B.A. (Hons), M.A. Carleton University; D.Phil. University of Oxford
Associate Professor; R. Psych.
|Phone: (709) 864-8118|
I received my doctorate from the University of Oxford in 1997 under the mentorship of Professor Christopher Fairburn and completed my post-doctoral training at the Toronto General Hospital Eating Disorders Program in Toronto, Ontario. I practised as a registered psychologist in Toronto from 1999-2012 where I was a Staff Psychologist in the Eating Disorders Program of the Toronto General Hospital and an Associate Professor in Psychiatry at the University of Toronto as well as an Adjunct Professor in Psychology at York University.
To date, my research has focused on understanding the nature and maintenance of eating disorder psychopathology, evaluating psychological treatments for eating disorders, and identifying predictors and mediators of treatment outcome. My current research is focused mainly on understanding and treating Binge Eating Disorder.
Current research projects
Firstly, I am collaborating with Dr. Marion Olmsted at the University of Toronto Eating Disorders Program to study predictors and mediators of treatment outcome in anorexia nervosa. Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by an intense fear of weight gain, extreme dietary restriction, and the maintenance of an unhealthily low body weight even in the face of severe physical and psychological impairment.
Secondly, I am collaborating with Dr. Caroline Davis (York University) to conduct research on an addiction model of binge eating disorder and obesity. Binge eating disorder (BED) is characterized by recurrent episodes of binge eating in the absence of extreme methods of weight control. Most individuals with BED are overweight or obese.
Thirdly, funded by the RDC, I am collaborating with Dr. Guang Sun in the Faculty of Medicine at Memorial University to study psychological and biological factors associated with weight regain in obesity.
Finally, I am conducting a randomized controlled trial to examine the effectiveness of guided Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) self-help for binge eating disorder. This research is being funded by the Newfoundland Centre for Applied Health Research.
Kenny, T.E., Singleton, C. & Carter, J.C. (2017). Testing predictions of the affect regulation model of binge eating disorder. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 1-9, DOI: 10.1002/eat.22787.
Carter, J.C., Bojman, K. & Kelly, A.C. (2017). Integrating compassion-focused therapy into the management of severe obesity.
Chapter in S. Cassin, S. Sockalingam and R. Hawa (Eds.), Psychological Care in Severe Obesity: A Practical Approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Davis, C., Mackew, L., Levitan, R.D., Kaplan, A.S., Carter, J.C. & Kennedy, J.L. (2017) Binge Eating Disorder (BED) in relation to addictive behaviors and personality risk factors. Frontiers in Psychology, 8:579, doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00579
Carter, J. C., Kenny, T., & Davis, C. (2016). Food addiction and binge eating disorder. Chapter in B.A. Johnson (Ed.), Addiction Medicine:
Science and Practice, 2nd edition. New York: Springer.
Kelly, A.C. & Carter, J.C. (2016). Compassion-focused therapy for eating disorders. Chapter in T. Wade (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Feeding and Eating Disorders. New York: Springer Press.
Rowsell, M., MacDonald, D. & Carter, J.C. (2016) Emotion regulation difficulties in anorexia nervosa: associations with improvements in eating psychopathology, Journal of Eating Disorders, 4:17.
Kelly, A.C. & Carter, J.C. & (2015). Self-compassion training for binge eating disorder: A pilot randomized controlled trial. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory Research and Practice, 88, 285-303.
Carter, J.C. & Kelly, A.C. (2015). Autonomous and controlled motivation for eating disorders treatment: baseline predictors and relationship to treatment outcome. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 54(1), 76-90.
Vella-Zarb, R.A., Mills, J.S., Westra, H.A., Carter, J.C., & Keating, L. (2015). A randomized controlled trial of motivational interviewing for binge eating. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 48, 328-332.
Trottier, K., Carter, J.C., McDonald, D.E., McFarlane, T.L. & Olmsted, M.P. & (2015). Adjunctive Graded Body Image Exposure for Eating Disorders: A randomized controlled initial trial in clinical practice. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 48, 494-504.
Davis, C., Levitan, R.B., Kaplan, A.S., Kennedy, J. & Carter, J.C. (2014). Food Cravings, Appetite, and Snack-Food Consumption in Response to a Psychomotor Stimulant Drug: The Moderating Effect of ‘Food Addiction’. Eating Behaviors, 5(403), 1-8. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00403
Davis, C. & Carter, J.C. (2014). If Certain Foods are Addictive, How Might this Change the Treatment of Compulsive Overeating and Obesity? Current Addiction Reports, 1, 89-95. doi: 10.1007/s40429-014-0013-z
Yilmaz, Z., Davis, C., Loxton, N. Kaplan, A., Levitan, R., Carter, J. C. and Kennedy, J. (2014). Overeating mediates MC4R polymorphism and variation in body weight. International Journal of Obesity, 1-7. doi:10.1038/ijo.2014.79
Kelly, A.C.* & Carter, J.C. (2014). Eating disorder subtypes differ in their rates of psychosocial improvement over treatment. Journal of Eating Disorders, 2, 1-10. doi:10.1186/2050-2974-2-2
Kelly, A.C., Vimalakanthan, K., & Carter, J.C. (2014). Understanding the roles of self-esteem, self-compassion, and fear of self-compassion in eating disorder pathology: An examination of female students and eating disorder patients. Eating Behaviors, 15, 388-391. DOI: 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2014.04.008.
Kelly, A.C.*, Carter, J.C. & Borairi, S.* (2014). Are improvements in shame and self-compassion early in eating disorders treatment associated with better patient outcomes? International Journal of Eating Disorders, 1, 89-95. doi: 10.1002/eat.22196
Weiss, C.V.*, Mills, J.S., Westra, H. & Carter, J.C. (2013). Motivational interviewing as a prelude to intensive treatment for eating disorders: A randomized controlled study. Journal of Eating Disorders, 1:34. doi:10.1186/2050-2974-1-34
Davis, C., Loxton, N.J., Levitan, R.D., Kaplan, A.S., Carter, J.C. & Kennedy, J.L. (2013). 'Food Addiction' and its Association with a Dopaminergic Multilocus Genetic Profile. Physiology and Behavior, 118, 63-69.
Pedram, P., Wadden, D., Peyvan, A., Gulliver, W., Randell, E., Cahill, F., Vasdev, S. Goodrich, A. Carter, J.C., Zhai, G., Sun, G. (2013). Food Addiction: Its Prevalence and Significant Association with Obesity in the General Population. PLoS ONE 8(9): e74832. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0074832
Lipsman, N., Woodside, D. B., Giacobbe, P., Hamani, C., Carter, J. C., Norwood, S. J., et al. (2013). Subcallosal cingulate deep brain stimulation for treatment-refractory anorexia nervosa: A phase 1 pilot trial. Lancet. 381, 1361-70. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736
Kelly, A.C. & Carter, J.C. (2012) Why self-critical patients have more severe eating disorder pathology: The mediating role of shame. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 52, 148-161.
Kelly, A.C., Carter, J.C., Zuroff, D.C. & Borairi, S. (2012). Self-compassion and fear of self-compassion interact to predict response to eating disorder treatment: A preliminary investigation. Psychotherapy Research, 23(3), 252-264.
Carter, J.C., Mercer-Lynn, K.B., Bewell-Weiss, C.V., Crosby, R.D., Woodside, D.B., & Olmsted, M.P. (2012). A prospective study of predictors of relapse in adults with anorexia nervosa: Implications for relapse prevention. Psychiatry Research, 200, 518–523.
Carter, J.C., Norwood, S.J. & Kelly, A.C. (2012). Interpersonal problems in anorexia nervosa: Social inhibition as defining and detrimental. Personality and Individual Differences, 53(3), 169-174.