University Research Professor
Cross-appointed to Department of History
- BA, Princeton University, 1968
- BLitt, Oxford University, 1973
- MA, Memorial University, 1986
- PhD, Memorial University, 1992
- University Research Professor (2008-2013)
- Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London (2007)
- President’s Award for Outstanding Research, 2001-2002
My major academic interest is the historical archaeology of the early modern Atlantic world. This research necessarily intersects both social history and historical anthropology. I began teaching at Memorial in History. Following a post-doc and some teaching at Université Laval in Quebec City, I returned to join Memorial's Archaeology Unit in 1996. From 2000 to 2005 I directed the Newfoundland Archaeological Heritage Outreach Program , an SSHRC-sponsored Community-University Research Alliance, which involved me with community archaeology projects across Newfoundland and Labrador. For some years, I have been researching early modern fisher folk, and happy to learn about them, whether by reading contemporary accounts of voyages, by excavation of features at a fishing room, or by pinning down the distribution of a particular type of earthenware. I'm increasingly interested in recording and analyzing the landscapes created, as Europeans developed the shore-based, salt cod fishery in Atlantic Canada.
Current Research Projects
- An archaeology of the Petit Nord: the maritime cultural landscape of the French, seasonal, shore-based, salt-cod fishery in northern Newfoundland, 1510-1904(funded by SSHRC) Archaeology of the Petit Nord.
- Early modern Breton ceramics in Newfoundland (With Yves Monette, INRS, Quebec).
- How early modern fishers used sea bird colonies.
- The evolution of the cultural landscape of the Azores.
- The transition from seasonal migratory occupation of fishing rooms to year-around permanent settlement, at Clears Cove, Fermeuse Bay.
Recent Publications (since 2005)
- The English and the Irish in Newfoundland: Historical Archaeology and the Myth of Illegal Settlement. In Audrey Horning and Nick Brannon, eds, Ireland and Britain in the Atlantic World, 217-233. Society for Post Medieval Archaeology Monograph Series, 2010.
- French Place Names Survivals on Newfoundland’s Petit Nord: Crouse, Fischot and Les Ilettes. Regional Language Studies, 21 (2009), 1-4.
- Fisheries Science and Fisheries Regulation in the North Atlantic: the Instructive Case of Newfoundland’s Petit Nord, in Årstein Svihus (ed.), Fisheries Science and Fisheries Regulation in the North Atlantic, Studia Atlantica 13 (2009): 8-19.
- Transformation of the Maritime Cultural Landscape of Atlantic Canada by Migratory European Fishers, 1500–1800. In Louis Sicking and Darlene Abreu-Ferreira, eds,Beyond the Catch: Fisheries of the North Atlantic, the North Sea and the Baltic, 900-1850, 123-154. The Hague: Brill, 2009.
- Historical Archaeology and the Maritime Cultural Landscape of the Atlantic Fishery. In Alan MacEachern and William J. Turkel, eds, Canadian Environmental History Reader, 36-54. Toronto: Thomson Nelson. 2008.
- The Archaeology of France’s Migratory Fishery on Newfoundland’s Petit Nord. In Christian Roy and Hélène Côté, eds, Rêves d’Amériques: Regard sur l’archéologie de la Nouvelle France, 38-54. Montréal: Archéologiques, Collection hors série 2, 2008.
- Newfoundland and Labrador, 1497-1697. In Newfoundland Historical Society. A Short History of Newfoundland . Portugal Cove-St.Phillip's, NL: Boulder, 2008.
- with Michael Batt, Post-Medieval Breton Earthenwares in Newfoundland.Post-Medieval Archaeology 42 (1) (2008), 48-74.
- Le tempo des pêches lointaines : vestiges des rythmes vernaculaires transatlantiques. In Medieval Europe Paris 2007, 4e Congrès International d'Archéologie Médiévale et Moderne. http://medieval-europe-paris-2007.univ-paris1.fr/P.Pope.pdf
- with Stephen F. Mills, Outport Archaeology: Community Archaeology in Newfoundland, in S. Baugher and J. Jameson, eds.,The Past Meets the Present: Archaeologists Partnering with Museum Curators, Teachers, and Community Groups, 169-186. New York: Springer, 2007.
- The Scale of the Early Modern Newfoundland Cod Fishery. David J. Starkey and James E. Candow, eds,The North Atlantic Fisheries: Supply, Marketing and Consumption, 1560-1900, 9-28.
Publications in Press
- The Admiral System as Conflict Management, in the Transatlantic Migratory Fisheries, 1500-1800. Studia Atlantica.
- Early Migratory Fishermen and Newfoundland’s Seabird Colonies. Journal of the North Atlantic, special issue on Historical/Post-Medieval Archaeology in the North Atlantic - World Systems, Colonialism and Climate. Accepted for publication.
Selected Earlier Publications (to 2005)
- The Waterfront Archaeology of Early Modern St John’s Newfoundland. In Marinella Pasquinucci and Timm Weski, eds., Close Encounters: Sea- and Riverborne Trade, Ports and Hinterlands, Ship Construction and
- Navigation in Antiquity, the Middle Ages and in Modern Time, 179-190. Oxford: BAR International Series 1283 (2004).
- Editor, The New Early Modern Newfoundland, the Eighteenth Century. Special issue of Newfoundland Studies, 17 (2) (2003).
- Editor, The New Early Modern Newfoundland, to 1700. Special issue of Newfoundland Studies, 19 (1) (2001).
- Le Petit Nord du XVIIe siècle. Annales du Patrimoine de Fécamp 10 (2003): 13-18.
- Modernization on Hold: the Traditional Character of the Newfoundland Cod Fishery in the Seventeenth Century. International Journal of Maritime History 15 (2) (2003): 233-264.
- Early European Occupations in Southeast Newfoundland: Archaeological Perspectives on Competition for Seasonal Fishing Rooms, 1520-1660, in Christian Roy, Jean Bélisle, Marc-André Bernier and Brad Loewen, eds., Mer et Monde. Questions d'archéologie maritime, Collection hors série 1, Archéologiques b0 (Montréal, 2003), 122-133.
- Comparisons: Atlantic Canada, in Daniel Vickers, ed., A Companion to Colonial America (Malden MA and Oxford: Blackwell, 2003), 489-507.
- with J. Howse, eds., "Replies to Inquiries, Newfoundland, 1675-1698" in N. Ashcroft and M.G. Barnard, compilers, HMAP [History of Marine Animal Populations] Database
- Discovery and Memory: Zuan Caboto and the Norse in Newfoundland. In Explorations in the North Atlantic from the Middle Ages to the XVIIth Century, ed. Anna Agnarsdottir (Reykjavik: University of Iceland Press, 2002), 45-60! .
- The Many Landfalls of John Cabot (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997).
- Fish into Wine: the Demand for Alcohol in 17th-Century Newfoundland, Histoire Sociale/Social History 27(54) (1994), 261-278, rep. in The Changing Face of Drink: Substance, Imagery, and Behaviour, eds. Jack S. Blocker and Cheryl Krasnick Warsh (Ottawa: Histoire Sociale/Social History Publications, 1997), 43-64.
- Early Estimates: Assessment of Catches in the Newfoundland Cod Fishery, 1660-1690. In Marine Resources and Human Societies in the North Atlantic Since 1500, Daniel Vickers (St. John's: ISER Books, 1997), 7-40.
- with Henry M. Miller, D.L. Hamilton, Nicholas Honerkamp, Steven R. Pendery and James A. Tuck, The Archaeology of Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-Century British Colonization in the Caribbean, United States, and Canada, Society for Historical Archaeology, Guides to Historical Archaeological Literature, no. 4 (1996).
- The Practice of Portage in the Early Modern N! orth Atlantic: Introduction to an Issue in Maritime Historical Anthropology, Journal of the Canadian Historical Assoc. (new series) 6 (1995), 19-41.
- Under Water Street: the Early Waterfront of St. John's, Newfoundland, in Archaeological Remains In Situ Preservation (Montreal: International Committee for Archaeological Management, 1995), 243-250.
- Scavengers and Caretakers: Beothuk/European Settlement Dynamics in 17th-Century Newfoundland, Newfoundland Studies, 9(2) (1993), 279-293.
- with J.P. Allen, A New Class of South-West English Pottery in North America, Post-Medieval Archaeology 24 (1990), 51-59.