Books at Memorial
Recent publications by writers and editors at Memorial University
Paradise Lost at Sea: Rethinking Cruise
By Dr. Ross Klein
Paradise Lost at Sea reveals the hidden realities of a cruise vacation and of an industry that prefers to keep its downsides hidden by taglines that are frequently used in advertising and media campaigns. Cruise authority Dr. Ross A. Klein rings the alarm about cruise ship safety and the risk to passengers of sexual assault, onboard crime and injury, and death from accidents at sea. He reveals the industry’s dubious environmental performance and its impact on the efforts of governments and the local port communities to protect their marine environments.
Dr. Klein also exposes the truth about health risks and medical care on board these floating cities and opens the door on the dark side of life below the passenger decks. He goes on to explore the myths that cruise vacations are all-inclusive and that cruise tourism contributes billions to local economies. The book concludes by summarizing issues and challenges that must be faced by cruise passengers, port communities and those who work on cruise ships.
Dr. Klein has taken more than 30 cruises in all parts of the world, comprising more than 300 days aboard cruise ships. He is a professor in the School of Social Work at Memorial University.
Paradise Lost at Sea is published by Fernwood Publishing.
Dr. Klein has also been involved in the publishing of the Encyclopedia of Tourism and Recreation in Marine Environments, published May 2008 by CAB International (CABI) in the U.K. The project was overseen and guided by a six person international advisory board and edited by Michael Luck in Auckland, New Zealand.
Dr. Klein’s role on the advisory board was mainly with regard to entries concerned with cruise tourism and the cruise industry. He has about 40 entries in the encyclopedia which includes a total of 900 entries from 170 contributors.
A Taste of Mathematics
By Drs. Peter Booth and Bruce Shawyer
Drs. Peter Booth and Bruce Shawyer have been working together since 1987 to create problems for high school students across the province – math problems that is.
The professores emeriti in the Department of Mathematics and Statistics, along with Dr. John Grant McCloughlin, a former Memorial professor now with the University of New Brunswick, have recently released their fourth publication. The third book in the A Taste of Mathematics (ATOM) series, is a collection of math problems for students participating in the Newfoundland and Labrador Teachers’ Association Senior Mathematics League. This province-wide competition pits schools against each other to see which team is the best at cooperative problem solving.
“It’s not like an exam,” said Dr. Booth. “There’s lots of laughter, talking and argument.”
“You can see the interaction between students as you’re walking around,” added Dr. Shawyer. “It’s very gratifying to be in a room full of young men and women, usually in equal numbers, doing mathematics on a Saturday morning and having fun.”
The original idea for the math league came from Dr. Shawyer, who based it on a math league he had seen run in Ontario schools. That league had been an individual competition. However, after discussing options with local high school teachers it was determined students would likely prefer cooperative challenges instead.
Their first publication, Shaking Hands in Corner Brook and other Math Problems, named after the first problem in the book, was published in 1995 by the Waterloo Mathematics Foundation. Subsequent books, now totalling three, were published by the Canadian Mathematical Society (CMS) in the ATOM Series.
The senior math league was so popular that three years ago Dr. Shawyer begun creating problems and organizing challenges for junior high students.
The pair also noted that their math leagues have been copied by teachers in Ontario and Nova Scotia and the team has supplied problems to help get them started. They are hoping that there will be a Junior Math League, based on their materials, in Fort McMurray, Alberta this season and their books are sold across the country and are available internationally.
Surviving and Succeeding in the
A Women’s Guide to Negotiating Graduate Studies
By Dr. Sonya Corbin Dwyer
A new book by a Grenfell psychology prof will help women find their way through the often daunting world of graduate studies.
Surviving and Succeeding in the Ivory Tower: A Women’s Guide to Negotiating Graduate Studies by Dr. Sonya Corbin Dwyer was released earlier this month.
Dr. Corbin Dwyer is an associate professor of psychology at Sir Wilfred Grenfell College, Memorial’s Corner Brook campus, where she teaches social psychology, contemporary issues in personality, psychotherapy, and the psychology of women.
According to publisher Creative Bound International Inc., her book “gives voice to the experience of graduate women — particularly how they deal with issues of time and financial restraints, sexism, lack of support, and domestic roles and tasks still prescribed by gender — and offers practical suggestions to assist women trying to manoeuvre in that narrow gap between family and student life. Many women reveal the reasons for not continuing in academia, despite their desire to earn an MA or PhD.”
Dr. Corbin Dwyer said there are two reasons for writing this book.
“First, it puts research into practice. As a result of listening to the women’s stories, I changed how I worked with my own graduate students. Hearing about the supervisory relationships of participants and issues that impacted their progress in their programs, I felt compelled to examine my own relationships with students and to think about their circumstances outside of the class or my office,” she said. “Secondly, I experienced first-hand the relief women felt after learning that others shared their experiences, and that they were not alone. Many of these women encouraged me to write a guidebook to assist other women to navigate the ‘Ivory Tower’.”
A public launch of Surviving and Succeeding in the Ivory Tower was held in October.
Perspectives on Ottawa's High-tech Sector
By Dr. Nick Novakowski
Dr. Nick Novakowski is the editor of a book dealing with the rising reputation that Ottawa is earning as a global technology centre.
Dr. Novakowski, an associate professor of geography at Grenfell College, and Rémy Tremblay, Canada Research Chair on Knowledge Cities, are the editors of Perspectives on Ottawa’s High-tech Sector. Dr. Novakowski is an urban geographer and urban planner at Grenfell College. His research interests include knowledge cities, Chinese urbanization, and environmental planning.
Canada’s capital is earning a reputation as a global technology centre that offers a dynamic mix of economic, cultural, educational and recreational opportunities. It is an advanced technology centre, particularly known for its research and development in the fields of telecommunications, technology services, software development, defence and security, microelectronics/wireless and photonics.
The book is organized into four themes: Ottawa: A Knowledge City; Planning the Cluster: By Decision, By Design or By Destiny?; Growing the Cluster: Idea Farming and Innovation Strategies for Economic Development; and The Unique Ottawa Cluster: Regional, Bilingual, and Cosmopolitan. The dominant message of the book is that planning for the knowledge city begins with a nexus of telecommunications, logistical and educational advantages, which is built upon by incremental knowledge-building decisions.
“Knowledge cities are able to provide and consolidate learning, education, invention and innovation, the factors that drive wealth-creation now and will continue to do so in the future,” said Dr. Novakowski. “These cities are the lucky beneficiaries of historical trends that have supported the emergence of learning centres and are simultaneously planned for in terms of business clustering along with telecommunications and transportation infrastructure. Since the current mantra of the global economy is innovation, the potential for invention and patent-generation is the unit of measurement driving many allocation decisions. So, the key challenge for all cities, large and small, is to unlock their comparative advantages and optimize them through innovation.”
Perspectives on Ottawa’s High-tech Sector is published by Peter Lang.
Tense and Aspect in Bantu
By Dr. Derek Nurse
Asked how many tenses there are, most readers would probably say three past, present, future. That isn’t true for many languages, including English, and certainly not for most African languages. Some African languages have no tenses while others have five past tenses alone (they’d use five different verb forms to translate “We went to Halifax”). Conversely, time can be referred to in different ways: “We will fly, shall fly, are going to fly, are flying to Halifax tomorrow” all refer to the future but none, except arguably the first, is a tense.
We went, used to go, were going, had gone, had been going to Halifax all contain a tense with an aspect component: aspect refers to how situations are distributed in time.
This book looks at variation in the form and function of tense and aspect in Bantu languages, spoken in central, eastern, and southern Africa, south of a line between Nigeria and Somali, down to Capetown. They number between 250 and 600, many not adequately classified or fully described, many endangered. The book is based on data from over 200 languages, a representative sample of which is available online at http://www.ucs.mun.ca/~dnurse/tabantu.html. Substantial chapters analyze and compare the different Bantu tense and aspect systems. Another examines categories with which tense and aspect interact, including negation and focus. The last two chapters sketch the history of Bantu tense and aspect. One reconstructs forms from which contemporary structures and categories derive. The second deals with the processes of change by which older structures and independent words moved, becoming incorporated as grammatical inflections and categories.
Dr. Derek Nurse is a professor emeritus professor of Linguistics. The book is published by Oxford University Press.
The Voice of Newfoundland: A
Social History of the Broadcasting Corporation of Newfoundland,
By Dr. Jeff A. Webb
Similar to the CBC and BBC, the Broadcasting Corporation of Newfoundland was a public broadcaster that was at the centre of a cultural and political change from 1939 to 1949, during which Newfoundland faced wartime challenges and engaged in a constitutional debate about whether to become integrated into Canada. The Voice of Newfoundland studies these changes by taking a close look at the Broadcasting Corporation of Newfoundland’s radio programming and the responses of their listeners.
Making excellent use of program recordings, scripts, and letters from listeners, as well as government and corporate archives, Dr. Jeff A. Webb examines several innovative programs that responded to the challenges of the Great Depression and Second World War. Dr. Webb explores the roles that radio played in society and culture during a vibrant and pivotal time in Newfoundland’s history, and demonstrates how the broadcaster’s decision to air political debates was pivotal in Newfoundlanders’ decision to join Canada and to become part of North American consumer society.
An engaging study rich in details of some of 20th-century Newfoundland’s most fascinating figures, The Voice of Newfoundland is a remarkable history of its politics and culture and an important analysis of the influence of the media and the participation of listeners.
Dr. Webb is an assistant professor in the Department of History.
The Voice of Newfoundland is published by the University of Toronto Press.
Indian Diaspora: Voices of the Diasporic Elders in Five Countries
Edited by Drs. Amarjit Singh and Kalyani Mehta
This is the latest book by Dr. Amarjit Singh, Faculty of Education, co-authored with Dr. Kalyani Mehta, National University of Singapore, Department of Social Work.
According to them, in recent accounts of Indians living in diaspora “the elderly seem to receive much less attention than the new generation and its progress, prosperity and success.” This book “attempts to close that gap by focusing on the voices of the Punjabi, Bengali, Sindhi, and Gujarati diasporic elderly Indian living in five countries”- the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom/ East Africa, Singapore, and Malaysia.
Dr. Singh explained that, “The impetus to write this book comes from our desire to meet the demands of our students.”
According to editors this book is designed for those who work in the areas of social gerontology, nursing, multiculturalism, social work and education.
Dr. Singh has been teaching with Memorial’s Faculty of Education since 1970. His writings have appeared in local, national and international journals. He is the co-author of Ethics, Politics and International Social Science Research (1984), Teacher Training: A Reflective Perspective (2001), Classroom Management: A Reflective Perspective (2001) and Reading and Teaching Henry Giroux (2006). He is also a member of the Founding Scholars Advisory Board, the Freire International Project for Critical Pedagogy, McGill University.
Indian Diaspora is published by Sense Publishers.
An Imperfect Librarian
By Dr. Elizabeth Murphy
Memorial University associate professor – and the winner of the President’s Award for Outstanding Research in 2007 – Dr. Elizabeth Murphy has just published a novel with Breakwater Books. Titled An Imperfect Librarian, the novel follows Carl Brunet, a digital systems librarian who comes to Newfoundland and Labrador to work in a university library.
“Carl knows more than most how hard it can be to find one’s place in an imperfect world,” said Dr. Murphy. “Abandoned by his mother, scorned by his father, cuckolded by his wife, too tall, too naive, too unlucky, even the dogs are laughing behind his back.”
Dr. Murphy highlighted two inspirations for her novel. The first was a reading a MUN newsline posting a few years ago about 10,000 books that had gone missing from the library. The second was a lecture at Memorial a number of years ago by author Alberto Manguel. The lecture was called The Library at Night.
At one point, the main character, Carl, asks friends and family, “Supposing you were in a Fahrenheit 451 situation and you could save only one book to memorize. What would it be?”
That question is one example of the issues raised in the book related to the future of books and libraries in the Internet age.
Although the story has libraries and books as a central aspect, “The characters are really what make the story interesting and humorous too,” Dr. Murphy said.
“All the people in Carl's world are somewhat odd. That's largely what makes his world so imperfect. At the same time, he depends on those people and they help him. As Henry, one of Carl’s colleagues says, ‘If we weren't imperfect we'd be gods. We wouldn't need each other.'”
Local writer Joan Sullivan describes the novel as, “a great book for people who love books, read books, collect books, catalogue books, treasure books, memorize books, covet books, crave books or ferret books away.”