Maritime History On-line Catalogue
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|Invoice books found within the collection|
|Accession No:|| mha00000391|
|Title:|| Robert Slade & Company collection|
|Location:|| Bank 34, shelves 3 and 4|
|Creator:|| Robert Slade & Company|
|Extent:|| 1.5 m of textual records|
|Organization:|| Arranged in 8 series: Robert Slade, Trinity, 1806-1822; Slade and Kelson, Trinity, 1822-1839; Executors of Robert Slade Sr., 1839-1852; Robert Slade and Co., Trinity, 1851-1860; Slade and Cox, Fogo and Twillingate, 1818-1837; John Slade and Co., Fogo and Twillingate, 1791-1865; John Slade and Co., Labrador, 1791-1832; Keith Matthews' notes on documents dated 1783-1858. |
|Source of Supplied Title:|| Title is based on the subject of the collection|
|Restrictions:|| No restrictions|
|Adm. Hist/Bio. Sketch:|| Robert Slade & Company was one of several Slade family companies based in Poole, operating in the Newfoundland trade in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The original Slade firm was established in the 1750s by John Slade (1719-1792) with headquarters at Twillingate. John Slade later acquired trading premises in Fogo and established a branch business at Battle Harbour in Labrador. Robert Slade (1768-1833), John's nephew, was employed as a ship's captain and took responsibility for the firm's business in Labrador. In 1792 he inherited a portion of his uncles' mercantile estate, John Slade & Co.|
In 1804 Robert Slade formed his own firm and established a trade at Trinity by acquiring premises formerly owned and operated by the Poole firm of Jeffrey & Street. Slade expanded to Catalina in 1813, Heart's Content in 1817, Bird Island Cove (Elliston) in 1822 and Hants Harbour in 1835. Robert Slade directed his trade from a country house in Poole and employed agents to manage affairs at Trinity. James Gover was appointed Manager, 1804-9; William Kelson, 1809-51; and Alexander Warren Bremner, 1851-61.
In the period 1804-1822, the firm traded under the name Robert Slade. In 1822 it became Slade & Kelson, when William Kelson, the company's chief agent at Trinity, also became a shareholder. Robert Slade died in 1833 and from 1837 until 1850 the firm was styled Executors of the late Robert Slade Sr. After Kelson retired, the firm was renamed Robert Slade & Company and traded under the name until it was dissolved in 1861.
Robert Slade's firm, under the management of William Kelson, built up a very extensive trade with fishing families in Trinity Bay using the truck, or credit system. By the 1820s Robert Slade had become one of the larger Poole firms in the Newfoundland trade along with George Garland & Sons at Trinity and Fryer, Gosse & Pack at Carbonear. Like the Garlands, Slade became involved in shipbuilding, fitted out fishing crews for the French Shore and the coast of Labrador and dispatched vessels to the spring seal hunt on the northeast coast.
Slade & Kelson played an important role to encourage settled populations in Trinity Bay especially at Catalina and Bird Island Cove (Elliston) by opening and operating mercantile premises there. When the firm closed out at Trinity, the Slade property was purchased by Alexander Bremner who formed a mercantile partnership with Walter Grieve and operated as Grieve & Bremner.
|Scope and Content:|| Collection consists of original material and reproductions collected by Dr. Keith Matthews, including business records and ledgers, 1806-1822; diaries, 1809-1852; fish collection books, 1791-1852; and some correspondence and letter books. There is also a series of Matthews' notes taken from Slade documents for the period 1783-1858. Photocopies predominate.|
Collection is arranged in eight series which reflect the administrative structure of the business: Robert Slade, Trinity, 1806-1822; Slade and Kelson, Trinity, 1822-1839; Executors of Robert Slade Sr., 1839-1852; Robert Slade & Company, Trinity, 1851-1860; Slade and Cox, Fogo and Twillingate, 1818-1837; John Slade and Co., Fogo and Twillingate, 1791-1865; John Slade and Co., Labrador, 1791-1832; Keith Matthews' notes on documents dated 1783-1858.
|Reproduction Note:|| Photocopied material from the Slade collections held at the Provincial Archives of Newfoundland and Labrador.|
|Terms Governing Use:|| Copyright expired.|
|Associated Material:|| John Slade & Co. fonds, Provincial Archives of Newfoundland and Labrador
Slade and Kelson, Journal extracts, 1811, 1831, 1836, Centre for Newfoundland Studies
Robert Slade & Company fonds, Trinity Historical Society Archives|
|Finding Aids:|| MHA finding aid 89|
|Finding Aid on the Web:||http://www.mun.ca/mha/holdings/findingaids/slade.php|
|Subject:|| Merchants--Newfoundland and Labrador|
|Subject:|| Trinity (N.L.)|
|Subject:|| Battle Harbour (Labrador).|
|Subject:|| Fogo (N.L.)|
|Subject:|| Business records|
|Authors_Personal Name:|| Slade, John, d1719-1792.|
|Authors_Personal Name:|| Kelson, William, fl. 1810.|
|Authors_Personal Name:|| Slade, Robert Sr.|
|Authors_Personal Name:|| Slade, Robert Jr.|
|Authors_Personal Name:|| Matthews, K. (Keith), 1938-1984|
|Online Material:|| Slade and Kelson Diaries|
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