Course Pack V: Brecht post-WWII. In 1941, as the war took a turn for the worse, Brecht moved finally to the United States, where he was received a hero of sorts; a war resister. Ironically, after the war he was pursued by the HUAC for the same reasons he had initially been accepted: because he was allegedly a communist (of course he was a communist).
. He managed to escape the United States on a technicality: he didn’t have current membership in the party. During the hearing (which he originally had refused to attend), he spoke intentionally in obfuscated dialect, abused his translators, and reportedly smoked rather stinky cigars, which brought physical illness upon the jury members of lesser fortitude.
. The day after the hearing, he fled to Europe. Experience had taught him not to stick around as danger seemed imminent. He obtained Austrian papers and citizenship, opened a Swiss bank account, and eventually ended up in (Soviet occupied) East Berlin, where he was hailed as a hero. He taught, wrote, theorized, and so forth (but wrote only one play) until 1956, at which point, at the age of 58, he died of heart failure.