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Norm R. Catto

Department Head, Geography
Memorial University of Newfoundland
St. John's, NL
A1B 3X9

Office: SN 2012A
Tel: (709) 864-7417
Fax: (709) 864-3119

E mail: ncatto[at]

Teaching Web site:

Professor of Geography, Memorial University, St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada; BSc Queen's University (1978); MSc University of Alberta (1981); PhD University of Alberta (1986).

After postdoctoral research at the University of Stockholm, and lecturing at the University of Alberta, I joined Memorial University in 1989. My research interests include coastal geomorphology, sedimentology, Quaternary sea level change, and the impacts of climate change; fluvial geomorphology, sedimentology, and flood risk assessment; aeolian geomorphology, sedimentology, and anthropogenic stresses on dune systems; glacial geomorphology; Quaternary chronology; and the genesis and chronology of loess-palaeosol systems.

My research has included projects and investigations in Scandinavia, Estonia, Russia, the Dominican Republic, Argentina, New Mexico, and throughout Canada. I have been the editor-in-chief of "Quaternary International" since 1999, and previously was Associate Editor from the foundation of the journal in 1989. I serve on the editorial boards of "Quaternary Science Reviews" and "Episodes".

I am a member of the steering committees for the Canadian Climate Change Impacts and Adaptations Research Network (C-CIARN) node dealing with Atlantic Canadian issues, chair the C-CIARN node dealing with Coastal Issues, and also serve on the steering committee of the Ocean Management Research Network's 'Sustainability' node.

Teaching Interests

  • Quaternary studies
  • geomorphology
  • coastal, aeolian, glacial, fluvial, and periglacial features
  • natural hazards
  • climate change and variation, impacts and adaptations
  • geographic education

Research Interests

  • Investigation of glacial, marine, fluvial, aeolian, and mass movement sediments and landforms, NL
  • Coastal Management Issues, Newfoundland.
  • Quaternary Geomorphology and Sedimentology, lower Churchill River basin, Labrador.
  • Flood sensitivity of Newfoundland communities
  • Impacts of Climate change on transportation, southwest Newfoundland
  • Impacts of Climate Change & Variation, and extreme weather events on Provincial Parks, NL
  • Beach litter dynamics, Avalon Peninsula
  • Oil spill sensitivity of beaches, Avalon Peninsula
  • Investigation of Climate Change Impacts on Health, NL
  • Gypsum karst development, Codroy Valley, Newfoundland
  • Assessment of the capacity of the emergency response and public health systems in Port-aux-Basques to cope with and adapt to extreme weather events exacerbated by a changing climate
  • Frost features and related soil development, eastern Newfoundland.
  • Geomorphic factors affecting salmonid and eel migration and habitats, NL
  • Investigation of Waterford urban river system, St. John’s, Newfoundland
  • Investigation of aeolian, glacial and marine sediments, Prince Edward Island.
  • Habitat remediation in estuarine environments, PEI
  • Investigation of coastal erosion, storm surge impacts, and natural hazards, Arctic Canada
  • Investigation of community perception and response to climate change and natural hazards, Arctic Canada
  • Investigation of aeolian landforms, NS, SK, Alberta
  • Investigation of Governance Issues surrounding Emergency Management Response in Municipalities, MCRI Project.
  • Glacial deposits and landforms, and coastal management issues, western Norway.
  • Loess, palaeosols, periglacial features, and aeolian sedimentology, Altai Autonomous Republic, Tambov and Volgograd Oblasts, and Sea of Azov region, Russian Federation.
  • Parabolic dune sedimentology, chronology, and climatic significance, Oka River Basin, Russia.
  • Investigation of palaeosols and frost-related features, South Korea.

Selected Publications

  • 2009 Catto, NR, Yim, W. W.-S., Antonioli, F., Yokoyama, Y. Continental shelves, including contributions from the 17th INQUA Congress, Cairns. Quaternary International, 206.
  • 2009 Markovic, S., Hambach, U., Catto, NR, Jovanovic, M., Buggle, B., Machallet, B., Zoller, L., Glaser, B., Frechen, M. Middle and Late Pleistocene loess sequences at Batajnica, Vojvodina, Serbia. Quaternary International 198, 255-266.
  • 2009 Prokopenko, A., Catto, N.R. Lake Hovsgol basin: a new study site for long continental paleoclimate records in continental interior Asia. Quaternary International, 205
  • 2009 Ravazzi, C., Orombelli, G., Donegana, M., Cremaschi, M., Catto, N.R. Quaternary Research in the Southern Alps of Italy. Quaternary International, 204.
  • 2009 Velichko, AA, Catto, NR, Kononov, Y. Morozova, T, Novenko, E, Panin, P., Ryskov, Y., Semenov, V, Timireva, S., Titov, V, Teskov, A., Progressively cooler, drier Interglacials in southern Russia through the Quaternary: evidence from the Sea of Azov region. Quaternary International 198, 204-219.
  • 2008 Yim, W. W-S., Catto, N.R., Chivas, A., Pillans, B. Subaerially exposed continental shelves: Contributions from INQUA Project 0419. Quaternary International, 183.
    2008 Mironov A.G., Catto, N.R., Erbajeva, M.A. Quaternary of Baikalia: Stratigraphy, Paleontology, and Paleoenvironments of the Pliocene-Pleistocene of Transbaikalia, and Interregional Correlations. Quaternary International, 179.
    2008 Hyndman, D., Hyndman, D., Catto, NR. Natural Hazards and Disasters. Nelson.
  • 2008 Vasseur, L., and Catto, N.R. Climate Change Impacts and Adaptations in Atlantic Canada. National Assessment of Climate Change Impacts and Adaptations, Report to Natural Resources Canada.
  • 2008 Catto, N.R. and Parewick, K., Hazard and Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptive Planning: Mutual and Multi-lateral Community-Researcher Communication, Arctic and Atlantic Canada. In Liverman, D., ed., Communicating Geoscience. Geological Society of London 305, 123-140.
  • 2007 Yang, X. Goudie, A., Catto, N.R. Geomorphic processes and palaeoclimatology in deserts. Quaternary International, 175.
  • 2007 Sinha, R., Friend, P.F., Catto, N.R. Quaternary Fluvial Systems of India. Quaternary International, 159.
  • Catto, N.R. (in review) More than 16 Years, More than 16 Stressors: Evolution of Mobile Beach 1989-2005. Geographie physique et Quaternaire.
  • Catto, N.R., 2006. Impacts of Climate Change and Variation on the Natural Areas of Newfoundland and Labrador. NL Ministry of Environment and Conservation, St. John's Nl, 160 pp.
  • Catto, N.R., and Hickman, H. (in review) Flooding Hazard Identification and Vulnerability Assessment in Newfoundland, Canada. Geological Society of London.
  • Catto, N.R. (in press) Natural Hazard and Vulnerability Assessment in Atlantic Canada: Review, Progress, and Challenges. McGill-Queen’s University Press.
  • Velichko, AA, Morozova, TD, Nechaev, VP, Rutter, NW, Dlusskii, K., Little, EC, Catto, NR. Semenov, V., and Evans, TE. (in press) Loess/paleosol/cryogenic formation and structure near the northern limit of loess deposition, East European Plain, Russia. Quaternary International 149.
  • Velichko, AA, Semenov, VV, Pospelova, GA, Morozova, TD, Nechaev, VP, Gribchenko, YN, Dlusskii, K, Rutter, NW, Catto, NR, and Little, T. (in press) Matuyama-Brunhes Boundary in key sections of the Loess-Paleosol-Glacial Formations on the East European Plain. Quaternary International 149.
  • Velichko, AA, Dodonov, AE, Catto, NR. (in press) Loess and Palaeoenvironments across Eurasia: Dedicated to the memory of Professor Martón Pecsi. Quaternary International 149.
  • Catto, NR and Etheridge, B. 2006. Sensitivity, Exposure, and Vulnerability to Petroleum Pollution of Gravel Beaches, Avalon Peninsula, Newfoundland, Canada. Coastal Environments 2006 conference, Rhodes, Greece. Wessex Institute Press.
  • Catto, N.R. 2006. Precipitation: Its influence on Quaternary Events in Eastern Asia. Quaternary International, 144.
  • Catto, N.R. 2005. Quaternary of the Mediterranean Basin and Western Asia: Marine & Terrestrial Processes and Palaeoenvironments. Quaternary International 140/141.
  • Blackwell, B.A., and Catto, N.R. 2005. Geochronology and Environmental Reconstruction: A Tribute to Glenn A Goodfriend. Quaternary International 135.
  • Prokopenko, A., and Catto, N.R. 2005. Paleolimnological Records from Asian Lacustrine Systems. Quaternary International 136.
  • Blackwell, B.A., and Catto, N.R. 2005. Geochronology and Environmental Reconstruction: A Tribute to Glenn A Goodfriend. Quaternary International 135.
  • Catto, N.R., and Hickman, H. 2004. Flood Sensitivity Analysis for Newfoundland Communities. Office of Critical Infrastructure Protection and Emergency Preparedness Canada.
  • Catto, N.R., and Catto, G. 2004. Climate Change, Communities, and Civilizations: Driving Force, Supporting Player, or Background Noise? Quaternary International, 123-125, 7-10.
  • Yasuda, Y., and Catto, N.R. 2004. Environmental Variability and Human Adaptation in East Asia: dedicated to J.F.W. Negendank. Quaternary International, 123-125.
  • Catto, N.R. 2004. Advances in Quaternary Studies in the Northern Hemisphere. Quaternary International, 121.
  • Catto, N.R. 2003. Quaternary Palaeoclimatic Analyses. Quaternary International, 108.
  • Catto, N.R., and Bobrowsky, P.T. 2003. Quaternary and Urban Geology of New Zealand and Eastern Australia. Quaternary International, 103.
  • Bartolini, C., Piccini, L., and Catto, N.R. 2003. Uplift and Erosion: Driving Processes and Resulting Landforms Ministero dell’ Università e della Ricerca Scientifica Workshop, Siena, Italy, September 2001. Quaternary International, 101/102.
  • Catto, N.R. 2003. Landscapes of the Natural Areas of Newfoundland and Labrador. Guidebook for Newfoundland and Labrador Park Interpreters, Tourism, Culture, and Recreation, Newfoundland and Labrador.
  • Evans, M.E., Rutter, N.W., Catto, N.R., Chlachula, J., and Nyvlt, D. 2003. Magnetoclimatology: Teleconnection between the Siberian loess record and North Atlantic Heinrich Events. Geology 31, 537-540.
  • Catto, N.R., D. Scruton and N. Ollerhead. 2003. The coastline of Eastern Newfoundland. Canadian Technical Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences.
  • Batterson, M.J. and N.R. Catto. 2001. Topographically-controlled deglacial history of the Humber River basin, western Newfoundland. Geographie physique et Quaternaire, 55:213-228.
  • Catto, N.R., K. MacQuarrie and M. Hermann. 2002 Geomorphic response to late Holocene climate variation and anthropogenic pressure, northeastern Prince Edward Island, Canada. Quaternary International, 87, 101-118.
  • Velichko, A.A., N.R. Catto, A.N. Drenova, V.A. Klimanov, K.V. Kremenetski and V.P. Nechaev. 2002. Climate changes in East Europe and Siberia at the late glacial-Holocene transition. Quaternary International, 91:75-99.
  • Catto, N.R. 2002. Anthropogenic pressures on coastal dunes, southwest Newfoundland. The Canadian Geographer, 46:17-32.
  • Bachhuber, F.W. and N.R. Catto. 2000. Geologic evidence for rapid climate succession, Estancia Basin, New Mexico, USA. In S. McLaren and D. Kniveton (Eds) Linking climate change to land surface change, Ed. , Royal Geographical Society-Institute of British Geographers, Leicester, U.K., Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 143-170.
  • Catto, N.R. and F.W. Bachhuber. 2000 Aeolian geomorphic response to climate change: an example from the Estancia Valley, Central New Mexico, USA. In S. McLaren and D. Kniveton (Eds) Linking Climate Change to Land Surface Change, Royal Geographical Society-Institute of British Geographers, Leicester, U.K., Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 171-192.
  • Catto, N.R., H. Griffiths, S. Jones and H. Porter. 2000. Late Holocene sea level changes, eastern Newfoundland. St. John's: Newfoundland Department of Mines and Energy, Report 2000-1, 49-59.
  • Liverman, D.G.E., M.J. Batterson, N.R. Catto, C. Mackenzie, M. Munro-Stasiuk, S. Scott and A. Sommerville. 2000. Evidence of late-glacial permafrost in Newfoundland. Quaternary International, 68/71, 163-174.
  • Catto, N.R. 1999. Embayed Gravel Coastlines of Conception Bay, Newfoundland: Climate Variation, Geomorphic Response, and Management Issues. Salzburger Geographische Arbeiten, Special edition, 34: 119-142.