Style Sheet

Newfoundland Quarterly Style Sheet

Updated March 10, 2015 by J Sullivan

Publisher: Memorial University of Newfoundland

Dictionaries: Canadian Oxford, Second Edition

Dictionary of Newfoundland English, Second Edition

Style Guide: for anything not addressed here, Chicago Manual of Style, 16th Edition

Miscellaneous Style

No periods after initials (M Ryan) or abbreviations (St John’s) or honourifics (Dr)

No space between two initials (TS Eliot)

For all periodical titles, do not capitalize the ‘the” – Evening Telegram, Globe and Mail – excepting The New Yorker and The Times (London).

fall, winter, not Fall, Winter

Titles use headline caps

Headings and subheadings use sentence caps

in numbers, th, st and rd (for example, 19th, 1st) as superscript

No hard rights (double spaces) between paragraphs

Single tab indents to begin paragraphs

Do not double space at the beginning of sentences


Format as endnotes; Chicago style, with arabic (1,2,3) not Roman numbering


Omit comma after introductory words (So, Yet, But, And)

Use serial comma

Use comma after introductory phrases/clauses, unless they are brief

Use pair commas in place identifiers (He lived in Belleville, Ontario, until he moved to Harstad, Norway, in 2013.)

Use comma before coordinating conjunctions, unless they are brief

Use single quotation marks only for quotations within quotations

For words as words, italicize (You can look up sleveen in the DNE.)

For possessive of proper nouns, ‘s in all cases (Squires’s) unless the 's would not be pronounced

Use en dash to connect dates 1703–1792. Within one century, do repeat first two digits (1703–1792, not 1703–92).

i.e. and e.g. to be written out in running text (that is and for example) and followed by a comma in notes, figures, etc.

Numbers and dates

One to ten, 11 + (but 1-10 as numerals if immediate context includes several numerals)

1,000,000 (commas, no spaces)

19th century

February 8, 1913,


For 20th century dates use all four digits (1960s, not 60s or ‘60s)

$100 (not $100.00 unless the digits after the decimal are other than 0)

per cent

1:00pm, 7:45am


em dashes set tight

space before and after ellipsis

dbl consonant before –ing or –ed (benefitting)

one space (not two) between sentences and after colons


Present tense, crisp, and integrated with the main text

Pay special attention to

Restrictive and non-restrictive clauses (commas)

Parallelism in lists

Punctuation in lists

Placement of only

Participles and dangling participles

Dangling modifiers


Any more (quantity) anymore (time)


Skeptic not sceptic

As such does not mean therefore

Page – write it out in running text, or put p in parentheses (see p 3)

Notes particular to NQ

The Newfoundland Regiment became Royal on September 28, 1917

The Newfoundland Constabulary became Royal in 1979

Bowring (not Bowering)

Joseph R Smallwood (not Joey)

Newfoundland was a colony until 1907 (self-governing after 1855), a Dominion 1907-1949, and administered by the British-appointed Commission of Government 1933-1949

The traditional abbreviations for Newfoundland are Nfld (largely pre-Confederation), NF (post-Confederation to the early 1990s, and now NL for Newfoundland and Labrador. More unusual but also correct: T.-N for Terre-Neuve.



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