Scott Neilsen

Position

Assistant Professor

Academics

Ph.D. Memorial University of Newfoundland, 2015
M.A. Memorial University of Newfoundland, 2006
B.A. St. Thomas University, 2000

Contact

Email: scott.neilsen@mun.ca
Phone: 709-497-3630, ext. 225
Office: Labrador Institute Research Station
Mail: 219 Hamilton River Road
P.O. Box 490, Stn. B
Happy Valley-Goose Bay, NL A0P 1E0

Research Interests

My primary focus is on the long-term history of indigenous people in eastern Quebec and Labrador, and their relations with one-another, settlers, visitors, government, and the environment. More generally, I am curious about the culture and history of small-scale societies from around the world, and the impact of climate, environment and policy on their immediate adaptations and long-term transformations. I am also interested in cultural resource management and archaeological and anthropological theory, and the history and role of these disciplines within society.

Current Research

My research focuses on a survey of Lake Ashuanipi in western Labrador. The project itself is entitled Archaeology Beyond the Horizon, which refers to a problem I see in the archaeological history of the Labrador Peninsula; that we often make assumptions about what went on in the interior without looking to see what is actually there. For this reason I chose to focus on Lake Ashuanipi for my Ph.D. research, to see what was actually there. From historical documents I knew going in that Lake Ashuanipi was part of an Innu travel route between the Quebec North Shore and the Lake Plateau, but I didn’t know if it had been used prior to European settlement on the coast or to what degree the Lake had been inhabited. Overall we spent three summers surveying portions of the lake (it is huge so we couldn’t cover the entire area). We identified recent enthnographic sites, and pre- and post-contact archaeology sites. And in some cases, these components were stratified within the same site. For more information, please visit Scott Nielsen's interview on Elfshot.

Since 2009, I have also been heavily involved in the Sheshatshiu Archaeology Project; a multi-year research and salvage project partnership between Sheshatshiu Innu First Nation and the Labrador Institute. As a community archaeology project, one of the aims of this work was to engage community members as field crew; and include outreach programs with SIFN grade 4, 5, 6 and high school students in the laboratory, classroom, and field. The project has been featured in media, including: local CBC radio, CBC and NTV provincial newscasts, CBC National News, and The Labradorian. For more information, please visit the Archaeology in Sheshatshiu Facebook page.

I have also been a part of a multi-year research project partnership between Sivunivut Inuit Community Corporation and the Labrador Institute entitled "Traditional Knowledge: A Blueprint for Change". From 2009 to 2013, this project engaged community members as researchers, guides, and expert informants. To date the project has established a TEK GIS database and a Radarsat Ice Monitoring System for North West River. The project has been featured in media, including: APTN national news, the Labradorian, and local CBC radio; and, in 2013 will be highlighted by Memorial University as an exemplar of community engagement. For more information, please visit the Tapping into Traditional Knowledge webpage.

Research supervision
Ph.D Dissertation

Brenan, Julia (in progress): Research topic: Legacies of colonial waste in Labrador and the implications for community archaeology. (Co-supervised with Dr. Meghan Burchell).
Campbell, John Andrew (in progress). Research topic: Entangled Narratives: Mi’kmaw Interactions, Relationships, and Realities During the Genesis of the Fur Trade.
Suttie, Brent (in progress). Research topic: tbd.

M.A. Theses

Reid, Brady (Environmental Policy Institute, Grenfell)(in progress). Research Topic: Indigenous knowledge and land use: Building relationships with a Ktaqmkuk Mi’kmaw community. (Co-supervised with Dr. Kelly Vodden).
Cameron, Ashley (in progress). Research topic: Analysis of Stone Tools from the Archaeological Site FjCa-51, Area 9 & Area 11, Sheshatshiu, Labrador.
Miller, Natasha (in progress). Research topic: Beyond the Boats: Innu at Red Bay, Labrador. (Co-supervised with Dr. Mario Blaser)
Wolfrum, Allan (in progress). Research topic: Sensing the Unseen: Archaeo-Geophysical Survey on the Ushpitun Landform.
Brenan, Julia (2019). Community archaeology and memories on Birch Island.

B.A. Honours Essay

Letemplier, Samantha (2018). The Harvey Hopkins Collection: An Analysis of a Middle Dorset Assemblage from old Perlican, Newfoundland.

Recent Publications

Neilsen, Scott.
2018. An Increased Role for Indigenous Citizens in Decisions Affecting Labrador. In The Democracy Cookbook: Recipes to Renew Governance in Newfoundland and Labrador. Edited by Alex Marland and Lisa Moore. ISER Books: St. John’s.

Neilsen, Scott.
2017. An Introduction to the Archaeological History of Ashuanipi, Labrador. North Atlantic Archaeology, Vol. 5.

Neilsen, Scott.
2017. Encounters: An Anthropological History of Southern Labrador. Canadian Historical Review 98(2): 414-416.

Neilsen, Scott.
An Archaeological History of Ashuanipi, Labrador. PhD. Dissertation, Memorial University, St. John’s.

Neilsen Scott, C. Arbour, M. Walley, E. Bethune, R. Winters, S. Champion, M. Denniston, and G. Quehe.
2018. Community Archaeology and Cultural Resource Management in Sheshathsiu, Labrador. In Provincial Archaeology Office 2017 Archaeology Review, Vol. 16, Newfoundland and Labrador: St. John’s.

Neilsen, Scott and Julia Brenan.
2018. The Birch Island Archaeological Project, 2017 Investigation. In Provincial Archaeology Office 2017 Archaeology Review, Vol. 16, Newfoundland and Labrador: St. John’s.

Neilsen, Scott.
2017. Archaeology in Upper Lake Melville. In Provincial Archaeology Office 2016 Archaeology Review, Vol. 15, Newfoundland and Labrador: St. John’s.

Neilsen, Scott.
2013 Archaeological Investigations, Upper Lake Melville, Labrador. In Provincial Archaeology Office 2013 Archaeology Review, Vol. 12, Newfoundland and Labrador: St. John’s.

Neilsen, Scott.
2012 Archaeological Mitigation in Sheshatshiu. In Provincial Archaeology Office 2012 Archaeology Review, Vol. 11, Newfoundland and Labrador: St. John’s.

Neilsen, Scott.
2013. The River Runs Through It. Them Days. Invited article, special issue: Churchill River.

Neilsen, Scott.
2012. Stage I HRIA Draft Overview Report Conducted on Behalf of CBCL for the Town of Happy Valley-Goose Bay. Permit 11.40. Report on File with Provincial Archaeology Office, NL.

Neilsen, Scott.
2011. Excavations in Sheshatshiu. In Provincial Archaeology Office Review, Volume 9.

Neilsen, Scott.
2011. Archaeological Mitigation in Sheshatshiu. 2010 Fieldwork. Permit 10.14. Report on File with Provincial Archaeology Office, NL.

Neilsen, Scott.
2010. Archaeological Mitigation in Sheshatshiu. 2009 Fieldwork.Permit 09.14. Report on File with Provincial Archaeology Office, NL.

Neilsen, Scott.
2010. A Story Told in Stone: Unearthing Ancient Artifacts near Sheshatshiu, Labrador. Labrador Life 4(1): 14-18.

Neilsen, Scott.
2009. A Critical review of the Relationship Between Innu and Inuit in Southern Labrador ca. 1500 to 1900 CE. Report on File with NunatuKavut Community Council, Labrador.

Neilsen, Scott.
2009. Sheshatshiu Innu First Nation: test mitigation at FjCa-51. Permit 08.52. Report on File with Provincial Archaeology Office, NL.

Neilsen, Scott.
2009. Archaeology Beyond the Horizon: Survey Data Report. Permits 05.10, 06.09, & 08.02. Report on File with Provincial Archaeology Office, NL.

Neilsen, Scott.
2009. Bloom Lake Railway Project: Stage 2 Archaeology Assessment. Final Report. Report on File with Provincial Archaeology Office, NL.

Josephs, and Scott Neilsen
2009. Geoarchaeological Investigations at Two Intermediate Indian Sites near Happy Valley-Goose Bay, Labrador: Implications for Late Holocene Paleoshoreline Reconstruction and Settlement Patterning in Western Hamilton Inlet. Canadian Journal of Archaeology 33: 92–114.

Recent Presentations

2018 Neilsen. Stories from an Innu Hunter and their Implications for Conducting Archaeology in the Hinterland of the Québec-Labrador Peninsula.

2017 Neilsen. Concerning Taxonomy. Paper presented at the 50th annual conference of the Canadian Archaeological Association, Ottawa, Qntario.

2017 Neilsen, Tuttauk, Venovcev, and Wood. Four guys, a graveyard, and a drone: Mapping the North West River Cemetery. Paper presented at the First Bi-annual Labrador Research Forum, Happy Valley-Goose Bay, Labrador.

2016 Neilsen. Questions of Continuity and Transformation at Ashuanipi. Paper presented at the 49th annual conference of the Canadian Archaeological Association, Whitehorse, Yukon.

2014 Neilsen. The Land Created by Cane. Paper presented at the 47th annual conference of the Canadian Archaeological Association, London, Ontario.

2012 Neilsen. “Regrettably, still implicit…”. Paper presented at the 45th annual conference of the Canadian Archaeological Association. Montreal, Québec.

2010 Neilsen. Knowing your Place. Paper presented at the 43rd annual
conference of the Canadian Archaeology Association, Calgary, AB.

2010 Neilsen and Andersen. Traditional Knowledge: A Blueprint for Change, Phase I. Poster presented at Health Canada’s Climate Change and Health Adaptation Project Conference, Ottawa.

2008 Neilsen. Over the Hills and Far Away: Accounting for Nutshimit in the archaeology of Coastal Labrador. Paper presented at the 74th Annual Society for American Archaeology Conference, Vancouver, B.C.

2007 Neilsen. Two Worlds, One Life: straddling the line between Innu
Knowledge and Archaeology. Paper presented at the 40th annual
conference of the Canadian Archaeology Association. St. John’s, NL.

Recent Awards/Grants

2012 Health Canada’s Climate Change and Health Adaptation Program for Northern First Nations and Inuit Communities. Traditional Knowledge: A Blueprint for Change, Phase II. Project Funding.

2010 Health Canada’s Climate Change and Health Adaptation Program for Northern First Nations and Inuit Communities. Traditional Knowledge: A Blueprint for Change, Phase I. Project Funding.

2010 Internship, MITACS Accelerate Program, Sivunivut Inuit Community Corporation and Labrador Institute of Memorial University.

2008 Robert McGhee Award, Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development.

2008, 2006-2005 JR Smallwood Foundation, Archaeology Beyond the Horizon, fieldwork grant (PhD).

2008, 2006-2005 Northern Scientific Training Program, Archaeology Beyond the Horizon, fieldwork grant (PhD).

Contact

Department of Archaeology

230 Elizabeth Ave, St. John's, NL, CANADA, A1B 3X9

Postal Address: P.O. Box 4200, St. John's, NL, CANADA, A1C 5S7

Tel: (709) 864-8000