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Gardening with Natives

Plants and shrubs native to Newfoundland and Labrador offer a stunning display of the virility and heartiness of the plant kingdom. The colours, textures, and shapes exhibited by the foliage, buds, and blooms are a fabulous addition to any garden. Natives are incorporated throughout the cultivated gardens, with a high percentage of the medicinal, peat, and woodland beds being native plants. The nature trails also offer a look at native plants in their natural environments. August is a great month to spot several of the native orchids and mid-summer is often the time to see the Garden’s emblem, the twinflower, in bloom along the Yetman Trail.

   

 

Native ornamental plants for the Garden
List compiled by Todd Boland, Research Horticulturist, MUN Botanical Garden

Native Trees
White Spruce – Picea glauca
Black Spruce – Picea mariana
Balsam Fir – Abies balsamea
Red Pine – Pinus resinosa
White Pine – Pinus strobus
Red Maple – Acer rubrum
White Birch – Betula papyrifera
Yellow Birch – Betula alleghaniensis
Chokecherry – Prunus virginiana
Dogberry – Sorbus americana/decora

Native Shrubs
Bearberry – Arctostaphyllos uva-ursi
Bayberry – Myrica pensylvanica
Bunchberry – Cornus canadensis
Red-osier Dogwood – Cornus stolonifera
Pagoda Dogwood – Cornus alternifolia
Common Juniper – Juniperus communis
Creeping Juniper – Juniperus horizontalis
Purple Chokeberry – Aronia floribunda
Virginia wild rose – Rosa virginiana
Bush honeysuckle – Diervilla lonicera
Rhodora – Rhododendron canadense
Highbush Cranberry – Viburnum trilobum
Northern wild raisin – Viburnum cassinoides
Winterberry holly – Ilex verticillata
Chuckley-pear – Amelanchier
Red Elderberry – Sambucus pubens
Dwarf Birch – Betula pumila

Fabulous Ferns - It’s About the Foliage
Maidenhair fern - Adiantum aleuticum
Lady fern – Athyrium filix-femina
Wood fern – Dryopteris species
Ostrich fern – Matteucica struthiopteris
Cinnamon ferns – Osmunda cinnamomea
Royal fern – Osmunda regalis
Beech fern – Phegopteris connectilis
Holly fern – Polystichum braunii
New York fern – Thelypteris noveboracens 

Herbaceous Perennials
Joe-pye weed – Eutrochium maculatum
Canada burnet – Sanguisorba canadensis
Blue Flag – Iris versicolor
Marsh Marigold – Caltha palustris
Goldenrods – Solidago species
Asters – Symphyotrichum species
Meadowrue – Thalictrum pubescens

Woodlanders for Dappled Shade
Bluebead lily – Clintonia borealis
Wild lily-of-the-valley – Maianthemum canadense
Twisted stalk – Streptopus species
Baneberry - Actaea rubra
Star-flowered False Solomon’s-seal – Maianthemum
stellatum

Rock Stars - Native Alpines
Pussytoes – Antennaria species
Hyssop-leaved fleabane – Erigeron hyssopifolius
Violets – Viola species
Balsam ragwort – Packera pauperculus
Dwarf goldenrod – Solidago hispida/multiradiata
Harebell – Campanula rotundifolia
Beach-head iris – Iris hookeri
Roseroot – Rhodiola rosea
Blue-eyed grass – Sisyrinchium angustifolium
Crant’z cinquefoil – Potentilla crantzii
Encrusted saxifrage – Saxifraga paniculata

For more information about gardening with native plants the Garden Gift Shop has several resources for sale. Garden staff is also a wealth of knowledge about all things gardening so please do not hesitate to visit or contact garden staff at:
Tel: (709) 864-8590
Email: bgprograms@mun.ca

 

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