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Alciato's Book of Emblems

Emblem 98


The people reverence Pan (that is to say, the nature of things), a man who is half-goat, a god who is half-man. He is a man down to his loins because the virtue implanted in us, rising from the heart, is seated in the high citadel of the head. Below, he is a goat, because nature continues us through time by means of copulation, like birds, fish, brute animals and wild beasts. Because this is common to other living creatures, the goat is the sign of lechery and bears the open marks of Venus. Some give wisdom to the heart, others to the brain. No moderation or reason rules the baser things.