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Books at Memorial

Les Français à Terre-Neuve: Un Lieu Mythique, Une Culture Fantôme

Edited by Dr. Ronald Rompkey

This volume is an edited collection of documents by French authors dealing with life in Newfoundland from its discovery up to the signing of the Entente Cordiale in 1904. Such a collection is meant to show that the early French presence in what is now Canada is not limited to Quebec or Acadia but extends to the Grand Banks and the west coast of Newfoundland.

Up to this point, the subject has been limited to a few scholars and some translated texts, partly because Newfoundland was not a part of Canada before 1949. Thus, this collection extends the discourse to both French travellers and earlier French scholars so as to indicate that even though the French did not have the right to settle the island after the Treaty of Utrecht (1713), their interest has been continuous.

The volume begins with a series of maps of Newfoundland, Labrador and St. Pierre and Miquelon to demonstrate the degree to which the French left their mark through place-names. For they have left no permanent buildings in Newfoundland, only cemeteries, shipwrecks, ruins, and a small number of families descended from deserters. Thus, in the anthropological sense, Newfoundland cannot be said to be a “place” for the French. It remains a mythic place, for it lives in the minds of French people, particularly those living in Normandy and Brittany. It lives in the memories of those families who have sent out their fishermen for hundreds of years. It lives in French archives and museums, especially the Musée des Terre-Neuvas in Fécamp. And it lives in the many texts describing life in the region, beginning with the arrival of Jacques Cartier.

Dr. Rompkey is a University Research Professor in the Department of English. Les Français à Terre-Neuve is published by Presses universitaires de Bordeaux.



Perspectives on NO in Physiology and Pathology

Edited by Dr. Vernon J. Richardson and Alan V. Wallace

Only 20 years ago nitric oxide, the smallest biologically produced molecule, was discovered to regulate vascular tone and blood pressure. At the time this was considered almost unbelievable and yet since then this molecule has been implicated in a wide range of other physiological and disease processes. The initial discovery of nitric oxide as a signalling molecule in cardiovascular tissues was rewarded in 1998 when Dr. Robert F. Furchgott, Dr. Louis J. Ignarro and Dr. Ferid Murad were all awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine.

Perspectives on NO in Physiology and Pathology is a compilation of reviews in selected areas of medicine which extol the virtues and vices that nitric oxide plays in the physiology of healthy and diseased tissues. Many examples of this small molecule are given regulating such things as cardiovascular physiology, respiratory physiology, brain and neurophysiology, bone and joint physiology, physiology of pain and cancer cell survival. In the introductory chapter the enzymes that produce nitric oxide and selective inhibitors are reviewed as possible regulators of nitric oxide production in diseases that over produce this molecule.

Dr. Vernon Richardson, Faculty of Medicine, and his co-editor, Dr. Alan Wallace, from Astra Zeneca, U.K., have gathered together a group of some of the world leading scientists in the nitric oxide field. They have produced a book that has been designed to introduce and inform scientists and physicians at all levels of the current status of knowledge in this area.

Perspectives on NO in Physiology and Pathology is published by Trans World Research Network in 2009.



La Vie Après le Capital

By Dr. Jean-Marc Lemelin

The framework of this manifesto is the theory of the three social Indo-European functions or orders: war, sovereignty and fecundity, the latter referring to production and reproduction, work and sexuality.

The method employed in this opuscule is the dialectics of domination (by transcendence and space), determination (by immanence and time), and surdetermination (by imminence and person).

The manifesto’s goal is a spiritual and material revolution without physical violence, where capital or capitalism is overturned by the proletariat; the proletariat in this instance is defined not as a simple social class, but as a complex historical force.

The means by which the revolution could be realized is through an organization called “common arrest movement” (mouvement d’arret commun: MAC), which is a movement without leaders; so it is rather a set or network of movements against capital, state and empire: an alternative to altermondialism, but also for a worldwide common wealth.

Dr. Lemelin is a professor in the Department of French and Spanish. La Vie Après le Capital is published by Triptyque.



Canadian Victims of Crime: Critical Insights

By Dr. Scott Kenney

Victims of crime are poorly understood. Helping institutions often have counterintuitive, even potentially harmful, impacts. Support services are generally little known, poorly funded, and limited in scope – all of which perpetuates the powerless role of the victim in the criminal justice system.

Dr. J. Scott Kenney unpacks the systemic problems that are so common among victims. With emphasis on the victims’ lived experiences and extensive victims’ first hand accounts, Kenney pairs excerpts from the press, legal documents, and other relevant material to contextualize each voice.

Dorothy Pawluch, Department of Sociology, McMaster University, said she is most impressed by the level of scholarship in the book.

“It draws on rich, qualitative data, incorporates victims’ experiences, and contextualizes the material in terms of the author’s nuanced analysis of the significance and implications of the data,” she said. “I know of no other book quite like this...a ‘must read’ for anyone interested in understanding the experiences of victims.”

Another reviewer, Susan Reid of the Criminology and Criminal Justice Department, St. Thomas University, said the book fits the bill for a number of stand alone undergraduate courses in Criminology and Sociology.

“Taking a critical analysis of key issues facing victims is most welcome. The historical analysis inherent in the book provides a good backdrop for the chapters to unfold.”

Dr. Kenney is assistant professor in the Department of Sociology and a widely published scholar and =respected criminologist who has been teaching, researching, and publishing in the field of victimology for more than a decade.
Canadian Victims of Crime is published by Canadian Scholars’ Press.
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