unite with Mr. Hill, by wch. I & a few here & many abroad think I sd. in a great measure give up the Gospel - I am sorry this that these Discouragable things have hindered my doing what I wish for you and yr. Church, But rejoice that the Govr. has fully decreed on you building the House and wish it much success, & now that God is yet with you, and that there is reason to hope that the word is not a de[ad] Letter - may an abundant be uppon you & your Church -

I am with respect your and &c.

(Signd. T.(215) Reader [80]

Poole 23rd April 1788

Revd. & Dear Sir

I beg leave to refer you to my former Letter and have now only to acknowledge rect. of your esteemd. favour of 10th. January via Barbados, recd. yesterday, and am rejoiced to hear of your good Health & Mr Phillips recovery to whom I beg my best respects - I note what you say of the very mild Winter having prevented you from getting the necessary timber out of the Woods, and desiring me to send you out a number of Sticks which might need of been done if it had been known last fall so as to have engaged freight for them from Halifax or Quebec, but at this time the Ships being nearly all Saild to these ports I think it rather imprudent to order them any of the above places, and risk the purchasing of them in NewfLand, as in the former case you would be left at very great uncertainty, and perhaps have them sent down at a very great Freight at a time when others had been purchased on the Spot, so that all things concird, I dont know but it will be best to risk your getting them in the, & perhaps the Weather, might have alterd soon after your Letter came away and hereby enabled your Crew in the Woods to get them from there.

I must beg leave to refer you to Our Mutual Dear Friend Capt. Jno. Brown, the bearer for futher particles and with Love in wch. Mrs. Crew begs to join belive me

Your Sincerely

(Signd) Thomas Crews Jun [81]

Poole 24th. April 1788

Dear Sir

I recd. your sundry favors, and have the pleasure to confirm an acct. wch. I suppose you have already received from some of our Friends, respecting the success attending the Collecting for your Meetting House - I have not the particulars from Mr. Greatheed or Mr. Walsh, the latter I expected to have seen here by this time however I have reason to suppose that there has been collected upwards of £500 in the whole -

Your Bill for £100 is paid & have delivered £52.10 to Captn. J. Brown who informs us that ready Money is very necessary to pay some of the workmen - there is the Quaty of Nails & Glass which you orderd shipt from Bristol, & the Lime & Paint with several Galls. of Oil is on board of Capt. Browns Vessell -(216)

Out of the Money already Collected there has been delivered to m[e] about £219 - & the amt. of cash now sent by Mr. Brown with the Nails paint Lime &c is abt. £119 - so that you may draw on me for £100 as soon as you please, and in Such Sums as may suit your conveniency - When I have the accs from Mr. Welsh respecting th[e] remainder of the Money, it is probable you will be advised respecting the same, for your government in using it, as occasion may require

I hope there is no danger of a sufficient sum being raised to answer all the purposes you have in View, and that it will please God to attend the Work with his special blessing to an[d] the most valuable purposes of his own Glory, and the salvation of Sinners - as Mr. Brown is the bearer hereof - he will inform you of all further particulars wch. you may need and I hope to have further to communicate to you in the course of the Summer

I remain very truly

Dr Sir your affect Friend

(Signd) George Kemp [82]

Plymouth April 9th 1788

My Dear Friend & Bror. in the Gospel

Your favours by the hands of Mr. Helpman & Mr. Date(217) I received, It affords me and indeed every true Friend of the Gospel of our adorable Lord and Saviour, real pleasure to find that a Gracious God still goes on to do you good - that the regin of his Providence & the rich dews of his Grace still attend the causes in St. Johns - Such are the openings of Providence and the rich dews of his Grace, respecting it thou I doubt not but the Lord has risher blessings yet in reserve for you & that our eyes shall see yet greater things than these - I am sorry to find your mind so painfully exercised respecting those hints I threw out relating to a few difficulties attending the reprisentation of your case - and I inform you that my mind is Perfecting satisfied, and am fully convinced of your conduct - Very lately I was indulged with company of the Rd. S. Greatheed he came on the errand of soliciting the assistance of the Friends of Jesus on the behalf of the Gospel at St. John's, the encouragement he met with was not equal to what I most ardently wishd., yet it was tolerable I believe £40 - Mr. Greatheed fully explaind every Difficulty & therefore I trust my dear J Jones will not permit an uneasy thought to dwell on his mind. I greatly admire Mr. G - and cannot help adoring the Wisdom of Jesus and great Love to the Vineyard, that he has sent such a Labourer into his work, may the Lord prosper him abundantly -

Respecting your enquiry after a young man capable of Keeping your School - I know not what to say - No such person can I find in our congregation neither can I here of any at present who will accept the offer - However you may rest assured that I shall still look out and inform by the earliest oppy - It grieves me to here that Popery still gains ground, O may the Lord speedly destroy that Man of Sin(218) by the breath of his mouth and Brightness of his Glory yet my dear Brother, fear not, He that is with us is stronger than he that is with them, and the Lord will in the most degenerate seasons have a remant a seed to serve him who have not bowed their knees to Baal - I wd. have you by all means continue to teach the Protestants Resolution(219) to the Children - you are embarked in a good cause, and the Lord will be round you as a wall of fire & Brass in every future as well as he manifested himself in every past trial I need not say to you who have endured. such a Fight of affliction that first let us examin & endeavour to find out the Path of Duty, wch when done shoud never be forsaken, as no pretence whatever [83] Such was good Danls case he was forbidden to Pray, but he hesitated not wether to obey God or Man, no - he Prayed and his conduct soon brought on him the rage of the haughty silles Tyrant but his Petitions also brot. down a Deliverance wch. astonished every indignant beholding Persecutor and aniamated the broken in Heart - Therefore will I say to you - as Darius to Danl. Thy God whom thou servest continualy, He will deliver thee.(220)

I have sent you a few copies of a Sermon for little Children I printed a New Edition for the benefit of our Dissenting Charity School(221) wch. you will please to accept and give to the most dersving of our catechismens -

I can rejoice to inform you that the Lords blessing our church in a wonderfull manner - The word runs and is glorified in a degree mor[e] than usual many are enquiring Sirs - we would see Jesus. O may Friend how divinely rish and sweet is such a reward for our poor worthless Labours my dear Father, is continued amongst us & enjoys a great Share of health strength & Spirits, His Friends in general say he has not been better these 10 or 12 years past - many, many certain Friends enquire after your wellfare and rejoice to hear of your prosperity -

Please to present my very affectionate remembs. to your pious and members of your highly distinguished Society - tell them I cease not to bear them on my heart before the Throne and pray that Grace and Peace may attend each individual thro all the trials, temptation and sorrows of this wilderness, that Jesus our dear Immanuel may conduct them not only safely, but triumphantly thro Jordans cold and swelling flood and land them safe on the blissful shores of the celestial Canaan -

And O may we all meet arround the Throne, and join Our Voices in the universal shout, Grace, Grace - and in Singing the Song of Moses and the Lamb forever and ever amen -

Mrs. M and every branch of the Family join in the warmest expression of respect and affection, with your

affectionate Frd. & Bro.

in the Gospel of Christ

Signd. H. Mends [84]

My very Dear Bro. in Christ

I cant tell how to let this Letter pass without saying some thing to you by way of Couragement with respect to your new Meeting House - That worthy Minister Mr. Greatheed, I must say has taken great to your Interest of that of St. Johns, and I make no doubt but he will accomplish the whole

The great Head of your Church has put his hand the second time to the work and who shall be able to prevail agt. him - Be strong O Zerubbabel sayeth the Lord, be strong O Joshua Son of Josedeck the High Priest,(222) and be strong all ye People of the Lord saith the Lord of Host & work for I am with you saith the Lord of Host - The hearts of our People were afraid beyond my expectations considering the great expence we have been at in building our meeting House, and being now much in debt(223) and so it has been in other places, for the Lord our God sent forth with the messingers - I have a few more years added to my worthless life, O that they may be spent for the Glory of God and Sions good, to live is Christ and, to die is gain

As to your teachg the Protestant Resolution we must leave that to your own prudence knowing better the Bloody Disposition of the Papist there, we do we must as wise as Serpents and Harmless as Doves -

That the lord Jesus, the Head of the Church, may direct, uphold and prosper you in your Work, and help you to finish your Coarse with Joy, is the prayer of

Your real friend & fellow

Labourer in yr. Gospel

(Signd.) Cr. Mends [85]

London 28th March 1788

My Dear Friend & Brother,

I am thus far on my Return hom[e] & take the oppy of leaving a Letter at the N York coffee House(224) for a Vessell that is to sail in a few days for St. Johns, since I wrote from Dartmouth I collected some small sums, at Totness, Exeter, Salisbury, & Rimsey, Had the Pleasure to find that at Bridport they had raised £20 and at Blanford abt. £12 some other Places I am still uncertain about, but think the whole Produce of the Journey will not come far short of £300 from which about £20 is Deducted by travelling Expences -

I am glad to find that Mr. Walsh is not ratifeid with my Conduct, but that the success is Double his Expectations -

It is just 6 Weeks since I left this Place, Mr. Bull's Letters informs me that he has been in some Distress from my absence, but I trust it may be remitted -

I have this morg consulted with Dr. Stafford, and requested him to resolve a furture applications in London, I find his oppinion similar to Mr. Welsh's respecting of applying to the Bord of Dissenting ministers, I have no prospect at present of having leisure to make application here, but trust that the Lord may make way for it, unexpectedly as well as for that of wch. I have no concluded

From the apperant difficulty of his, I cannot however but repe[at] what I recommended in my last that I think you had better raise the Shell of the house as soon as possible but leave the galleries till you hear of the whole being gathered nothing is more common than this Method in England -

You will inform me as particularly as possible if your Proceedings and proposals by the first oppy. that I may be able to answer Questions, which are always askd. of Beggars and which if I could not have answerd wch with clearness and confidence I would have prevented much being obtaind. - The greater part however if which has been collected, was given with Chearfullness, and apparently with a desire to promote the Kingdom of Christ - I request your continual Remembrance in Prayer of much Benefaction, and your Interssion for those that may have given in a less manner, suitable to their need -

You will judge what steps you can take to any [86] Applications in London that may probily be made, I have heard you spoken of by some of B members of the Book Societies as a Correspondent,(225) it may be proper to advise them of your situation if not already done to let your Letter wch. to me has often been omitted - I bless God for the assistance wch. he has vouchsafed me in this Journey, In bodily health I remain pretty well, tho I have generally caught fresh colls every day, I have more room to be apprehensive as to the affects upon my Mind, for I have found rambling & hurrying about very incontplatible with such Methods of Practice as are most salertery to its Improvements in the ways of Christ - I have found myself incapable of attending even to the Scriptures, except so far as connected with the subjects in wch. it has been required to preach, and private Prayers has been almost reduced to ejaculation, I have been obliged to consider my self as seperated not only from my Enjoyments with Mr. Bull, but even from those with the Lord himself, except in Connection with his cause amongst you, - I found it necessary to keep this continually in my thoughts, and in order thereto, to banish every thing else from my Mind -

I cannot but regard the Conclusion of the present Enjoyments as a receipt from a Dangerous State of Exertion May my Return to the Solitude and Regularity of New Port be abundantly Sanctified to the removal of whatever Evil has been contracted by my mind - May I be preperd for whatever the Lord has in reserve for me, and may His glory be prompted by and in me in all things -It is in much hurry that I have written, and I must conclude

May Lord bless you and keep you and lift up the Light of his Countenance upon you Peace - my love attend the whole Church -

Your affectionately in the Lord Jesus

(Signd Saml. Greatheed [87]

Dear & Revd Sir Poole 10th May 1788

This goes by Mr. Gaden in a Vessel of Mr. Spurrier(226) of this Place, and is merely to inform you that our Dear Friend Capt. J no Brown sailed the 30th. ult. for St. Martins in France & from there to St. Johns,(227) where I hope you will have the Pleasure to see him, soon after you receive this, and to him I beg leave to refer you for any information you want - I think I have not as yet said anything to you respecting the writings of the Land on wch. you are about to build the House, the form you sent home will not do at any rate, and we have been waiting for Mr. Welsh (who is expected here soon) to have his oppinion on having Conveyances drawn upon Parchment by a Lawer in a proper manner and sent out to you, making those of your church whom you mention together with a number of real Christians in these parts, Trustees to the same(228) agreeable to the plan of the House here where the Land was bought and the House built exactly corresponding with yours,(229) at present however nothing is done -

I received your letter via Barbados of 12th Jany. and was glad to hear of your Health & Mr. Phillips recovery, but too late to do anything respecting the Sticks you mention, I wish you had come into my Plan as hinted last year of having the whole Frame down from Halifax or Quebec, however I hope you will be able to purchase it at St. Johns for less money than it could be sent here from, & I did not know it in time to order it from Quebec or Halifax - Capt. Brown will give you £50 - in cash to help pay the Labour and for wch. you are oblidged to purchase you will please to draw on Mr. Geo Kemp - with Love to all the flock, wch. please also to accept yourself I remain

Your affectionately

(Signd Thomas Crews Junr [88]

Revd. & Dear Sir Poole 24th July 1788

I have had the pleasure to read your agreeable Lines of 15th. June, and was happy to here of your good State of Health, and that every thing went on current & well -

I observe your Crew had been enabled by Providence to get out what Timber you wanted, wch. was particularly fortunate as your Letter via Barbados did not come in time to order it from Quibec or Halifax - and I am glad to here that the Wall was begun & as Capt. Brown arrived 2 days after the date of your Letter - you had then Lyme enough to go on with it - and I trust the Nails got safe to hand from Bristol long before wanted them - but what you will do for Boards I know not, if they cannot be purchased on the spot this Summer please to advise at the fall and that they might be ordered down from Halifax - As to Briks I know not how or when you will have them, the Freight will come to so much money in the Spring of the year and indeed they are not then to be had, that if no good oppy offers this Summer you will not be able to have them till nex year - If you could buy them on the spot for £3 per M I think you wd. do well, and draw on Mr Geo Kemp for the Amt.

with Love to Mr. Phillips and all your Flock

Believe me Dr. Sir Your affect. Friend

(Signd.) Thomas Crews Junr. [89]

In consiquence of an Couragement from some of the Gentlemen of St. Johns the following address was presented to many of the Inhabitance in the year 1787, and the undermentioned sums were collected -

We, the undermentiond Committee, appointed to superintend the building of the Dissenting Meeting and School House lately begun to be erected in this Place finding on Examination the Subscriptions hitherto advanced considerably inadequate to the completion of so expensi[ve] an undertaking, Earnestly solicit the further Contributions of such well disposed Persons as are willing to encourage so pious and usefull Engagement, and what the committee flatter themselves, may prove advantageous for the Instruction of the rising Generation here in the principles of Religion and Verture

At the same time the Committee beg leave to assure those who are pleased to contribute there to that their Subscriptions will be thankfully received, and faithfully applyd to the purpose above mentiond

Signd John Jones

Nath. Parker Henry Phillips

Josh Lowman

Edwd Freeman

George Brace(230)

Andrew Thomson &c(231) [318,merchant] £ 5. 5

Adam McGlashan [Merchant] 4 4

Archd Henry 1 1

James Stokes [349,Merchant] 3 3

Nath Phillips [268,Merchant] 2 2

John Cull 1 1

Marm Hart [Vendue Master] 2 2

W. B Thomas [Agent, Merchant] 1 1

Jona Ogden [Surgeon] 2 2

Geo Williams [90,Justice of Peace] 18

John Livingston [540,Merchant] 2 2

Arch. Bucanan [Naval Officer] 2 2 Peter McKee [460,Collector] 1 1

Alexr Stuart [Merchant] 2 2

Forward £30 6 [90]

Amount brot forward £30 6

Dewes Coke [399,Chief Justice] 2 2

John Lees [Barrackmaster] 4 4

Capt. Coombes [Master Mariner] 2 12 6

John Dexter 2 2

John Sawer [414,Kings Carpenter] 1 1

William Gaden [Vendue Master] 2 2

William Henley [217,Merchant] 1 11 6

Geo. Burton 2 2

Thomas Dale 1 1 18. 18

Robert Tremblett 1 1

Timy Phillips 3 3

William Ardagh 1 1 0

Geo & Thomas Keough [199,Merchants] 1 11 6

Rt Reid [225,Merchant] 1 1

D Runer 10 6 William Long [146,Carpenter] 1 1

Jeremiah Crews 1 1

Saml. Henley 10 6 11 0 6

Rd. Barnes [Shopkeeper] 1 1

Pat Hunter [Agent] 1 1

D. Shephard 1 1

William Beseusily 10 6 Geo. Eales 2 2

Rd. Stokes 10 6

William Payne 1 1

Robt Robertson [322,Merchant] 10 6

Elias Rowe [327,Merchant] 2 10

Andrew Barnes [Boatkeeper,Planter] 1 1

Walter Black 10 6 11. 19

Arch Bagg 10 6

Thomas Todridge [445,Kings Mason] 1 1

John Dambrell 10 6

John Rowe 10 6

Henry White 10 6

William Bickford 9

John Kemp 10 6

James Gill [387,Auctioneer] 10 6

Abra Holditch 10 6

Nick Gill 2 2 [Judge]

& Henry Radford 1.1 [Merchant, Carpenter] 3 3

William Fry 9 8. 15

£80. 19

[91] At a Committee Aug 5th 1789 Present the Reverend John Jones Nathan Parker Wallas Lang Joseph Lowman & Henry Phillips, resolved unanimously that application should be made to the Trustees in England to get Four Hundred Pounds Insured on the Meeting House against Fire -

Minutes of a Committee held on Saturday the 12th Sepr. 1789 present Reverend John Jones, Nathan Parker, Joseph Lowman, Edward Freeman, George Brace, and Henry Phillips, it was resolved unanimously that the room over the sitting Rooms shall be fitted up for the reception of the School Master immediately and that two Dormant Windows is to be put in the front of the roof(232) ......

[92]My Dear Brother in the Lord,(233)

I have before me all your Letters of last year Virt - two without date (the first of wch. mentions one of June 15th. that did not come to hand) and four others wch. reachd. me lately dated from Novr. 25. to 10th. January - I wrote last in Septr. giving account of the Circumstances of my Marriage, wch. took place the beginning of that Month,(234) but received it again afterwards, being assured that no opportunity had offerd of sending it from London.

You will see that your Congratulations were not unseasonable, and I heartily thank you for the Prayers that you have offerd up in Faith for my Comfort in the change of my condition. Blessed be the Lord thy are answerd, in allmost every Respect, far beyond any Expectation I could form As the Circumstances afford a very remarkable Instance of the Lords Interposition, I cannot allow my self to pass them over without noticing to you.

When I joined Mr. Bull's Academy I purposed avoiding any Matrimonial Engagements till the Conclusions of my Studies, but, contrary to this Intention, found my self unable to decline a mutual attachment, about 2 years since, with a Miss Hamilton,(235) a Member of Mr. Bull's Church. She had lost her Father and Mother, and livd. with an only Brother; remaining at about my own age unmarried, after various Proposals; but as I have since found entertaining an affection for me soon after my arrival here. By her Brother's Desire, our Marriage was postpond, till I should remove from New Port, to settle in some Congregation. She had an Independance of her own, tho' not Sufficient to support her as She had lived; and having no reason to expect any thing from her Brother, (a Srobustyg Man) unmarried the little addition of my Salery would have been necessary to our Comfort. My Studies were to conclude at Christmas last, and I then proposed removing; but at a loss - which to attend to of several applications from Destitute Congregations, I deferd. giving any positive answer till that Period, by which time I trusted the Lord wd. make my way clear. When I returned from my Journey to Devonshere, I found Mr. Hamilton poorly in Health, about the end of June. Mr Bull spared me a Fortnight, to assist a Congregation at Cambridge, whose Minister was then Dying, whilst there, I was astonishd with the news of Mr. Hamiltons Death, who but two Days before had been thout in no Danger by the Physicians. Mr. H. had never professd. any Religion, had gone lengths in Profaniness & Debauchery; and, tho he did not oppose our intended Marriage, had for a year before, behaved with extreme unkindness to his Sister He gradually left of all attendance at Meeting. He Died without will,[93] and Miss H was Heiress to all his Estates, in value at least £20,000.

The Shock of his Death had such an Effect upon his Sister; that I feard she wd. never have been reestablishd in Health & Spirits. They had formerly a very peculiar affection for each other; and he was the last near Relation, being the third that had died in the House within a few years. It was with great Difficulty that She could be prevailed to use the necessary Means of recovery; and nothing but the urgent advise of numerous Friends, with the intricate State of her affairs, woud. have prevaild on her to marry so early as beforementiond. A Journey, wch. we took immediately afterwards, of some hundred Miles, and all the attention I could use, failed for near two Months of Effect; but; thro the Lords Goodness since that time She has enjoyd. (and therefore I have) a great degree Comfort. Her Innocence, Piety & affection contribute daily to a degree of Earthly Happiness that I could not before but be a Stranger to, This, with the Comforts of worldly affluence, and a Capacity of assisting those that need, constitute a Share of Temporal Felicity, so uncommon to a Child of God, and so far from my own late Prospects, that I cannot sufficienly express my deficiencies of Gratitude, Diligence, Circumspection & Humility. yet what will all these produce, if not, in a peculiar Manner improved to the Lords Praise; if not crownd. with His Blessings, if not followd. with eternal Happiness, if not mingled with the daily Communion of the Holy Spirit. I may say indeed What, all This and Christ! Yet what would all thiis be without Christ. Truly as it has been given me I wish freely to impart and to do [ ] to the Lords Disposal, by using it as much to His Glory as any one else would be likely to do.

I am ashamd. to have talkd. so much about myself; yet I must say something more. In the calling of the Ministry I wish to be so imployd. as to derive assistance from my Possession; which, in some respects, must unavoidably be a Hinderance, with this view I have enterd upon constant Preaching on the Sabbath at Woburn, a Market Town, about 9 Miles hence, where the Gospel had never been preachd. since Ejectment of 1662;(236) till within a few years, Mr Bull preachd a Lecture ounce a fortnight;(237) and some I belive have been converted, tho still very few attende[d.] I was not at leisure to begin this attempt till the Lords day before last, and the Number that attend, as well as their attention, at present, far exceeds what I hoped, we make shift with an old Barn wch. is crowded; and the Forms, with which it is furnishd. will not nearly seat the People. I have proposed that those who attend constantly should subscribe something Quarterly; to be laid by towards building; if the Lord favours with an occasion.

I shall now proceed to answer Your Letters as the Subjects present themselves.

I am glad that the Lord has given you favor with the [94] Inhabitants, and they have contributed willingly, I hope the Dartmouth merchants did something at St. Johns, as they wd. not home.

I thank you for the particular accst. of your Expentitu. The

excessive dearness of Labour, and the uselessness of the Fish, tho' inconveniences admit of no Murmuring. Shall we receive good of the Lord, and not Evil - nay shall not all things work for good to them that love Him.

I Acknowledge that I was staggerd at the Information that £300 more will be necessary. I am still uncertain how it is to be procured, but Mr. Walsh seems more confident than myself. He has been nigh to Death, but the Lord had Mercy, & on us also, but we should have Sorrow upon Sorrow. He was apparently recovering when I saw him since Christmass. He said thou our Friends at Poole mean to do still more than they had done, I mean to make some applications in London by April or May if the Lord preserves me, but doubt whether I can have oppy. to make the Solicition general. I intend to compleat my own Subscription to £50 out of this years income, and, if I leave, and find it necessary, shall endeavor to do something more the next.

I received duplicates of Letter from you & the Church to Mr. Bull, wch. my removable from his connections.

I have not yet sent the Letters to Lady Smith &c Mr Thorntons Note was much for the Building. I am uncertain whether he means to do more. I wish you to draw on Mr. Walsh for £10 - for yrself besides the above Subscription, on my acct. and shall accept the Fish without repaying you.

I have not seen or heard of Mr. Phillips, but suppose I shall when Mr. Gaden writes - which I am expecting - I shall probaly enclose your thanks to Benefactors in an Advertisements to promote the London Subscriptions, if Mr. Welsh approves.

I have seen the writings of the Church, I apprehend you have an undisputable right to burry your Dead, as Dissenters in England do,(238) but will give you more certain Information whatever part of the Building is adapted for private [ ] is surly to be occupied by the Minister, whilst he is approved by the majority of Church Members, who else should occupy it?(239)

I have several Letters from Capt. Mackleton. I am sure he will be glad to hear from you. May the Lord bless you in your own spiritual Prossperity & that of your Flock, that their to Christ to you & each other may abound yet more and more in all knowledge and

yours &c

Signd. S. Greatheed

[95] London, 20th May 1789

My Dear Friend & Brother in the Lord,

Having had the unexpected pleasure of meeting with Capt. Brown in this Place, I took the opportunity of leaving a Letter with him to be sent from Poole wither he returns in a day or too.

I unfortunately missd. writing by Mr. Phillips tho' mistaking the time of his Departure, and I am now to [ ] for a time, having to set off for New Port tomorrow, that what I say must be very short, but I expect he will be more full.

I had proposed collecting something in London this Spring, but think it best to defer it another year for the following Reasons, - by that time you will be able to Speak more positively & more exactly what you are in want of - and having come to a stand you can render me a more particular acct. of your then Situation then whilst providind us at present - By that time also I shall probably be better known in London, and therefore better able to recommend the Case - and the present Juncture. Mr. Welsh, whose presence is of Importance, is out of Town.

I have examind. the State of our accots. at Mr. Welsh's and dischargd. the balce. against us, which £4 odd, and committed to Captain Browns care the Remainder of £50 for the Meeting Hs., as well as £10 for you own use, and upon his friendly Proposal I have agreed to Clubb 5 Guineas with him annually to furnish you of those Conveniencies which be must be pecularly needfull amidst your abundant Labours and probaly advancing Infirmities.

It is a pecular Mercy & Instant of the care of the Lord that you are enabled to go on in his work without Interuption. the accs Capt. Brown has given me of your affairs has been perceively acceptable as in conversing it was not only more particular but also more favourable than your own, wch. in some Respects I imagine to be by your own Diffidence and Fears.

Excuse me adding, I am oblidged to conclude abrubtly. My Love attend all of you, & my Hearts Desire & Prayer to God for you is that you exercise in all Manner of Godliness & Prosperity in Jesus

Ys. &c

Saml. Greatheed

[96] New Port Pagnel, 30th June 1789

My Dear Fried. & Bror.

It was with much Pleasure I received your two Letters of the 9th & 25th ulto. the last by Greenock, a few Days earlier than a the other. The Congratulations I am favord. with from you and the Church I am confident are such as come from the Heart, and therefore convey a greatfull satisfaction to mine, Mrs. Greatheed (who through Mercy is well in Spiritual and Bodily Estate) cordialy joins in acknowledgements for your kind wishes, and in prayers for your abiding and abounding Prosperity.

I give my Congratulations to you till I take notice of the anxieties that appear to have Distressd. your mind in writing both Letters. I hope you have ere now received the short Scrawl I sent you from London by Capt. Brown, but as I am now uncertain what I spoke of in extreme haste, so I doubt whether it would add to or diminish your Concern - If you were informd. of the Proposals I made to Capt. Brown, & Mr. Kemp; that we should advance the Sum necessary to defer your present Debt, and immediate expences, it would probably compensate for the disapointment of hearing that any Collection has been made in London. I have not since heard from Poole, but to find this by that Port, & to write to your indefactigable Friend Brown that he may let me know the Result of my Proposals, and may advise you of it as early as possiable - He who gives speedily, gives dobly, is the English of an old Latin Probeb, of which I don't mean to be unmindfull -

In the meantime if possiable, get the Place finished without delay, (excepting the Galleries within) under the assurance of having the money advanced to you on the Building, if not by the Concurence of others, by myself alone if I live, the remaining uncertinty is surely not too much to leave to the Lord.

In your next let me have an exact & particular Statement of your accst. to the time of sending it,(240) as without it I shall not pretend to collect in London. It will be better certified by the workmen. Let it be clear enough for me to understand and to explain it, It will be a Gratification to me to have also a Plan, and Front Elevation of the meeting House, wch. my Friends Parker & Lang can make out for me on a particular Scale.(241)

On the whole I hope the present state of your Friends is better than you thought it. But I think my Brother is a Little reprovable for unbelief in his extreme uneasiness. The Circumstances you discribe were distressing, but, when have you not found the Lord better than your Fears - And did he leave you comfortabless? May not a Spiritual Prosperity and Success be an equivalent [97] for the worldly disapointments? I am so far of the same Mind with the Magistrate you mention,(242) that, that is my Heart does not Decive me, I shall gladly resign all that the Lord has showered upon me of Temporal Mercies, to be instrumental of equal Benefits - which you are the means of - In this respect I have reason to fear it is far otherwise with me In the poor dark and depravd. Place where I go on the Sabbaths,(243) very few come to hear, and still fewer (I have reason to fear) reap any spiritual Benefit, so that besides that the Comfort that I some times feel in the work, I have little Encouragement, except from the consideration of 2 Cor. 2,15, and Scriptures of the like nature - I wish you to intercede for me on this account at the Throne of Grace, I heartily rejoice at the Success of your Instructions of the Children - I hope the Lord Jesus, who so kindly noticed little ones in the Days of his Humiliation will so bless your Labours as to Profer Praise of the mouths of your Babes, teaching them by his Spirit that Trouths as it is in Him, with which you have enriched their memories, but it gives me Still greater Comfort - to hear of the additions of your Church and I earnestly pray that they may stand fast in the Lord, in order that you may live, as a Pastor, in Spiritual Comfort & Credit -

I imagine you know that good Mr. S. Reader has exchanged his ungratefull Congregation for the Church of the first born in Heaven,(244) The small Friends attending the labours of so good and so wise a Man, afford a striking lesson of Patience to those who are likewise unccessfull in the Work, and of Humility to those who are most favoured with usefulness.

I suppose you also know that Mr. H. Mends has lost his amiable wife. I fear he will never recover the Shock it is has given his tender Spirits.

I begin to be apprehensive about Capt. Mackleton nothing heard from him for some Months. - Capt. Brown has publishd. some Dearloges adapted to the Conviction of Military People. I mean by the first opportunity to send you a Dozen Copies, wch. I wd. have you Distribute to the best of your Judgment among the officers of the Armey, Navy or Garrison at St. Johns, keeping one or two (as you like) by you. The last Dialogue you will perouse refers to Mackletons Conversion.(245)

My Love in Christ attend you Constantly, and your Flock, those who I have seen, and those unknown, That all may walk worthy of the Lord unto all Pleasing, being fruitfull in every Good Work - and increasing in the Knowledge of God is the prayer of - your affectionately in Jesus -

Saml Greatheed

PS pray remember to spel my name right - and not to put more than one Seal nor more Covers than one to your Letters I have not time nor room to explain my Reasons.

[98] Poole 25th June 1789

Dear Sir

In consequence of your Letters to Mr Brown we (say Mr. Brown, Mr. Crews, Mr Welsh, and myself) have consulted together & I am desired to inform you that your Draft for one hundred Pounds on Mr. George Welsh - Banker - London will meet with our honor

We hope to raise this Money by a new Collection thro Mr. Greatheed, or by some other means - it will be propper that you send home a very particular account of the whole expence, & the exact acct. of the whole, we apprehend by your last Letters to Mr Brown that £100 will pay off everything on your Side the Water, & there is very little owing here -

Our worthy Friend Mr Reader Died a few months ago - on which acct. the Box of Candles was omitted from Wareham - I hop by your next Letters to find you are relived from any apprehensions respecting the State of the Meeting House acct. & that you go on prosperously in your Ministry & School and in both be made very usefull - I remain with Cordial affection -

Dr Sir yrs. &c.

Signd Geo. Kemp

Extract of Letters from Mr J Crew Junr.

Poole 12th. March 1789

Revd.& Dear Sir,

Mr Gaden having a Vessel on the point of sailing I could not let slip the oppy to acknowledge the rect. of your sundry very kind and oblidging favours last fall for wch. please to accept my best thanks; The last was by Mr. Phillips, who came here last Week, but have had very little of his Company. My Dear Partner being but just got into Bed with a fine Daughter, and my House quiet full and Deranged I could not accommodate him as I intended & wished, he is at Capt. Geo Pennys,(246) and what serves to deprive me of his Company still more, is the Bussey Season of the year which confines me very much at the Coutry House; I am hapy to hear the Meeting House goes on well & that every thing is put in a fair train for its compleation: Capt. Browns Bills are [99] all paid except one wch came to himself for £50 - tho there has been a great mistake made by Mr. Kemp with respect to the money in hand, & there will arrears of abt £90 - when the above Bill is paid which must be raised some how or other, but how or when I know not, especially as Mr. Greatheed has taken to wife a young Lady w. £20,000 to her fortune & of coarse has done begging - however I hope he will be inclined to give that sum himself - and then all will be well -

Mr Kemp has not let anybody here save Mr Coward(247) see any thing of the Papers from your Church, not even Mr Ashburner, they were sent to Mr. Ready(248) a little before his Death which all was about 2 Months ago, & then they were sent to Mr Welsh to London; so that I know not what is requisite to have done or if anything will be Done respecting the writings &c - which you desire me to looke into. Mr Kemp is very endifirent.

Our Friend Mr Brown is not yet arrived from abroad. He was well the 20th ulto. at Barcelonia & hope will be at home in about a Month or Six Weeks - Capt. Coombes is well and expected home every Day from Ostend; He will make a tolarable good Voyage for Mr. Brown & only for a particular accident - the Rainbow would have done very well - but these are but Tempary things & I would desire to live about them so as not to be mired by Prosperity or adversity; and the Good hand of the Lord will be with me to make me thankfull for the many mercies I have received & am continualy reccevg from his hand which has been singnally stretchd in Mercy towards my Dr. Partner in an hour of great Danger & made her the living mother of a living and a well formd. Child; I beg you to Praise the great author for me, & help me in thanksgivings: I must close with Love to all the Church - and

belive me - Dear Sir

Your's in the best bonds

(Signd) Thomas Crew Junr

[100] Poole 25th June 1789

Revd & Dear Sir

I have to thank you for your kind favours of 7th & 24th. May one via Trinity & the other via Scotland both came to hand 4 days ago; I was realy glad to hear of your Health & that you were got into the N. School Room; but sorry you were so mush distressd on acct of the Debts wch. you had Incurd for the Building the Winter & what I advised you were unpaid in England Some time since my former Letter. I told you that I had the Pleasure to meet Mr. Greatheed in London, that He had paid off the outstanding Bill of £50 and some how or other Providence has made up the £40 due Welsh & Co. except 4.14.0 wch Mr. Brown paid & wch. together with the order you gave him for £36 odd is still to him & your order to pay me the amount of Stationary last year remains unpaid

This is how the accs. stands at present - Mr Browns Vessel carried 11 Hhd. Lime & some hair wch. will be paid for, out of the Money to be reced. for ams. of Bricks we sent you last year but wch. went to Carolina - so that the whole Debt here will be about £41 - due to Capt. Brown - the Committee here have desired Mr. Welsh to give you leave to Draw for £100 at full on Mesrs. Welsh Rogers Olding & Co. bankers, London wch. will meet due honor - & at fall you must send Mr. Greatheed, Mr Geo Kemp, & Mr. Brown, a statement of all your Debts & a particular acct. of wch. is still left unfinishd. of the Building and what it will cost to compleat it(249) - and then say if there is any prospect of raising anything more at St Johns toward discharging the same; and also that there is any possibility of getting any Person at St. Johns to advance the Money on Credt of the Premises &c -

For further particulars I must bg leave to refer you to Mr. Brown who has more time & leisure than me to write you a long Letter.

Please to accept of a Cheese wch. I have sent by Capt. Knight(250) as a token of my regard and Esteem in which Mrs. C - desires to unite who with our little one are very well & belive me Dr Sir

Your affectionate Friend

Thos. Crew Junr


(Extract of a letter from Mr Cr. Mends) Plymouth 20th April 1789

Dear Bror.

We have delayd writing to you untill it is almost too late. Humbling indeed have been the Dispensations of Providence to us wch. have unfitted us for every Duty - our Dr Mrs. H. Mends is now no more she was delivered of a Dead Child, & in four days Died, but left a most glorious testimony behind her - she often said, Dying Pains are sweet pains, & many other things expressive of her joy in the Lord and closed her Life(251) - Mr. Evans of Kingswood(252) preachd. her Funeral Sermon My Dear Son is inconsolable - & I fear the issue - it has also much affected me & I am in a very low state of Health - having my Fitts almost every day.(253) Pray for us that we may be surpoted - We have sent you Six Dozen and a half of Children Sermons and a few of the Sermons my Son has bublish on the Slave Trade(254) - together with a small Pamphlet on the Trade -

The whole Building is yours as their Pastor, and after your Death the duty of the trustees is to put a Minister is the same Profession who is chosen by the People - and am much surprisd of hearing the objections of your having full Possession of the Meeting House, School Room &c - the Trustees(255) have nothing to do with the House - but to see it is appropriated to the use of the Pastor chosen by the People - by no means subject yself to the Caprice to put you out of your School House as the please for the who [ ] is yours till you Die - or voted out by the People wch. you no need to be afraid of -

Could wish you have the Deed of the House, so made as to have the Minister and trustees to make a Declaration of their belief or the answers in the Assemblies Chatism expressing the Doctrine of the Trinity, the Divinity, Sanctification, & perseverance of the Saints, this will prevent the People choosing a Minister who does not believe this Doctrine and Trustees from choosing a Trustee who does not believe the Doctrines also,(256) so we have maid our witnesses for Stone House Meeting,(257) wch. is the only way to present the House from falling in to the hands of the Hetrodox Party.

But I am so very poorly that I must conclude, wishing you and the People much of the presence of God and a comfortable increase

All the Family joins me in our tender respects to you - with yr most Sincere Friend & Bror in Christ


[102] (Extract of Letter from Capt - Jno - Brown)

Poole 5th. June 1789

Dear Brother

I arrived here late and had just time to get your Seeds and Dugs(258) on board Capt. Gaden,(259) and under a nesscity to go to London and this is the first opportunity to send your things but I have not sent all because the Season is so far addvanced I intend to send your Lime by the first Ship that goes to St. Johns.

My Dear Partner gives her respects to you and as she thought it wd be more acceptable as sent your Sheets and Pillar case ready made - Our Love to you, and all the Children of God.

I suppose my last Letter brought you disagreeable News(260) but I think we may say amongst the many Dark Clouds that the good Lord is causing them to burst in Mercy -

In my last I think Informd. you of my having Drawn £90 to much for wch. I was answerable, for £50 of it was in my own hands and £40 I was to be accountable for to Mr. Welsh - but when I was in London I had the Pleasure to meet Mr. Greatheed in the Street and he gave me £50 for the Meeting & £10 for your own private use - and I have him to give you £5.5.0 annually on condition that I would give you that sum - So now my Dear Br. I have to inform you

that Mr. Welsh's £5.5.0 Mr. Welsh £5.5.0

Mr. Greatheeds 5.5.0 Mr. Greatheed 10.0.0

Jno Browns 5.5.0 But this year it 5.5.0

stands thus J.B.

£15.15.0 £20.10.0

You will be so good as to send home a Statement of the whole,(261) as near as you can of what money you will want to finish the Meeting House as Mr. Greatheed intends collecting Next Winter. - I shall expect many Letters from you and every particular, for my Dr. wife hopes I shall never come to N.F.L.d. any more. - Mr. Welsh is in Town and some others and myself shall talk to him on your acco -respecting the Building, and I shall let you know by the next oppy.

Shall conclude wishing you much of presence of God.

I am Dr Sir your affectionate

Friend and Brother in Christ

(signd J. Brown

[103] Poole 26th June 1789

Dear Brother

This will inform you that thro risk & Grace I am yet in the Land of the living in Health of Body and I hope sume desire to the things of God, this I hope will find the my Dr Bror and all the Church of God under thy care in a flourishing Condition both as to your Body and above all as to Soul - and O that the God for Jesus Christ sake may increase you with Grace and Men as a Flock, and it is my poor Prayers daly that you may all live in Love, and that the sweet and powerful love of Jesus may rest among you.

Mr. Welsh has desired me to write to you, and to propose the followg things to you with your Thoughts on the same, and answer in the fall, and it is this. If you think a young Man to be an assistant to you of good learning to assist in the School - and to Preach occas[ionally] in case you other-wise than well,(262) as Life is uncertain and as you begin to be infirm but Mr. Welshs desire is to spread the & therefore if there is but one House in B. Bulls, Torbay or Petty Hr. or any place near St. Johns so that the young Man may attemp to spread the Name of Jesus(263) - Mr. Welsh desires that all the Land may know & Love the Lord so that it may be presarved. And as you have enough on your hands already to employ you at St. Johns the Young Man may assist you as you think proper - You may send him to some other Harbour at your Pleasure -Mr. Welshs view is that the Gospel may increase and that St. Johns may have a full supply of when ever the Lord may take you to himself - but that is uncertain, his desire and mine is that the Lord may spare you many years and still continue to bless you, and make you blessing to Saints & to Sinners - I told him your intentision in coming Home if you could get another to supply your Place, but, that he hopes you will never do, but that you will stay in Nfld & order & assist Guide & Direct the Cause of God in the Strength of Christ and by his Grace that God in all things may be glorifyd.

You will be so good as to give your Appinion what it will pr year cost for his board in some good House or with your self this good man is to be got now but should you want him or some one some years hence you may not have such an oppy. I wd. wish you to think of it but to be fully satisfyd in your own mind as I wd not wish you to do any thing contray to you or the Churchs inclination - the good Lord bless you & them - My Wife joins me in love to you & them and begs an Interest in your Prayers -

Since writing the above I have had the pleasure of receiving your two much esteemd Letters of May 9th & 25 and I am glad to hear that the Work of the Lord is prospering in your hands the good Lord increase it more and more. Capt James Knight will bring your Eleven Hhds Lime and Six Bags of Lime Hair wch I hope will come safe to hand [104] also for your self one Cheese & a small Cask of Butter - both of wch you will give me or for say Butter & Cheese at 4 pence pr 1b.

You say that you would be glad to see me at St. Johns but to all appearance I shall be more serviseable to you here if the Lord will permit in respect to your meeting House - I think if I had your Letter before, I should be enabled to get you a Letter of Credit by this conveyance, but I hope if not by this, some other soon. Plaister the Meeting House in the inside and I believe that the Money will be got, & if you cannot get that £12 no way else - you will draw on me for it - Your M House owes no body any money but me, - and I believe it is about £41 but my Dr Bror the Lord will provide. In the fall you will be so good as to send home to Mr. Kemp an acct. of what Money you will want to compleat it to a Shilling if you can and this £41 to be included of mine, and what it has cost already - and send me a copy of the same if you Please or to Friend Crew, and if you should have orders to draw, that Sum must be included of what will be needful to finish the Building - since I wrote the above I have got a Letter of Credt from Mr. Welsh by the hands of Mr. Kemp, and now my Dr Br. you will now go on and finish the House, and I doubt not but the Lord will Provide for you in the Winter through the hand of our Friend Mr. Greatheed

I hope you understand me in respect to your accs in the fall I mean that my £41 and Mr. Welsh £100 which you have liberty to Draw you will bring in as Difficiences, and not as Debts, that if Mr. Welsh of I or any of our Friends have accasion to beg, we may it as what you want, and not as money to pay our selves this acco. is for the Public and then you may send us what supparte accots yoou please that will put things in a clear light - among our Friends here.

At the next Meeting of our Committee I intend to speak about yr. M. House Writings and get them done, that you may have them this year or next Spring that you may everything may be secure on that Head. -

This will be handed you by Capt. James Knight - shall conclude - earnestly - begging an interest in the Prayers -

I remain your sincere Friend in the Gospel

Signd Jno Brown

Poole 25th June 1789

Poole 18th August 1789

Dear Brother,

I hope ere now the Ketch is arrived Safe, and that you have your Lime &c and at the time you receive this your M House will be Plaisterd and warm for the Winter - and O may the Lord warm your Souls - go on my Dr Br and Jesus smile on your Labours of Love my sincere regard and and affection to Bror. Parker & Lang - Brace & all the Church. May the good Lord be with you and all the Dear Souls that Love Christ. Mrs. B. joins me in love to you and all Church in St. Johns.

Let me know as a Friend what you think of the Capt. of the Hope and if he will do for our Interest - and the Nfd. Trade.

I remain your sincere Friend & Bror.

in the Gospel

Signd Jn0 Brown

A general Statement of the Building at St Johns sent home to A Committee in England last October 1789 Viz

1788 To Paid for the Ground 100

" " registing the Papers .13. 6

" " Labourers 3. 5. 0

Jany12 " " Winter Mans Slides 1. 1. 0 " " Ropes, Shovels & Axes 1. 2. 9

" " 191 lbs Nails 4. 7. 1

" " 12 pr Hinges 1.17. 1

" " 27 M Shingles 16. 0. 4

" " 139 lbs barr Iron 1.14. 9

" " 3 bs Tarr payd Roof 3. 0. 0 33. 1.5

" " 11 Hhds Lime 15. 1. 0

" " 11 M Bricks 32. 5.11

" " Cartage of Sand 3. 6. 6

A " " Winterms Diet 27.14. 0

" " Damag done a dwellg Hs

and Graden in errectg the

" " M. House(264) 5. 5. 0

Masons Work

building a wall & Chimney 45.13. 1

" " Blasmiths bill 13.10. 0

" 1240 days carpenters 4/- 248. 0. 0

" 84 do do 5/- 21.10. 0

B " 200 Labourers 3/- 30. 0. 0 442. 5. 6

" 181 do 2/6 22.12. 6

" 220 do 2/0 22. 0. 0

" 6 Locks 1. 7. 9

" 1 Gro. Screws 3. 0 46. 3. 3

Dr sums brot up £621.10. 2

pd 8 Latches 9. 0

" 2 Files 1. 6

" 27 lbs Horse Hair 4. 6

" 109 " Putty 2.11. 3

" Glue 4. 0

" Sawg Boards 16.15. 0

" Gumpheads &c 4. 0

" Laths 4.18. 0

" 36209 feet Board 122. 5. 8

" 14 lbs whiting 3. 6

" 900 Sprigs 8. 6

" 1200 Brads 6. 0

" 1 Gall. Spirits Turpentine 9. 0

" 3 1bs. read Paint 2. 0

" 1 Boat for collectg Stones 5. 9. 0

" 65 Gs Rum expended on the

Carpnets. & Labours(265) 6.10. 0

£782. 9. 4

A. Employd in cutting & collecting the Frame of the Building, attending on the Carpentrs. and gathering Stones for the Foundation.

B. The Hauling the Frame Seven to nine Miles and transporting upwards of 200 & 50 Tons of Stone & 90 Hhds. Sand ha a Mile was in a great measure done by the poorer sort of the People belonging to the Church but as they could not attend to it in the summer Labourers were oblidged to be employd to furnish the Business, and likewise to attend the Mason and Carpenters, which accounts for so large a Sum being expended on that had,

# Exclusive of 5 M feet Board given by Mr Thomas Crew and Geo Penney

O Gumpheads & other principle Stikes

[107] 1788 Contra Cr

By Sundry Subscriptions collected here 102. 0. 0

" Cash recd from Capt. Brown 53.11. 0

" 2 Setts of Excha drawn on Mr. G. Kemp 200. 0. 0

" 3 Setts do Brown on Crew 181. 0. 0

" 20 empty Lime Hhds 7.10. 0

" Sales of an old building on the Ground 4.14. 0 548.15.0

Balance 233.14. 0

£782. 9. 4

Wanting to compleat the Building viz.

400 lbs assorted Nails @ 4/0/ £8. 0. 0

7000 feet Board for Galleries &c. 60/- 21. 0. 0

Carpenters & Labourers - agreeable to a

survey 100. 9. 6

£129. 9 6

Please to Note

1 that the work wd not have been persued last Winter so as to incur the Debit of £233 had it not been for the followg reason, First that those mistake we are given to understand, there was more money collected than what there was, 2ndly that Capt. Brown of Poole when here last fall out of his good zeal for the Cause & from a persuation of money being collected last Winter - advised us to persue the Building with all Vigor, 3rd that a few of us of the Members of this Society proposed last fall to do alike toward it themselves -

11 That instead of having the acct. for 88 balcd as expected we this Spring found ourselves £90 in debt and the Trustees in England could do nor more than clear that Sum

111 That the unpresedented failour of the Fishery this year has so reduced the Members of this Church & in general all the Fish catchers that not three of them will be able to clear their Merchts. or lay in a little Provissions for the Winter in consiquence whereof they will not be able to give anything, as they proposed.(266)

1111 That as nothing can be obtained from the Church & as there is no proberbility of borrowing Money upon the Premisses the cause is in suffering State for want of Money to pay the workmen and soon it is hoped will be considered by the Lovers of the Gospel -

V The Carpenters of the Church have worked one Shilling pr Day less than other People, and less than what they them-selves do get from other Customers -

[108] Poole 5th of May 1789

Dear Brother,

This is to inform my Friend the good Lord has brought me here a few Days ago after a voyage of 12 Months to a hour and thro' Mercy in Health of Body & my Dr Partner & Boys the same, at my arrival here I found every thing in confusion, my Ketch Hope - stopped by the Custom House & had been so for Six Weeks before I came home, but She is now got clear - with some Expence but I cannot say how much -

You must not expect the Lime till July from Poole if at all the papers you sent to Mr. Kemp he has kept a secret from the Church here, and there is nothing done to rise you more Money and Mr. Kemp led me into an Error I am £90 out on the Bills I drew on Mr. Crews besides what I left, and gave you liberty to us, but Mr Welsh will be clear in a few Weeks, and then you may depend I will do all I can for you

I will send you your Things when I have a good oppy - but, at present the multiplicity of Business I have to do will not permit me -

My Partner joins me in Love to you and all the People of God wishing you and them every desirable Blessing for time and Eternity

I am - remain your Br in the Gospel

Signd Jno Brown


Minutes(267) of dispute between the Dissenting Church on one part & Mr. Henry & Mrs. Eliza Phillips(268) on the other June & July 1793

Thursday Evening 27th June at a Church Meeting, Mrs. Phillips was accused of pride, carnality, and implacability; which allow'd sins were contrary to a true profession of the Gospel.

Mrs P. acknowledg'd, that of late, she had been too carnal, but denies being proud or implacable, & demands proof thereof.

Jones thought her very extravagant mode of dress (more so than any lady in the place) was a sufficient proof thereof, & more so, as the Church she belongs to, has always discountenanced such attire; & as the rules of the said Church insists on her members in all things to be patterns of self denial, with all Gospel virtues, & thereby distinguish themselves from the world & cause their light to shine. As to her implacability, Jones informed the Church that that became public about 2 years ago, much to the reproach of religion. It was occasioned by a dispute between Mr. & Mrs. Phillips on account of Mr. Ps writing to his Sister, Mrs. Gordon; the words were heard by the Servant who soon spread them abroad, by which means Jones heard of it, not from the Servant, but from a person who related it to the disadvantage of the meeting. As pastor of the Church, Jones thought it his duty to speak to Mr. P. concerning the truth thereof. Mr. P confess'd & lamented it; & with Mr. Ps consent & advice Jones spoke to Mrs. P. on the occasion, alledging that such conduct argued a malignant, evious, unforgiving heart, & was altogether contrary to the nature & precepts of the Gospel, which insisted, not only on forgiveness of real offences, but also, that every professor should overcome evil with good; that instead of Mrs. P attending thereunto, she broke out in a rage beyond expression, vow'd & protested, that if ever Mr. P did write to, or hold correspondence with his Sister or any of the family (his father(269) alone excepted) that she would immediately leave him & never live with him again, she added that he might allow his father what he could conveniently spare, but as for any other connections with any of his relations, she was determined he should not have. Moreover she added, that if her father had not lent Mr. P.s father one Hundred pounds he must have gone to prison & the whole family left without a chair to sit upon, with more language of a most surprizing nature.

Mrs. P express'd herself in the same manner before the Church, vowing that she would never sit down, eat or drink with, or speak to, any of Mr's family, let the consequence be what it would.

Parker, one of the elders reasoned with her on the subject with very great [110] force pointing out the necessity & utility of a better spirit and more Christianlike deportment adding, that suppose there had been any dispute between Mr. P & his relations she ought to endeavour to heal the wounds & reconcile them together - that such conduct would redound much more to her credit & the honour of the Gospel.

In order, if possible to bring Mrs. P. to conviction, Jones informed the Church that, about a year ago, he advised Mr. Timothy Phillips,(270) to write Mrs. P an humble letter, assuring her, to the best of his knowledge, he never has given her any cause of offence; that if he had done so, it was altogether contrary to his wish; that if she would point out the grievance he would do to the utmost in his power to make any atonement: that the said T.P. gladly agreed thereunto: that Jones & said T.P. drew up the letter in the best & most humble manner they were able which letter was left with the Clerk.

Mrs. P. confessed the receipt of the letter but said his motive for sending it, was that he wanted help for himself & his family, & not from any good motive she said she had sent him things; spoke much to the reproach of Mrs. Stone (Mr.Ps. niece)(271) & renewed her determination of never holding any converse with them.

Jones granted, that of late, he had known food to sent from Mr. Ps. table to his brother; also, that a few days ago Mrs. P. had given Mr. T.Ps daughter a Guinea: but thought that all that & much more might be done without Christian charity, which to him Mrs. P. seemed to want: & as to Mrs. Stone, he was of the opinion, that as a moral woman her prudence & industry was such, that none could justly accuse her. The sense of the Church being call'd: it was agreed (without a dissenting voice) that Mrs. P. had given sufficient proof of her pride & implacability & as she did not chuse to repent & follow the Gospel precepts by shewing an humble lowly & forgiving spirit, she was unfit to be a member of a Gospel Church but hop'd she would yet consider of it, & shew herself to have the love of Christ.

Mrs. P insisted that the Church had nothing to do with that part of her conduct towards her husbands family: that she had not broke the rules of the Church respecting her dress &c: that she would not make any alteration in any part of her deportment, nor did she wish to be consider'd any longer as a member of the church. She then left the meeting in great heat: went to James Barns',(272) making much noise: sent for Mr. P. in her warmth, & made such an uproar as caus'd the matter to be spread the same evening.

Thursday July 3. Mr. P. came to vindicate his Wifes' cause. In order therunto he insisted that his Wife had been treated very ill. To prove which he affirm'd 1st That the Church had no business with her behaviour towards his family 2nd That what she did was consistent with his will. 3rd That suppose her ever so faulty, she had not been dealt with according to the Gospel & the articles of this Church, because not admonished by the [111] Elders. In all which he shew'd much temper, even to abusive language.

To the first objection it was answer'd, that the matter was not taken up as a family dispute: tho' it was thought, & upon Scriptural ground, that the Church had an undoubted right to take notice of family disorders: but the matter was brot forward as an offence against the Gospel: that the generality of people were so well acquainted with the subject, that the Church had been censured for letting a person of so much malignity of spirit to remain in communion. Moreover, the Church did not so much attend to it agreeable or disagreeable to Mrs. P as being an indulged principal of soul: which, tho' so private, renders a person unfit for Gospel ordinances agreeable to these words of our Lord, if thou bring thy gifts to the Altar etc(273) - that Mrs. P contending for, & living in it, make it allowed sin, which is altogether inconsistant with a State of grace that wars against the besetting evils, & causes sorrow of Heart.

The second objection was silenced by Mr. P having told Jones abot. 3 weeks before, when Jones was admonishing him concerning his duty as a Christian, & pointing out the impropriety of his keeping from the Lords table, & neglecting family prayer. The only reason that Mr. P assequ'd was, that his Wife had so much enmity in her heart to his relations that he durst not write to his Sister, nor shew the least countenance to his Brothers family. NO! not so much as to ask him to his house nor durst he take the least notice of his child:(274) all which, with many other things which he then related so disturb'd his mind that it was render'd quite unfit for such sacred Duties. And not only so, but the thoughts of leaving his own flesh & blood, often deprived him of his sleep & made his life a burden to him with many more expressions of greater importance, which he then related & also said, that he had frequently told her that she did but provoke God by going to the Lord's table with so much of the devil in her heart. As he phras'd it.

Jones is not the only person Mr. P related that story too: for a Gentleman (out of the Society) told Jones, that Mr. P. had expressed himself in the same manner to him & another person & further, complain'd that he was oblig'd to take in persons he had no connection with, & cast out his own family(275): the said Gentleman appealing to a third person they both declared, he spoke so feelingly as brot tears from their eyes.

Mr. P charged Jones with a breach of confidence, alledging, he spoke it in private, not expecting to hear it.

Jones confess'd the truth of what Mr. P said, but thought himself justifiable in so doing, seeing Mr. P asserted such a glaring untruth before the Church, & thereby conniv'd at Mrs. Ps sin which he had before complained of, and also attempted to prove Jones a liar before the whole community. Moreover, Jones said that Mr. Ps frequent complaint of the aforesaid grievance, confirm'd him in his own, & the opinion of people at large, & was a great stimula on his mind to endeavour after her reformation of manners, or separation from the Church.

[112] As to the 3rd objection, i.e. that she was not admonished by the Elders according to James 5,14(276) & Matthew 18, 15(277) quoted by Mr. & Mrs. P., Jones observ'd, that the text in James was entirely out of the question, as it refer'd to nothing but private offences; altho that in Matt. may be, & has been improv'd to private offences; yet its true meaning is in respect to personal injuries, but has not the least to say in public faults which (according to St. Paul's doctrine 1 Tim. 5,20)(278) are to be reprov'd before all: that as Mr. Henry observes, the plaister may be as broad as the sore(279) It follows therefore, as Mrs. Ps pride & very great implacability were notorious to all men: private reproof would not suffice.

To prevent any plea or excuse Parker said, he wish'd she had been spoken to by the committee, before the matter was taken up by the Church.

Jones insisted that every Gospel method had been taken with her, & that without the least hope of success. For 1st He himself had admonish'd her with tears in his eyes, in the most pathetic manner he was able: pointing out, how contrary her conduct was to the Gospel, that every where inculcates humility, self-denial, & the truths of forgiveness to our enemies. All which was supported by the practice of Christ, his Apostles & all real christians of every denomination. He added, the great reproach it was to religion, & how injurious it would be to herself in the end. Not was this done once only, but repeadedly in his, & her own house. At different times he wrote 4 letters to her; in 3 of them he us'd every loving expression: the 1st was in consequence of her uncommon behaviour above mentioned. When after all he could say in her own house, without any effect, he went home & by letter renew'd his expostulations & entreaties; beseeching of her, to pay more attention to her ways as a professor of the Gospel. Two days after, she brought the letter to his house, & after justifying herself & upbraiding him with taking part against her with Mr. Ps. family, she flung the letter upon the table, saying, she did not intend to enter into a paper war (as he thot) much affronted. As to the 2nd. and 3rd. letter, she made no answer, directly or indirectly. Jones acknowledged the 4th letter was somewhat sharp, but intermixed with earnest exhortations to practical religion. Before this letter was sent, it was shewn to the Elders & approvd of. The only notice she took of this letter was, to cast into the fire. All which, made Jones believe, silent contempt was the only satisfaction he was to receive, & that any further endeavours were in vain. Soon after she received the aforesaid letter, she spoke to Parker on the subject thereof. Parker told her, he had seen the letter & approv'd of it. He also answered every objection she brought against it & should have justifyd the whole, if she had persued, but as she did not, & as he suppos'd she chose to decline the subject; from all which, Jones thought every Gospel measure had been taken with her; however, as he might be mistaken, he desired to have the sense of the Church on the subject. [113] The Members gave their opinion decissively, that Mrs. P. had been sufficiently admonished that seeing she would not give any hopes of a reformation, she had no right to complain of ill treatment; that Jones was very justifiable in bringing forward what Mr P had told him as Mr. P. so positively denied in public what he had so repeatedly complain'd of in private, that the Church had an undoubted right to take notice of any part of Mr. Ps conduct, when contrary to the Gospel: therefore they again declared her unfit for a Church member; till she shewed marks of real repentance, which they hop'd she would soon do.

Mr. P. said he had no other objections to advance, nor should he advance any thing more in support of those advanc'd. It being late the Church dismiss'd the subject for present.

Thursday, 17th. July 1793 Mr. & Mrs. P. came into Meeting a few minutes before the usual time of dismission. Mr P. informed the Church, that his Wife was come to say something on the late dispute.

Jones said, he should be glad that matter further investigated, & the more so, if any thing new could be advanced or brot. forward, to cast further light on the subject but thought this a very unfit time, it being so late, & people who had been at labour & wanted rest; he could therefore wish the matter to be deferr'd untill next meeting night, as this was a busy time of the year, he thought it adviseable to appoint a committee to attend the business & report to the Church. As to time & place, it was alike to him: one thing he wish'd: that Cap. & Miss Thomas(280) &

Mrs. Dixon(281) were present whenever the matter was brot. forward.

Mr. P spurn'd at the notion; renewed the charge of his Wife's ill treatment: accused Parker of saying that he would have his flesh cut from his bones than that Mrs. P. should remain in the meeting: adding, that had it not been for him, Jones would have said nothing abot. it.

Parker denied ever saying the words: or anything tending thereunto.

Mr. P. in the greatest rage, threaten'd to knock Parker off the seat, for giving him the lie as he said.

Jones justified Parker, & offer'd to testify upon oath, that to the best of his knowledge nothing of that proceeded from Parkers mouth in the conversation alluded to of Tuesday Eveng before: on the contrary, Parker confess'd himself open to conviction, & that Mp. P. should have his hearty consent for a long time of probation: suppose her conduct remain'd in the same point of view it now was seen. And so far from Parker persuading Jones to bring the subject forward; he opposed him last fall & several times the winter: not but that he was the same opinion of Jones, & had been so for many years, but was apprehensive, evidences were not so clear as he judg'd necessary: Jones therefore urg'd Parker thereunto; first, from a Conviction of Mrs. Ps. sin; secondly, to clear himself from the imputation of partiality to her, which he had lain under from most of the Church as well as people at large. Thirdly, to endeavour to bring her to conviction & repentance, or 4th expunge out the leaven of malice, which was his duty.

[114] After many arguments, wherein Mr. & Mrs. P. defended themselves; the Church resolv'd to let the matter alone for a season: hoping Mr. P. would better consider of it & for the present dismiss'd the subject.

Monday 27 Jany 1794 Mr.P. drank tea with Jones. In the course of conversation Jones told Mr. P. the Church wanted to know what was to be expected from Mrs. P. hoped she would consider & return to her duty.

Mr. P. said he was well persuaded she would never unite with the Meeting again, nor did he wish she should.

Jones expressed his sorrow for that; but if so, she must be declar'd out of the Meeting, according to the dealings of the Church with all others.

Mr. P. made many objections to that, & said if that she was openly declared out of the church, he would leave it also. He thought nothing could excuse him, from thus resenting her injured cause, except the eternal damnation of his own soul, No, not even purgatory if there was such a place. He thought he was entitled to ask such a favour as that, after being a Member so many years, & doing so much good to many of the members, as he and his wife had done.

Jones protested he should be very glad, if that part of the Church discipline could be dispens'd with in this case, so that others might not have cause to complain of partiallity, but he could not see how it could be done; however, he should be content, in whatever manner the Church should settle it.

Thursday, 30 Jany 1794 At the close of service Mr. P. brot forward the above conversation, wishing it was settled for his mind had been distressed ever since last monday.

Jones wonder'd Mr. P. had not advanc'd the subject before, & not leave it till this late hour, when it was time for heads of families to be at home for various reasons and requested it might be referr'd to next thursday.

Mr. P. broke out into much passion, charg'd the church with being influenced by Jones & Parker in their illegal proceedings against his Wife, & branding Jones & Parker wth envious & malicious motives; with a variety of the most bitter invectives, particularly against Parker.

At length the question was put; whether the Church could dispense with that part of the discipline, on the present occasion with consistency.

Doctr Rennells(282) observ'd, that he was unacquainted with things of that nature, but as he apprehended this to be an unprecedented case, he thought that at Mr. Ps request, the discipline(283) might be omitted, more especially as Mrs. P. had declared herself no longer a member. He laid greater stress on the latter than on the former.

Jones observed that the thing was not unprecedented, that he could bring forward instances wherein people had acted in the same manner when their conduct was called in question.

[115](284) Mr. P. accused Jones with want of mercy, for opposing the Doctors proposal, and said, 'That was proof enough to him, that Jones had malice in his heart.

Parker begged leave to observe, That he wished some measure could be thought upon, wherein the Doctor's proposal could be admitted: yet, he thought, the matter ought to be fairly stated for the information of every mind present. He hoped the Church would note, that if Mr. P's request was granted; that every husband or wife, would have the same plea on any future occasion; and therefore, the discipline might as well be laid aside; and as for Mrs. P's declaring herself not a member, there had been instances of the kind before. He could not help, therefore, being of the same opinion with Jones.

A member present confirmed the truth thereof, by saying, 'That some years ago in his folly he did the same, but the church publicly declared him out. The Church supported the assertions of Jones & Parker.

The doctor's opinion being again asked; he withdrew his former plea, & confessed he thought with Jones.

Parker proposed, That if Mr. P. would ask the Church to postpone declaring her out, for some time, from the idea that she might think better of it. He thought the Church might consistently comply therewith, - even if it was for several months.

Jones supported the proposal, from instances of the same nature, the Church unanimously consented thereunto.

Mr. P. rejected the motion with the utmost contempt and in great rage, sometimes reproached the Church but chiefly Jones.

[116] It being late Jones proposed deferring the conclusion of the matter, till the following thursday night meeting: at the same time recommended to the members, to consider what had been said for and against Mr. Ps. request: and if no probable means did appear, whether it was not better to vote that part of the discipline out of the Church. That to put it in force against Mrs. P and thereby dismember Mr. P. and then concluded.

In the meantime, Jones and some of the members, consulted, whether it was better to lay aside that part of the discipline or not. When it was agreed, That considering the remote situation of this Church where religion and the innocent (not offenders) are reproached for misconduct; it would be more for the defence of the Gospel to continue it: And as every true believer, from the love he has to the Gospel, would rather the reproach should rest upon himself than religion, it was thought that none would be kept from the Church but such as were better of than in it.

Thursday, Feby 6 1794 - After the first prayer was over, Jones asked Mr. P. if he wished to say anything on the subject of the last meeting.

Mr. P. said he had nothing new to advance. He was of the same opinion as ever, i.e. that his wife had been very ill used; that the Church had nothing to do with his Wife's conduct toward his relations; & therefore, she was not guilty of what she was charged; that suppose she had been ever so criminal, she had not been dealt with according to Scripture & the rules of the Church; that to declare her out, according to the rules of the Church, would answer no purpose as all the Harbour knew [117] that she had left it; and that she had not been at Meeting since June last; that it would wound her feelings; & that he thought after the many years he had been a member of the Church, and the service he had render'd many in it, his request might be granted: but if otherwise, he could not help it, and must think the Church wanted to push him out, as he could not think of remaining in it, if his wife was dismembered on the present occasion. But he did not blame the Church in general; he had a very great regard for many of the people; and should have pleasure in rendering them all the service in his power; he was sensible of the many comforts he had received in the fellowship of the Society, and only blamed Jones & Parker.

After many arguments, pro & con, between Mr. P. Mr. Jones, Parker & Doctr. Rennell, Geo Brace &c, the following questions were proposed to the Church, and then answers unanimously given. Mr. P. himself not excepted.

1st. Is any part of a professors conduct, tho' ever so private, to be justified, and let pass unnoticed? Ans. No.

2nd. Is private information, sufficient to justify the informed person to keep the offender's Crimes secret, after repeated admonitions to repentance & continued impenitency? Ansr. No.

3rd. Is it the ministers duty to reprove private offence, to admonish the offender to repentance, and upon inflexability to bring the offence before the church? Ansr. Yes.

4th. Can that part of the Church discipline of declaring out unruly members, be dispensed with on the present occasion, without exposing the Society to the censure of partiality? Ansr. No.

5th. Will it be expedient and profitable, to abolish that part of the discipline of declaring obstinate offenders out, rather than put it in force against Mrs. P? Ansr. No.

6th. If Mrs. P. does not chuse to give the Church satisfaction as to her repentance, as others have done before, in the like [118] circumstances, must she not be publicly declared not a member? Ansr. Yes.

After which, Parker asked the Church, That suppose Mr. P. did not chuse to accept the offer proposed, of requesting a longer time for his wife's consideration, whether another member may not make the same request for him? The whole Church answered in the affirmative.

Mr. P. poured the utmost contempt upon the motion adding, that it was of no use; that his wife never intended to return; nor would he consent thereunto. Therefore, as the Church was determined to butcher her, & wound him, the sooner they did it, the better.

Parker asked Mr. P. if the Church was to understand him as speaking in the person of his wife, when he so often affirmed that she would never return? Ansr. Yes.

Parker asked Mr. P. to say, if he or his wife, could in any future period, charge the Church with illegal proceedings in turning his Wife out, before the above refusals were had from her own mouth? Ansr. No.

Jones wished to make a remark or two, on what Mr. P. said last, preceding the 6 propositions. He intended doing it before but was interrupted. He said, Mr. P. had again condemned the Church for illegally meddling with his wife's conduct: But he hoped the Church would recollect, they had repeatedly vindicated their right of so doing. He was very happy, that notwithstanding Mr. P had so often loaded the Church with invectives: tho' it might have been done with great truth, yet no retaliation was made to him. Mr. P. had impeached the Church with the want of understanding [119] or something worse, in suffering themselves to be influenced by Jones and Parker: but it was a consolation to him, that there were people in the Church, of good understanding a veracity; and that they knew the falacy of the charge. He defied Mr. P. or any one else to prove, that the Church had not proceeded according to its rules, and scripture; nay, he was not afraid to affirm, that the church had exercised more lenity with her, than the letter of the scriptures command. And as to the Church wanting to push Mrs. P. out, he appeals to common sense, which will say, 'Reason dictates that it is not the Church's temporal interest to turn her out. He granted, Mr. & Mrs. P. had done good offices to some in the Church; & to Jones himself; but thought they were not to have any influence on the present occasion tho' otherwise to be gratefully remembered. The Church then concluded, and on LORD'S DAY the 9th Feby 1794 Mrs. P. was publicly declared, NOT A MEMBER.(285)

[120] St. Johns Newfoundland March 28th 1800(286)

Reverend and Dear Sir

We are sorry that our present writing to you should have been occasioned by the death of our late Venerable and Respected Pastor Mr. Jones, which event happened on the first instant. His health and bodily strength had gradually declined from the time he was attacked by a paralatic disorder last September was twelve months, and with which we suppose you have been acquainted. This long (and doubtless painful affliction) he bore with fortitude, entirely resigning himself body and soul to the disposal of that all wise and gracious Being he had so long and so faithfully served, comfortably supported by the benign influences of that Saviour whose blessed Gospel he had so many years preached to others and animated by the most heart enlivening views of that Eternity of Bliss to which he was hastening. For a circumstantial account of his last will, death, interment and temporal concerns we refer you to the letter written by his Executors and which is enclosed herewith.(287)

In our present state being filled with a grateful sence of your affection for, and repeated kindness toward us, as well as from the frequent recommendations of the late Mr. Jones, we are naturally led to apply for and request your exertions and interest to procure us a Pastor who may supply the place of our departed Father and Friend, and here we presume it may not be improper for us to suggest to you our Ideas, (and not ours only, but of the generality of those who being not immediately connected with the Church are pretty constant hearers and friendly to the cause,) of the qualifications which we judge necessary for the person to possess who would most likely be serviceable to us, and further the cause of Religion. First his piety, a deep and experimental knowledge of God in his own Soul a Zeal for his Glory and the Conversion of Sinners, - Secondly Orthodoxy in the Evangelic Doctrines of the Gospel, and a liberal catholic Spirit towards all good Men. - Thirdly as we are surrounded by errors and those of a most dangerous kind, and supported by Men of apparent ability we would wish if possible to procure a Man of Classical learning, whose literary knowledge would we presume be of a two-fold advantage, first it would enable him with the greater prospect of success to oppose and refute those errors, and secondly it would greatly encrease the reputation of the School which it is expected would receive great benefit from his assistance.It may not be improper for us to add (and yet it is scarcely necessary to acquaint you) that we being upon the Independent or Congregational(288) plan, a Minister meeting our views would be most acceptable.

We are well persuaded that the Ministers of the Gospel who are willing to engage in carrying its glad tidings to places far distant from their native Country are actuated from a love to the blessed Jesus and the salvation of fallen man and not by Carnal or worldly motives, yet it is necessary that provision should be made for his comfortable support. We wish therefore to lay before you what we are enabled to promise which is a Salery of fifty pounds per annum with the House & appurtenances, which is what our late worthy pastor received of the Church, but in addition [121] to this we can venture to assure, that from Subscriptions, Schooling or other means, fifty pounds more can easily be raised, so that with a certainty we can engage One hundred pounds per annum for three years, exclusive of the House &c. - This we fear will not be sufficient for a Married man with a family during the war unless he has some other income, but we have well founded hope in saying that Sum may be made up besides what may arise from the School which would be further increased by a godly discreet woman of ability.

If a difficulty obtrude itself in procuring such a Minister in England, perhaps one may be obtained from the missionary Societys connections in Scotland, having the wish for qualifications; but we recommend a regard may be paid to his dialect, not that we are averse thereto in any wise, but we have a reference to his utility particularly in the School where a broad accent will not be approved of.

Should a person be obtained from Scotland a most easy and expeditious passage may be procured for him by application being made for that purpose to any of the Houses in Greenock or Port Glasgow trading to this harbour and we hope this may be so accomplished that he might arrive here the present season. -

With great satisfaction we add that the Charity School is in a very flourishing state and the utility of the institution daily manifests itself. We feel ourselves bound gratefully to acknowledge the liberality which has been extended for its support and hope for a continuance thereof.(289)

With pleasure we can inform you that a perfect unity exists among the members of the Church and that the public worship is commonly attended by a number of the inhabitants of the Town many of whom appear to be very serious.

The Sabbath days afternoon and evening Service is performed by brother William Torie(290) of the Royal Artillery who is a gracious Man and a local preacher in Mr. Wesleys connection.

The Church Minister continues to occupy the Meeting House Sabbath forenoons which we expect will be the case 'til an advanced part of the Season.(291)

The Week days Service is alternately performed by brothers Torie and Brace, the latter of whose employment on the Sabbath days (when his health & the weather permits) is visiting the Outharbours.

The School which was heretofore under Mr. Joness management and which he declined in April last has been since that time under the direction of Lionel Chancey(292) is quite full and an able assistant is necessary to do ample justice to the number of Scholars.

We beg to recommend this to your particular attention and that the Great head of the Church will be our director and conduct all things for his Glory - Permit us to Subscribe ourselves

your affectionate Friends and Servants in the Lord Jesus

For and with the Nathan Parker

approbation of the George Brace

Church Thomas Nurse(293) Members of the

John Rennell Committee

Willm Freeman(294)

James Melledge(295)

To the Reverend Samuel Greatheed

[122](296) 5 Nov 1800

Copy of a Lr to the Revd. Henry Brunton(297)

Revd. & Dr. Sir

As the time draws nigh that you expect to take passage for Scotland - We who are members of the dissenting Church of Christ in this place Beg leave to acquaint you of our sense of GOD's goodness for inclining you to visist this place on your return from your African mission - & to return you our sincere thanks for your Christian labours amongst us & to assure you how acceptable your Ministrations have been - & we hope your labours of love, by the divine blessing, will be of lasting advantage & be the means of awakening the attention of sinners to the great concerns of religion - We earnestly recommend you to the care of the great Lord of the Church that he would give the winds & seas charge concerning you that you may safely return to your family & friends

We wish to acquaint you that immediately after the death of our late worthy Pastor Mr. Jones we wrote the Revd. Saml Greatheed to use his earnest endeavours with the London Missy. Society(298) to procure us a minister & as we have not heard from him notwithstanding there has been many oppertunities since our Lr. might have arrived we wish you to take a copy of the Lr. & forward it to Mr. Greatheed who has given so many marks of his attention to us as well as the cause of religion in general that he will not neglect a matter of so great importance - We also beg you will represent the situation of the Church & the state of the place in general

You have given such strong marks of readiness to advance the interest of the kingdom of our dear Redeemder we need only desire your attention to this matter - It will give us great pleasure at all times to hear from you - praying the LORD to prosper all your endeavors for the promotion of his cause - desiring an interest in all your addresses to the Throne of grace

We remain Revd & Dr. Sir

Your affectionate Brethren

In the gospel of Christ

In behalf & at the

request of the Church

Copy of a Lr. to the Revd. Sl. Greatheed 12 Decr. 1800

Revd. & Dr. Sir

This will be handed you, GOD willing, by Mr. Jas. Melledge, who is a member of our Church, & also of the Committee whom we beg leave to recommend to your attention

We took the liberty of writing you early last spring sign'd by our Committee acquainting you with the death of our late worthy Pastor Mr. Jones, also informing you of our situation as a Church & being encouraged by your great attention to us in times past & the desire you have manifested for the prosperity of Religion both at home & abroad, we earnestly asked your assistance in procuring us a Pastor & as we forwarded several copies of our Letter we think they could not [123] have miscarried - It gives us great sorrow that we have not heard from you particularly, as many vessels have arrived from England this fall - We must again ask your assistance in this matter & we pray GOD to incline you & the Missionary Society to the cause in this dark & barren land - We beg leave to refer you to our former Letter & to our brother Melledge who will inform you of every particular respecting the Society & the schools.

The Revd. Mr. Henry Brunton paid us a visit on his return from his affrican Mission, he appears to be a godly sensible man

We requested him to write you on his arrival which he promised to do. We pray the LORD to direct all things concerning us for his glory & our spiritual good

We remain Revd & Dr. Sir

with much esteem

Your obld friends & brethren in the Gospel

In behalf of the Church { Nath. Parker Deacons(299)

Copy of a Lr. to John Butler(300) St. Johns' NfdLd. 12 Decr.1800


The friends of our late minister Mr. Jones will be much obliged to you to send out next spring a head stone for his grave - with the above inscription on it - The stone may be of the same kind as the one you sent out for Mr. Barnes(301) - The dimensions -five to six feet in length & two feet broad, about 2½ inches thick & you will much oblige

Yr. friend & humble Servt.

In Memory

of the late Revd. John Jones first minister of the Dissenting Church of Christ at this place who departed this life 1 March 1800

Aged 63 years

Blessed are the dead that die in the LORD.

Copy of a Lr. to the Revd. S. Greatheed

NfdLd. St. John's 18 Dec. 1800

Revd. & Dr. Sir

We had the pleasure of writing you a few days since by Mr. Melledge who is a member of our Church as you will see by the annexed, but as he was obliged to take passage in a private Ship we thought it prudent to forward you a copy by the man of war - Yet we trust by the good hand of GOD he will arrive safe therefore we think it unnecessary here to enter into any particulars as his relation must be more satisfactory.

We wish again to assure you of the grateful sense we have of your repeated attention to us, & our late venerable Pastor, for these many years. Pray of the LORD to bless all your endeavours for his Glory with success - We remain with respect your brethren in the Gospel

In behalf of the Church { Nath. Parker

[124] Copy of a Lr. fm. the Revd. S. Greatheed to the Committeee of the Church of Christ at St. John's Newfoundland

Newport Pagnel 26 Feb 1801

Dear Brethren

I am unwilling to let the first convoy sail without a few lines from me, as I understand from Brother Melledge that you had not recd. a Lr. which I wrote last year, in reply to that which I had from you informing me of the death of my late friend Mr. Jones, & applying to me (as well acquainted with your circumstances & as connected with the Missionary Society) to endeavour to procure a suitable Minister of Christ to become your pastor - Immediately upon receiving your application I transmitted it to the Directors of the Society, being myself out of that number by Lot at the time - They passed a resolution to make enquiries on the subject, & I addressed my own to such persons as I judged most likely to sympathize with & to supply your wants - Your Lr. was read before the students in Mr. Bull's Academy at this Town, which had been the means by which the application from Twillingate had become successful in the precedg year(302) - It pleased GOD from the first to affect the heart of Mr. Rutton Morris(303) one of the Students with a particular concern for your Welfare, but as both he & his Tutor were very desirous that he should remain at Newport till his course of Studies was completely finished, he declined any immediate engagemt. & proposed to wait in hope that the LORD might otherwise effectually supply your need - I could not however obtain from any other Quarter information of any Minister who was willing to forego his prospects of usefulness & comfort in his native country, to labour among you, - I was thoroughly satisfied that it was very unlikely any one would offer his services whose qualifications were superior or even equal to those of Mr. Morris in my Judgmt.

But I was doubtful whether he would remove from the Academy before the close of this year when his time of continuance would expire: & I was likewise at a loss respecting his means of conveyce. to Newfoundland, even if he would shorten his stay here

I had applied to the Missy. Directors to know whether they would engage for the expence of his equipment & voyage; which they declined - Yr. Lr. had not mentd. this charge. It also left me in some doubt of the means by which you were likely to fulfil the engagemt. of makg suitable provision for a Minister at St. John's, & my knowledge of the difficulties which Mr. Jones had sometimes suffered, made me fearful of urging my friend Mr. Morris to become his Successor - Matters stood thus, when I wrote in answer to yr. Lr. & I committed mine to the care of Mr. Hardcastle, Treasurer of the Missy. Society at London(304); my own situation seldom admitting me to hear in proper time of oppertunities of conveyce. - I imagine this Lr. has been lost on the passage, as I find it had not reached you, when Mr. Melledge set sail for England - These circumstances prevented me [125] from taking farther steps, till I was agreeably surprised by a Lr. from Mr. Melledge on his arrival at Bristol - I informed him of what had passed, & invited him to visit us, that satisfaction might be obtained on what was doubtful, & that he might form his own Judgmt, of Mr. Morris, from observation & particular report in the neighbourhood, as well as use further means if he judged proper to remove the diffts. that remained with Mr. Morris & his Tutor - Mr. Melledge accordingly spent almost a week at Newport during which time he had oppertunity to be almost constantly in Mr. Morris's Compy. to hear him preach four times & to Judge of the esteem in which he was held by his neighbours - He appears to have recd. satisfactn. of the desirableness that Mr. Morris should proceed to St. John's, & he has succeeded completely in obtaining his consent & Mr. Bull's permission for him to do so -I rejoice that the LORD has thus ordered all things apparently for the best, & indeed beyond my hopes as to the probability of the success of his cause at St. John's.

I thought it necessary that every thing should be made perfectly clear to the understanding of all the parties concerned, & therefore drew up a paper stating the Several Articles of engagemt. between Mr. Morris on the one part, & Mr. Melledge as acting for the Church at St. John's on the other - This was not done at Mr. Morris's desire, but it appeared expedient to his Friends; & the Articles have accordingly been signed by him, Mr. Melledge, the Revd. Wm. Bull, The Revd. Thos. Bull(305) (who is his Father's co-pastor & Assistant Tutor, & by myself, declaring our Ideas of the engagemt. mutually made - I have been attending & assisting at Mr. Morris's Ordination,(306) which has been solemn & affecting You will hear more of it from Mr. Melledge & Mr. Knight(307) who have come today from London to be present on the occasion - I have only time to add my earnest prayer that the LORD may own this transaction with abundt. & permanent blessing - Hoping to write again by our friends return.

I remain

Very Affectionately Yours in the LORD Jesus

Saml. Greatheed

Copy of a Lr. from the Church to the Revd. Saml. Greatheed

St. John's Newfoundland 16 July 1801

Revd. & Dear Sir,

We cannot let the present oppertunity pass without acknowledging the receipt of your kind & very interesting Lr. of the 26 Feb last by our friend Mr. Stepn. Knight - The contents of which we can assure you was to us a source of great consolation - We observe by it you had already written us last year relative to the application we made on the death of our dear Father in Christ Mr. Jones that the great head of the Church would regard our destitute situation & dispose the heart of one of his faithful servants to accept the pastoral care of the people here - But this answer we had not the happiness to receive.

Mr. Rutton Morris whom the LORD we trust has directed you to make choice of as our Teacher was kindly conducted to us the [126] 23 June we desire to receive him as the peculiar gift of GOD to this church here & most cheerfully acquiesce in the appointment of his Mission & Oh that he with whom is the residue of the Spirit may manifest His Almighty power & cause his labours amongst us to be blessed indeed - As a Church we feel ourselves much indebted to you Sir, & the rest of our dear friends in England for your great exertions in bringing to Issue an event so important to us, & to the rising generation - We most sincerely request a continual interest in your prayers for the prosperity of our Zion & at the same time assure you it shall be our daily study to make his situation among us as comfortable as possible - We fully believe him a person taught of GOD & whose desire is to promote the Redeemer's kingdom among men.

Our much esteem'd Brother Mr. Jno. Hillyard of Twillingate is now here for a few days on a visit - We are happy to learn not only from him but others of that place not immediately connected with the Society - that considerable success have attended his labours, they also inform us his exertions for the rising generation have been unremitted - his attention we are pleased to observe is not solely directed to those who are young but also to those who are more advanced in life - they all seem desirous of instruction & are apparently making great progress therein(308) - As he is here we suppose he will likewise address you & to him we beg leave to refer you for further particulars respecting his Mission -

The state of our Society & the schools(309) remain much the same as last year - Our Brother Morris will write you from time to time respecting them - We remain

Revd. & Dr. Sir

Your much obliged Servts. & brethren

in Christ

In behalf of the Church

The Members of the Committee

Appendix A

Form of a Preacher's Licence(310)

The following is a copy of a licence found among the papers of the late John Angell James:-(311)


Southampton, I do hereby certify, that at the General Quarter

to wit Sessions of the Peace of our Sovereign Lord the

King, holden by adjournment at the Castle of Winchester, in and for the said county, on Monday the eighteenth day of July, in the forty-third year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord George the Third and in the year of our Lord 1803,

John James

a dissenting Teacher, did in open Court, between the Hours of Nine and Twelve of the Clock in the Forenoon, take and subscribe the Oaths of Allegiance, Supremacy, and Abjuration, and did also make and subscribe the Declaration against Transubstantiation, and against the Invocation and Adoration of the Virgin Mary, and the Sacrament of the Mass and all other Idolatry, and also did subscribe the Declaration mentioned in the Act passed in the nineteenth year of his present majesty, George III.

Witness my hand this Eighteenth Day of July 1803.

Peter Kerby,

Clerk of the Peace

Appendix B

Baptisms, pages 363-364 in the Journal


When baptised Sex Christian Name Sir Name


July 1780 29th Boy Thomas Lang

April 9 Girl Jane Lyneham

December 17 Boy Andrew Parker

1781 April Girl Elizabeth Lang

1781 October 28 Boy Benjamin Brown

1781 Novembr 18 Girl Margaret Lynham

1782 July 14 Girl Hannah Lowman

1782 August 4 Boy Nathan Parker

1782 October 23 Boy Jacob Thomas

1782 October 27 Girl Ann Barnes

1783 March 9 Boy Edward Freeman

1783 June 13 Boy John Thomas

1783 June 22 Girl Sarah Lang

1783 Sept 29 Boy Nicholas Lowman

1783 Decembr 29 Girl Esther Brown

1784 Januay 4 Boy John Snow

" June 3 Boy John King Brown

" June 4 Boy William Blundon

" Octobr 4 Girl Margaret Hall

" Decembr Girl Elinor Walsh

1785 Jany 7 Girl Ann Phillips

" " 20 Girl Elizabeth Obey

" " 23 Boy William Paddon

" April 3 Girl Ann March

" " 10 Boy William Freeman

" " 17 Boy Wallis Lang


" June 29 Boy Thomas Lowman

" July 16 Boy Francis King

1786 Jany 8 Boy Andrew Barnes

" " 22 Boy William Peter Gaddes

" June 19 Boy Robert Blundon

" " 25 Boy Edward Snow

" Octobr Boy Thomas Joness Lang

1787 Feby 25 Boy John March


When baptised Sex Sir Names Christian Names

7 February Boy Freeman Peter

" March 2 Girl Blundon Mary

" July 14 Girl Payne Sarah

1788 March 30 Boy Morrisson James

" April 20 Boy Fry Robert

" Septr 1 Boy Dougherty James William

" do 3 Boy Kelley Thomas 5 ys old

" do " Boy Ditto John 2 do

" do 7 Girl Barnes Elizabeth

1789 Februy Girl Lang Fraces

" do 8 Girl Freeman Elizabeth

21 May Boy Wood

14 June Girl Martin Elizabeth

July Boy Parker Ebenezer

1790 Novr 8 Girl Tirn a Soldier Sarah

do 15 Girl Lowman Henrietta

Dec 20 Boy Freeman Jacob

Appendix C

[237] Church Articles

St. John's, Newfoundland

in the year of our Lord 1781

The Preface

WE, whose Names are hereunto Subscribed(312) Being in some degree made sensible of the many and great spiritual advantages we have received from Almighty God by hearing of the Word, and other Means of Grace; and Believing the Discipline in use in this Dissenting Church to be agreeable to the Institution of our blessed Lord Jesus Christ and his Apostles, without any addition of will Worship, or known and wilfull omission of Gospel Commands (Revelations 22:18,19) as we find it well pleasing to God for his People to enter into Covenant with each other to serve him (Chron. 15:12,13,14,15), do, for our private and mutual agreement and the Preservation of order and Purity in the Enjoyment of our Privileges, make and Sign the following Articles, solemnly engaging ourselves (with a humble Dependance on divine Grace) Strictly to observe the same, excepting any unforeseen case wherein the Glory of God shall render it expedient to dispense with the Observation thereof -

I. Concerning Qualifications for Admission

That no Person is to be admitted without evident Holiness of Life in obeying the Truth; that being a visible Sign of the new Birth (Ist Peter 1.22,23) and Soundness of Truth in respect to the Trinity & our justification before God, namely that in the Unity of the Godhead there are three Persons, One in Substance, Power & Eternity (Ist. John 5:7) and that by Grace we are saved, thro Faith in the Atonement, Righteousness and Intercession of our Lord Jesus Christ. (Ephesians 2.8).

II. Order of Admission

That each Candidate must be proposed and recommended by the Minister, from such Authority as he shall judge sufficient, he being the Steward of the Mysteries of God (1st. Corinth 4:1) consequently it is his duty to examine into such matters. And for the Satisfaction and approbation of the Church he shall declare the Experience of such Candidate from his own writing(313) if it may be convient before the Body of the Church, at least fourteen Days before the Administration of the Lord's [238] Supper, during wch time each Member has liberty to make what inquiry or objections he thinks necessary, and there be no objections made such Persons to be admitted are to subscribe to these Articles (1st Corinth. 1.10, Phil. 3.16).

111. Opportunities of Public Worship

Whereas the Public Preaching of God's Word has an immediate tendency to the enlarging of Christ's Kingdom in this world, and consequently for the universal Benefit of Souls, and we find it was the practice of our Lord and his Apostles to preach and teach upon convenient Seasons on working days (Mark 14:49, Acts 5:42) and as this pious method is still continued more or less in almost all Christian communities, we agree to continue the usual opportunities of public worship, namely on the Sabbath forenoon, afternoon and Evening and on one other Evening in the Week; at which Seasons it is expected that each Communicant will attend, except for a lawful Reason can be produced to the contrary.

1V. Church Meetings

As there are unforeseen occurrences of Business belonging to the Church which ought to be settled by the joint Consent of the community and are (as we judge) necessarily included in the Fellowship of the Saints (1 John 1:7) such Business having a Spiritual tendency and it having been the practice of this Society to meet one Night in the week to adjust any necessary Matters and also to fill up a certain Space of Time agreed upon with experimental Conversation which the example of those that feared God in former Ages (Psalms 66:16, Matthew 3:16, Hebrews 10:25), we judge the continuation of these Meetings to be expedient and profitable. Howbeit since pious People may differ in modes of Worship, as we find in the Apostles' Day (Romans 14), yet without censure, so our method of Conversations may be disappointed by some through Scruple of Conscience, nevertheless this, if apparently sincere, shall not be a bar to the Communion of the Lord's Supper (Romans 14:13) provided always that in their respect they demean themselves according to the Precepts of the Gospel, and acknowledge themselves to be Members of this Church by Signing and Submitting to the Rules contained in these Articles. Such Persons are notwithstanding to attend meetings upon Church Business when requested, or if anything shall of Necessity be settled by the Body of the Church in the stated meetings the absent Persons shall consent thereunto (anything contrary to God's word or the good of the Church excepted). Neither shall it be allowed for such Persons at any time or in any Place to ridicule or speak lightly of those who think it their duty and find it their Privilege to practise this Godly Conversation nor shall any that do attend repeat to any of those without what they hear, it being our Lord's Command not to cast out Pearls before Swine (Matthew 7:6).

V. Political Conduct

That no Member shall by actions or Words endeavour to Subvert the Constitution of the Realm to which we belong (Proverbs 24:21, Jeremiah 29:7 and 1st. Peter 2:13).

V1. Worldly Diversions

Notwithstanding dancing and other moderate Recreations were practised (as we conceive) in former ages by pious and good Men and are not condemned in some Places of Scripture where they were mentioned, yet we find that when these things were used in an unholy Manner the Lord expressed his Displeasure thereat, and threatened the Partakers of them with his Judgements (Isiah 5:11, 12 and Amos 6:5). We therefore judge according to St. Paul - that all things which are lawful are not expedient (Corinthians 6:12) - that to be found in the Practice of such Exercises or even wilfully to be present at them, as public or promiscuous Worldly Diversions, in this day of great dissipation must be contrary to the will of God, prejudicial to his Cause, and hurtful to the Soul, for the following Reasons:-

(1) We are commanded whatever we do all to the Glory of God (1 Corinth. 10:31) and we conceive that in promiscuous Dancing, Card Playing and such kind of entertainments God cannot be Glorified, inasmuch as the generality of those whom we should thereby associate, and join in practice, are Strangers or Enemies to God, and therefore cannot do it in His Name (1 Thess. 5:22).

(2) THE conscience is liable to be defiled thereby, consequently the Soul endangered - hence we are commanded to come out from among them that fear not God lest we are Partakers of their Iniquity (Isaiah 52:11, 11 Corinthians 6:17 and Revelation 18:4).

(3) WE are forbidden to be near the Company to walk in the Councils, to stand in the way or sit in the Seat of the ungodly or Scornful, which certainly includes the joining in their Assemblies of public Entertainments (Psalm 1:1 and Proverbs 4:14,15). From all this we conclude such Practices to be unfit for those who Profess themselves to be followers of Christ, and Pilgrims and Strangers in this world.

V11. Watchfulness, Reproof & Church Censure

THAT the members shall carefully watch not only over their own hearts and Actions, but over the Conduct of each other for good, and upon apparent occasions shall with meekness and tenderness Reprove - AND should the offenders refuse to hear the Brother or Sister that in such manner reproves them, he or she is to speak to him before one or two more; and if they refuse to hear them, they are to be brought before the Church, and should they continue inflexible such Persons shall be excluded from Christian Fellowship pursuant to the Commands of our Lord and his Apostles (Matthew 18:15 and 1 Corinthians 5:5).

V111 Restoration of Penitent Offenders

IF it shall please God to give the offender Repentance to the Acknowledgement of the Truth, then is he or she to be restored, and their fault not to be mentioned in accusation against them lest they Should be swallowed up with overmuch Sorrow, and the ways of Christ be reproached with Severity (11 Corinthians 2:7,8,121).

1X Church Expenses

AS it is very evident from St. Paul's Doctrine in 1st Corinthians 9:9-14 and Galatians 6:6 - that all necessary Expenses are to be supplied by the Members of the Church, it is therefore agreed upon that every Member contribute according to his Abilities, and in such method as the Church shall think expedient for the furtherance of the Gospel.

X The Purport & Authority of the Foregoing

THAT no master of Family shall be admitted into or continued a Member of this Church if he does not keep the constant practice of Family Devotions in his House morning and Evening at such hours as the nature of his business will admit of according to Jeremiah 10:25 nothing hereby being meant to burden the minds of those whose occupation call them abroad before their Families can be called together.

Appendix D
Address to Governor King 1792

To His Excellency Sir Richard King Bart. Governor and Commander in Chief in and over the island of Newfoundland &c. &c. &c.

The Humble address of John Jones, dissenting Minister and of that Community in this place.

From a sense of the Benefit and Blessing arising to Society in the appointment of wise and good Governors, and the many advantages accruing from a due Subordination; They beg leave most dutifully to Congratulate your Excellency on your arrival at this Government; Also to acknowledge their Thanks to the preceeding Governor for the Peace they have enjoyed in the Exercise of religion accoerding to their Views of the Christian Faith; And as they humbly hope that their conduct hitherto has been in no great degree derogatory to Christianity, nor, in any wise, to true Loyalty; They with humble and pleasing expectation look up to your Excellency for the same Protection - At the same time they pray permission to assure your Excellency that in their future deportment they will sufficiently prove their Love to His Majesty's Crown and dignity, and their Subjection to the Laws of the Realm.(314)

Address to Governor Waldegrave 1797

4 August

His Excellency

The Honorable William Waldegrave Esquire Governor and Commander in Chief in and over the Island of Newfoundland.

&c &c &c

The humble address of John Jones Dissenting Minister for himself and Bretheren of that Community

From a sense of the Benefits and Blessings to a Community, in the appointment of wise and good Governors, and the advantages arising from a due subordination. They most cordially congratulate your Excellency on your safe arrival to this Government.

They hope you will not contrive their delay to any want of attention; but to their apprehension of your many engagements to Business, and attentions to addresses more worthy your notice.

They also beg leave to assure your Excellency of the continuance of every effort of His Majesty's Crown and dignity with a due obedience and subjection to your commands.

With pleasing Expectation they look up unto your Excellency: For their former support in their religious Principles.

And as in duty bound will ever Pray

&c &c &c

(Sign'd) John Jones

Fort Townshend

4th August 1797

Sir, I have with much satisfaction received your address in behalf of yourself as dissenting Minister and the Bretheren of that Community.

The assurances the address sets forth of your attachment to His Majestys Crown and our own present existing just and happy Laws, as also your determined resolution to support them by your most strenous efforts, are circumstances that cannot but give me the most heart felt pleasure. In return I take this opportunity to assure yourself and Bretheren that so long as I have the honor to be Governor of this Island, nothing shall be wanting on my part to secure the rights of all His Majesty's subjects within my Government and afford them every protection within my power, without partiality favor or affection.

I beg you will communicate these my Sentiments to the Bretheren of your community, as also my thanks for that part of their address which is personal to myself.

I am,


Your most obedient humble Servant

Wm Waldegrave

To Mr. John Jones

Dissenting Minister

Saint John's(315)

Appendix E Letter on the death of Ann Parker



[Extracted from a Letter to a Gentleman in England, who has been a particular Friend to the Ministers and serious People in that Place.](317)

Rev. Sir,

THE subject of the following lines is Ann Parker, late wife of Nathan Parker, first deacon of this church, and who has been to me a faithful and judicious friend, and fellow-sufferer in all my reproaches for Christ, from the commencement of my public warfare to the present day.

Mrs. Parker was a native of this place. Her mother came from Scotland,(318) where she had been piously educated; and though she lived many years in this country, she did not altogether lose her early impressions. She died when her daughter was about six years of age, having sowed in her mind that seed, which God graciously designed should afterward spring up, and bear fruit to eternal life; for no sooner were glad tidings of the Gospel sounded in her ears, than her heart was opened to receive Christ, and welcome his first approach. Some other natives of the country I likewise found, in whose hearts God had secretly wrought the same favourable disposition, which led me to conclude he has his hidden ones, even in places the most unlikely.

In the year 1777 she gave herself up to the Lord, no doubt in a perpetual covenant. Being fixed on the rock of ages, she stood firm against all opposition from her father, who, through grace, is now become a friend, and from her young companions, who bitterly derided her; our Society, at that time, being held in the greatest contempt, and subject to much persecution.

On the 18th of January last, she was seized with a nervous fever. During her illness I constantly visited her, and was always well paid for my attendance. Her tender expressions of regard to me, her deep humility, her unshaken confidence, and her ardent desire to be absent from the body, and present with the Lord, were as so many lively coals from off the altar to inflame my soul with love and zeal.

From the first of her sickness she seemed to be persuaded it would terminate in her dissolution; nor did she like any intimation to the contrary. One day I was conversing with her on the free grace and unchangeable love of God: O yes, yes, says she, it is all free and everlasting! I see it so now more than ever; if it had not been so, I should not be what I am. She then exclaimed, O the pleasing disappointment! Ever since I gave myself to the Lord, I strove to keep my heart sincere before him, but always thought it was not as it ought to be; I rather feared the Lord would expose my deceit, and that when death came, fearfulness and trembling would lay hold on me. Now death is come; but lo! he is a welcome messenger! The Lord smiles and shines upon my soul; he assures me that I am his, and that I shall be with him soon. O! to grace how great a debtor!

About the middle of her sickness, flattering symptoms made us hope the Lord would be gracious to us by restoring her; and we prayed for her recovery. She strongly opposed the idea for some time; at length she said, Well, it may be so. The Lord can do with me what he pleases. I am in his hands. I wish his will to be my will. The fever soon returned. Ah! said she, you have led me astray. My affections have taken the advantage. They are gone further from Christ, and more after you than they ought. Now let me alone; I will return to my God.

Jesu, lover of my soul, was her favourite theme. This hymn she frequently sung, till her husband, fearing that such exertion might be hurtful to her body, wished her to forbear. She complied with his request, saying, Well, I shall soon sing of the love of Christ without hurt or interruption.

About three days before her departure her mind was deranged, during which she frequently sung her favourite hymn; and amidst her greatest wanderings, not a sinful expression dropped from her lips. But she had many lucid intervals and then her language was both refreshing and instructive. At one of these seasons her husband and I were sitting at the bed-side; she was then in a comfortable frame of mind: My dear, said she, addressing herself to him, I can freely resign you and the children to the Lord. You have been a good husband to me, and a tender father to them. Now I am going to Christ, I am not afraid to trust them with you. If you marry again, I am persuaded the Lord will direct you to a proper companion. If I am permitted, I will come, and look, and smile upon you, and say, "God bless you!"

Before she expired, while she was perfectly sound in her mind, she called her three eldest children to the bed-side, and, in the most solemn manner, charged them to live and walk in the fear of God, describing to them the happy effects of a life of godliness, and the awful consequence of not meeting her and their father at the right hand of Christ, especially as his instruction had been so good, and his example so proper.

Early in the morning of the 25th of March,(319) I was called up to go and see her once more before she died. When I arrived she was speechless, but sensible, as her conduct indicated while I was at prayer. Very soon after we arose from our knees, she gently drew her last breath; ending, with holy triumph and joy, a life, as far as mortal eye could penetrate, of the greatest circumspection and humility; leaving behind her a loving husband and seven fine children,(320) whose loss is greater than I can describe.

When the coffin was about to be closed, the scene was truly affecting. Brother Parker, surrounded by his children, said to them, Come, my children, and let us take the last farewel of your dear mother. Before she was carried out to the place of interment we sung, Jesu, lover of my soul. The Lord was with us during the singing, exhortation, and prayer; I felt much of his presence and power myself, and so did many others who were assembled on the solemn occasion.

Appendix F The last Will and testament of John Jones(321)

I John Jones of Saint John's in the Island of Newfoundland Pastor of the Dissenting Church in that place being weak in Body but of a Sound mind and Memory, do hereby make and ordain my last Will and Testament in manner and form following that is to say, First I will and request that my funeral may be conducted and concluded in the most frugal and least expensive manner that Decency will permit of and in no wise any extravagant or extraordinary expense may be incurred thereon but that the utmost simplicity and plainness be observed. Item If the Effects of which I may at the time of my Decease be possessed of should be sufficient to pay off or discharge my just debts and Funeral Expenses, then it is my Will that no charge whatsoever be made unto Thomas Lowman or Henrietta Lowman(322) for or on account of any Sum or Sums of money which they might owe or be indebted unto me (for their Board or Diet) at the time of my Decease, in conformity to a promise made by me to my good Friend, their Deceased Father. Item I give and bequeath unto the said Thomas Lowman as a token of my regard for him the following Books, (viz) Stackhouse's History of the Bible, Rollins' Ancient History in Ten Volumes, The Preceptor in Two Volumes, Lock's Essays in Two Volumes; the best copy of Brown's Dictionary of the Bible in two Volumes; Newton on the Prophecy's in two Volumes; Watts Logic, and all the Gospel Magazines I may die possessed of. Item I request my Friend Nathan Parker will accept (as a small Token of my Love for him) my Silver rimmed Spectacles. Item I give unto Lionel Chancey (as a compensation for Sundry Services which he has done for me and as a mark of my regard for him) Mr. Matthew Henry's Annotations on the Bible in Six Volumes. Item in consideration of the faithful services of my former Servant Thomas Martin and his great affection and Friendship manifested towards me during a Servitude of Thirteen Years, and as a Token of my regard for him, I give and bequeath unto him my best suit of wearing apparel, and in case the debts due of me at the time of my Death can be paid off and discharged out of my other property, then I do hereby further give and bequeath unto him that Garden or space of ground which I heretofore purchased of Mr. John Lees, to have and to hold the same unto him and to his Assigns for and during the term of his natural life, and after his death unto his Son Tom Jones Martin for the term of Twenty years, then and from that time this Bequest shall cease and determine, and the garden or space of Ground hereby given, and the Rents, Issues and profits thereof shall be disposed of in manner hereinafter directed. Item I hereby give and bequeath unto them the said Nathan Parker and Lionel Chancey all that space of Ground or Plantation heretofore granted unto me by His Excellency Sir Richard King situated and lying near unto Colonel Thorn's Plantation, and now in the possession of Charles Power as my Tenant together with the privileges and appurtenances thereunto belonging; Also the Reversionary right and Title in and to the space of Ground or Garden hereinbefore bequeathed and devised unto Thomas Martin and his son Tom Jones Martin after the bequest and devise beforementioned shall cease and determine also all and all manner of Interests, Incomes, Rents or Profits which arise or accrue unto me from certain Leasehold Property held by me and more particularly mentioned in a list annexed hereunto to have and to hold all and singular the Plantation garden and other Property with the appurtenances unto them the said Nathan Parker and Lionel Chancey or their Assigns for ever upon trust that they do as soon as conveniently may be after my Decease convey and make over the same unto such Person or Persons as shall be elected and chosen as a Committee for that purpose by the Members of the aforesaid Dissenting Church (Provided always that no Minister or Deacon of the said Church be of the Committee) which said Assignment or conveyance is by the said Nathan Parker and Lionel Chancey to be made upon the special trust and for the express uses hereinafter mentioned, viz. first, that out of the Rents, Issues or Profits thereof, shall be paid any Sum or Sums of Money which may have been applied to my use out of the Income of Lowmans Estate, or may be requisite to reimburse the Children for any charge made to them for their Diet or Board after which such Rent, Issues or Profits shall be applied towards the support and furtherance of the Charity School, but be it understood that I do not thereby intend to augment the salary at present allowed to the Master of the School; but that a fund may be formed thereof; which in case the charitable contribution that has heretofore supported the School should become inadequate thereto the deficiency may be made up thereby and in case the School should be discontinued, then I will and require that the aforesaid Rents, Issues, and Profits be applied towards the support and for the continuance of the preaching in the aforesaid Dissenting Church, and in case both the said School and Church shall cease and discontinue, that then during such cessation and discontinuance the Rents, Issues and Profits aforesaid are to be given to the Fund for the maintenance of the Poor of St. John's aforesaid; but upon a revival of either or both of the aforesaid Institutions, the said Rents, Issues, and Profits are again to revert to their first intended use. All the rest and residue of my Books, Goods, Chattels, Effects or Estate whatsoever I hereby give and bequeath unto them the said Nathan Parker and Lionel Chancey (whom I hereby appoint to be joint Executors of this my Last Will and Testament) requiring that the said Books, Goods, Chattels, Effects or other Property may be by them the said Executors Sold and disposed of in the most advantageous manner, and the proceeds thereof be applied towards paying off or discharging all my just debts and funeral expenses; and I hereby revoke and disannul all and every former Will by me made. In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my Hand and Seal this Eighteenth day of November in the Year of our Lord one thousand, Seven hundred and ninety-nine.

Signed, Sealed, Published and declared by the

Testator to be his Last Will and Testament,

in the presence of us, who in his presence,

and in the presence of each other have

subscribed our names as Witnesses. John Jones

James Dickers(323)

Daniel Newel(324)

Schedule or List of the several Leaseholds by me of different persons and reffered to in my Will

Premises of whom taken Rent to whom let Rent Remarks

a House & Power a Cooper 2.2 Chas. Power 3.3


a House & Power do 2.10 Fras. Obey 5. Mr. H Phillips

Garden has part off

the Ground belonging to

this Lease

hav:g purchased

[the] Term

a Garden Mrs. Cahill 2.10 Healey 2.2 Jo.Croucher 2.10 A small space

of this Ground

not let

A Meadow of Mr Livingston's, this place I recommend my Executors to make the most of either by taking the Crop the ensuing year, or by selling the Interest as may be most advantageous

Memorandum the cow which is almost white belongs to Mr. John Stretton - and the other Cow is Mr. Parker's property -

The Horse I have not yet paid for -

St. John's

19. Nov. 1799 John Jones


I John Jones do hereby give grant and assign unto Nathan Parker and Lionel Chancey the Executors named in, and Appointed by my annexed Will. All the Right Title or Interest which I have in or to the Estate of the late Joseph Lowman as Executor to his last Will - together with the Guardianship and Management of Thomas Lowman and Heneretta Lowman his son and daughter, whom I hereby recommend to their care and Attention and that in placing out the said Heneretta a preference may be given to Mr. and Mrs. Guzwell(325) - I wish her to be kept at school till she has some knowledge of writing and arithmetic. Mrs. Guzwell is to instruct her in Houswifry and such other Knowledge as it might be in her power that might be advantageous I wish her to be fully taught all manner of Needle Work that is commonly used - I leave the terms on which she is to be taken by Mr Guzwell to be agreed on by my Executors only noting it is not be considered as an apprenticeship, and if necessary to extend until she attain her Eighteenth Year - I do hereby appoint, that the Books which I gave or bequeathed unto the said Thomas Lowman by my beforementioned Will, be carefully kept for him until he is twenty four years old and then given him - only he may be permitted an occasional perusal of them - This Writing is to be considered as a Codicel to my aforesaid Will - In Testimony whereof I have hereunto set my Hand and Seal this 23d. day of November in the year 1799.

John Jones

Sealed and delivered

in the presence of us

Being prest. Thoms Dunn(326)

Sarah Knights

Appendix G

Inventory of sundry Goods & the property of the late Revd. John Jones taken 5th. March 1800(327)

1 Old walnut Bureau 1.11.6

6 do Leather bottom'd Chairs 9/ 2.14.

1 Easy Chair 21/. 3 Windsor Do.@5/ 1.16.

1 Round Mahogany Table 12.

1 Small do. folding Table 12.

1 do. do. do. do. 9.

1 Book Case (fixture) 2. 2.

1 Set of Shelves for Books 5 10.1.6

1 Settle 7.6

2 Window Curtains 5.

1 Swing Looking Glass 5.

1 Bedstead and Curtains 2. 2.

1 Cot with do. 1.11.6

1 do. 10.6

2 Feather beds & Pillows 5.

4 Blankets 10. 10.11.6

5 Sheets 10.6

2 Quilts 8.

2 Old Trunks 2.6

2 Bread Chests 3.

1 Harness Cask 2.6

1 pr. Fire Dogs 7.6

1 Set Fire Irons 3.6

1 Fender 2.

1 pr. Bellows 1. 2. .6

1 Crane and Cheeks for the Grate 7.6

1 Iron Coal Scuttle 2.6

1 Iron Tea Kettle 3.

1 Copper Do. 4.6

1 Frying Pan 2.6

1 Gridiron 1.

1 Footman 2.

1 Poorman's Jack 1.6 1. 4.6

Brought Forwards 23.18.

1 Old Lantern 1.9

4 Tin Kettles 6.

1 Old Bed pan 1/. 1 Night Stool & Pan 12/. 13.

3 Decanters 4.6

2 Large Tumblers 2.

8 Rummers 5.

1 Vinegar Cruet and Mustard pot 2.

1 Salt Cellar 1.

5 China Egg Glasses 2.6

3 Coffee Pots 4.6

1 Tea Pot & Cups and Saucers 2.6 2. 4.9

3 Jugs 4.

1 Sugar Bowl 1.

1 Tureen 5.

12 Dishes 12.

2 Wash Basons 1.6

4 Dozen Plates 10.

2 Quarts & 2 H pints 1.6

2 Bowls 1.

2 Stone Jugs 1.

2 Pudding Pans 1.6 1.18.6

1 Dutch Oven 3.6

1 Old Fish Kettle 1.

1 Gallon Measure 1.6

6 Tin Pots 3.

1 Sugar Canister 2.

2 Saucepans 1. 2 Brass Candlesticks 4.6

2 Japd. Do. 2.

2 Do. Waiters .9

1 Old Cullender .6

1 Spit & Skewers 1.6

1 Pestle & Mortar 4.6

4 pr. of Snuffers 1. 1. 6.9

Carried forwards £29. 8.0 1 Hair Sieve 1.6

2 Wire Sieves 3.

1 Coffee Mill 2.

1 Tea Caddy 4.6

1 Tea Cannister 1.

1 Knife Box .6

5 shoe Brushes 1.

2 Brushes 2.

1 Hammer .6

1 pr Lemon Squeezers 1.

1 Old Soup Ladle .6

1 pr Sugar Nippers .9

15 Old Knives & Forks 7.6

4 Silver Tablespoons 2.18.

6 Do Tea Spoons 18.

1 pr. Tea Tongs 2.6

1 Silver Watch 2.10

1 pr Silver Sleeve Buttons 1.6

2 Old Penknives 1.

1 Old Snuff Mull 2.6

Gold Weight and Seals 1.

2 Bottles Daffeys Elixir 3.

2 pr Creepers 2.

3 Spurs 1.6

4 Old Brass Cocks 2.

1 Spy Glass 15. 9.3.9

1 Carpet 1. 1

1 Tea Tray 4.6

2 Cloaks 1.10.6

2 pr Breeches 12.

1 Suit of Cloaths 2. 2

1 Do Do 2.

2 pr Boots 15.

2 pr Shoes 4.

3 pr Colopses 7.6

1 Blue Coat 7.

4 pr Drawers 4. 9. 7.6

Brought forwards £ 47.19.3

3 Hats 3.

6 Pictures of the History of Joseph 12.

1 Old Water Pot 3.6

2 Scythes & 6 Rakes 9.

1 Hotbed Frame & Glasses 5.

1 Keg 10 Gallons 3.

Old Harness (not complete) 10.6

1 Slea Harness 2. 2

1 Saddle & Bridle 15.

1 Pitch Fork 1.

2 Currie Combs 1.6

2 Hatchets 2.

10C Hay 5. 5

4 Hhd Coals 9/- 1.16

1 Catamaran 1. 1

1 Horse Whip 4.6

1 Umbrella 7.6

1 Water Buckett 1.

3 Night Gowns 15.

5 Flannel Waistcoats 5.

2 pr Cuffs 1.

12 Cravats 12.

8 Shirts 5/6 2. 4

2 Night Caps 2.

2 Pads for Neck Handkerchiefs 1.

7 pr Stockings 2/ 14.

4 Pocket Handkerchiefs 4.

3 Pillow Cases 3.

1 Large Table Cloth 10.6

3 Breakfast Do 7.6

1 Coarse Table Cloth 2.

4 Black Waistcoats 12.

1 pr Black Breeches 5.

1 Do Cotton Coat 4.6

Books 20.

2 Setts of Bills 8.

Sundry small Articles 5.

Outstanding Debts 10. 64. 5. 0

Carried forwards 112. 4. 3

Brought forwards 112. 4. 3

Interest of the Lease of Power's Garden } 5.5. .

Do. of Obey's Tenement }

Do of Mr. Livingston's Meadow 40. . .

The Garden of the late Mr. Lees 10. . .

A Plantation Leased to Chas. Power 35. . . 90. 5.

£202. 9. 3


ASD Archives of St. David's Presbyterian Church, St. John's

CNS Centre for Newfoundland Studies, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's

DAB Dictionary of American Biography

DCB Dictionary of Canadian Biography

DNB Dictionary of National Biography

MHA Maritime History Archives, MUN, St. John's

PANL Public Archives of Newfoundland, St. John's

PRL Provincial Reference Library, St. John's

PRO Public Record Office, London

RHL Rhodes House Library, England

SPG Society for the Propagation of the Gospel

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Barnes, Mabel Dorcas, Captain Samuel Barnes of St. John's Newfoundland and Waltham Massachusetts and some of his descendants 1958

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Jay, William, The Autobiography of the Rev. William Jay with Reminiscences of Some Distinguished Contemporaries, London, 1855.

Job, R.B., John Job's Family Devon-Newfoundland-Liverpool 1730-1953, St. John's, 1953.

Johnstone, H.V., A Short History of Skinner Street United Reformed Church Poole 1777-1977, Poole, 1977.

King, James, and Ryskamp, Charles, editors, Letters and Prose Writings of William Cowper, Oxford, 1981.

King, James, William Cowper, Durham, 1986.

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Lahey, R.J. James Louis O'Donel in Newfoundland 1784-1807: The Establishment of the Roman Catholic Church, St. John's, 1984.

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Lincoln, Anthony, Political and Social Ideas of English Dissent 1763-1800, Cambridge, 1938.

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Martin, Bernard, John Newton, London, 1950.

Matthews, A.G., Introduction to Calamy Revised, London, 1959.

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1. In the parish baptismal record of Preston-on-Wye, Herefordshire, the baptism of John, son of John and Joan Jones, on February 24 1739/40 is recorded. (See Introduction page 7)

2. A biblical reference to Amos 7:14.

3. A biblical reference to I Corinthians 1:27.

4. He was recruited to Captain Charles Brome's Company of the Royal Artillery in January 1758. His time of entry is listed as October 20 1757, his age as 19 and he is described as being six feet tall, of sandy complexion, able to read and write, but having no trade. PRO, WO, 10/62.

5. The Company of the 1st Battalion of the Royal Artillery, in which he served as gunner, was at Woolwich in 1764 commanded by Captain Griffith Williams. The Company arrived at St. John's in September 1765. Captain Griffith Williams had just published his treatise on the fishery in Newfoundland. PRO WO 10/101, WO 10/96; M.E.S. Laws, Battery Records of the Royal Artillery 1716-1869 (Woolwich, 1952 ),36; Griffith Williams, An Account of the Island of Newfoundland, with the nature of its Trade and Method of carrying on the Fishery with reasons for the great Decrease of that most Valuable Branch of Trade (London, 1765).

6. He was brought to spiritual concern upon seeing a fellow-soldier die blaspheming. Evangelical Magazine 1800 , 441.

7. The Company of Captain Williams left St. John's in June 1773 and arrived at Chatham in August. In July 1773 John Jones was promoted to the post of bombardier. M.E.S. Laws, op.cit., 44; PRO WO, 10/138.

8. A wooden meeting house, known as the Great Meeting, was built in Chatham in 1710. After George Whitefield, leader of the Calvinistic Methodists, preached at Chatham in 1739 to almost 10,000 people, a Society was formed in his name which met at the Great Meeting. Services were conducted by an officer from the dockyard and by visiting ministers from London. It was here that John Jones would have worshipped. The church was organised on Congregational principles in 1795 and became known as Ebenezer Chapel when the meeting house was rebuilt in 1810. In 1890 this church and most of the records burnt in a fire. In 1982 Ebenezer Congregational Church joined with St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church of Chatham to become the United Reformed Church, on the same site as the meeting house of 1773. Thomas Timpson, Church History of Kent, (London, 1859) 323-324; communication from Elsie Savill, elder of the United Reformed Church, Chatham.

9. As a bombardier John Jones was posted to Captain Joseph Barrett's Company of Invalids stationed at Portsmouth. The Company returned to St. John's in May 1775. PRO WO, 10/144; M.E.S. Laws, op.cit., 46.

10. A biblical reference to John 13:7.

11. On the same passage was Chief Engineer Robert Pringle, who wrote from England to Commanding Engineer John Caddy on March 5 1775 ...I shall sail in the transport about the beginning of april from Portsmouth, which brings out a Relief for the Company of Artillery ... His letter of May 26 reported that he had been in bed for most of the passage. PANL, GB2/1, Correspondence of the Royal Engineers, 17,21.

12. A biblical reference to Matthew 5:16.

13. This was the Anglican church, the only church in St. John's, built in 1759 on the southwest corner of the present Cathedral grounds.

14. There were two sergeants in the Company, Joseph Townsend and William Tervators, one serving at St. John's, the other at Placentia. PRO WO, 10/144; PANL, GN 2/1/a, Vol.6, 108.

15. Upon his return to Newfoundland, he had at once to fill the posts of serjeant-major, quarter-master, pay-master and clerk to the company of Artillery. Being thereby entitled to the occupation of a separate room, a pious serjeant of the company and his family shared it with him; and they maintained social worship twice a day .... Evangelical Magazine 1800, 442.

16. See Church Articles, Appendix A, pages 135-138.

17. The lower part of the Court House consisted of two apartments for the confinement of prisoners, the upper part was used by the jury. This request was probably granted more readily because the Anglican clergyman, the Rev. Edward Langman, was no longer a magistrate. He had been forbidden by Governor Robert Duff, in a letter written October 25 1775, to act as a Justice of the Peace because of improper behaviour. PANL, CO 194/37,199; GN 2/1/a Vol.6, 53.

18. A biblical reference to Hebrews 13:22.

19. See Introduction, pages 16-18.

20. Governor John Montagu, a Rear Admiral, arrived on May 4 1776. PANL, GB2/1, 71.

21. According to Samuel Greatheed this was due to the influence of Rev. Langman, who was also reinstated as a magistrate by Governor Montagu. Evangelical Magazine 1800, 443; D. W. Prowse, op.cit., 339.

22. Until this time John Jones and his followers had attended the services at the Anglican church. On the barrens John Jones was elevated upon the top of a stone. Evangelical Magazine 1800, 443; Edmund Violet, op.cit., 14.

23. Wallis Lang was a carpenter who arrived in Newfoundland in 1776. It was probably his son, Thomas, who was the first child baptised by John Jones in 1780. Wallis Lang was a trustee of the second meeting house in 1787 and also in 1790 when a formal deed was drawn up jointly with trustees in Poole. PANL, GN 2/39/A, An Account of the Inhabitants, 1794/5; Nfld. Statutes, K N42, 1846-52.

24. A biblical reference to I Samuel 26:20.

25. A biblical reference to the first chapter of Haggai, especially verse 8, Go up to the mountain, and bring wood, and build the house ...

26. A chamber belonging to one of their Society. Evangelical Magazine 1800, 443.

27. The Rev. Laurence Coughlan described how the church at Blackhead was similarly built in 14 days. It is not known where the first meeting house was built, but it was probably built on land leased from someone in the military. Merchants, boatkeepers and the principal inhabitants petitioned in 1775 against officers having lately inclosed large spots of Ground contiguous to this harbour for erecting Houses, planting gardens, Farms etc. and Captain Griffith Williams had himself obtained a grant of 200 acres near Quidi Vidi. Laurence Coughlan, An Account of the Work of God in Newfoundland, North-America (London, 1776), 18-19; D.W. Prowse, op.cit., 343 and 296.

28. Governor Montagu had arrived in St. John's by the 24th of May 1777. It is strange that John Stretton, writing about the Society and their neat little meeting house on 30 June 1777, does not mention any threats. (See Introduction page 8.) PANL, GN2/1/a, Vol.7, 2; John Stretton, op.cit. 225-226.

29. Transfers between St. John's and Placentia sometimes occurred, as in the summer of 1776 when a sergeant of the Royal Artillery was transferred from Placentia to St. John's to assist Robert Pringle in the building of Fort Townshend. PANL, GN 2/1/a, Vol.6, 108.

30. Under Captain Anderson, the Company arrived in Plymouth by October. PRO WO, 10/155,157; M.E.S. Laws,op.cit., 50-51.

31. The way appointed by Christ for the calling of any person, fitted and gifted by the Holy Ghost, unto the Office of Pastor, Teacher or Elder in a Church, is, that he be chosen thereunto by the common suffrage of the Church itself ... The Savoy Declaration of Faith and Order, 1658 in R.W. Dale, op.cit., Article XI, 387.

32. The military patrons of John Jones considered him entitled to a lieutenancy of Invalids, and engaged themselves to obtain for him that promotion. However, he was discharged and put on the pension list in June 1779. Evangelical Magazine 1800, 445; PRO, WO 10/59.

33. Christopher Mends (1724-1799) was born at Cottes, Pembrokeshire, South Wales. He was much influenced at the age of 17 by hearing George Whitefield preach and he became associated with Howell Harris and the Welsh Calvinistic Methodist movement. After studies at Carmarthen Academy, ordination, and a period as a pastor at Brinkworth, Wiltshire, he accepted a call in 1761 from the Church of Christ at Batter Street, Plymouth. However, he was only admitted to the meeting house after a writ was issued because the trustees had wished to install someone else (see page 102). The Batter Street meeting house was known as the Scotch Kirk, or Presbyterian Chapel, because the Scottish regiment worshipped there. Evangelical Magazine 1799, 397-405; C.E.Welch, The Devonshire Association, Report and Transactions, Vol.XCVII, 227.

34. Herbert Mends, son of the Rev. Christopher Mends, studied for three years at Ottery St. Mary, then at the Rev. James Rooker's academy at Bridport, Dorset. He was ordained at Sherborne in 1777 and in 1782 became co-pastor with his father at Batter Street Church, Plymouth. W. Densham and J. Ogle, The Story of the Congregational Churches of Dorset (Bournemouth, 1899) 261; John Morison, op.cit., 470-481.

35. This is probably the same John Crisp who was minister at Hertford in 1796 and later at Harleston, Norfolk, where he died in 1806. Evangelical Magazine 1796, 474, and 1806, 33.

36. Edward Ashburner was born at Olney, Buckinghamshire in 1734. His parents were members of the Independent church there. At the age of 26 he entered the academy at Mile End, London, where he studied for six years. After preaching for three weeks at Poole, he was unanimously invited to return and he began his ministry there in 1767. The same year the University of Aberdeen conferred on him the degree of M.A. In 1768 he married deacon George Kemp's sister, Francis, a pious young lady, endowed with a handsome fortune. He preached three times on Sunday, on Wednesday evenings he delivered a lecture, on Thursday evenings, unless in a nearby village, he met young people for prayer and conversation and on Friday he preached again. He also travelled much around Poole, every Monday evening he preached at Lytchett, five miles distant. He visited London every year, preaching to large congregations at the Tabernacle and at Tottenham Court Chapel and also returned to Olney. Some young men from his congregation introduced singing at a Society in Harbour Grace, the success of which led to the application for a minister from the Society for Propagating the Gospel and the arrival of Lawrence Coughlan. He was one of the committee of four overseeing financial matters in the building of the second meeting house. Edward Ashburner suffered from paralytic strokes four years before his death and had to resign as pastor, but for a time was able to preach until his death in 1804. Evangelical Magazine 1800 442; Evangelical Magazine 1804 481-488; William Kingsbury A Discourse delivered at Poole, Dorset July 6 1804(Southampton,1804).

37. William Gray was ordained in 1761 and became the minister at Stalbridge the same year. He remained there until his death at the age of 74. Densham and Ogle, op.cit. 284-285.

38. Joseph Wilkins, born in Uley, Gloucestershire, had spent five years of study, three at Plasterers' Hall, London, and two at the academy at Ottery St. Mary, Devon, before being ordained, at the age of 24, to a congregation of protestant dissenters at Weymouth, where he remained until his death in 1800. His interest in scientific research led to some papers on hydrostatics being presented to the Royal Society and his collection of natural curiosities to the royal family. Evangelical Magazine 1804, 529-532.

39. Simon Reader was educated at the academy of Dr. Philip Doddridge in Northampton. A man of extensive erudition, he was probably the most influential of the presbytery of dissenting ministers. He became the minister at Wareham in 1739 and was there for more than fifty years. Densham and Ogle, op.cit. 341-342; Evangelical Magazine 1794, 132,343.

40. James Rooker was ordained in 1751. From 1765 he was in charge of the academy at Bridport, inherited from the Rev. Lavington of Ottery St. Mary. On the death of James Rooker in 1780, the academy's tutor was Thomas Reader, brother of Simon Reader. Densham and Ogle, op.cit. 341-342; R.W.Dale , op.cit., 560; Evangelical Magazine 1794, 490.

41. John Berry, a great, great-grandson of Colonel James Berry, one of Cromwell's generals, settled at Shaftesbury in 1778. In 1780 he became an Independent minister at Romsey, then moved to West Bromwich, became a classical tutor at Homerton College, and finally minister at Camberwell Green, London. Densham and Ogle, op.cit. 234-236; Archibald Geikie, Berry, Charles, DNB, 2: 395.

42. Edward Langman, Church of England clergyman, appointed by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in 1752, was Chief Justice in 1779. Frederick Jones, Langman, Edward, DCB, 4: 437-438; PANL, GN 2/1/A, Vol.7-8,76.

43. Nicholas Gill, one of the three sons of Captain Gill, who traded from Charlestown, Massachusetts, had served as a Justice of the Peace since 1771. He was a naval officer, notary public and a judge of the vice-admiralty court. PANL, CO 194/30,105, GN 2/1/a Vols.11-12, 61.

44. By the terms of the Toleration Act, An Act for exempting their Majesties' Protestant Subjects Dissenting from the Church of England from the Penalties of Certain Laws (24 May 1689, Wm. and M., cap.18), orthodox dissenting ministers and teachers could be certified if they signed 35 of The Thirty-Nine Articles, took the oaths of allegiance and supremacy and gave a declaration against transubstantiation. The place of meeting had to be certified too. By April 1779 an Act had been passed which substituted for subscription to the Articles a declaration: I, A.B., do solemnly declare, in the presence of almighty God that I am a christian and a protestant, and as such, that I believe that the scriptures of the old and new testament, as commonly received among the protestant churches, do contain the revealed will of God; and that I do receive the same as the rule of my doctrine and practice. 19 Geo. III cap.44.

45. Edward Langman had blamed dissenters for the memorial sent to the SPG in 1765, accusing him of drunkeness and neglect of duty, and he had been pleased to report to the SPG. in 1778 that the common soldier who had set up as a Methodist preacher had left for Plymouth. RHL, SPG B Series, Vol.B6, Langman to the Secretary, Nov.9 1765, Nov.4 1767, Nov.30 1778.

46. The new Governor, Richard Edwards, had arrived by July 23 1779, when the oath of office was administered to him at the Court House. PANL, GN 2/1/a, Vol.8,85.

47. William Peagum, from Farrington, Devon, was a blacksmith. PANL, GN 2/1/a, Vol.10,371, Vol.11,234.

48. In response to the complaints of the Rev. James Balfour, SPG missionary for Conception Bay, that unlicenced and lawless people had been using his chapels to marry, bury and baptise, thereby defrauding him of his fees, Governor Edwards ordered the Justices of the Peace for Conception Bay, on August 31 1779, to prevent Methodists or any other Sect whatsoever from preaching, marrying, burying or baptising in the chapels of the Rev. Balfour. RHL, SPG, A165, B6, 31 August 1779 Governor Edwards to Charles Garland and Robert Gray. Enclosure to the Secretary.

49. Perhaps these letters were written when John Jones left Captain Griffith Williams' Company in 1775. His Company was taken prisoner with General Burgoyne's army at Saratoga in 1777, and held prisoner until 1781. Captain Williams was promoted to Major in 1780. M.E.S. Laws, op.cit. 45,58.

50. In 1779 John Lees was also a Lieutenant in the Company of Artificers and Labourers commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Robert Pringle. In 1793, when he returned to England, John Jones bought a quarter of an acre of land from him for eight guineas. This was in the vicinity of Forest Road next to the meadow John Jones leased from John Livingston. PANL, CO 194/34, 59, GN 2/1/a, Vol.12, 223; ASD, Bill of Sale, 1793.

51. The Rev. Edward Langman is compared to Amaziah, priest of Bethel, who tried to prevent Amos from prophesying. Amos 7,10.

52. It was customary for the Governors, as Admirals, to prefer to conduct business on board ship.

53. John Jones preached three times on Sunday, every other Sunday at Quidi Vidi, one evening during the week and held two other evening meetings for prayer and religious conversation. Evangelical Magazine 1800, 444.


In fact Governor Edwards' Instructions of May 6 1779 read: You are to permit a free exercise of Religion to all persons, so that they be contented with a quiet and peacable enjoyment of the same, not giving offence or scandal to the Government. PRO CO 5/207, as quoted in R.J.Lahey, James Louis O'Donel in Newfoundland 1784-1807: The Establishment of the Roman Catholic Church (St. John's, 1984), 6.

55. The Society now numbered fifteen. Evangelical Magazine 1800, p.444.

56. The Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge was founded in 1699 through the initiative of Dr. Thomas Bray and others with the aim of promoting and encouraging the establishment of charity schools and the distribution of bibles, prayer books and other religious books and tracts in Britain and abroad. There is no record in the Minute Books of the S.P.C.K. 1799/80 of any correspondence with St. John's.

57. In 1779 the Rev. Edward Langman was Chief Justice. PANL, GN 2/1/a Vol.7-8, 76.

58. The Rev. John Stafford D.D.,1728-1800, studied for two years at the academy of Philip Doddridge, Northampton, then for seven years at the academies at Plasterers'Hall and Mile End, London. He was the pastor at New Broad Street Church, London, from 1758 until his death. Walter Wilson, The History and Antiquities of Dissenting Churches and Meeting Houses in London, Westminster and Southwark (London, 1808) 243-248; G.Le Grys Norgate, Stafford, John, DNB, Vol.XVIII, 863-864.

59. A year later, 14 March 1781, Governor Edwards wrote to the SPG requesting a replacement for the Rev. Langman, who had become very old Infirm and incapable of doing his Duty. PANL, SPG, C Series, Fo. 1-27.

60. Colonel Robert Pringle had arrived as chief engineer in 1772. There was close cooperation between the Royal Engineers and the Royal Artillery. It would have been about this time that Samuel Greatheed was serving with the Royal Engineers in St. John's. S.R.J. Sutherland, Pringle, Robert, DCB, Vol.IV, 647-648.

61. Samuel Greatheed commented that the Governor had found hat his conduct had attracted more notice and censure in the Mother Country than he expected. Evengelical Magazine 1800, 444.

62. In the margin of this paragraph is inserted see Page 35 for Mr Jones's certificate dated 10th May 1781.

63. See Appendix C pages 135-138 for the Church Articles.

64. The church, which was then regularly constituted, had an annual increase of twenty members for several following years; and, notwithstanding numerous losses, chiefly by the frequent removals of the soldiers, many of whom were awakened under Mr. J's ministry, the communicants usually were from seventy to eighty persons. Among these were a few officers in His Majesty's service, and persons of some respectability in the town, but it was chiefly the poor to whom the Gospel was made powerful unto Salvation. Evangelical Magazine 1800, 444.

65. The incidents of vandalism provide the information that the meeting house was heated by a stove and that its construction included shutters and glass at the windows. (Perhaps the repairs were done by elder Nathan Parker,a glazier by trade, who, in 1782, was paid ten shillings by the Assize Court for glazing.) PANL, GN 2/1/a, Vol.9, 371, October 24 1782.

66. John Campbell, appointed a Vice-Admiral in 1779, was Governor of Newfoundland from 1782 to 1786. His father was a Presbyterian minister in Scotland. J.K.Laughton, Campbell, John, DNB, Vol.3, 829-830; Gentleman's Magazine 1791 Vol.LXI I,100.

67. After the departure of Laurence Coughlan in 1773, John Stretton, Arthur Thomey, Thomas Pottle and John Hoskins had tried to maintain Methodist Societies in these places. Christian Correspondence, John Stretton to Eliza Bennis, November 14 1775, December 2 1778.

68. George Schofield, minister of the Stone Chapel, the Congregational Church on Queen's Road, from 1849 to 1857, suggested that this was the origin of the custom of holding special services before the departure of vessels to the seal fishery. Newfoundland Guardian and Christian Intelligencer (St. John's, 1851), 104.

69. Edward Langman was dismissed in January 1784 and was buried on June 26 1784. The secretary of the SPG, writing to Governor Campbell, said that his conduct, for some time, had been very reproachable. F. Jones, Langman, Edward, DCB 4: 438; PANL, Cathedral of St. John the Baptist, Burial Records.

70. The Rev. Walter Price, from Dartmouth, had been ordained by the Bishop of Exeter and his licence had been granted by the Lord Bishop of London. PANL, GN 2/1/a Vol. 10, 29.

71. An Act for the Further Relief of Protestant Dissenting Ministers and Schoolmasters, op.cit., 19 George III cap.44, 258-260.

72. Elliott Elmes was a longtime and principal inhabitant, who had served on the jury in the 1750's and contributed £10 to the new church in 1759, but had been named by the Rev. Langman in 1765 as one of the instigators of a memorial accusing him of neglect of duty. PANL, CO 194/35, 553; RHL, SPG, B6/154, Langman to the Secretary, Nov. 15 1765.

73. In 1784 Nicholas Gill, and not Walter Price, was Chief Justice. PANL, CO 194/35, 553.

74. By January 1784 John Jones had baptised fifteen children. (See Appendix B page 133)

75. In December 1783 William Pitt became Chancellor of the Exchequer and First Lord of the Treasury.

76. The 1689 coronation oath of William and Mary, and likewise that of George III, included an oath to maintain the laws of God, the true profession of the gospel and the protestant reformed religion established by law .... 1 W. & M. c.6

77. In 1733 the chancellor of the diocese of Peterborough prosecuted Philip Doddridge (1702-1751) for conducting an academy at Northampton without a licence. With the support of Walpole and Lord Halifax and the intervention of George II, a prohibition was granted against the chancellor. During my reign there shall be no persecution for conscience' sake. P.Doddridge, Correspondence and Diary (London, 1829), Vol.III,139,140; J.T. Wilkinson, 1662 and after, Three Centuries of English Nonconformity (London, 1962), 113.

78. I A.B. do sincerely Promise and Swear, That I will be faithful, and bear true Allegiance, to their Majesties King William and Queen Mary: So help me God. 1 William and Mary, c.8.

79. I A.B. do swear, That I do from my Heart abhor, detest and abjure, as impious and heretical, that damnable Doctrine and Position, That Princes excommunicated or deprived by the Pope, or any Authority of the See of Rome, may be deposed or Murdered by their Subjects, or any other, whatsoever. And I do Declare, that no foreign prince, person, prelate, state or potentate, hath or ought to have any jurisdiction, power, superiority, pre-eminence or authority, ecclesiatical or spiritual, within this realm: So help me God, etc. 1 William and Mary,c.8.

80. An Act for the Further relief, op.cit., passed five years earlier.

81. The Presbyterian Church of Scotland.

82. Lord Mansfield had said in the House of Lords on February 4 1767, in discussion of the case Harrison v. Evans, that dissent was not a crime. The Toleration Act renders that which was illegal before, now legal, the Dissenters' way of worship is permitted and allowed by this act; ..... it is established; it is put under the protection, and is not merely under the connivance of the law ..... It has been argued that the decision of this case equalled the Toleration Act and the statute repealing the Corporation and Test Acts in importance. It freed dissenters from the tyranny of being punished for disabilites created by their nonconformity, and it defined their legal status. English Historical Documents, (London, 1957), Vol.X, 109; C.F.Mullett, Virginia Law Review, The Legal Position of English Protestant Dissenters, 1689-1767 (1937), Vol.23,391.

83. ...any protestant dissenting minister ... shall not give or pay, as a fee or reward to any officer or officers belonging to the Court aforesaid, above the sum of sixpence for his or their entry of such minister's making and subscribing the said last-mentioned declaration, and taking the oaths, and making and subscribing the declaration against popery, required by the said act, made in the first year of the reign of King William and Queen Mary ... An Act for the Further Relief, op.cit.

84. A biblical reference to Isaiah 41:14.

85. Father James Louis O'Donel, born in Knocklofty, County Tipperary, was about the same age as John Jones. On 28 October 1784 Governor Campbell issued the order to the magistrates that they were to allow full liberty of conscience, and the free exercise of all such modes of religious worship as are not prohibited by law.R.J. Lahey, op.cit.,7; PANL, GN 2/1/a, Vol.10, 138; Hans Rollmann, Richard Edwards, John Campbell, and the Proclamation of Religious Liberty in Eighteenth-Century Newfoundland, Newfoundland Quarterly, Vol. LXXX No.2, 4-12.

86. John Jones did not have similar permission and there are no marriages recorded by him. Succeeding ministers performed marriages, but the first legally official marriage was that of Thomas B. Job and Jessie Carson, youngest daughter of Dr. William Carson in 1834. ASD, Journal, 237.

87. The building of this first Roman Catholic chapel was begun in late 1784 or early 1785 on the site of the present Star of the Sea Hall on Henry Street. The cost of the chapel, which Father O'Donel reported excelled that of all other buildings on the island, was one thousand guineas. R.J. Lahey, op.cit., 11.

88. D'Ewes Coke came to Newfoundland about 1763 as a royal navy surgeon. He practiced medicine in Trinity and was also a Justice of the Peace and Keeper of Rolls. He succeeded John Reeves as Chief Justice in 1793, a position he held until 1797 when he retired to Poole. PANL GN 2/39/A, An Account of the Inhabitants 1794/5; GN 2/1/a Vols. 5-6, 9,122, Vol. 14,198; D.W. Prowse, op.cit., 360.

89. George Williams, who came to Newfoundland in 1751, served as High Sheriff in 1781 and 1782. He had family connections with Lieutenant Griffith Williams R.A. PANL, GN 2/39/A, An Account of the Inhabitants 1794/5, GN 2/1/a, Vol.9,10,297; D.W. Prowse, op.cit., 296.

90. James Dougherty was employed as a servant when a boy in the mid 1770's. PANL, GN 2/1/a, Vol. 18,56.

91. John Livingston was a St. John's merchant from Clogher, County Tyrone, Northern Ireland, and styled himself Gentleman when drawing up his will. He seems to have had strong connections with the Meeting House and its members. James Dougherty and James Melledge, my true and trusty friends, were both members of the Meeting House, and the executors of his estate when he died in 1797. His second wife, Abigail Dougherty, may have been the sister of James Dougherty. Although it is possible that the land on which the first Meeting House was built was leased from the military,it is also possible that it was leased from John Livingston. It is perhaps significant that Nathan Parker, who helped to build the first Meeting House, was a witness in 1808 to the sworn statement of James Gill that in 1776 he sold the plantation at the back of Fort William to John Livingston. When the riot occurred in 1785 it would have been sensible and natural for James Dougherty to seek out John Livingston, probably his brother-in-law, not only because he had been High Sheriff in 1784, but also because if the land was leased from him he would have had an interest in what happened to the building. A further connection is that John Jones later rented a meadow from John Livingston in the same area, in what is now Forest Road. PANL, GN 5/2/A/1, Box 1, 1795-8, 76, Cathedral of St. John the Baptist, Marriage Register, GN 2/1/a Vol.10,89.

92. The Act of 1714, An act for preventing tumults and riotous assemblies, and for the more speedy and effectual punishing the rioters, made it a felony to damage any building registered for religious worship. 1Geo.1,2,cap.5.

93. John Tillotson, 1630-1694, had Calvinistic training in his youth, his father being a member of a Congregational church. He married a niece of Oliver Cromwell. His polemical writing against Roman Catholics was first expressed in his Rule of Faith, published with fifty-four sermons. Nevertheless he became chaplain to Charles II. He was Archbishop of Canterbury from 1690 to his death. Archibald Geikie, Tillotson, John, DNB, Vol.XIX, 872-878.

94. The first reference by John Jones to Governor Campbell's order to the magistrates on 28 October 1784 to allow full liberty of conscience. PANL, GN 2/1/a, Vol. 10, 138.

95. In 1777, for stealing from a bakery, Patrick Knowlan was sentenced to 70 lashes from the Common Whipper at the Common Whipping Post, 70 more lashes on the public path, 20 more at Admiral's Beach and to be put aboard the first vessel bound for Ireland. PANL, GN 2/1/a, Vol.6, 193-194.

96. See Hans Rollmann, John Jones, James O'Donel, and the Question of Religious Tolerance in Eighteenth-Century Newfoundland: A Correspondence, Newfoundland Quarterly, Vol.LXXX, No.1, 1984, 23-27, for a detailed background to these letters and an examination of Father O'Donel's philosophy of religion as revealed in his letter.

97. Perhaps this was the unknown school teacher who arrived with Father O'Donel. Father Patrick Phelan, who also arrived with him, had gone to Harbour Grace and Father Edmund Burke did not arrive until June 15 1785. R.J. Lahey, op.cit., 9,12.

98. Korah, Dathan and Abiram challenged the authority of Moses. Numbers, 16,1.

99. James Louis O'Donel trained in Rome. After ordination he moved to Prague where he taught theology and philosophy for four years. On his return to Ireland in 1767 he became prior of the Franciscan house in Waterford, then Visitor and Definitor of the Irish Franciscan province. In 1779 he was elected head of the Franciscan Order in Ireland. In collaboration, O'Donel, James Louis, DCB, Vol.V, 631-634;

100. His successor, Rear-Admiral Elliot, did not arrive until 1786. PANL CO 194/37,123.

101. The House of Hanover had proved itself to be a friend of the dissenting cause.

102. In the margin of this paragraph is inserted This Certificate was Omitted in page 14, and in the margin of the following paragraph the word seal is inserted twice.

103. See notes 2 and 3 page 34.

104. "I A.B. do solemnly and sincerely in the presence of God profess, testify and declare, That I do believe that in the sacrament of the Lord's Supper there is not any transubstantiation of the elements of bread and wine into the body and blood of Christ at or after the consecration thereof by any person whatsoever: (2) And that the invocation or adoration of the virgin Mary or any other Saint, and the Sacrifice of the mass, as they are now used in the church of Rome, are superstitious and idolatrous ..... 30 Caroli II cap.1.

105. See note 8 page 25.

106. John Brown, a Poole sea captain and ship owner, and referred to as a gentleman in the advertisement printed in 1787, was also a friend of Benjamin Lester. He is first mentioned in the Lester diaries in 1765. In the 1790's he dined with Benjamin Lester on a number of occasions. In 1785 he sailed from Poole for Newfoundland on August 4, and arrived back in Liverpool on November 4. MHG, Lester Diary, 12 Oct. 1765,15 Aug.,8 Sept. 1790, 30 Jan.1791; Lloyd's List, 5 August and 4 November 1785.

107. In 1786 George Kemp was 30 and a deacon at the Rev. Ashburner's Independent church in Poole. The Kemps were listed in 1725 as being one of five Poole merchant firms trading with Carbonear. Martin Kemp, father of George Kemp and also a deacon at the Rev. Ashburner's church, died in 1772 when George, the eldest son, was only 16. At that time the business was taken over by executors, including a maternal uncle, George Welch (see page 47 note 4). George and James Kemp served apprenticeships in the trade and George lived for a period in Newfoundland. George Welch described his nephew in 1795 as the principal merchant in Conception bay. In 1800 George and James Kemp bought for £800, from Thomas and Young Green, their plantations, fishing rooms, stores, flakes and buildings at Carbonear. By 1805 they had fishing rooms in Brigus and Musketto too. George Kemp's subscription of £45 in 1807 towards the building of a courthouse and jail in Harbour Grace was the largest. In 1824 G.&J. Kemp ceased business in Newfoundland by selling out to the Poole-Newfoundland firm of Fryer, Gosse and Pack. George Kemp was reputed to have retired with a fortune of £30,000, or even £250,000. George Kemp's wife was Sarah Gosse, whose uncle John was the agent for G.&J. Kemp in Newfoundland, another uncle worked for Benjamin Lester, and her brother, Thomas, was the father of Philip Henry Gosse, who worked for the Slades. George Kemp died in 1845 at the age of 89, having been one of the most prominent figures and one of the most influential men in Poole. Densham and Ogle, op.cit., 198-199; D.F. Beamish, J.G. Hillier, H.F.V. Johnstone, Mansions and Merchants of Poole and Dorset (Poole, 1976), 63,66,67,68,75; PANL, SPG, Box A191; Confed. Bldg., Miscellaneous Deeds and Wills, Vol.2, 104; Gordon Handcock, Soe longe as there comes noe women (St. John's, 1989), 230; Philip Tocque, Newfoundland as it was and as it is in 1877 (Toronto, 1878), 113.

108. Richard Valentine was a master mariner from Teignmouth with fishing rooms at Northern Bay and Western Bay. He was described later in the next century as a Wesleyan Methodist. John Stretton of Harbour Grace and Thomas Chancey of Carbonear were the two executors of his estate in 1807. PANL, GN/5/2/A9, 1798-1802, 335; Newfoundland Guardian and Christian Intelligencer, 105; Arminian Magazine for the Year 1792, Vol. XV, 177.

109. William Pike was a Poole merchant with fishing premises at Carbonear. His business, and that of John Green's were listed as among those of the strongest merchants in Newfoundland in 1785. William Pike amalgamated his business with that of John Green's, and was in turn taken over by G.&J. Kemp in 1800. Beamish, Hillier and Johnstone, op.cit., 72.

110. Henry Phillips was a merchant in St. John's, possibly the son of John Phillips, who was High Sheriff of St. John's in the 1770's. In 1788 Henry Phillips was listed as one of the principal inhabitants, and in 1789, at the age of 33, he was appointed High Sheriff, a position he held almost every year until his departure from Newfoundland in 1810. Richard Routh, Chief Justice in 1798, described him as a very vigilant officer and Governor Waldegrave reported to the Duke of Portland that he had every reason to believe him to be a very diligent civil officer and honest man. He died in 1812 in Exeter, New Hampshire, at the age of 56. PANL, GN 2/1/a, Vol.7,16; Vol.14, 23 October 1798; 12 November 1798; CO 194/38,90,151; CO 194/39,75; Rockingham County Probate Records, Exeter, New Hampshire.

111. Joseph Lowman was a carpenter. Married in 1781, he had four children baptised by John Jones. In 1789 he served on the grand jury. He leased land from Captain Thomas and Edward Freeman, both associated with the meeting house. On his death John Jones was an executor of his estate, which did not exceed £100. PANL, GN 5/2/A/1, 10 November 1795; CO 194/38, 163; Cathedral of St. John the Baptist, Marriage Records.

112. Edward Freeman was born in St. John's of a planter family. In 1757 he and Peter Freeman as ancient inhabitants were granted one acre, one rod and twenty nine poles of land for cultivation. In 1784 he was an agent for the firm of Thomas and Stokes. PANL, CO 194/35, 553; GN 2/1/a, April 19 1757.

113. James Barnes was a mariner, born in Newfoundland, the son of Andrew and Mary Barnes and brother-in-law of Nathan Parker. He was lost at sea in 1796. PANL, GN 2/39/A, An Account of the Inhabitants 1794/5; Mabel Dorcas Mason, Captain Samuel Barnes of St. John's Newfoundland and Waltham Massachusetts and some of his descendants (1958).

114. The Rev. Thomas Reader, after attending the academy of the Rev. John Kirkpatrick, assisted his brother, the Rev. Simon Reader, at Wareham. He was minister at Weymouth, Newbury, and, from 1771, at Paul's Meeting, Taunton, where he remained 22 years. In 1780 he became a tutor at the Western Academy in Taunton. Densham and Ogle, op.cit., 372,373,344,345.

115. The Rev. William Percy D.D.(1745-1819) was a minister of the Countess of Huntingdon's Connexion. He had been President of Lady Huntingdon's Orphan House in Georgia from 1772-1780. He settled with Salem Chapel at Woolwich in 1782, where he remained for ten years or more. He later became rector of St. Paul's, Charleston, South Carolina. Thomas Timpson, op.cit., 372.

116. The Rev. John Adam D.D.(1720-1792) was a graduate of Glasgow University and minister of the Established Church of Scotland of Middle Parish, Greenock, from 1769 until his death. Communication from John Creasey, Librarian, Dr. Williams' Library.

117. A Presbyterian church was established in Waterford in the seventeenth century. The Rev. William Skudder has not been identified.

118. George Welch, maternal uncle of George Kemp, was a banker in London. His partner in Welch, Rogers and Company, Freeman's Court, Cornhill, London, was Thomas Rogers, whose wife's father was treasurer of the presbyterian congregation at Stoke Newington and whose son, Samuel(1763-1855), the poet, also entered the bank. George Welch was married in 1768 to the daughter of Thomas Bradbury (1677-1759), the celebrated Congregational minister of Fetter Lane and NewCourt, Lincoln's Inn Fields. She died in 1795. In 1793, when Martin, younger brother of George and James Kemp was 21, he was formally adopted by George Welch, taking the name Kemp-Welch. George Welch's second marriage to Margaret Evans in 1796 caused a dispute with his nephews over a marriage settlement. A philanthropist, he gave financial support to young men training for the ministry, and endeavoured to find positions for young ministers with the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel. He was one of the most active founders of the Societas Evangelica formed in 1776 to extend the gospel by itinerant preaching. The Academy established by this body was known as Hoxton Academy and later as Highbury College. In 1789 George Welch founded an Academy under Rev.David Bogue(1750-1825) at Gosport, and provided funds for the support of three students. Archibald Geikie, Bradbury, Thomas, DNB, Vol. II, 1060; Richard Garrett, Rogers, Samuel, DNB, Vol. XVII, 139-142; Beamish, Hillier and Johnstone, op.cit., 68-71; William Jay, The Autobiography of the Rev. William Jay with Reminiscences of Some Distinguished Contemporaries, (London, 1855), 423-431; R.W.Dale, op.cit., 593-594; David Bogue and James Bennett, The History of Dissenters from the Revolution to the year 1808, (London, 1833), Vol. 2, 530-531.

119. See Introduction pp. 15-16.

120. See Appendix C, Article IV.

121. There were seven Roman Catholic schools in St. John's. Samuel Greatheed described the school of John Jones:All the children, although many of their parents were Roman Catholics, attended family worship daily, learned the Assembly's Catechism, which at stated times they repeated before the congregation; and at different periods were publicly examined in branches of common education, greatly to the satisfaction of the principal inhabitants, and to the credit of the cause of Christ. PANL, SPG, A 170, Walter Price to the Secretary, 25 October 1784; Evangelical Magazine 1800, 444,445.

122. Lime had been part of the cargo from English West Country towns. The lime for the building of Fort Townshend came from Rhode Island. C.Grant Head,Eighteenth Century Newfoundland (Toronto, 1976), 104; PANL, GB 2/1, Correspondence of Royal Engineers, 1774-1779, 25.

123. As early as 1684 it was necessary to go two miles from St. John's to get wood. Calendar of State Papers, Colonial, 1684, 707, as quoted by C. Grant Head, op.cit. 19. In 1784 Dr. Gardner reported: Their lumber is likewise all sawed by hand for which reason their buildings are four times as dear as they are in most other parts of our dominions. CNS, MF-035, Some facts collected and observations made on the fisheries, 41.

124. In 1774 during construction of Fort Townshend carpenters were paid 2/6d per day. PANL, GB 2/1, 14.

125. Labourers during construction of Fort Townshend were paid ten guineas per annum including the cost of passage. PANL, GB 2/1, 114.

126. One who followed the doctrine of Arius, a presbyter of Alexandria in the fourth century, who denied that Christ was consubstantial with God. Many Arians became Unitarians, as in the case of the Poole Independent Church, renamed in 1759 the Unitarian Chapel. Part of the congregation built a new Independent Church to which Edward Ashburner was appointed as pastor and where George Kemp was a deacon. Densham and Ogle, op.cit., 196-199.

127. One who followed the beliefs of Laelius and Faustus Socinus, two Italian theologians of the sixteenth century who denied the divinity of Christ.

128. Though there was no official union of Congregational churches there was contact and support among the individual churches and in 1785 an Association of Independent Ministers and Churches in the West of England was formed. The Rev. Herbert Mends was the first and most active promoter. John Morrison, op.cit., 477.

129. Simon Reader was married to Esther Brown, a member of a leading family in his congregation at Wareham. Probably his elder daughter, Ann, married to a Mr. Bird of Poole (perhaps a member of the clothier firm of Bird and Colbourne which owned ships trading between Poole and Newfoundland) wrote the letter. Densham and Ogle, op.cit., 342; W. Gordon Handcock, op.cit., 215.

130. Dr. Henry Mayo was pastor of a church in Nightingale Lane, London, and from 1785 a tutor at Homerton Academy. David Bogue and James Bennett, op.cit., Vol. II, 518; John Waddington, Congregational History (London, 1880) Vol.II, 268.

131. An organisation known as The Ministers of the Three Denominations, consisting of Presbyterian, Baptist and Congregational ministers living near London had met informally since 1688 and regularly since 1727.

132. Unidentified.

133. William Bull(1738-1814) studied at the dissenting academy at Daventry. In 1764 he became pastor of the Independent Church at Newport Pagnell where he had a private school. An acquaintance formed with John Newton, the evangelical Anglican minister at Olney, led to the establishment of an academy in 1783, over which William Bull presided until his death when his son, Thomas Palmer Bull, succeeded him. The syllabus included lectures on logic, ecclesiastical history, Jewish antiquities and divinity, the Latin, Greek and Hebrew languages and a brief course of experimental philosophy. The friendship with John Newton led to a friendship with William Cowper, who described William Bull as A Dissenter, but a liberal one; a man of Letters and of Genius ... and said of him ..He is my intimate friend, and dines with us once a fortnight the year around. He immortalised his pipe-smoking friend in An Epistle to the Rev. William Bull. William Bull often preached in London and at Lady Huntingdon's Chapels. J.H.T., Bull, William, DNB, Vol.III, 243-244; Gentleman's Magazine 1815, 1, 650; James King and Charles Ryskamp, op.cit., Vol.II, 138,140.

134. John Newton(1725-1807) the evangelical Anglican minister, whose life at sea had included service on board slave traders and a conversion during a storm in 1748, was at one time undecided whether to become an Independent or an Anglican minister and spent three months in charge of an Independent congregation at Warwick in 1760. In 1764 he was ordained an Anglican minister and became curate of Olney. In 1767 William Cowper and Mrs. Unwin became neighbours. The influence of John Newton's Calvinism has been blamed by some critics for its effects upon the poet, who suffered through periods of religious mania and attempts at suicide. In 1779 William Cowper and John Newton produced The Olney Hymns, of which the best known is Amazing Grace. Although John Newton set up the Academy at Newport Pagnell under William Bull's direction, raised support for it and drew up a syllabus, he had left Olney by 1780 to become minister at the church of St. Mary Woolnoth with St. Mary Woolchurch in London. Henry Leigh Bennett, Newton, John, DNB, Vol.XIV, 395-398; Gentleman's Magazine1815,1,650.

135. Samuel Greatheed had been appointed as an assistant to the Rev. William Bull in his academy in 1786. W.P. Courtney, op.cit., Jan.27,1912,71.

136. The Skinner Street Chapel, Poole, was built in 1777 at a cost of £1,400. The old chapel on Lag Lane was sold for £300 and the subscription amounted to £1,067. The Skinner Street Chapel is still being used. It is now the United Reformed Church in Poole. Densham and Ogle, op.cit., 200; H.F.V. Johnstone, A Short History of Skinner Street United Reformed Church Poole 1777-1977(Poole,1977), 4.

137. John Witherspoon D.D.(1723-1794) born near Edinburgh and educated at Edinburgh University, was a Presbyterian pastor until 1768 when he became President of the College of New Jersey, now Princeton University. He was a member of the Continental Congress which signed the Declaration of Independence. He was in England in 1783 and 1784 collecting funds for the college. J.E. Pomfret,Witherspoon, John, DAB, Vol.20, 435-438; Dictionary of American Biography including Men of the Time, 1000.

138. John Mackelcan was a lieutenant in the corps of military engineers in the Canadas when he converted Samuel Greatheed from a riotous life. In 1779, having been transferred to Newfoundland, he was described by Captain John Caddy as a young Gentleman of great abilities. He was promoted to Captain in 1782 and was left in charge of finishing the fortifications of Fort Townshend when Captain Caddy was on leave in 1783. In 1784 he was described by Robert Pringle as the commanding engineer. A copy of his Plan of the Bay of Bulls and Harbour of St. Johns in Newfoundland, (13.15.F.67, no date) is located in the Map Division of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. On his return to England he became a member of the evangelical movement known as The Clapham Sect. W.P. Courtney, op.cit., 71; PANL, GB2/1,1774-1779,153, 1783-1792, June 1 1784; J.H.T. Bull, William, DNB, Vol.III, 243.

139. The Royal Artillery Company of Captain W.O. Huddlestone, with which Sergeant Geddes served, had arrived in St. John's in October 1783 from New York and returned to Woolwich in September 1786. On 15 March 1785 Peter Geddes had married Elinor Drummond. His son, William Peter, was baptised by John Jones on January 22 1786. M.E.S. Laws, op.cit., 67-71; PANL, Cathedral of St. John the Baptist, Marriage records; ASD, Journal, 363.

140. The Rev. William Percy, note 1, page 47.

141. The Rev. Daniel Turner M.A. Glasgow,D.D. St. Andrews (1748-1796) served the Scots church at Woolwich from 1775 until his death. Communication from John Creasey, Librarian, Dr. Williams' Library.

142. Thomas Crew was a merchant in Poole. For some years before 1779 he lived in Trinity as clerk-agent to the firm of Jeffery, Randall and Street. By 1786 he was living on the High Street in Poole, assessed at £200 for town rates. In 1807, as a good friend of Thomas Chancey of Carbonear (the partner of George Welch Ledgard of Poole and John Gosse of Carbonear), he was an executor of his estate and was entrusted with the care and direction of his son, Thomas, while at school in England. Confed. Bldg., Registry of Deeds, Miscellaneous Deeds and Wills, Vol.1,66-72, Vol.2,38; MHG, Coll.24, Box 5, 04-016/12, Poole Vestry Accounts, Town Rates; PANL, CO 194/21, 373, GN 5/2/A/9, Vol.2,334.

143. In 1787 Thomas Crew married Jane Miller, whose brother, Richard, was a trustee of the meeting house (page 72). M.H.G., Poole Parish Records, Coll.24, Box 5, 04-016-40.

144. Occasionally house frames were imported, see C.Grant Head, op.cit., 116, referring to Customs 16/1, Board of Customs and Excise, America, 1768-1773. The frame for the Congregational Church erected in Halifax in 1753 was brought from Boston. John Wood, op.cit., 13.

145. Andrew Barnes, who was from Poole, had been in Newfoundland since about 1744. First a servant on a fishing room or plantation, he became a boatkeeper and a planter. On his death in March, 1797, he was the owner of a number of houses, had an interest in a number of plantations and a meadow near Quidi Vidi. His wife, Mary McKie, was probably related to Peter McKie, surveying officer for the port and district of St. John's. Peter and Rachel Mackie had a daughter baptised by the Rev. Rutton Morris at the meeting house in 1801. Andrew Barnes was the father of at least seven children, of whom James Barnes was one. He was initially opposed to his daughter, Ann, becoming a member of the meeting house. She married Nathan Parker. PANL, GN 2/1/a Vol.7-10, 74, Vol.11-12, 234; GN 5/2/A/9, 1798-1802; ASD, Journal, 365; Mabel Dorcas Barnes, op.cit., 5-6.

146. The Confession of Faith drawn up by the Westminster Assembly and adopted by the General Assembly of Scotland on August 27 1647 is still the doctrinal confession of Presbyterian churches. The Savoy Declaration of 1658: A Declaration of the Faith and Order Owned and practised in the Congregational Churches in England; Agreed upon and consented unto By their Elders and Messengers in Their Meeting at the Savoy, October 12 1658 produced minor changes to the Westminster Confession with regard to doctrine, but the major change was an additional section on church order where the basic principles of congregationalism appeared: the independence and autonomy of the local church and its right to choose and ordain officers. In England the Savoy Declaration was never popularly accepted and the Westminster Confession was used instead. The doctrinal confession of the Savoy Declaration was adopted in Boston in 1680 and in Connecticut in 1708. The Congregational Council of America accepted the Savoy Declaration in 1865 as embodying the faith of Congregational Churches in America. Williston Walker, The Creeds and Platforms of Congregationalism (New York,1893, reprinted Boston, 1960), 553.

147. This reference to a burial ground is repeated in the official advertisement (page 60), but there is no evidence such space was approved or developed. If it had been, John Jones would have been buried there instead of in the grounds of the Anglican church.

148. The amount of his salary is not known, but is described as inadequate support. Evangelical Magazine 1800, 445.

149. Captain Thomas Coombes, is probably the same Thomas Coombes who was baptised at the Presbyterian meeting house in Poole in 1729. He was Captain of the brig Fanny, which sailed between Newfoundland and Poole in the 1780's. MHG, Coombes Name File.

150. Seals are affixed opposite the name of John Jones and these six names.

151. Timothy Phillips (1762-1838) was the brother of Henry Phillips (n.1, page 46). In 1813 he was the gaoler. He appears often in supreme Court proceedings as a witness. By 1814 he was described as a gentleman. In 1837 he (aged 75) and his daughter, Ann, were admitted to church fellowship. His death in 1838 is one of the few recorded in the Journal. PANL, CO 194/55,71; Confed. Bldg.,Miscellaneous Deeds and Wills, Vol.8,201; ASD, Journal, 127, 264.

152. This was described as a trifling addition, and would probably have amounted to sixpence per day. Evangelical Magazine 1800, 445.

153. Captain John Brown,note 1, page 45.

154. All the children, although many of their parents were Roman Catholics, attended family worship daily, learned the Assembly's Catechism, which at stated times they repeated before the congregation; and at different periods were publicly examined in branches of common education, greatly to the satisfaction of the principal inhabitants ... His zeal for the utility of the school induced him ...to remit to the poor the expence of instruction ... Evangelical Magazine 1800, 444,445.

155. The final cost of the meeting house, including £100 for the land, was over £900. (See figures pp. 106-7)

156. Referring to the letter sent by Rev. Simon Reader, 9 March 1787 (page 49).

157. Captain Gilbert Tullock of Poole worked for Joseph Neave and the Kemps. He is probably the Captain Tileck on whose vessel, the Joseph, William Thoresby arrived from Poole in 1796. He was Captain of the Kemps' General Wolfe, which was captured by a French privateer early in the Napoleonic wars. Most of the crew were taken prisoner, but the mate, a seaman and a Carbonear boy recaptured the General Wolfe and took it back to Poole with its cargo of fish and seal. William Thoresby, op.cit., 100; Densham and Ogle, op.cit.,72-73.

158. To this point the Journal is written in the same hand, presumably that of John Jones, but the remainder is written by a number of different hands.

159. John Elliot (?-1808) was another Governor with Scottish Presbyterian connections. His grandfather, Sir Gilbert Elliot(1651-1718), a judge and an M.P., had fought against the Stuarts and been a member of the deputation from Scotland which invited the Prince of Orange to land in England. His father, Sir Gilbert Elliot (1693-1766), was also a judge and an M.P. and a supporter of the Hanoverian succession. John Gilbert's brother, Gilbert(1722-1777), who held such positions as Lord of the Admiralty and Treasurer of the Navy, was also an elder of the Church of Scotland. From 1786 to 1789 John Elliot was Governor of Newfoundland. He was promoted to the ranks of Vice-Admiral in 1790 and Admiral in 1795. John Knox Laughton,Elliot, John, DNB, Vol.VI,679-680.

160. The question of land occupancy and title to property was one of the subjects brought before the parliamentary Committee for Trade in 1786, where evidence was heard from the principal merchants of Poole and Dartmouth and other interested parties. It was the opinion of the law officers that no person who had not a definite grant from the Crown had any right of property in any part of Newfoundland, save those who used the fishing rooms in accordance with the provisions of the Acts. It followed, therefore, that as all property on the island belonged wholly to the Crown, the governor could legally prevent the enclosure of lands or the erection of buildings not warranted by law and could dispossess, if he thought fit, those who held land on undisturbed possession. The question of private property was not dealt with in the Act of 1786 but a revision was made to Governor Elliot's Royal Instructions: no title to land or houses was to receive legal recognition, a margin of 600 yards' width from the high water mark was to be kept clear of all buildings and erections, except fishing establishments, and even the right to hold private property beyond was denied. In September 1786 Elder Nathan Parker was ordered to remove a house which he had built below the upper street. A.H.McLintock, The Establishment of Constitutional Government in Newfoundland, 1783-1832 (London,1941) 21 (citing B.M. Add. MSS.38,389,f.382) and 24 (citing C.O.195/11, Special Instructions to Governor Elliot, June,1786); PANL, GN 2/1/a Vol.11-12, 61.

161. This date does not correlate with the date of 30 August when the petition for leave to build was presented (preceeding page).

162. Captain Erasmus Gower (1742-1814) was born in Wales. He entered the royal navy in 1755. Between 1786 and 1789 he was flag-captain to governor John Elliot. In 1804, as Sir Erasmus Gower, he returned to Newfoundland as Governor. During his tenure of office, until October 1806, his attitude was always one of support for the permanent inhabitants, attempting to continue judicial and land claim reforms. C. Grant Head, Gower, Sir Erasmus, DCB, Vol.V, 359-361.

163. This letter is included in the Colonial Secretary's outgoing correspondence. PANL, GN 2/1/a Vol.11-12, 206,207.

164. John Freeman, son of Edward and Hannah Freeman, was baptised at the Anglican Church in 1753. PANL, Cathedral of St. John the Baptist, Baptismal Records.

165. William Bevil Thomas, son of William Thomas of Dartmouth, agent for James Stokes, a Dartmouth merchant supplying the fishery, was born in St. John's in 1757. PANL, Cathedral of St. John the Baptist, Baptismal Records, GN 2/1/a Vol.11-12, 245.

166. William Freeman was a carpenter. Confed. Bldg., Misc. Deeds and Wills, Vol. 8, 58.

167. A Michael Colbert is listed as the owner of two houses in 1794. PANL, GN 2/39/A, An Account of the Inhabitants 1794/5.

168. The Court of Sessions Books have survived for the Northern and Southern Circuits, but not for the Central Circuit.

169. A James Mason is listed as scrivener in the Census of 1794/5. Appointed a notary public by Governor Wallace in 1795, he appears as James Woodmason in the 1798 records of the Supreme Court. PANL, GN 2/39/A, An Account of the Inhabitants, GN 2/1/a Vol.11-12, GN 5/2/A/1 2,11.

170. This date does not correlate with the date of the second meeting, 6 March 1788, (page 68) and should probably be 27 November 1787.

171. Wintermen or winter servants were usually those who stayed behind to prepare for the next season's fishery. >From 1788 the annual CO 194 returns categorised boarders as dieters. Gordon Handcock, op.cit., 290.

172. The labourers working on the construction of Fort Townshend were given two drams of rum a day when working in the woods. The scene imagined by D.W. Prowse of Freeman and Barnes, Parker and Lang, and Phillips and the jolly old Parson Jones sampling the cask when the foundation was laid, is hardly likely to have occurred. PANL, GB 2/1 Correspondence of the Royal Engineers 1774-79, 65; D.W. Prowse, op.cit., 628.

173. By contrast there are eleven pages in the Journal, 109-119, dealing with the expulsion of Mrs. Elizabeth Phillips.

174. George Brace was a fisherman of Quidi Vidi who, by the early 1790's, became a preacher, walking to Portugal Cove on Sunday and to Torbay, occasionally accompanied by John Jones, who administered the Lord's Supper. The census of 1794/5 classified him as a fisherman, but by 1797, when the trustees of the Evangelical Magazine voted £20 to the assistance of George Brace for the purpose of preaching the Gospel to the inhabitants of Newfoundland, and instructing their children he devoted his time to preaching and teaching at a free school for the poorest children. The Methodist missionary, William Thoresby, after preaching at Ketty-Vety in 1797 wrote, ...twenty-one persons stayed at our brother's, where I preached and drank tea .... This was probably at the house of George Brace, who was one of the correspondents of William Thoresby. (In a letter to William Thoresby dated 20 December 1798, George Brace mentions the loss of a boat and nine men, and adds Brother Parker has collected seventy or eighty pounds worth of provisions.) George Brace was married at the meeting house in 1802. Writing in 1959 in a copy of the Evangelical Magazine 1800 (PANL Box 25), Nimshi Crewe noted that the descendants of George Brace are now to be found in Greens Harbour and Chance Cove East, Trinity Bay. PANL, Evangelical Magazine 1800, 446-447, GN 2/39/A, An Account of the Inhabitants; William Thoresby, op.cit., 98, 124,125.

175. Thomas Walker was a mason. PANL, GN 2/39/A, An Account of the Inhabitants.

176. Captain Balne was a master mariner of Poole. In 1787 he sailed from Poole to Newfoundland on the Pike, then sailed to Valencia with 3000 quintals of fish. MHA, Lloyd's List No. 1879, 8 May 1787, No. 1942, 14 Dec. 1787.

177. Probably the James Webb who was a member of the Harbour Grace Jury in 1787.

178. Thomas and John Pike of Harbour Grace were the owners of the Pike on which Captain Balne sailed.

179. George Davis of Topsham, Devon, was a Carbonear, Poole and London Merchant. He was an agent for Pike and Green, merchants in Conception Bay. In 1764 he wrote to Captain James Cook with information relating to Fogo and Twillingate. In 1765 he had the authorization of inhabitants of Harbour Grace, Mosquito and Carbonear to try to obtain a Protestant minister of the gospel for them and as a result Laurence Coughlan arrived in 1766. George Davis was generally known as a hard man. He died in 1789. Patrick O'Flaherty, Coughlan, Laurence, DCB, Vol.IV,175; C.R. Fay, Life and Labour in Newfoundland (Cambridge, 1956) 74-75; MHA, Davis Name File, E.W. Kennedy, George Davis Family Report.

180. Probably Neyle.

181. War with the American colonies had brought attacking American privateers instead of tradeships carrying foodstuffs so that food had been scarce as well as higher priced. After the peace the offshore fishery had flourished more than the inshore resident fishery. C.Grant Head, op.cit., 201.

182. The Rev. John McGeary, first official Methodist missionary, arrived in October 1785, and was described by John Stretton as a good man, and a good preacher. However, in November 1788 John Stretton wrote, Mr. Magery seems buried alive in Carbonear, he married a planters daughter, without her fathers consent, gave much offence, and his usefulness seems to be at an end. That month he returned to England. He came back to Carbonear in 1790, returning again to England the following year, but was still at carbonear when the Rev. William Black visited in 1791. Christian Correspondence, John Stretton to Eliza Bennis, November 15 1785, November 18 1788; T.W. Smith, Methodism in Eastern British America (Halifax, 1877), 287; Arminian Magazine for the year 1792, 122.

183. Captain John Brown sailed from Plymouth for Newfoundland on May 3 1788. MHA, Lloyd's List No. 1983, 6 May 1788.

184. Referring to the inheritors of the estate, the Society for promoting Religious Knowledge Among the Poor (page 57), should the church close.

185. Somewhere John Jones had a garden for growing vegetables.

186. This list includes five members of the committee established for the support of the gospel at St. John's (page 77) and eight of the ten trustees: John Brown, Thomas Crews, James Bayley, Gilbert Tullock, Richard Miller, Richard Ledgard, George Kemp and John Kemp. William Budden Sr. and Jr. are represented by Mrs. Mary Budden, wife of William Budden Sr. PANL, K N42 Newfoundland Statutes, 1846-52.

187. The year is missing, but Samuel Greatheed says on the 28 March 1788 (pages 85-86) that he had set out six weeks earlier.

188. An initial at the end of the line is missing. Samuel Greatheed assisted William Bull.

189. John Horsey, 1754-1827, was minister of Castle Hill Church, Northampton and in charge of the former Academy of Philip Doddridge. The Academy was founded by William Coward, who intended that only Calvinists should benefit. When it was reported to the Trust of Independent ministers and laymen in 1798 that Socinian heresies were being introduced, the Academy was dissolved. John Horsey continued to minister to the congregation at Castle Hill Church until his death, following which his friends, son and daughter seceded to form the Unitarian Church at Northampton. H.McLachlan, English Education under the Test Acts (Manchester,1931) 165-169.

190. Philip Doddridge, 1702-1751, became pastor of the Independent congregation at Castle Hill, Northampton, in 1729 and first tutor of the Northampton Academy. He was one of the first to introduce the practice of giving lectures in English and not Latin. His own lectures, largely drawn from Locke, became the basis for the most famous of dissenting textbooks. On the Rise and Progress of Religion in the Soul is his best known religious writing. Many of his hymns are still sung. He received the degree of D.D. from the two Aberdeen Universities. Archibald Geikie, Doddridge, Philip, DNB, Vol.V, 1063-1069; Anthony Lincoln, Political and Social Ideas of English Dissent 1763-1800 (Cambridge, 1938) 89.

191. Samuel Greatheed probably chose the Theological Miscellany to advertise the Statement of the Case because in that journal from 1787 to 1789 he published Extracts from a Real Correspondence in a Series of Letters, from a Person now living in France to her Friend in England, being letters addressed to Lady Austen, William Cowper's friend, by a former servant whose conversion she had brought about. Kenneth Povey, Cowper and Lady Austen, Review of English Studies, Vol. 10,1934, 417-427; Evangelical Magazine 1803, 178.

192. Lady Smythe was the widow of Sir Sidney Stafford Smythe, 1705-1778, a judge and lord chief baron of the exchequer. Both he and his wife took a great interest in the evangelical movement. G.F.R. Barker,Smythe, Sir Sidney Stafford, DNB, Vol. XVIII, 606-607.

193. Lady Mary Fitzgerald was often present when the Rev. William Bull was arlour preaching in St. James' Place. Josiah Bull (editor),Memorials of the Rev. William Bull of Newport Pagnel (London, 1864), 213.

194. The Rev. Thomas Scott, 1747-1821, succeeded John Newton in 1781 as curate of Olney, Buckinghamshire. In 1785 he became joint chaplain of the Lock Hospital, Grosvenor Place, London. His major publication was The Commentary. His grandson was Sir George Gilbert Scott, 1811-1878, the architect of the Cathedral of St. John the Baptist in St. John's. Archibald Geikie, Scott, Thomas, DNB, Vol. XVII, 1011-1013.

195. The Rev. William Kingsbury, 1744-1811, was ordained to the pulpit of Above Bar Congregational Church, Southampton, in 1765. He had been a fellow student of the Rev. Edward Ashburner at Mile End academy and in 1804 preached his funeral sermon. John Morrison, op.cit., 528-539; William Kingsbury, A Discourse Delivered at Poole, Dorset, July 6 1804 (Southampton, 1804).

196. The Rev. Andrew Kinsman, was a pillar of Methodism in Plymouth. He had married Ann Tiley, who gave a site to the Methodists for a tabernacle for a Calvinistic Methodist society. Andrew Kinsman welcomed Howell Harris and George Whitefield to Plymouth. He himself was a popular preacher at the Tabernacle in London. After his death an appeal for funds was suppported by Christopher and Herbert Mends. The doctrinal standard of the new tabernacle was that of the Westminster Confession. C.E.Welch, Andrew Kinsman's churches at Plymouth, The Devonshire Association, XCVII, 1965, 212-235; Evangelical Magazine 1793 45-59.

197. Philip Gibbs was the Baptist minister at Plymouth in 1788. Baptist Annual Register 1793-1802, Vol.3, 285-290, 380-386.

198. Prawle?

199. See page 77.

200. No records exist for Samuel Greatheed's service with the Royal Engineers, but he was probably in St. John's, serving under Captain Mackelcan (responsible for hisconversion), until 1783 or 1784.

201. John Thornton (1720-1790) was a director of the Bank of England and engaged in the Russian trade. He was reputed to be one of the richest merchants in Europe and gave £2-3,000 a year to charitable concerns and the promotion of evangelicalism. He supplied John Newton with £200 a year and offered him the benefice of St. Mary Woolnoth church in London in 1780. His son, Henry, M.P. for Southwark, continued his father's philanthropic work and as an influential member of the Clapham Sect was the advisor of William Wilberforce (whose uncle was married to John Thornton's sister). E.M. Forster, the novelist, is a descendant. Marianne Thornton, published in 1956, is Forster's biography of John Thornton's grandaughter. Leslie Stephen, Thornton, Henry, DNB, Vol.19, 781-183; Henry Leigh Bennett, Newton, John, DNB, Vol.14, 394-398; Bernard Martin, John Newton (London,1950) 219-220.

202. The initial should be C or H.

203. The article which appeared in the October 1787 issue of the Theological Miscellany reproduced almost the exact wording of the Case of the People at St. John's Newfoundland, pages 39 -41, but spelling was corrected and punctuation improved. Theological Miscellany, October 1787, 530-534. Microfilm, Princeton University, kindly obtained by Dr. Hans Rollmann.

204. The Dartmouth firm of Stokes had strong trading connections with St. John's. James Stokes contributed £3.3.0 to the building fund (page 89).

205. Unidentified.

206. Unidentified.

207. The Newmans of Dartmouth had been engaged in the Newfoundland fishery since the sixteenth century. Brothers Robert, Lydston and Richard Newman were equal partners in the firm Robert Newman and Company, formed in 1779. Keith Matthew, Newman, Robert, DCB, Vol.5, 625-626.

208. Unidentified.

209. The Rev. John Adams was the Congregational minister at Dartmouth from 1746 until his death in 1795. Communication from John Creasey, Librarian, Dr. Williams' Library.

210. William Gaden of Poole was an agent and attorney for Thomas Street and also a merchant in St. John's. He contributed £2.2.0 to the building fund (page 89). Confed. Bldg., Miscell. Deeds and Wills, Vol.4, 545,546.

211. Aaron Thomas wrote in 1794 that quantities of cranberries were sent to England. Jean M. Murray,editor, The Newfoundland Journal of Aaron Thomas 1794 (London, 1968), 140.

212. The Rev. Simon Reader's daughter, Sarah, married a Mr. Clarke, a brewer, of Newport, Isle of Wight. Densham and Ogle, op.cit., 342.

213. The meeting house, along with two thirds of the private houses, burnt at Wareham on July 25 1762. The meeting house was insured for £300 and other friends were so generous that £100 remained to be distributed to the homeless. Densham and Ogle, op.cit., 342.

214. The name of the lecturer or assistant preacher was Robert Kell (and not Hill). He also kept an Academy and taught John Angell James, a copy of whose licence as a dissenting minister is listed as Appendix A, page 132. Densham and Ogle, op.cit., 343.

215. The initial should be S (Simon).

216. Captain Brown sailed from Plymouth on the Rainbow on 3 May 1788. MHA, Lloyd's List 1788, No. 1983.

217. Captain Philip Helpman was a master mariner. He arrived in St. John's from Plymouth in June 1787. PANL, Cathedral of St. John the Baptist, Marriage records, 1778; MHA, Lloyd's List, No. 1889, 12 June 1787. Mr. Date may have been the Thomas Date who contributed £1.1.0 in 1787 (page 90).

218. The man of sin of 2 Thessalonians 2:3, was believed to refer to the Pope.

219. A Protestant's Resolution! shewing his reasons why he will not be a Papist. Digested into so plain a method of question and answer, that an ordinary capacity may be able to defend the Protestant religion against the most cunning Jesuit or Popish priest. Dr. Williams' Library, London, has a 31st edition, 1779, of this anonymous work. Communication from John Creasey, Librarian, Dr. Williams' Library.

220. A biblical reference to Daniel 6:16.

221. Herbert Mends founded a charity school for boys and girls The Benevolent Institution for educating the children of the Poor at the Batter Street Meeting House, Plymouth, in 1785. Morison, op.cit. 478; Stanley Griffin, A History of the Batter Street Congregational Church, 1704-1921, lecture delivered at Plymouth, 6 July 1944.

222. A biblical reference to Ezra 3:2 where Zerubbabel and Jeshua, son of Jozadak, built an altar.

223. In 1787 Batter Street Church built another meeting house in Plymouth, Emma Street Church, Stonehouse, near the marine barracks. Edwin Welch, Devonshire Association Report and Transactions, XCIV, 584.

224. The New York Coffee House, where the bag for overseas mail would be hung as at other coffee houses, was also known as the New England, New York and Quebec Coffee House and was in Sweeting's Alley near the Royal Exchange. Bryant Lillywhite, London Coffee Houses (London, 1963) 409.

225. Charles Saint of Bonavista, whose son, Charles Bass, was baptised at the meeting house in 1805 (Journal, 366) and whose copy of the Evangelical Magazine 1800 is at the Provincial Archives (Box 25A), wrote to the Rev. George Smith in 1815 about the quantity of books once received from Mr. Jones, the Independent minister in St. John's long since gone to his reward for his labour of love. Naboth Winsor, Hearts Strangely Warmed, A History of Methodism in Newfoundland 1765-1925 (Gander, 1982), 70; W. Gordon Handcock, op.cit., 191.

226. William Spurrier was a Poole-Newfoundland merchant.

227. Captain Brown arrived on 15 July 1788. MHA, Lloyd's List, No. 2003.

228. The conveyance has not survived. The trustees, or committee, are listed on page 89.

229. Thomas Crew refers to the similarity of proceedures for the Skinner Street meeting house built in Poole in 1777 and the one to be erected in St. John's. The two meeting houses did not have similar plans. An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset, South East, part 2, 200; Bruce G. Wilson, op.cit., 154-155.

230. This name has been squeezed in later by a different hand.

231. Many of the names in this list can be found in the 1794/5 Census. The census number and occupation (not always taken from the census) are bracketed. PANL GN 2/39/A An Account of the Inhabitants 1794/5.

232. The dormer windows feature in The Plan, Elevation and Section, Bruce G. Wilson, op.cit., 155.

233. The handwriting changes again.

234. He was married on 3 September 1788. W.P.Courtney, op. cit. 71.

235. Ann Hamilton was the only daughter of Sarah and John Hamilton, a dealer in lace. Gentleman's Magazine,1807, part 2, 979.

236. On St. Bartholomew's Day, 24 August 1662, the Act for the Uniformity of Public Prayer and Administration of Sacraments etc. (13 and 14 Car, 11,cap.4) came into effect, excluding every kind of public worship not provided for in the Prayer Book. As a result approximately 936 ministers, most of them Presbyterians as many of the Independents had already lost their positions, were ejected. A.G. Matthews, Introduction to Calamy Revised (London,1959),6.

237. The Rev. William Bull began to preach at Woburn in 1783. Josiah Bull, op.cit. 120.

238. See note 1 page 58.

239. A year earlier, when John Jones wrote to Samuel Greatheed, he must have been uncertain as to whether or not he was to occupy the rooms over the scholrooms. These rooms are clearly designated Ministers apartment in the PLAN, ELEVATION and Section, drawn sometime after June 1789. When the census was taken, however, in 1794/95, he and a female servant were living in a house rented from Mary McDonald. By 1796, when another census was taken, he was living in the meeting house apartment, with two male servants. Bruce G. Wilson, op.cit., 155; PANL, GN 2/39/A An Account of the Inhabitants, 1794/5 and 1796/7.

240. The statement of accounts sent by John Jones is on pages 106-107.

241. Samuel Greatheed suggests that Nathan Parker and Wallis Lang prepared the PLAN, ELEVATION and SECTION. Bruce G. Wilson suggests that the skill shown in the execution was probably that of an army officer. Bruce G. Wilson, op.cit. 154.

242. It is not known to what particular distressing circumstances or to what magistrate John Jones had referred in a letter to Samuel Greatheed.

243. The meeting house at Woburn.

244. The Rev. Simon Reader died in January 1789. His funeral sermon was preached by the Rev. Ashburner of Poole. Following his death a new church was built in 1790. His brother, Rev. Thomas Reader, collected £154 in London, sent £50 from Taunton, provided teachers from his academy and gave £2.20 each year until his death. George Kemp was treasurer of the building fund and friends in Poole collected £77.9.6. Densham and Ogle, op.cit. 344,345.

245. These Dialogues have not been traced.

246. Captain George Penney donated Board for the construction of the meeting house (page 107).

247. Robert Coward was a deacon of the Church of Christ , Skinner Street, Poole. He is listed as one of the subscribers from Poole (page 52). Evangelical Magazine, 1798, 479.

248. Rev. Simon Reader

249. Samuel Greatheed's letter of 30 June 1789 and the two letters of George Kemp and Thomas Crew of 25 June 1789, all request a financial statement.

250. Captain James Knight left Poole for Newfoundland on June 28 1789 on the Hope. He also carried the lime on board (page 104). MHA, Lloyd's List, No. 2103, 30 June 1789.

251. Herbert Mends had married a Miss Joliffe at Sherborne. He later remarried but none of his children survived infancy. John Morison, op.cit., 473.

252. The Rev. William Evans was minister at Kingsbridge, 20 miles from Plymouth. Evangelical Magazine 1796,339.

253. Christopher Mends began to suffer from epilepsy in 1782 and was subject to frequent relapses. He died in 1799. Evangelical Magazine 1799, 401,405.

254. In 1789 Herbert Mends published A Sermon on the Injustice and Cruelty of the Slave trade. John Morison, op.cit., 478.

255. It is not clear, but seems likely, that it was the trustees in Poole who objected to John Jones having full possession of the meeting house and schoolroom. (See note 2 page 94)

256. Christopher Mends wrote from personal experience. The trust deed of the Batter Street Church of Christ stipulated that the meeting house was intended for the use of Protestant Dissenters, commonly called Presbyterians, and that the minister should be chosen by the members in fellowship. But although Christopher Mends was elected by the majority of the congregation in 1761, the trustees installed another minister with Arian beliefs. Christopher Mends and his congregation had to share the church of the French Protestants until a mandamus issued by the Court of the King's Bench in 1762 allowed them to enter the meeting house. Evangelical Magazine 1799, 399-400.

257. The Emma Street Church at Stonehouse was referred to by Christopher Mends in an earlier letter (page 85).

258. Two bottles of Daffeys' Elixir, valued at three shillings, are listed in the inventory of the property of John Jones. PANL, GN/5/2/A/9, Records of the Probate Court 1801-1806, Box 1,94.

259. Captain Gaden sailed on the Daphne from Poole bound for Newfoundland on May 7 1789. MHA, Lloyds' List No. 2088, 8 May 1789.

260. This is the letter of May 5 1789 on page 108.

261. Captain Brown was the fourth person to request a statement.

262. By September 1789 the room over the sitting rooms was being prepared for a schoolmaster (note 1 page 91).

263. By 1792 or 93 George Brace had begun to visit the small harbours near St. John's in his fishing boat (note 4 page 68).

264. Perhaps this was the property of James Barnes, whose house was adjacent to the meeting house ground (page 66).

265. This was considerably more than the quarter cask estimated in November 1788 (page 68).

266. With the end of the American Revolutionary War the number of banking vessels had increased and market prices in 1787 were the highest for many years, but in 1788 the number of banking vessels increased again, and because hauls were also exceptionally good a glut of fish and a flooding of the markets occurred. Prices did not improve in 1789. C.Grant Head, op.cit., 203-204.

267. The handwriting changes again.

268. Henry Phillips married Elizabeth Thomas in 1781. There is no record of any children. As a trustee he must have been an important member of the committee overseeing the building of the second meeting house and his visit to Poole in spring 1789 (page 98) may have been partly for business reasons but also for meeting house business. The exercise of discipline was still considered an important function of the Dissenting Church, but whereas it was merely recorded that James Barnes was turned out of Church Fellowship(page 68), eleven pages in the Journal record the evidence from both sides, as if written in a court of law. These pages, apart from three baptismal records, are the only record in the Journal from 1790 to 1800. Since 1789 Henry Phillips had been High Sheriff, and the dispute would have been of interest to many people outside the meeting house, probably to most of the inhabitants. PANL , Cathedral of St. John the Baptist, Marriage Records.

269. This may have been John Phillips who was sheriff in 1777, and also briefly in 1797. Nathaniel Phillips, the merchant, who traded with the West Indies and who contributed to the building fund in 1789, may have been related, but his estate on his death in 1798 went to his brother, Daniel, of Marshfield, Massachusetts. PANL, GN 2/1/a,196; GN/5/2/A/9, Records of the Probate Court, 1801-1806.

270. Timothy Phillips, the younger brother of Henry Phillips, was 31 in 1793.

271. Miss Ann Phillips was married to Joseph Barkley Stone on December 15 1785 in the presence of Timothy and Henry Phillips. PANL, Cathedral of St. John the Baptist, Marriage records.

272. His house was next to the meeting house.

273. A biblical reference to Matthew 5: 23-24.

274. Timothy Phillips had a daughter, Ann, probably the Ann Phillips baptised in 1785. (Baptismal Register, Appendix B, page 133.)

275. Living in Henry Phillips' house in 1794 were himself, his wife and a male and a female servant. PANL, GN 2/39/A, An Account of the Inhabitants.

276. James 5:16: Confess your faults one to another.

277. Moreover if thy brother shall trespass against thee, go and tell him his fault between thee and him alone ... Verses 16 and 17 continue: But if he will not hear thee, then take with thee one or two more ....... And if he shall neglect to hear them, tell it unto the church .....

278. Them that sin rebuke before all, that others also may fear.

279. Matthew Henry (1662-1714) was an Independent minister at Chester, whose chief work was his Exposition of the Old and New Testament. Part of his comment on 1 Timothy 5,20 was: ... those that sin before all rebuke before all, that the plaster may be as wide as the wound. John Jones bequeathed his six volumes of Matthew Henry's Annotations on the Bible to Lionel Chancey (Appendix F, page 144). Archibald Geikie, Henry, Matthew, DNB, Vol. 9, 574-575; Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (reprinted, Peabody, Mass., 1991) Vol.6,665.

280. Captain Thomas leased a house and garden to Joseph Lowman, a Meeting House member. Jacob and John Thomas were baptised by John Jones (Appendix B, page 133). William Thomas, aged 70, was buried by the Congregational minister D.S.Ward in 1838. ASD, Journal, 127; PANL, GN 5/2/A/1, 15.

281. Mrs. Dixon was probably the wife of William Jeffrey Dixon, Deputy Collector of the Customs. PANL, GN 2/1/a, Vol.12, 10 October 1793.

282. Doctor John Rennell came to Newfoundland in 1784. He married Anne Gill in 1787 and by 1794 had a family of six boys and one girl. The baptisms of two girls are recorded in the Journal in 1802 and 1804. He was one of the committee who wrote to Samuel Greatheed in March 1800. In 1805 he was appointed clerk of the Supreme Court. He died in 1820 at the age of 57. PANL, GN 2/39/A, An Account of the Inhabitants; SPG, A191, Rev. George Rennell to the Secretary; Cathedral of St John the Baptist, Marriage Records, Burial Records; GN 5/2/A/1, Supreme Court Records, 1802-05, 326; ASD, Journal, 365,366.

283. The discipline was the public announcement of denial of membership.

284. The handwriting changes again.

285. Samuel Greatheed described how the most severe trial to the feelings of John Jones, once the violence of opposition to his ministry had subsided, was the declension of some respectable members of his church, whose conduct obliged him, after much forbearance and affectionate remonstrance, to exclude them from communion. Henry Phillips became a prominent member of the Anglican Church. He was a member of the committee overseeing the erection of a new church. After his death in 1812 in Exeter, New Hampshire, Elizabeth Phillips married John Houston, store keeper and paymaster of the Ordnance Office in St. John's. Evangelical Magazine 1800, 447; PANL, SPG, A190, The Committee to Governor Waldegrave, December 19 1798, December 29 1799; Royal Gazette, August 27 1816.

286. The handwriting changes again.

287. This letter written by his executors, Nathan Parker and Lionel Chancey, has not survived, but the details in it of his death and funeral have survived in Samuel Greatheed's memoir (Introduction, page 15). Evangelical Magazine 1800, 447-448.

288. This is the first use of the term Congregational to describe the Dissenting church.

289. The Charity School was where George Brace taught the poorest children, free of charge, supported by an annual subscription from pious individuals, chiefly in London. In 1797 the trustees of the Evangelical Magazine met on July 14. And twenty pounds were voted to the assistance of Mr. George Brace for the purpose of preaching the Gospel to the inhabitants of Newfoundland, and instructing their children. Evangelical Magazine 1800 446, Evangelical Magazine 1797 336.

290. William Torrie was a Corporal in the 2nd Battalion of the Royal Artillery, which had been at St. John's since 1792 and was under the command of Captain Cox in 1800. William Thoresby had met with William Torrie and his wife and others at the barracks, May 1 1797, and was much comforted by their prayers and Methodist hymns. M.E.S. Laws, op.cit., 77; PANL, CO 194/39, 100; William Thoresby, op.cit., 96-97.

291. The church minister was John Harries, a Welshman, who had been the S.P.G. missionary in Placentia from 1788 and at St. John's from 1791, and was said by Governor Waldegrave to be as truly pious and good a man as exists. While disputes were being settled about the site of a new church, and while the church was being built, John Jones offered the use of the meeting house. The new church was opened in October 1800. Frederick Jones, Harries, John, DCB, Vol. 5, 408; PANL, GN2/1/a, Vol.14, March 19 1799 Governor Waldegrave to the Archbishop of Canterbury, 188-189; SPG, A191, October 23 1800, Church Committee to the Secretary.

292. Lionel Chancey, 1751-1822, was the joint executor with Nathan Parker of the will of John Jones, and had bequeathed to him, as a mark of regard, six volumes of Matthew Henry's Annotations on the Bible. He and his brother, Thomas, came from Cullompton, Devon. Thomas became a merchant in Carbonear, in partnership with George Welch Ledgard of Poole and John Gosse of Carbonear. In 1788 Lionel Chancey was appointed clerk of the peace in Harbor Grace, a position he held until at least 1798. Mercantile Journal, July 4 1822; Evangelical Magazine 1800, 444; Conf. Bldg., Misc. Deeds and Wills, Vol.1. 66-72; PANL, GN 5/1/B/1, Surrogate Court, Harbour Grace, 1787-1788, 75; CO 194/40, 125.

293. Thomas Nurse, 1755-1829, a shipwright and carpenter, was born in Newfoundland. His father, Bernard, came to Newfoundland in the mid 1720's. In 1794 Thomas Nurse lived next to Wallis Lang, also a carpenter and meeting house member. PANL, Cathedral of St. John the Baptist, Baptismal records; GN/5/A/9 An Account of the Inhabitants; GN 5/2/A/1, Supreme Court Records, 1798-1802, 51; CO 194/35, April 21 1784; Public Ledger, October 13 1829.

294. William Freeman, a carpenter, by 1798 was also employed by the Supreme Court as a gaoler and town crier. William and Hannah Freeman had two sons baptised at the meeting house in 1808 and 1813. PANL, CO 194/40, 123; CO/41, 107; CO/42,183; ASD, Journal, 368,389.

295. James Melledge was living in St. John's by 1795 as an agent and attorney for the firm of Thomas and Stokes, one of whose houses he rented. He and James Dougherty, described by John Livingston as my true and trusty friends, were joint executors of his £1000 estate. By 1799 Thomas and Stokes were bankrupt in England, but James Melledge had begun his career as a merchant. In 1802 he was allowed to rebuild stores formerly owned by Nathaniel Phillips. In 1809 his business was insured for £6225 and he was described as a most respectable merchant. A £1 merchant's scrip issued in his name is in a private collection. He became a member of the Grand Jury, a lieutenant in the volunteer force and a member of the merchants' committee. He decided to retire from business in 1817 and moved to Boston with Nathan Parker. Nathan Parker Jr. was one of the partners who continued his business. He and his wife, Catherine, had two daughters baptised at the meeting house. His son, James Parker Melledge, married Sarah Jane, daughter of Robert Job, in 1846. When James Melledge died in 1844 he was buried next to Nathan Parker. An obituary notice, describing James Melledge as formerly an opulent merchant of the town, referred to both of 2them. They both felt an interest in the social compact of this Town, and they took an active part in every thing tending to its prosperity and happiness. In the building of the Public Hospital here they were contemporary with some who yet survive ...In life they were united and in death they are not divided. PANL, GN 5/2/A/1,Supreme Court Records, 1795-8, 15, 1798-1802, 47,49, 1802-1805,8; GN 2/39/A, Census 1796/7; MG543, Report of Jenkin Jones to the Phoenix Fire Insurance Company, 193; J.Richard Becker The Canadian Paper Money Journal (April, 1977), 68; C.F. Rowe, J.H.Haxby, R.J.Graham The Currency and Medals of Newfoundland (Toronto, 1983), 9; Royal Gazette, August 30, 1810, May 6, 1817, Public Ledger, April 2, 1844; ASD, Journal, Journal, 369,389.

296. The handwriting changes again.

297. Henry Brunton was a member of the Edinburgh Missionary Society. In October 1797, leaving his wife and two children with friends in Scotland, he left with five other missionaries, two of them from the London Missionary Society, for Sierra Leone, established as a colony for liberated African slaves. He served first at the Freeport factory, then as the chaplain for Sierra Leone. Writing in 1851, George Schofield, minister of the Congregational Church, said that a portrait of Henry Brunton and an African boy who came with him to St. John's was then in the possession of Thomas B. Job. Richard Lovett, op.cit., Vol.1, 479; George Schofield, op.cit., 107.

298. The London Missionary Society, comprising evangelical ministers and lay brethren of all denominations, was founded in 1795. Samuel Greatheed was one of the founding members. Richard Lovett, op.cit., 15,16.

299. This is the first mention of the use of the term deacon in the meeting house.

300. Unidentified, but perhaps related to the John Butler, of Teignmouth, Devon, who had fishing rooms on the Southside in 1768. PANL, GN 2/1/a, Vol.4, 219.

301. Andrew Barnes died March 11 1797. PANL, GN 5/2/A/9, Records of the Probate Court, 1798-1802,

302. The application from the people of Twillingate was sent to the Directors of the London Missionary Society by John Jones. John Hillyard was one of the students at Newport Pagnall to whom the letter was read. He was the son of the Rev. Thomas Hillyard, pastor of the Olney Independent meeting house from 1783 to 1828. His brother, Samuel, also a student at Newport Pagnall, became pastor of the Old Meeting, Bedford. At the ordination of John Hillyard in 1799, the address from Twillingate was read by Samuel Greatheed. He arrived in Carbonear on June 12 1799. In Twillingate his meeting had 30 members and twenty hearers. He occasionally preached at New World Island and other settlements. The Rev. Bulpit of Carbonear, who had sailed with him to Newfoundland, married him at Harbour Grace on July 25 1801 to John Stretton's niece. John Hillyard remained at Twillingate until 1802, returning again in 1803. From 1805 to 1807 he was pastor of the meeting house in St. John's. In 1807 he accepted an invitation to a church at Yarmouth, Nova Scotia. In 1809 his application seeking a position with the S.P.G. was supported by former Governor Gambier, who described him as a discreet man and a diligent zealous teacher and a proper subject to be admitted to holy orders in the Church of England. Perhaps it was the same John Hillyard who, in 1821, was one of those who signed the letter written to Governor Hamilton requesting £200 to finish construction of the Anglican church in Bonavista. Richard Lovett, op.cit., 628; Evangelical Magazine 1799, 628, Evangelical Magazine 1800, 36, Evangelical Magazine 1801, 410; PRL, London Missionary Society, Newfoundland Letters, John Hillyard to the Directors, Nov.3 1801; PANL, SPG, A191, December 5 1809; J.S.S. Armour et al, op.cit., 47-50.

303. Rutton Morris (1775-1842) was 26 when he was ordained. On March 26 1801 he left Bristol in the brig William, with Stephen Knight and his nephew to join the convoy at Torbay. On April 1 the brig was captured by a French privateer. Conversing in French, Rutton Morris persuaded the Captain to allow the three of them to stay on board. Almost at the shores of France they were rescued by Captain Tobin of the frigate Dasher. They returned to Plymouth to sail in the Quebec convoy. Not many months after his arrival at St. John's, he was married on November 30 at the Anglican church by the Rev, John Harries to Miss Rachel Butler. The witnesses were Nathan Parker, James Melledge and William Barnes, whose wife, Hannah, was Rachel's sister. Two daughters were baptised at the meeting house, Eunice Alice born December 19 1802 and Lydia Butler born October 17 1804. Rutton Morris and his family left for England in 1805, but later Eunice Alice returned and married her cousin, Richard, son of William and Hannah Barnes, the member for Trinity Bay in the Amalgamated Legislature of 1843 and President of the Natives Society. Evangelical Magazine 1801, 290-292; J.S.S.Armour et al, op.cit., 43-46; Pamela Bruce, Barnes,Richard, DCB, Vol V11, 48-49.

304. Joseph Hardcastle (1752-1817) from Leeds, Yorkshire, had a large mercantile business in London. In 1795, as one of 14 laymen on the Board of Directors of the London Missionary Society, he was appointed treasurer, a position he retained until shortly before his death. The letters of John Hillyard from Twillingate were addressed to his business at Duck's-foot Lane, where the Society held some of its meetings. After 1801, when his business house moved to Old Swan Stairs, all meetings were held there. John Morison, op.cit. 47-129; Richard Lovett, op.cit., Vol.1, 38-39, 89-92.

305. Thomas Palmer Bull, only surviving son of the Rev. William Bull and grandson of Thomas Palmer, a deacon of the Old Meeting, Bedford, was one of two students in residence when William Bull opened his Academy at Newport Pagnell in 1783. He replaced Samuel Greatheed as assistant tutor when Samuel Greatheed resigned in 1789 to become pastor at Woburn. With William Bull's death in 1814 the £200 annuity given by John Thornton ceased, but the Newport Pagnell Evangelical Institution founded in 1813 supported the Academy. The Rev. Thomas Bull succeeded his father as theological tutor. The Academy continued until 1850 when the students were transferred to Cheshunt College. Thomas Bull was chairman of the Congregational Union in 1835. H.McLachlan, op.cit., 244.

306. At John Hillyard's ordination Samuel Greatheed read the address from Twillingate and requested John Hillyard to give an account of his religious sentiments and his view of the work he was to undertake. John Hillyard's father, the Rev. Thomas Hillyard, took a part in the service, as did the Rev. William Bull. The service included imposition of hands by the ministers present. Evangelical Magazine 1799, 210.

307. Stephen Knight of Shaftesbury, Dorset, had formed a mercantile partnership with Nathan Parker by 1799. The record of the birth of a daughter to Stephen and Ann Knight, daughter of Stephen and Ann March of Old Perlican, on December 25 1799 refers to Stephen Knight as a broker. An action for £1000 was brought by him against Robert Brine in July 1803 for defaming the character of his wife, but the jury found nothing proved to the prejudice of Mrs. Knight. By 1807 Samuel Bulley had entered the parnership. His friend, Samuel Bulley, was the executor of his estate after he died on July 8 1813. The niece of his wife, Ann March, to whom he left £200 on her wedding day, was probably the Ann March baptised by John Jones in 1785, and the apprentice, John March, to whom he left £200 also, was probably the John March baptised by John Jones in 1787. The property he bequeathed to his wife included the stores and wharves of Parker, Knight and Bulley. He expressed the wish that she would not withdraw her assistance from the charity school and that he should be interred in my own garden, next to the remains of Mr. March. Conf. Bldg., Misc. Deeds and Wills, Vol. 7, 53-56, Vol. 4, 293; PANL, GN 5/2/A/9, Records of the Probate Court, 1801-1806, 135, GN 5/2/A/1, Records of the Supreme Court, 1802-1805, 156.

308. John Hillyard had forty children in his school, which was open to all and no fees were charged. People subscribed what they could. Evangelical Magazine 1800, 36, Evangelical Magazine 1801, 410.

309. Perhaps on the arrival of the Rev. Rutton Morris, Lionel Chancey, who had been in charge of the school of John Jones since April 1799, decided to sever his connection with it. By December 1801 he was employed as a schoolmaster by the S.P.G. and reported that he had over 110 children, some of whom did not pay fees. He also reported that he had subscribed ten guineas for a pew for his family in the new Anglican church. In 1802 he was given permission to raise the roof on a building adjacent to his house for use as a school house. His school was advertised in the 1807 Gazette. There is no further reference to a meeting house day school in St. John's, nor to the charity school of George Brace. In 1813 the Rev. William James Hyde referred only to a Sunday School. J.S.S. Armour et al, op.cit., 44-45; PANL, SPG, A190, Lionel Chancey to the Secretary, Dec. 10, 28, 1801; A.H.M.Mosdell, op.cit., 158; PRL, London Missionary Society, Newfoundland Letters, Rev. W.J.Hyde to the Secretary, June 25 1813.

310. Reproduced from R.W. Dale, op.cit., 579.

311. The Rev. John Angell James(1785-1859), who became minister of Carr's Lane Chapel, Birmingham, was born at Blandford Forum, Dorset, and was apprenticed to a linen-draper in Poole in 1798, where he came under the influence of the Rev. Thomas Durant, who had himself been influenced by John Jones at the meeting house in the 1790's. Archibald Geikie, James, John Angell, DNB, Vol.X, 652-654.

312. Pages 241 to 244, immediately following the Articles, are missing from the Journal.

313. An entry in the Journal for February 2 1821 reads: Letters were read from Mr. and Mrs. Brown stating their experience and wishes to join the Church. ASD, Journal, 274.

314. PANL, G.N.2/1/a, Vol. 12, no date, but following a letter of September 7 1792.

315. PANL, G.N. 2/1/a, Vol.13, August 4 1797.

316. Evangelical Magazine 1797, April, 164-165.

317. This letter could have been written by no-one other than John Jones and the Gentleman must have been Samuel Greatheed, who probably corrected the spelling and punctuation for publication, as he did with the Case of the People (pages 76-77).

318. Mary Mckie (page 56)

319. Ann Parker died March 25 1796, a year before her father, Andrew Barnes(page 126).

320. Only three Parker baptisms are recorded in the Journal, Andrew 1780, Nathan 1782 and Ebenezer 1789. The four other children were David, Jacob, Silas and Anna, who married Samuel Bulley. In Misc. Deeds and Wills, vol.7, 70, is Samuel Bulley's loving letter in the form of a will.

321. There are three documents in the Archives of St. David's Church: one large parchment document with a seal attached and two smaller copies, one with a seal. The one without a seal has the pencil insciption entered in Registrars offices Supreme Court, Edw. M. Archibald, 14 March 1836. The will is also at PANL GN 5/2/A/9, Administration Book, Supreme Court, 90-91.

322. Thomas and Henrietta Lowman, both baptised by John Jones, were only 14 and 9 in 1799.

323. James and Hannah Dickers had a son and a daughter baptised by the Rev. Rutton Morris in 1802 and 1804, and a son baptised by the Rev. John Hillyard in 1806. ASD, Journal, 365,366,

324. John Jones was a witness at the marriage of Daniel Newel on October 10 1799. PANL, Cathedral of St. John the Baptist, Marriage Records, October 10 1799.

325. Matthew Guswell, a fisherman, lived in a house owned by Andrew Barnes, and had come to Newfoundland in 1769. He and his wife, Ann Maddocks, had a daughter baptised at the meeting house in 1801. PANL, GN 2/39/A, An Account of the Inhabitants 1794/5; ASD, Journal, 365.

326. Probably the same Thomas Dunn, fisherman, listed in the census of 1794/5. PANL, GN 2/39/A, An Account of the Inhabitants 1974/5.

327. PANL, GN 5/2/A/9, Probates, 1798-1802, 91-96.