Professor and Head
M. Burton

The degree of Master of Science is offered in Biology and Marine Biology to full-time and part-time students. Students interested in animal behaviour should also consult the section in the Calendar describing the Master of Science in Cognitive and Behavioural Ecology program. In addition, a Master of Science degree is offered in Aquaculture. See appropriate sections of this Calendar.


1. The program of a candidate shall be the responsibility of a Supervisory Committee composed of the Supervisor and at least two other appropriate members recommended to the Dean by the Head (or delegate) of the Department with the concurrence of the Supervisor.

2. The Supervisory Committee shall interview the student normally within a month of first registration, to discuss the student's program and to explore any areas of weakness in the candidate's biological knowledge, especially where these relate to the intended areas of research.

3. A student will be required to take a minimum of 6 credit hours.

4. It is the function of a Supervisory Committee to have regular meetings, at least annually, with its graduate student. A meeting report, signed by all members of the Supervisory Committee and student, must be given to the Department. A copy will be sent to the graduate student and to the Dean of Graduate Studies.

5. The candidate will present a tentative outline of the proposed research to the Supervisory Committee, with a copy to the Department by the end of the second semester, and preferably prior to commencement of the research.

6. The student will present a research seminar to the Department, normally by the end of the second semester following admission, to describe the research topic being investigated and the methodologies to be employed. This seminar provides an opportunity for the student to receive constructive input from the broad biological community.

7. The candidate must present a thesis seminar of 30-40 minutes duration to the Department prior to submission of the thesis to the School of Graduate Studies. The candidate will be questioned by a panel approved by the Departmental Graduate Studies Committee, in consultation with the student's Supervisory Committee. All others in attendance will be invited to question the candidate before adjournment. Deficiencies noted at this stage should be carefully considered by the student and the Supervisory Committee prior to submission of the thesis for final examination.

Under exceptional circumstances, this requirement may be waived by the Head of the Department (or delegate).

8. Each Master's candidate shall spend at least one semester in residence as a full-time student within the Department during the program. It is recommended that this semester be at the beginning of the program.

Under exceptional circumstances, this requirement may be waived by the Head of the Department (or delegate).

9. If candidates, in the opinion of the Supervisor, Committee and Department, are not making satisfactory progress, they will be required to withdraw from the program.

10. Theses shall conform to Regulation J. of the GENERAL REGULATIONS of the School of Graduate Studies and to the regulations in the Departmental Guidelines.

Marine Biology

1. A program of study leading to a degree of Master of Science with a specialization in Marine Biology is governed by the above regulations.

2. Students will be required to take graduate courses comprising a minimum of 12 credit hours. These 12 credit hours must include Biological Oceanography 7531, and at least two of 6710, 7535, 7540, 7541, 7551, 7560, and 7561. The remaining credit hours may be selected from any other Biology graduate courses or relevant graduate courses in other Departments.


In accordance with Senate’s Policy Regarding Inactive Courses, courses which have not been offered in the previous three academic years and which are not scheduled to be offered in the current academic year have been removed from the following listing. For information about any of these inactive courses, please contact the Head of the Department.

A selection of the following graduate courses will be offered to meet the requirements of candidates, as far as the resources of the Department will allow:

6000. Research Topics in Microbiology
6100. Modern Problems in Botany
6110. Advanced Phycology
6410. Helminthology
6590. Molecular Biology I (Cross-listed as Biochemistry 6590 and Medicine 6590) Prerequisites: Biology 4241, Biochemistry 4100 (or equivalent)
6593. Selected Readings in Molecular Biology (Cross-listed as Biochemistry 6593) Prerequisites or Co-requisites: Biology 6590, 6591/Biochemistry 6590, 6591/Medicine 6590, 6591, (or equivalent)
6710. Marine Benthic Biology
6910. Applied Entomology
7110. Cellular Physiology and Cytology
7210. Arctic and Subarctic Biology
7220. Quantitative Methods in Biology
7270. Ecology of Newfoundland
7300. Ornithology
7531. Biological Oceanography
7535. Research Methods in Marine Science
7540. Plankton Dynamics
7550. Fishery Biology
7551. Fisheries Resource Management
7561. Physiology of Marine Vertebrates
7600. Effect of Organic and Inorganic Pollutants on Biological Systems
7910. Community and Ecosystem Ecology
7920-7930. Special Topics in Biology

Last modified on June 4, 2003 by R. Bruce

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