International Coastal Network
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Dr. Ratana Chuenpagdee
Governance transition: institutional reform and people's mindset in South Korea's coastal fisheries
The creation and implementation of the Jayul programme is an institutional change introduced in the last decade by the central government in Korea to help alleviate the challenges facing coastal fisheries. First, an institutional analysis of Jayul is to be conducted by relying on a broader perspective increasingly being advocated in natural resource governance setting, that incorporates not only the well-discussed regulative aspect, but also the normative and cognitive-cultural dimensions. Under the framework of Jayul, participating local fishery organizations are mandated to draft local rules and carry out management plans which will benefit their fishery and resolve immediate issues. While the Jayul programme has shown encouraging results in many communities increasing the level of self-direction as well as producing tangible positive outcomes, there is a recurrent call that, in order for this new institution to facilitate a widespread and robust governance transition, a 'change in mindset' amongst fishing stakeholders is needed. This research aims to explore this mindset aspect, that is, stakeholders' associated values, images, and principles with regard to coastal fisheries and any potential disparity between the stakeholder groups. We draw from the fundamental, but under-examined, segment of governance theory, 'meta-level' governance (i.e. 'what governs governance'), which represents the normative and cognitive concerns of fishery stakeholders. It is argued that contrasting or competing values, images and principles held by diverse groups would translate to disparate ideas and trajectories about governance transition, which may act to reinforce the 'wicked' nature of much governance undertaking and creating a long-lasting implication towards the success of the Jayul programme.
Integrated coastal zone management
Song, A.M., Chuenpagdee, R., and Jentoft, S. (2013) Values, images, and principles: what they represent and how they may improve fisheries governance. Marine Policy 40, 167-175.
Song, A., and Chuenpagdee, R. (2013) The damage schedule approach. In Bavinck, M., Chuenpagdee R., Jentoft S., Kooiman J. (eds.), Governability of Fisheries: Theory and Applications. Dordrecht: Springer, pp. 279-299.
Chuenpagdee, R., and Song, A.M. (2012) Institutional thinking in fisheries governance: broadening perspectives. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 4, 309-315.
Song, A., and Khan, A. (2011) Views from below: student reflections on fisheries research. In Chuenpagdee, R. (ed.), World Small-Scale Fisheries: Contemporary Visions. Delft: Eburon, pp. 333-351.
Song, A.M., and Chuenpagdee, R. (2011) Conservation principle: a normative imperative in addressing illegal fishing in Lake Malawi. Maritime Studies (MAST) 10(1), 5-30.
Song, A.M., and Chuenpagdee, R. (2010) Operationalizing governability: a case study of a Lake Malawi fishery. Fish and Fisheries 11, 235-249.