Trail 1 – Yetman Trail
This trail zigzags between mature spruce/fir forest and wetland habitats with pockets of deciduous forest throughout.
As you walk through the beautifully serene climax coniferous forest you will see mature balsam fir (Abies balsamea), black and white spruce (Picea mariana, P. glauca). Woodland flowers such as twinflower (Linnaea borealis), wild lily-of-the-valley (Maianthemum canadense), goldthread (Coptis trifolia), bluebead lily (Clintonia borealis), one-flowered wintergreen (Moneses uniflora) and crackerberry (Cornus canadensis) thrive in the moist, nutrient-rich soil.
Along the edge of the trail cinnamon ferns (Osmunda cinnamomea), wood ferns (Dryopteris intermedia) and bracken ferns (Pteridium aquilinum) edge this trail. This is also the domain of a variety of mosses which form blankets over the forest floor. Lichens can be seen along the trail, on the rocks, tree trunks and hanging from tree branches (old man's beard).
In the fall mushrooms such as poisonous fly agaric, russula and chanterelles can pop up overnight in the forest along this trail.
One of the more interesting botanical denizens that you see here is the Indian pipe (Monotropa uniflora). Non-chlorophyllous, this ghostly white plant only emerges above ground in late summer to flower and fruit. Otherwise, it spends its time underground as rhizomes and roots that absorb the products of decay. Consequently it is termed a saprophyte.
Animals and birds to be seen on the trail include snowshoe hare (Lepus americanus), red squirrels (Sciurus vulgaris), ruffed grouse (Bonasa umbellus), blue jays (Cyanocitta cristata), common crows (Corvus brachyrhynchos), dark-eyed juncos (Junco hyemalis), black-capped and boreal chickadees (Poecile atricapillus, P. hudsonicus) which all breed in the spruce/fir forest.
Along the trail the forest opens up to the fen habitat where a cover of sedges renders the fen meadow-like in appearance. In these areas finely constructed boardwalks protect the delicate environment while allowing close access and dry feet. Newfoundland and Labrador's provincial flower, the insectivorous pitcher plant (Sarracenia purpurea) is a common sight in the fen. Stunted black spruce (Picea mariana) and larch (Larix laricina), juniper (Juniperus communis), bog laurel (Kalmia polifolia), leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata), marsh berry (Vaccinium oxycoccus) and northeastern rose (Rosa nitida) are common in the fen habitat. The fen is also home to several species of orchids (Platanthera clavellata, P. blephariglottis and P. dilatata).
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