Position: Assistant Professor
My research encompasses the fields of archaeological science, biomolecular archaeology and human skeletal biology. Specifically I focus on how culture, biological adaptations and climate change have influenced subsistence, settlement, migration and mobility patterns in the past. The primary analytical tool I use to address these issues is the analysis of stable and radiogenic isotopes (carbon, nitrogen, oxygen and strontium) from biological tissues (bone, teeth and hair), which are complemented by traditional morphologic-based methods of analyzing skeletal remains. Other areas of my research include the development of isotope-based analytical methodologies and unraveling the complex nature of isotopic and morphological variability within and between animal species.
- 2007 D.Phil., University of Bradford, UK
- 2002 MSc., University of Bradford, UK
- 1998 BA (honours), Memorial University, Canada
2009-present: Associated Scientist in the Department of Human Evolution, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology [http://www.eva.mpg.de/evolution/]
The BioArchaeology Laboratory has dedicated space in the Department of Archaeology and the Department of Earth Sciences for the preparation and chemical analysis of biological remains. We are currently setup for routine isotope analysis of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen and strontium in a wide range of materials, and we are continuing to explore novel techniques for bone and tooth chemical analysis. Students and researchers in the BioArchaeology Laboratory are directly involved in sample preparation, analysis and interpretation of data. Additionally, the BioArchaeology Laboratory has restricted access space that includes comparative human skeletal collections for osteoarchaeological research.
- Megan Bower (2011-present):
- Linda Melo (2012): Paleobiology, funerary practices and mobility of the Late Neolithic human remains exhumed from the funerary monuments of João da Horta 1 and 2. Co-supervisor with Ana-Maria Silva, University of Coimbra, Portugal
- Eric Guiry (Completed): Dogs as dietary analogues: assessing the cross-contextual validity of the canine surrogacy approach for stable isotope palaeodiet reconstructions.
- Courtney Merner (2010-present): Investigating mobility using biogeochemistry at the Chalcolithic necropolis of Camino del Molino, Murcia, Spain.
- Brittany Ellerbrok (2010-present): Reconstructing the life history of individuals from a 17th century mass burial at Fortress Louisbourg using isotope analysis
- Kelly-Anne Pike (2011-present): A study of kettle burial mortuary behaviour and skeletal biology in Eastern Canada [Co-supervisor with Dr. Michael Deal]
- Chandra-Young Boyle (2011-present): Unangan fish harvesting and changing climatic conditions: an analysis of otoliths from Kiska Island, the Western Aleutians, Alaska.
- Caitlyn Hill (2009; completed): ChAe-13, The Bay Bulls Burial: an osteological analysis and possible historical context of unidentified human remains.
- Kendra Dawe (2011; completed) Reconstructing diet of the Beothuk: a biomolecular pilot study.
- Rae Desson (2011; completed): An osteological study of human remains from the 17th century fishing plantation site of Dos de Chavel, Newfoundland.
- Andrew Holmes (2012; completed): Reconstructing early modern human palaeoenvironments using stable isotope analysis of faunal remains at the site of El Miron, Spain
Guiry, E.J., Noël, S., Tourigny, E., and Grimes, V. (2012) A stable isotope method for identifying transatlantic origin of pig (Sus scrofa) remains at French and English fishing stations in Newfoundland. Journal of Archaeological Science, 39(7):2012-2022.
Richards, M.P., Grimes, V. and Blockley, S.M. (2012) Stable isotope analysis (C,N,O) of Lynford Quarry faunal samples. In Boisemeir, W., Coward F. and Gamble C. (Eds.) Neanderthals Among Mammoths: Excavations at Lynford Quarry, Norfolk. English Heritage.
Jay, M., Grimes, V. and Richards, M.P. (2012) Stable isotope analysis of animal bone from Pontnewydd Cave. In Aldhouse-Green, S., Peterson, R. and Walker, E. (Eds.). Neaderthals in Wales: Pontnewydd and the Elwy Valley Caves. 321-327. Cardiff, University of Wales Press.
Guiry, E.J. (2012) Dogs as analogs in stable isotope-based human paleodietary reconstructions: a review and considerations for future use. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, 19(3):351-376.
Copeland, SR., Sponheimer, M., de Ruiter, DJ., Lee-Thorp, JA., Condron, D., le Roux, PJ., Grimes, V., Potze, S., Richards, MP. 2011. Strontium isotope evidence for landscape use by early hominin. Nature, 474:76-79.
Britton, K., Grimes, V., Niven, L., Steele, T., McPherron, S., Soressi, M., Kelly, T.E., Jaubert, J., Hublin, J.J., and Richards, M.P. 2011. Strontium isotope evidence for migration in late Pleistocene Rangifer: Implications for Neanderthal hunting strategies at the Middle Palaeolithic site of Jonzac, France. Journal of Human Evolution, 61:176-185.
Copeland, S.R., Sponheimer, M., Lee-Thorp, J.A., de Ruiter, D.J., le Roux, P.J., Grimes, V., Codron, D., Codron, J., Berger, L.R. and Richards, M.P. Using strontium isotopes to study site accumulation processes. Journal of Taphonomy 8(2-3):115-127.
Stallo, J. R., Shepartz, L.A., Grimes, V. and Richards, M.P. (2008) Strontium isotopes ratios and mobility reconstruction. In Amore, M.G. (Ed.) Necropolis of Apollonia. Tumulus 9. Tiranë: International Center for Albanian Archeology Monograph Series No. 2.
Richards, M., Grimes, V., Smith, C., Smith, T., Harvati, K., Hublin, J.J., Karkanas, P., and Panagopoulou, E. (2009) Response to Nowell and Horstwood (2009). Journal of Archaeological Science, 36:1657-1658
Briton, K., Grimes, V., Dau, J. and Richards, M.P. (2009) Reconstructing faunal mirgrations using intra-tooth sampling and strontium and oxygen isotope analyses: a case study of modern caribou (Rangifer tarandus granti). Journal of Archaeological Science, 36:1163-1172.
Copeland, S.R., Sponheimer, M., le Roux, P.J., Grimes, V., Lee-Throp, J.A., de Ruiter, D.J., and Richards, M.P. (2008) Strontium isotope ratios (87Sr/86Sr) of tooth enamel: a comparison of solution and laser ablation multicollector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry methods. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 22:3187-3194.
Richards, M.P., Harvati, K., Grimes, V., Smith, C., Smith, T., Hublin, J. J., Karkanas, P., and Panagopoulou, E. (2008) Strontium isotope evidence of Neanderthal mobility at the site of Lakonis, Greece using laser-ablation PIMMS. Journal of Archaeological Sciences, 35:1251-1256.
Richards, M.P., Montgomery, J., Nehlich, O., and Grimes, V. (2008) Isotopic analysis of humans and animals from Vedrovice. Anthropologie: International Journal of the Science of Man, 46:185-194.
Wilson, A.S., Taylor, T., Ceruti, M.A., Chavez, J.A., Reinhard, J. Grimes, V., Meier-Augenstein, W., Cartmell, L., Stern, B., Richards, M.P., Worobey, M. Barnes, I., and Gilbert, T.P. (2007) Stable isotope and DNA evidence for ritual sequences in Inca child sacrifice. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104(42):16456-16461.
Dobney, K., Jaques, D., Barrett, J., Johnstone, C., Carrott, J., Hall, A., Herman, J., Nichols, C., Müldner, G. and Grimes, V. (2007) Exploitation of resources and procurement strategies. In Dobney, K., Jaques, D., Barrett, J. and Johnstone, C. (Eds.) Farmers Monks & Aristocrats. The environmental archaeology of an Anglo-Saxon estate centre at Flixborough, North Lincolnshire, U.K. 190-212. Oxford: Oxbow/English Heritage.
Jay, M., Grimes, V., Montgomery, J., Lakin, K. and Evans, J. (2007) Multi-isotope analysis, Chapter 8: Environmental Evidence. pp. 351-354. In Brown, F., Howard-Davis, C., Evans, T., O’Connor, S., Spence, A., Heawood, R. and Lupton, A. (Eds.) The archaeology of the A1 (M) Darrington to Dishforth DBFO Road Scheme. Lancaster, Oxford Archaeology North.
Guiry, E.J., Noël, S., Dupont-Hébert, C. and Grimes, V. (2012) Understanding Meat Provisioning Practices among Historic North Atlantic Fisheries: Insights from Stable Isotope Analyses. 45th Annual Meeting of the Canadian Archaeological Association, 16-20 May, Montreal, Canada.
Guiry, E.J., Touriqny, E., Noël, S. and Grimes, V. (2012) Meat Provisioning in Colonial Fishing Stations: Integrating Zooarchaeology and Stable Isotope Analysis.’ La Trobe University Archaeology Postgraduate Conference, 16 March, Melbourne, Australia.
Grimes, V., Dawe, K., Poinar, H., Younghusband, B. and Marshall, I. (2011) Re-assessing the human occupation of Eastern Canada: diets and dates. UK Archaeological Sciences Conference, 15-18 September, Reading University. Reading, UK.
Guiry, E.J., Touriqny, E., Noël, S. and Grimes, V. (2011) Animal husbandry in New World colonial fishing stations: insights from stable isotope analysis.’ UK Archaeological Science Conference , 15-18 September, Reading University, Reading, UK.
Grimes, V. and Dawe, K. (2011) Biomolecular study into the lifeways and genetics of prehistoric people from Newfoundland and Labrador.’ Canadian Archaeology Association, Annual Meeting, 19-21 May, Halifax, Canada.
Copeland, S., Richards, M.P., Lee-Thorp, J.A., Neveling, J. Grimes, V. and Grine, F.E. (2010) Isotopic evidence for the geographic origins and diet of the 36,000 year-old-Hofmyer skull. American Association of Physical Anthropologists, 79th Annual Meeting, 14-17 April, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA.
Verna, C., Grimes, V., Toussaint, M., Hublin, J.-J. and Richards, M.P. (2010) Tracing Neanderthal movement and mobility using strontium isotope analysis: case studies from Belgium.’ Paleoanthropology Society, 2010 Annual Meeting, 13-14 April, St. Louis, Missouri, USA.
Grimes, V., Copeland, S.R., le Roux, P., Sponheimer, M., Lee-Thorp, J., de Ruiter, D. and Richards, M.P. (2008) Recent developments in micro-sampling techniques of modern and archaeological dental tissues for strontium isotope ratios.’ Canadian Association for Physical Anthropology, 5-8 November, Hamilton, Canada.