CAREing about productivity
CARE, an initiative of the Faculty of Arts’ Department of Economics, has commissioned a report that puts Newfoundland and Labrador’s productivity front and centre.
CARE (Collaborative Applied Research in Economics) was established in 2012 with an objective to promote applied economic research within Newfoundland and Labrador with a view to promoting a greater understanding of the province’s economy and any associated wider social impacts.
The study, Newfoundland and Labrador’s Productivity Performance, 1997-2010: The Impact of the Oil Boom, was written by Dr. Andrew Sharp, the founder and executive director of the Centre for Living Standards, and an internationally recognized leader in the area of productivity.
According to Dr. Wade Locke, one of CARE’s principal investigators, the study shows that the improvement in productivity in Newfoundland and Labrador during the 1997-2010 period has been “phenomenal” and considerably higher than any other region in Canada. Dr. Locke indicates that the report shows this growth has spilled into other sectors, which denotes, in his words, “true productivity.”
“Due to higher wages and higher standard of livings, most people in the province have benefitted,” he said. “This is a good news story and the sort of thing that CARE hopes to generate more and more of for the people of this province. The release of this sort of positive information is key to decision-making at both the policy and personal level.”
Key findings from the study include:
- Newfoundland and Labrador’s economy has experienced impressive growth in recent years. Real GDP in the province’s business sector increased at nearly twice the rate of Canada's (4.55 per cent vs. 2.50 per cent per year) between 1997 and 2010, while the province’s labour productivity growth was more than three times greater than Canada’s (3.86 per cent vs. 1.29 per cent)
- In 2010, the province’s labour productivity level, at $75.20 per hour, was 157.4 per cent of the national average of $47.79 per hour.
- Nearly 70 per cent of the additional nominal output produced in Newfoundland and Labrador between 1997 and 2010 is attributable to an increase in the output of the mining and oil and gas extraction sector. In 2010 the output of this sector represented 50.4 per cent of Newfoundland and Labrador's business sector (nominal) output, up from 8.2 per cent in 1997.
- Labour productivity in mining and oil and gas extraction grew at a compound annual rate of 11.34 per cent during the 1997-2010 period, much higher than any other sector in the province
- The study found evidence of productivity spillover effects from the mining and oil and gas extraction sector to the non-oil sectors of the economy, as shown by the acceleration of labour and multifactor productivity growth outside the mining and oil and gas extraction sector in the province after 1997. Mechanisms that would explain the existence of such spillover effects may include the productivity-augmenting effects of increased government spending financed by oil revenues, a tighter labour market, a more dynamic and competitive economy, and knowledge spillovers from the oil sector
- Since Newfoundland and Labrador’s high productivity level reflects the high value added per hour worked produced in the mining and oil and gas sector, depletion of these natural resources, especially the offshore oil reserves, raises sustainability issues. In order for the province to maintain its current relative productivity level, it needs to invest substantially in reproducible capital, both human capital and physical capital.
The entire report can be found at CARE’s website at www.economicsaction.com.