Books at Memorial
Problems from Murray Klamkin: The Canadian Collection
Edited by Dr. Bruce Shawyer and Dr. Andy Liu
Murray Klamkin (1921-2004) was a dedicated problem solver and proposer. He was famous for his Quickies, problems that have quick and neat solutions. This book contains all the problems that Klamkin proposed for the Canadian problem solving journal Crux Mathematicorum, including all his Quickies.
The problems cover a wide range of topics and show a great deal of insight into what is possible in these areas. They are arranged by topic: combinatorics and number theory; functions and polynomials; expressions and identities; numerical approximations; algebraic inequalities; trigonometric inequalities; geometric inequalities; the triangle; Cevian lines; central symmetry; conic sections; solid geometry; higher dimensions; vectors and matrices; and calculus. The solutions appear as they were published in Crux Mathematicorum.
Problems from Murray Klamkin: The Canadian Collection is published by the Mathematical Association of America (MAA) in collaboration with the Canadian Mathematical Society (CMS). It is the first volume in the Canadian Collection.
Dr. Bruce Shawyer is professor emeritus in the Department of Mathematics and Statistics. He is well known for his participation in the Newfoundland and Labrador Teachers’ Association Senior Mathematics League. This province-wide competition pits schools against each other to see which team is the best at cooperative problem solving. Dr. Shawyer, along with some of his colleagues in the Department of Mathematics and Statistics, has long helped create the problems used in these competitions.
Dr. Shawyer, Dr. Peter Booth, also professor emeritus in Mathematics, and Dr. John Grant McCloughlin, a former Memorial professor now with the University of New Brunswick, recently released the third book in the A Taste of Mathematics (ATOM) series.
Dr. Andy Liu is a professor in the Department of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences at the University of Alberta.
Clinical Epidemiology: Practice and Methods
Edited by Dr. Patrick Parfrey and Brendan Barrett
Clinical epidemiology provides the scientific basis for the practice of medicine because it focuses on the diagnosis, prognosis and management of human disease.
Drs. Patrick Parfrey and Brendan Barrett, Faculty of Medicine, are leaders in the field of clinical epidemiology. They have brought together a collection of 18 articles that examine issues of research design, measurement and evaluation critical to clinical epidemiology.
The book is intended to educate researchers on how to undertake clinical research and is directed to both medical practitioners and basic scientists who want to extend their work to humans. The book is also of value to allied health professionals interested in scientific evaluation and to trainees in clinical epidemiology.
The collection of articles in Clinical Epidemiology provides advice on framing the research question and choosing the most appropriate research design. It discusses the basics of clinical epidemiology as well as the use of biomarkers and surrogates, patient-reported outcomes and qualitative research. It also provides examples of bias in clinical studies, methods of sample size estimation, and an analytic framework for various research designs.
There are also practical chapters on research ethics, budgeting funding and managing clinical research projects.
Of the 27 authors and co-authors of the articles in Clinical Epidemiology, 14 are associated with Memorial University. Clinical Epidemiology is published by Humana Press.
A Life of Caring: Sixteen Nurses tell their Stories
By Marilyn Marsh, Jeanette Walsh and Marilyn Beaton
In the mid-1980s, Marilyn Marsh interviewed 23 women who graduated from nursing in Newfoundland between 1918 and 1949. Ms. Marsh, a faculty member in the School of Nursing, had met these women in her career and felt they had a story to tell. These interviews, along with one completed in 1974 and given to her by Joyce Nevitt, founding director of the School of Nursing, gave a picture of what life was like for these women in those times.
Due to health reasons, Ms. Marsh was unable to complete the project and the interviews were left. In 2005, using grant money from the Association of Registered Nurses of Newfoundland and Labrador, the process of transcribing the interviews began. With additional funding from the J. R. Smallwood Foundation, the transcriptions were completed in 2006. This project was considered research and subsequently the appropriate ethical approvals from the Human Investigation Committee at Memorial University were received. The tapes and transcribed interviews will be stored at the Memorial University Folklore and Language Archives as a record of nursing in Newfoundland and Labrador and may be used as a source of data for future research purposes.
Sixteen of the interviews were edited for publication in A Life of Caring. “The quotes from each nurse in her own words give an opportunity for the reader to be encouraged and inspired,” said Ms. Marsh. “The stories will surprise the reader in how they speak to our current challenges regarding quality care, shortage of staff and salaries.”
Ms. Marsh said that the nurses interviewed in the book, even though some were not well-known, made a difference. “Their stories tell how nurses have made a significant change in the health of a patient, a family, a community.”
A Life of Caring is published by Breakwater Books (www.breakwaterbooks.com). It was launched at Chapters in St. John’s on Feb. 5.
Proportional Optimization and Fairness
By Dr. Wieslaw Kubiak
Proportional Optimization and Fairness is a long-needed attempt to reconcile optimization with apportionment in just-in-time (JIT) sequences and find the common ground in solving problems ranging from sequencing mixed-model just-in-time assembly lines through just-in-time batch production, balancing workloads in event graphs to bandwidth allocation internet gateways and resource allocation in computer operating systems. Written for researchers and doctoral students in engineering, business, mathematics, and computer science, the book argues that apportionment theory and optimization based on deviation functions provide natural benchmarks for a process, and then looks at the recent research and developments in the field.
Individual chapters look at the theory of apportionment and just-in-time sequences; minimization of just-in-time sequence deviation; optimality of cyclic sequences and the oneness; bottleneck minimization; competition-free instances, Fraenkel’s Conjecture, and optimal admission sequences; response time variability; applications to the Liu-Layland Problem and pinwheel scheduling; temporal capacity constraints and supply chain balancing; fair queueing and stride scheduling; and smoothing and batching.
Dr. Wieslaw Kubiak is a university research professor in the Faculty of Business Administration. Proportional Optimization and Fairness is published by Springer. For more, see www.springer.com/business/operations+research/book/978-0-387-87718-1.
Alternative Solvents for Green Chemistry
By Dr. Francesca Kerton
Everyone is becoming more environmentally conscious and therefore, chemical processes are being developed with their environmental burden in mind. This also means that more traditional chemical methods are being replaced with new innovations and this includes new solvents. Solvents are everywhere, but how necessary are they? They are used in most areas including synthetic chemistry, analytical chemistry, pharmaceutical production and processing, the food and flavour industry and the materials and coatings sectors. However, the principles of green chemistry guide us to use less of them, or to use safer, more environmentally friendly solvents if they are essential. Therefore, we should always ask ourselves, do we really need a solvent?
Green chemistry, as a relatively new sub-discipline, is a rapidly growing field of research. Alternative solvents form a significant portion of research in green chemistry. This is in part due to the hazards of many conventional solvents (e.g. toxicity and flammability) and the significant contribution that solvents make to the waste generated in many chemical processes. This book, which is part of a green chemistry series, uses examples that tie in with the 12 principles of green chemistry e.g. atom efficient reactions in benign solvents and processing of renewable chemicals/materials in green solvents. Readers get an overview of the many different kinds of solvents, written in such a way to make the book appropriate to newcomers to the field and prepare them for the 'green choices' available. The book also removes some of the mystique associated with “alternative solvent”choices and includes information on solvents in different fields of chemistry such as analytical and materials chemistry in addition to catalysis and synthesis.
Dr. Francesca Kerton is assistant professor (Green Chemistry) in the Department of Chemistry.
Alternative Solvents for Green Chemistry is published by the Royal Society of Chemistry.
Folksongs and Folk Revival: The Cultural Politics of Kenneth Peacock’s Song of the Newfoundland Outports
By Dr. Anna Kearney Guigné
In 1965, the classically trained musician and composer Kenneth Peacock published a three-volume work, Songs of the Newfoundland Outports, based on six years of collecting folksongs in the province on behalf of the National Museum of Canada.
Now the Faculty of Arts’ ISER Books has published Folksongs and Folk Revival: The Cultural Politics of Kenneth Peacock’s Songs of the Newfoundland Outports. Dr. Anna Kearney Guigne’s book considers the cultural politics of the day, such as National Museum policies and directions, and, in particular how the growth of the Canadian folk revival during the 1950s and 1960s influenced Mr. Peacock’s work.
A singer in the 1970s, Dr. Guigné had used Mr. Peacock’s publication as background for her own performances and developed relationships with fellow musicians who had known Mr. Peacock. After taking a folklore course, Dr. Guigné decided to do a paper on the collection and the paper lead to a thesis which in turn lead to an ISER fellowship to publish the book. At the time of writing the initial paper, Mr. Peacock was still alive and Dr. Guigné was able to speak to him at great length about the experiences and motivations behind his project.
Between 1951 and 1961, Mr. Peacock collected 766 songs from 118 individuals in 38 communities across Newfoundland – 638 of the songs were tape recorded, 128 were written down. Mr. Peacock eventually published 546 songs under 411 song titles. When Outports was published in 1965, it was the largest collection of folksongs ever released by what was then the National Museum of Canada (now the Canadian Museum of Civilization).
Dr. Guigné, an adjunct professor in the School of Music, hopes that her book sheds new light on Mr. Peacock the man by presenting him together with the product of his research in the context of the Canadian folk revival of the 1950s and 1960s.
The book is available through the ISER Books website. www.mun.ca/books.
The Development of Memory in Infancy and Childhood
Edited by Dr. Mary Courage and Nelson Cowan
Human memory is not only the repository of our past but the essence of who we are. As such, it is of enduring fascination. We marvel at its resilience in some situations and its fragility in others. The origin of this extraordinary cognitive capacity in infancy and childhood is the focus of vigorous research and debate as we seek to understand the record of our earliest beginnings.
The first edition of this volume, The Development of Memory in Childhood, documented the state-of-the-science of memory development a decade ago. This new edition, The Development of Memory in Infancy and Childhood, provides a thorough update and expansion of the previous text and offers reviews of new research on significant themes and ideas that have emerged since then. Topics include basic memory processes in infants and toddlers, the cognitive neuroscience of memory development, the cognitive and social factors that underlie our memory for implicit and explicit events, autobiographical memory and infantile amnesia, working memory, the role of strategies and knowledge in driving memory development, and the impact of stress and emotion on these basic processes. The book also includes applications of basic memory processes to a variety of real world settings from the courtroom to the classroom.
Including contributions from many of the best researchers in the field, this classic yet contemporary volume will appeal to senior undergraduate and graduate students of developmental and cognitive psychology as well as to developmental psychologists who want a compendium of current reviews on key topics in memory development.
Dr. Mary Courage is professor of Psychology with a cross-appointment to the Faculty of Medicine (Pediatrics) and associate dean of Science (research) at Memorial University. She co-edited a special issue of Developmental Review on early memory development in 2004.
Dr. Nelson Cowan is Curators' Professor at the University of Missouri.
The Development of Memory in Infancy and Childhood is From the Studies in Developmental Psychology series, published by Guilford Press.
Following Sexual Abuse: A Sociological Interpretation of Identity Reformation in Reflexive Therapy
By Dr. Marie Croll
Dr. Marie Croll’s new book takes a look at sexual abuse through the eyes of those who have experienced it. Her research is based primarily out of a 15-year private counselling practice working with sexually abused women.
Dr. Croll, an assistant professor of Sociology and Social/Cultural Studies at Grenfell College, examines sexual abuse in a broad context beyond the strictly personal and isolated suffering documented in most scholarly publications.
Following Sexual Abuse: A Sociological Interpretation of Identity Re/formation in Reflexive Therapy, this book “attempts to develop a broader perspective on this important issue via narrated accounts of women’s experiences. It is a sociological investigation that looks at the connection between the intra-personal and social worlds of victims as revealed through reflexive therapy,” according to University of Toronto Press.
Her work explores the transformational space between intra-personal and social experiences of self, a dual perspective that allows room for both personal and collective experiences to enter into a discussion of sexual abuse and its effects.
She argues that private and public interpretations of the abuse experience need to be considered together, as their influences on the individual are inseparable. Using individual case studies, Dr. Croll demonstrates the extent to which changing public perspectives on sexual abuse have come to define victims’ relationships to their own accounts, and she offers vital sociological insights and a necessary intra-personal vantage point for a deeper understanding of the experience of sexual abuse and the issues of therapeutic practice.
Following Sexual Abuse is available at the Grenfell College Bookstore and through the University of Toronto Press website www.utppublishing.com/ pubstore/.