Office of the Registrar
Grenfell Campus (2022/2023)
13.18 History

With the exception of 4000-level cross-listed courses, students are required to take 12 credit hours in History (in addition to History 1100/1101) or have permission of the Chair of the Historical Studies Program before enrolling in any 4000-level History course.

History courses are designated by HIST.


Introduction to History I

introduces students to working with historical materials and writing about the past. Students then will apply these skills to a study of the history of the Western world from the Renaissance and European colonialism up to and including the French Revolution, in a global context. The political, social, and cultural manifestations of Western history will be explored as well as the perspectives and condition of marginalized peoples.

CR: the former HIST 1000


Introduction to History II

refines students’ ability to work with historical documents and to understand their significance in how we interpret the past. Students will explore the main contours of the history of the Western World from the Napoleonic period to the contemporary era. Students will learn about the range of historical experience, interaction and exchange between ethnicities and cultures, imperialism, war and revolution, national independence, human rights, gender and social life, environmental change, and globalization.

CR: the former HIST 1001


History of the Hellenistic World

(same as Classics 2020) is a survey of the history of the Mediterranean world and the Near East from the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BCE until the incorporation of the Kingdom of Egypt in the Roman Empire in 30 BCE. Particular attention is given to the influence of the new monarchies on political, social and cultural developments in both Greek and non-Greek communities.

CR: same as Classics 2020


History of Classical Greece

(same as Classics 2035) is a survey of Greek history from the Bronze Age to the death of Alexander the Great, with special reference to the social and political institutions of the fifth century BCE. Students will learn about the foundations of modern democracy and its responses to internal and external challenges.

CR: Classics 2035, HIST/Classics 2030 since 1985-86 or the former HIST/Classics 3910


History of Rome

(same as Classics 2040) is a survey of Roman history from the early monarchy to the reign of Constantine, with special reference to society and politics in the late Republic and early Empire.

CR: Classics 2040, HIST/Classics 3920


Empires of the North Atlantic, 1500-1820

will examine European expansion across the Atlantic to North America, the attempt to take possession of that continent through commercial investment and colonies, and the way in which European colonies were transformed into new societies.


The History of Canadian-American Relations, 1783 to the Present

is a survey of the major themes in the history of Canadian-American relations, from the American Revolution to the present. Emphasis will be placed on economic, social, political and cultural developments.


Making Canada: Canadian History to 1867

is a survey of Canadian History to Confederation, 1867.


Modern Canada: Canadian History Since 1867

is survey of Canadian History since Confederation.


Early Modern European History, 1500-1789

is an introduction to the main issues and problems in early modern European History with an emphasis on the political, social, economic and cultural developments from the sixteenth through the eighteenth century.


Europe in the Nineteenth Century, 1789-1914

is a survey of the economic, social, political and cultural developments of Europe from 1789-1914.


Medieval Europe to the Eleventh Century

(same as Medieval Studies 2001) is a survey of the economic, social, political and cultural developments of the early Middle Ages.

CR: the former HIST 2030, Medieval Studies 2001


Medieval Europe Since the Eleventh Century

(same as Medieval Studies 2002) is a survey of the economic, social, political and cultural developments of Europe in the high and late Middle Ages.

CR: the former HIST 2030, Medieval Studies 2002


The Twentieth Century I

is a study of the world-wide impact of the main events and developments in the age of global interdependence.

CR: the former HIST 3700


Twentieth Century II

is an historical analysis of the main issues in the contemporary world since 1945.

CR: the former HIST 3710


Fascism and Resistance in the Twentieth Century

will explore the history of fascism, and resistance to fascism, from its late nineteenth-century origins through the end of the Second World War.


Art History Survey I

(same as Visual Arts 2700) is the history of art from pre-historic times to the Renaissance.

CR: Visual Arts 2700


Art History Survey II

(same as Visual Arts 2701) is the history of art from the Renaissance to the 20th century.

CR: Visual Arts 2701


Environmental History

examines the history of human relationships to the natural environment. The focus of the course is the history of environmental changes caused by humans, and the influence of the natural environment on human cultures and societies. Case studies will focus on issues with broad relevance to contemporary environmental issues such as energy use, the environmental impact of military conflict, species introductions, natural disasters, urban sustainability, ecological restoration, and the origins of environmentalism.


History of Warfare to 1789

is a survey of major developments in the history of warfare from the earliest times to 1789 with particular emphasis on changes in the nature and conduct of warfare, the evolution of military thinking, the organization of military and naval forces, the impact of technological change, the emergence of professionalism and the relationship between societies and armed forces.


History of Modern Warfare since 1789

is an examination of those major developments which have affected the nature and conduct of warfare in the period since 1789, with particular emphasis on the evolution of military thinking, the impact of technology on organization and planning, the role of air power, the civil-military relationship, professionalism in the armed forces, and the changing nature of warfare: the emergence of total war, global war, guerilla warfare, and limited warfare.


Alexander and the Macedonians

(same as Classics 3090) investigates the impact of the conquests of Alexander the Great and his Macedonian Successors on the political, social, cultural, intellectual, and religious world of the Mediterranean and Near East between Alexander’s accession in 336 and the battle of Ipsus in 301, when his vast empire was carved into Hellenistic kingdoms.

CR: Classics 3090


Queer Histories in the Western World

explores the social, cultural, and political history of sexual minorities in the West from the mid-nineteenth century to the present in order to demonstrate the ways in which sexuality has become central to identity formations.


History of Newfoundland to 1815

is the growth of settlement and the manner in which a `migratory' fishery carried on from England and Ireland changed into a `sedentary' fishery carried on by residents of Newfoundland.


Modern Newfoundland Since 1815

is the establishment and development of political institutions, changes in economic structure and the growth of populations.


France in the Americas, 1500-1815

investigates the French presence mainly in New France, but also Newfoundland, Florida, Louisiana, the Caribbean, Acadia, Ile Royale, and Brazil, from the earliest voyages of exploration to the Anglo-French struggle for North America. This topic will be studied within the greater framework of the transplantation of a European society onto a different continent, delving also into various subject themes such as French-Indigenous relations, politics, and government, women and gender, and society in France and New France.


Migration History of North America

is a survey of migration to and within North America from the seventeenth to the twentieth century.


Early Modern France, 1500-1789

is French history from 1500 to 1789, with a focus on such themes as the Renaissance, political and social change, gender history and the Enlightenment.

CO: 6 credit hours that have the initial digit '2'

PR: 6 credit hours that have the initial digit '2'


France, 1750-1852

is the study of France from the decline of the Old Regime to the end of the Second Republic.


German History I, to the Mid-Nineteenth Century

examines the history of the peoples and states of the Holy Roman Empire of the German nation and the Germanic Confederation with emphasis on the origins of modern Germany.


German History II, Since the Mid-Nineteenth Century

examines the history of German-speaking central Europe with special reference to the evolution of modern Germany since the mid-nineteenth century.


History of the British Empire and Commonwealth since 1815

is the transition from British Empire to Commonwealth of Nations.


Witchcraft and the Witch-Hunts in Early Modern Europe

is a history of witchcraft, demonology, and witch-hunts from 1400 to 1750, focusing on such themes as gender, the body and medical knowledge, religious dissidence, and popular culture.


British History, 1485-1714

is the emergence of Britain under the Tudors and early Stuart monarchs.


Modern Britain

traces Britain’s global ascendency in the eighteenth century to its ‘decline’ in the twentieth century, paying attention to the rise and fall of empire, Anglo- ‘other’ relations, class and gender conflicts, the formation of national identities, and Britain’s relationship with the European Union. This course also examines Britain’s enduring cultural legacy, the longevity and success of the welfare state, and Britain’s continued position as a global political and economic power in the twenty-first century.


History of Ireland Since the Great Famine

is a survey of Irish history from the mid-nineteenth century to the present.

CR: the former HIST 3470


Indigenous History to 1763

(same as Anthropology 3520 and Archaeology 3520) examines Indigenous history in North America, including the Innu, Inuit, Beothuk and Mi’kmaq, from before European contact to the Royal Proclamation in 1763. Particular attention will be paid to historical encounters framed by first contacts, cultural exchange, trade, disease, religious encounters, conflict and diplomacy, and territorial encroachment.

CR: Anthropology 3520 and Archaeology 3520


Indigenous History from 1763

(same as Anthropology 3525 and Archaeology 3525) examines the history of Indigenous peoples in North America, including the Innu, Inuit, Beothuk and Mi’kmaq, from 1763 to the twentieth century. Particular attention will be paid to Indigenous-settler relations, including Indigenous policies, military encounters and diplomacy, expansion and removals, education, treaties, and politicization.

CR: Anthropology 3525 and Archaeology 3525


Tudors, Historical Memory, and Film

focuses on the dialogue between past and present as it plays out in the various film and historical representations of the Tudor period.


Navies and Societies Since 1650

is an examination of the rise of modern navies since 1650 that places navies and naval decisions within broader national and international political, economic and social contexts.

CR: the former HIST 3822


Art History: The Italian Renaissance

(same as Visual Arts 3700) is an overview of the art and architecture of Renaissance Italy with an emphasis upon the historical context in which art was produced.

CR: Visual Arts 3700


Art History: The Renaissance Outside Italy

(same as Visual Arts 3701) is the Renaissance outside Italy from the late Fourteenth century and the international style through the 16th century.

CR: Visual Arts 3701


Women in Western Society and Culture I

is a survey of major developments in the history of women from the fifteenth through the eighteenth centuries. The major themes addressed are: cultural and religious assumptions about women; demographic changes; women's work roles; women's participation in religious and political movements.


Women in Western Society and Culture II

are selected themes in the history of women in the modern period with a focus on cultural attitudes toward women, demographic trends affecting women, the impact of changing economic roles, and the development of feminism.

CR: the former HIST 3761


Democracy in the American and French Revolutions

contrasts these two Revolutions within the broader transnational framework of Atlantic World history in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Pertinent to this course is the exchange of ideas, peoples, and traditions between the French and American contexts. The course focuses on the discussions and development of human rights and democracy as well as the roles played by marginalized groups in these Revolutions.

CR: HIST 3330


History of Modern Revolutions

examines theoretical and thematic approaches to the study of revolution. The class will study some of the major political revolutions of the twentieth century and also explore the causes and consequences of various social, cultural, and economic upheavals such as the student revolts of the 1960s and the sexual revolution. There will be a discussion on how the way in which historians have studied revolutions has changed during the past half century.


The World at War, 1914-18

examines one of the most important events in twentieth-century world history, the First World War, and the war’s global impact on economics, society, culture, politics, and warfare. All sections of this course follow International Studies guidelines available at


Historical Methods

is an introduction to the methods and practices of history in the modern era. This course is compulsory for Honours students and recommended for Majors, including those intending to apply for graduate studies. For Historical Studies students at Grenfell Campus this course is required for all majors and minors.

CR: the former HIST 4801

PR: 12 credit hours in History including HIST 1100/1101 or permission of the instructor


The Renaissance in Europe, 1400-1550

is a seminar on the Renaissance in Europe, particularly in Italy and northern Europe, focusing especially on its intellectual and cultural aspects but also the social and gender history of the topic.


Special Topics in Newfoundland History I

are specialized studies in the History of Newfoundland.


Special Topics in Newfoundland History II

are specialized studies in the History of Newfoundland.

CR: the former Political Science 4731


Special Topics in Canadian History: A History of Social Welfare

is a study of the broad theme of the state and social welfare in Canada. The course examines the origins of modern forms of social control as evidenced in the nineteenth century prison, the lunatic asylum, and the poorhouse. As well, the course compares Canadian and British and American social welfare institutions and policies, and traces their historical evolution into the twentieth century.


Special Topics in European History: The British Empire, 1688 to the Present

has a range of special topics.

4410-4430 (Excluding 4411, 4419, 4421)

Historical Problems

are specialized studies in historical problems.


Special Topics in Social and Intellectual History

are specialized studies in social and intellectual history.


Art History: Modern Art I

(same as Visual Arts 4730) is an examination of the cultural, social, and political forces which, from 1750 to 1850, were to have a major impact on modernity and later modern art.

CR: Visual Arts 4730

PR: 6 credit hours in art history or permission of the chair of the Visual Arts Program


Art History: Modern Art II

(same as Visual Arts 4731) is an examination of the various cultural and social forces between 1850 and 1914 which shaped the rise of the Modern movement.

CO: 6 credit hours in art history or permission of the chair of the Visual Arts Program

CR: Visual Arts 4731

PR: 6 credit hours in art history or permission of the chair of the Visual Arts Program


Reading Course

is a directed reading course for Honours and selected students including those intending to apply for graduate studies. Readings will be taken from a list of significant works in History, the Humanities, and the Social Sciences.

PR: permission of the Program Chair


Independent Project in Historical Studies

will have students complete an independent research project under the supervision of a faculty member or members. Topics must have the approval of the Program Chair of Historical Studies.

CR: HIST 4951, HIST 4952

PR: HIST 3840 and 27 credit hours in other History courses


Advanced Research Essay I

is the preparatory course for the writing of the advanced research essay. Working under the supervision of an instructor, students will develop a knowledge of the scholarship in the chosen field and prepare a detailed essay proposal.

CR: HIST 4822; HIST 4950

PR: HIST 3840 and 24 credit hours in other History courses


Advanced Research Essay II

is a course in which students, working under the supervision of an instructor, will carry out the research essay proposal that they developed in HIST 4951, conducting the necessary historical research and analysis. Students will present their work in written and oral form.

CR: HIST 4950; HIST 4999

PR: HIST 4951

AR = Attendance requirement; CH = Credit hours are 3 unless otherwise noted; CO = Co-requisite(s); CR = Credit can be retained for only one course from the set(s) consisting of the course being described and the course(s) listed; LC = Lecture hours per week are 3 unless otherwise noted; LH = Laboratory hours per week; OR = Other requirements of the course such as tutorials, practical sessions, or seminars; PR = Prerequisite(s); UL = Usage limitation(s).