Use only abbreviations and acronyms (abbreviations pronounced as words) on their own if they are very familiar to most readers. (See the Acronyms section.) In general, do not put a bracketed abbreviation after the name of the organization. World Health Organization (WHO).
Omit periods in all-capital abbreviations unless the abbreviation is geographical or refers to a person.
- CBC, MHA, MP, RCMP, N.L., U.S. (except when referring to currency), $500 US
For ease of reading or variety, a general term is often preferable to an abbreviation.
The presentation will be made at the library.
No more than one or two abbreviations or acronyms should be used within the same text. Otherwise you get a sentence that reads like this:
AUCC voted that SCOTL should devote more time to publicizing SSHRC and NSERC awards in order to get CCAE’s attention.
Some common Memorial abbreviations and acronyms include:
- CASE (Council for the Advancement and Support of Education)
- CCAE (Canadian Council for the Advancement of Education)
- ITS (Information Technology Services)
- CUPE (Canadian Union of Public Employees)
- SGS (School of Graduate Studies)
- GCSU (Grenfell Campus Students’ Union)
- GSU (Graduate Students’ Union)
- ISER (Institute for Social and Economic Research)
- MUNFA (Memorial University of Newfoundland Faculty Association)
- MUNSU (Memorial University of Newfoundland Students’ Union)
- NSERC (Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada)
- SSHRC (Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada)
Abbreviations also include the shortening of items such as:
- Inc. Incorporated
- etc. (no comma before it) et cetera (and so on)
- e.g. (no comma after it) exampli gratia (for example)
- i.e. (no comma after it) id est (that is to say)
When abbreviating degrees, include punctuation only when abbreviation ends in a lower case letter, not when it ends in a capital.
BA, M.Sc., PhD, MA, B.Eng.(co-op.), B.Ed.(hons.)
Postal abbreviations should be used in addresses, but within prose, regular abbreviations or full spellings are acceptable:
- Alta. - Alberta
- B.C. - British Columbia
- Man. - Manitoba
- N.B. - New Brunswick
- N.L. - Newfoundland and Labrador
- N.W.T. - Northwest Territories
- N.S. - Nova Scotia
- Nunavut (no abbreviation)
- Ont. - Ontario
- P.E.I. - Prince Edward Island
- Que. - Quebec
- Sask. - Saskatchewan
- Yukon (no abbreviation)