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Barry Gaulton


Associate Professor
Department Head


  • Ph.D. 2006 Memorial University
  • M.A 1997 Memorial University
  • B.A 1993 Memorial University


Phone: 709-864-8192
Office: QC 2009

Research Interests

My research focuses on life in Eastern North America and Newfoundland during the 17th century. The broad themes I am interested in include Historical archaeology, vernacular architecture, material culture, military archaeology, maritime archaeology, and transhumance. For more informtaion on my interests, please refer to the list of publications and supervised student research below.

Current Research Projects

My current research invloves ongoing excavations at Ferryland, Newfoundland, which focuses on George Calvert's colony of Avalon (1621) and the subsequent plantation established by Sir David Kirke in 1638. Visit for more details.

Aerial view of Ferryland

Ferryland Interim Report 2011
Ferryland Interim Report 2012
Ferryland Interim Report 2013

I am also investigating transhumant forager-fishers in Newfoundland and Labrador at Sunnyside, Newfoundland.

Cathrine Hawkins beside a feature at Sunnyside

Sunnyside Interim Report 2010
Sunnyside Interim Report 2013
Sunnyside Final Report 2014

And analysing Seventeenth-century Ottoman clay tobacco pipes.

Ottoman pipes

Graduate and Honours' Students


Adrian Morrison. (co-supervision with Dr. Michael Deal). Research Topic: The Archaeology of an Eighteenth-Century Fishing Settlement in Canso, Nova Scotia. (in progress)

Arthur R. Clausnitzer Jr. (co-supervision with Dr. Peter Pope) Research Topic: A comparative study of fishing sites in the Gulf of Maine and the English Shore of Newfoundland, 1600 to 1763. (in progress)

Tom E.G.S. Cromwell. Research Topic: A study and analysis of the 18th century defenses of Newfoundland. (in progress)

Aaron Miller. (2013): "Avalon and Maryland: A comparative historical archaeology of the seventeenth-century New World provinces of the Lords Baltimore (1621-1644)".


Anatolijs Venovcevs. Thesis title: tbc (in progress)

Simon Newcombe. Thesis title: tbc (in progress)

Catherine Hawkins. Thesis title: “English Border Ware Ceramics in Seventeenth-Century British North America” (in progress).

Sarah Ingram (2015) "By Which So Much Happiness Is Produced": An Analysis of the Seventeenth-Century Tavern at Ferryland, Newfoundland.

Arthur R. Clausnitzer Jr. (2011) "As well as any beere": The seventeenth-century brewhouse and bakery at Ferryland, Newfoundland.

Jennifer Comeau. Thesis title: "Foodways of the 16th-Century French Fisherman at Ferryland, Newfoundland". (in progress)

Thomas E.G.S Cromwell. (2011): "The new fort : an examination of the design and construction of an 18th-century fort in Placentia, Newfoundland"

Eric Tourigny. (2009): "What ladies and gentlemen ate for dinner: The analysis of faunal material from a seventeenth-century high status English household, Ferryland, Newfoundland".

B.A. Honours

Miller, Mikayla. (2013): "Examination and Interpretation of Architectual Remains of Structure 32, Ferryland, Newfoundland".

Meaghan Whalley. (2013): "The Conservation of Nineteenth Century Waterlogged Archaeological Cork".

David Graham. (2012): "Where once they stood...and dropped things: Answering Questions about Frenchmen's Island (ClAl-1) through an artifact analysis".

Catherine Hawkins. (2012): "English Border Ware Ceramics at Ferryland, Newfoundland".

Sarah Matte. (2011): "Telling time in seventeenth- and eighteenth-century Colonial North America".

Tessa DeRoo. (2009): "All the King's Ponies: The story of Ferryland's Horses as told by their furnishings".

Kathleen Elwood. (2009): "Sparking an Interest in the Past: An examination of the seventeenth- and eighteenth-century gunflints from Ferryland Newfoundland".

Margaret James. (2009): "Death and Christianity in the New World: An examination of Christian Burials in 17th- century Atlantic settlements".

Jennifer Gushue. (2008): "Concerning the Healthfulness of this Countrie: Health, Hygiene and Medical Practices in seventeenth-century Newfoundland".

Student Resources

Historical Archaeology Lab (Queen's College, MUN)

My graduate students conduct some of their artifact analyses in my historical archaeology ab at Queen's College. The lab has several tables for layout space; a small library of material on clay tobacco pipes, glass and ceramics; a computer; and a compact photography studio with tripod and scales.

Sarah Ingram and Arthur Clausnitzer Jr. working in the Historical archaeology lab

Ferryland Collections Room (Ferryland, Newfoundland)

Student's researching artifact assemblages from the archaeological site at Ferryland will have access to the extensive collection of 16th- to 19th-century material housed in our collection's storage room at Ferryland, Newfoundland. Two decades of excavation at Ferryland has unearthed one of the best collections of 17th-century material culture in North America. Our faunal collection (mostly from the 17th century) is contained within a separate storage facility in the same building.

Recent Publications

Gaulton, Barry C. and Tânia M. Casimiro
2015 Custom-made ceramics, transatlantic business partnerships and entrepreneurial spirit in early modern Newfoundland: an examination of the SK vessels from Ferryland. International Journal of Historical Archaeology 19 (1): 1-20.

Gaulton, Barry C.
2014 The Curious Case of the Clay Tobacco Pipes from Frenchman’s Island, Newfoundland. North Atlantic Archaeology 3:1-23.

Clausnitzer, Arthur R. and Barry C. Gaulton
2013 The 17th-century Brewhouse and Bakery at Ferryland, Newfoundland. Northeast Historical Archaeology, 41 (accepted for publication, winter 2013).

Gaulton, Barry C.
2013 The commercial development of Newfoundland's English Shore: The Kirke Family at Ferryland (1638-1696). In Exploring Atlantic Transitions: Archaeologies of Permanence and Transience in New Found Lands. Edited by Peter E. Pope and Shannon Lewis-Simpson. Society for Post-Medieval Archaeology Monograph no. 7, Woodbridge, Suffolk, UK: Boydell and Brewer (in press).

Tuck, James A and Barry C. Gaulton
2013 "The evolution of a seventeenth-century manor". In Glorious Empire: Archaeology and the Tudor-Stuart Atlantic World. Edited by Eric Klingelhofer. Oxbow Books.

Miller, Aaron F, John D. Krugler, Barry C. Gaulton and James I. Lyttleton
2011 "Over Shoes over Boots": Lord Baltimore's final days in Ferryland, Newfoundland. Journal of Early American History 1:167-182.

Gaulton, Barry C.
2009 Canada. Journal of the Academie Internationale de la Pipe 2: 33-36.

Gaulton, Barry C. and Aaron F. Miller
2009 Edward Wynne's The Brittish India or A Compendious Discourse tending to Advancement (circa 1630/31). Newfoundland and Labrador Studies, 24 (1): 111-137.

Temple, Blair and Barry C. Gaulton
2008 "A Fashionable Tailor on Water Street": nineteenth-century tailor's chalks from St. John's, Newfoundland. Northeast Historical Archaeology, 37: 75-88.

Recent Presentations

2014 Exploring the Presence and Prevalence of 17th-century French Clay Pipes in Newfoundland, and Beyond. Paper presented at the Council for Northeast Historical Archaeology Conference held in Long Branch, New Jersey. November 2014.

2014 New discoveries (and rediscoveries) in 2014. Public lecture for the Colony of Avalon Foundation as part of ‘Colony Day’ celebrations, August 4th, 2014.

2014 Clay Pipe Research in Newfoundland: What works, what doesn’t and what more can be done? Paper presented at the Society for Historical Archaeology Conference in Quebec City.

2012 A Terraced Village at 'Avalon': The Construction and Evolution of George Calvert's 1621 Colony at Ferryland, Newfoundland. Council for Northeast Historical Archaeology, St. John's, Newfoundland.

2011 Exploring the Changes in Economics and Architecture at Ferryland, Newfoundland (1621-1696). Council for Northeast Historical Archaeology, Utica, New York.

2011 Transhumant European Forager-Fishers in Seventeenth-Century Newfoundland: Preliminary Interpretations from Sunnyside 1. Society for Historical Archaeology, Austin, Texas.

2010 Consolidating Settlement: Life after the Calverts, the Kirke family at Ferryland (1638-1696). Society for Post Medieval Archaeology, St. John's, Newfoundland.

2009 George Calvert's Mansion House at Ferryland, Newfoundland: A seventeenth-century domestic complex built for an English Lord. Council for Northeast Historical Archaeology, Quebec City, Canada

Selection of Recent Awards/Grants

2011-2014 From Colonial Enterprise to Mercantile Venture: the archaeology of social and economic change at Ferryland, Newfoundland (Principal Investigator). Funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada.

2013 Further Investigations at Sunnyside (ClAl-05), Trinity Bay, Newfoundland. Funded by the Provincial Archaeology Office, Department of Tourism, Culture and Recreation, Government of Newfoundland and Labrador.

2012 Ferryland Archaeology Project (Co-investigator with Dr. James A. Tuck). Funded by ACOA’s Strategic Community Investment Fund and administered through the Colony of Avalon Foundation.

2011 Ferryland Archaeology Project (Co-investigator with Dr. James A. Tuck). Funded by ACOA’s Strategic Community Investment Fund and administered through the Colony of Avalon Foundation.

2010 Preliminary investigations at Sunnyside 1 (ClAl-05), Trinity Bay, Newfoundland. Funded by the Provincial Archaeology Office, Department of Tourism, Culture and Recreation, Government of Newfoundland and Labrador.

2009 Ferryland Archaeology Project (Co-investigator with Dr. James A. Tuck). Funded by ACOA’s Strategic Community Investment Fund and administered through the Colony of Avalon Foundation.

2009 Faculty of Arts Research Initiative Award.