Newfoundland and Labrador lies between the 46th and 61st parallels, with the bulk of the island portion being below the 50th parallel. The island is located in the Gulf of St. Lawrence and the larger Labrador portion is on the eastern part of the Canadian mainland. Newfoundland and Labrador is Canada's most easterly province and its newest, having joined Confederation in 1949. The province has an area of 405,720 sq. km - more than three times the total area of the Maritime Provinces (Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island). The population is estimated to be 531,600.
Source: Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Web Site
Who we are...
Situated on the edge of the North Atlantic, the province of Newfoundland and Labrador has a rich tradition of exploration and discovery. From the earliest journeys of the Norse explorers - the Vikings - who landed on the island over 1,000 years ago, during a time when Aboriginal peoples alone inhabited this place, to the time of John Cabot who landed on the shores of the island in 1497, to the era of the Irish, English, Scottish and French settler, who sought a new life here, Newfoundland and Labrador has had a special relationship with both the sea and with exploration.
Discoverer Guglielmo Marconi received his first wireless signals from Europe in 1901. The province was also the site of the arrival of the first transatlantic cable, linking the old world with the new. Situated on the edge of the North Atlantic, the province of Newfoundland and Labrador has a rich tradition of exploration and discovery. In 1919 Alcock and Brown - discoverers who wanted to explore the world of flight - departed from Newfoundland on what was to be the first non-stop flight from North America to Europe.
Newfoundland and Labrador's capital - St. John's - is the oldest city in North America. St. John's is also home to the largest campus of Memorial University of Newfoundland. Memorial also has campuses in Corner Brook on Newfoundland's west coast and in Harlow, England.
Originally founded in 1925 as a "living memorial" to Newfoundland's war dead, Memorial University has a student population of approximately 17,000, a faculty complement of 1,000 and 1,500 staff in six faculties (Arts, Science, Education, Medicine, Engineering and Applied Science, and Business Administration) and seven schools (Graduate Studies, Nursing, Human Kinetics and Recreation, Social Work, Continuing Education, Music and Pharmacy).
As in the past, our maritime context continues to be an impetus for exploration and discovery. Located on the easternmost tip of North America in St. John's and on the Gulf of St. Lawrence at Corner Brook, Memorial University is one of the world's foremost centres for marine-related research. Researchers at Memorial are increasing our knowledge in such areas as marine biology, seabed tectonics, ice engineering, offshore petroleum exploration, aquaculture, fishing technologies and marine transportation, just to name a few.
Memorial University has also developed a variety of educational programs, research initiatives, publications, and archival collections that together constitute an ambitious and integrated approach to the study of the North Atlantic's maritime environment. Additionally, Memorial is engaged in research projects in physics, chemistry, education, archaeology, anthropology, marine biology, history, philosophy, literature and music. The university has developed an internationally recognized expertise in social sciences, applied sciences, engineering, business, social work, health sciences and the humanities.