Office of the Registrar
Grenfell Campus (2017/2018)
7.4 School of Science and the Environment

www.grenfell.mun.ca/school-of-science-and-the-environment

The School of Science and the Environment offers the Bachelor of Arts with Major in Environmental Studies, the Bachelor of Resource Management with Major in Sustainable Resource Management, and the Bachelor of Science with Majors in Computational Mathematics, Environmental Science, General Science, and Physics general degrees.

A Bachelor of Science (Honours) degree is available in Environmental Science.

Minors are available in Economics, Environmental Science, Environmental Studies, Geography, Mathematics, Physics, and Science. Students for the Bachelor of Science degree offered by the School of Science and the Environment may complete a minor offered by the School of Science and the Environment or the School of Arts and Social Science. See Table 19 Minor Programs Offered by the School of Arts and Social Science and Table 12 Minor Programs Offered by the School of Science and the Environment.

An articulation agreement has been established with the College of the North Atlantic for those students who have completed the three-year Environmental Technology diploma program and who wish to obtain a Bachelor of Science degree with a Major in Environmental Science.

7.4.1 Bachelor of Arts with Major in Environmental Studies

www.grenfell.mun.ca/environmental-studies

The Major in Environmental Studies is an interdisciplinary program which uses various theoretical and applied approaches to explore the complex, dynamic interaction of human beings and nature, considering environmental, political and economic constraints and possibilities. The Major requires a total of 78 credit hours. Students must complete 60 credit hours from the Environmental Studies Core and 18 credit hours from the Environmental Studies Electives.

7.4.1.1 Articulation Agreement - Bachelor of Arts with Major in Environmental Studies for Students who have Graduated From the Two-Year Adventure Tourism Diploma Program Offered by the College of the North Atlantic
Table 2 Bachelor of Arts with Major in Environmental Studies for Students who have Graduated From the Two-Year Adventure Tourism Diploma Program Offered by the College of the North Atlantic

Required Courses

Electives

6 credit hours in 1000-level English courses

  • Environmental Studies Electives
  • 9 credit hours from Environmental Studies electives below, from which at least 6 credit hours must be at the 3000-or 4000-level, chosen in consultation with a faculty advisor as follows:
7.4.2 Bachelor of Resource Management with Major in Sustainable Resource Management

www.grenfell.mun.ca/resource-management

  • The 120 credit hour, 40 course Bachelor of Resource Management with Major in Sustainable Resource Management program may be completed on a full or part-time basis as set out under Table 3 Bachelor of Resource Management with Major in Sustainable Resource Management.

  • The program consists of a Sustainable Resource Management core which provides an interdisciplinary understanding of management activities within the context of the physical, social and economic environments.

  • A Minor is not required for this program.

Table 3 Bachelor of Resource Management with Major in Sustainable Resource Management

Required Courses

Elective Courses

Courses as outlined under Grenfell Campus Core Program Requirements, Breadth of Knowledge Requirement, Literacy Requirement, and Quantitative Reasoning and Analysis Requirement

33 credit hours in elective courses. When selecting electives, students are reminded that the Core Requirements for a Grenfell Campus degree program must be met.

7.4.2.1 Articulation Agreement - Bachelor of Resource Management for Graduates of the Two-Year Fish and Wildlife Technician Diploma Program Offered by the College of the North Atlantic
Table 4 Bachelor of Resource Management for Graduates of the Two-Year Fish and Wildlife Technician Diploma Program Offered by the College of the North Atlantic

Required Courses

Elective Courses

6 credit hours in elective courses of which 3 credit hours must be chosen from Art History, Classics, English, History, Humanities, Languages, Philosophy, Religious Studies, Theatre, or Visual Arts

7.4.2.2 Articulation Agreement - Bachelor of Resource Management for Graduates of the Two-Year Forest Resources Technician Diploma Program Offered by the College of the North Atlantic
Table 5 Bachelor of Resource Management for Graduates of the Two-Year Forest Resources Technician Diploma Program Offered by the College of the North Atlantic

Required Courses

Elective Courses

3 credit hours in elective courses chosen from Art History, Classics, English, History, Humanities, Languages, Philosophy, Religious Studies, Theatre, or Visual Arts.

7.4.3 Bachelor of Science with Major in Computational Mathematics

www.grenfell.mun.ca/mathematics

This Mathematics Major covers the essential undergraduate topics in mathematics, develops rigorous logical thinking, and equips students with computational techniques to model and solve real-world problems. Courses used to complete the requirements of this major may be used to meet the requirements of a minor or second major in a different subject area excluding a minor in Science and a major in General Science.

Table 6 Bachelor of Science with Major in Computational Mathematics

Required Courses

Elective Courses

Courses as outlined under Grenfell Campus Core Program Requirements, Breadth of Knowledge Requirement, Literacy Requirement, and Quantitative Reasoning and Analysis Requirement

Elective courses to make up the total of 120 credit hours, other than those required for the Grenfell Campus Core Program Requirement and Major/Minor requirements, may be chosen according to the following guidelines:

  • Any courses in arts, social science, science and fine arts and
  • Up to 15 credit hours in other subject areas.
  • 3 credit hours in a computer programming course
  • Mathematics 1000, 1001, 2000, 2050, 2051, 2130, 2320, 3000, 3132, 3240, 4242, 4950
  • Philosophy 2210
  • 3 credit hours in Physics chosen from Physics 1020, 1050, 2151, or 2400
  • Statistics 2550 (or equivalent)
  • 12 further credit hours in Mathematics and Statistics including 3 credit hours at the 2000 level or higher; 6 credit hours at the 3000 level or higher; and 3 credit hours at the 4000 level (Computer Science 2510 and 2710, and Physics 2820 and 3820 may be used in place of an equivalent level Mathematics course)
7.4.4 Bachelor of Science with Major in Environmental Science

www.grenfell.mun.ca/environmental-science

The Major consists of an Environmental Science Core which provides a broad appreciation of the interrelationships inherent in any study of the environment and one of two possible streams which provide the depth and focus for the degree program.

Table 7 Bachelor of Science with Major in Environmental Science

Required Courses

Elective Courses

Courses as outlined under Grenfell Campus Core Program Requirements, Breadth of Knowledge Requirement, Literacy Requirement, and Quantitative Reasoning and Analysis Requirement.

Elective courses to make up the total of 120 credit hours, other than those required for the Grenfell Campus Core Program Requirement and Major/Minor requirements, may be chosen according to the following guidelines:

  • Any courses in arts, social science, science and fine arts and
  • Up to 15 credit hours in other subject areas.
  • Environmental Science Core
  • 45 credit hours as follows:
  • Biology 1001, 1002, 2600
  • Earth Sciences 1000
  • Mathematics 1000 (or 1080 and 1081), Statistics 2550 or equivalent
  • One of Physics 1020 or 1050 and one of Physics 1021 or 1051
  • Environmental Science 4000
  • Environmental Science 4950 (or 4951)
  • a minimum of 6 credit hours chosen from Anthropology 3083, Economics 1010 (or the former 2010), Environmental Studies 3000, Environmental Studies 4000, Philosophy 2561, Political Science 3550, Political Science 3731, Religious Studies 3880
  • a minimum of 9 credit hours chosen from Environmental Science 2261, Environmental Science 2360, Environmental Science 2370, Environmental Science 2371, Environmental Science 2430, Environmental Science 2450, Environmental Science 3072, Environmental Science 3470, Environmental Studies 2000 (this course is strongly recommended for the Biology Stream of the Environmental Science program)

It is strongly recommended that students considering the Chemistry stream of the Environmental Science program complete Mathematics 1000, Physics 1020 or 1050 and one of Physics 1021 or 1051 in their first year.

  • Environmental Science Streams
  • 39 credit hours in one of the following streams:
  • Biology stream
  • Biology 2010, 2122
  • Chemistry 1200/1001 sequence or Chemistry 1050/1051 sequence, and one of Chemistry 2210 or Chemistry 2301 or 2440 or 2400/2401 sequence, or Chemistry 1010/1011 sequence and Chemistry 2440
  • Environmental Science 3110, 3130 3131, 4132, 4140 (or equivalent field course)
  • Two of Environmental Science 4069, 4131, 4133, 4240, 4369, 4479
  • one additional laboratory (Science/Statistics/GIS) course beyond the first year level excluding Environmental Science Core courses. A course used to fulfill a stream requirement cannot also be used as a Group C course in the Environmental Science Core.
  • Chemistry stream
  • Chemistry 1200/1001 sequence or Chemistry 1050/1051 sequence. It is strongly recommended that students complete one of these sequences of Chemistry courses in their first year.
  • Chemistry 2210, 2301/2302, Chemistry 2400/2401 or equivalent
  • Environmental Science 2261, 3210, 3211, 3260, 3261, 4230
  • Two of Environmental Science 4069, 4131, 4240, 4249, 4369, 4479
  • Mathematics 1001 which should be completed in the first year of studies
7.4.4.1 Articulation Agreement - Bachelor of Science with Major in Environmental Science for Graduates of the Three-Year Environmental Technology Diploma Program Offered by the College of the North Atlantic
  • The program may be completed on a full or part-time basis as set out under Table 8 Bachelor of Science with Major in Environmental Science for Graduates of the Three-Year Environmental Technology Diploma Program Offered by the College of the North Atlantic.

  • An articulation agreement has been established with the College of the North Atlantic for those students who have completed the three-year Environmental Technology diploma program and who wish to obtain a Bachelor of Science degree (Major in Environmental Science). Students who have graduated from the three-year Environmental Technology Diploma Program offered by the College of the North Atlantic, or who are in their final semester of this program, can apply for entry with advanced standing into the Environmental Science Degree Program offered at Grenfell Campus. Upon admission to the university, such students will enter the second year of either stream of the Environmental Science Degree Program.

  • Students will be given unspecified credit for 45 credit hours towards the 120 credit-hour degree program. Included in these 45 credit hours will be 9 credit hours for unspecified writing courses, of which 6 credit hours will be at the 1000 level and three will be at the 2000 level. In addition, 6 of these credit hours will be for unspecified credit at the 2000 level satisfying Group B, breadth of knowledge requirement.

  • Students gaining entry into the Environmental Science Degree Program at Grenfell Campus will need to satisfy all other core program requirements specified for Grenfell Campus degree programs. As well, they will need to satisfy all other course requirements specified for their specific stream in Environmental Science and meet the requirements outlined under Table 8 Bachelor of Science with Major in Environmental Science for Graduates of the Three-Year Environmental Technology Diploma Program Offered by the College of the North Atlantic.

Table 8 Bachelor of Science with Major in Environmental Science for Graduates of the Three-Year Environmental Technology Diploma Program Offered by the College of the North Atlantic

Required Courses

6 credit hours from Group A Breadth of Knowledge Requirement and 21 credit hours in additional designated Writing courses which may include Environmental Science core and stream courses

  • Environmental Science Core
  • Biology 2600
  • Environmental Science 4000
  • Environmental Science 4950
  • Statistics 2550 or equivalent
  • 6 credit hours from Anthropology 3083, Economics 1010 (or the former 2010), Environmental Studies 3000, Philosophy 2561, Political Science 3731, Political Science 3550, Religious Studies 3880
  • 9 credit hours from Environmental Science 2261, 2360, 2370, 2371, 2430, 2450, 3072, 3470, Environmental Studies 2000 or equivalent

one of the following streams:

  • Biology Stream
  • Biology 2010, 2122
  • the former Chemistry 2300 or 2440 or 2400/2401
  • Environmental Science 3110, 3130, 3131, 4132, 4140 (or an equivalent field course)
  • 6 credit hours from Environmental Science 4069, 4131, 4133, 4240, 4479
  • 3 credit hours in an additional science or statistics laboratory course at the 2000 level or higher, excluding Environmental Science core courses
7.4.5 Bachelor of Science with Major in General Science

www.grenfell.mun.ca/science

Students completing the Major in General Science will complete a General Science Core. In addition, they will complete a minimum of 24 credit hours (or 18 credit hours in the case of Mathematics) in each of three streams chosen from Biology, Chemistry, Earth Systems, Mathematics or Physics. A student may not use the same course to satisfy the requirements of more than one stream. Students planning their course selection should be aware of the fact that most senior level science courses have one or more specified prerequisites.

Table 9 Bachelor of Science with Major in General Science

Required Courses

Elective Courses

Courses as outlined under Grenfell Campus Core Program Requirements, Breadth of Knowledge Requirement, Literacy Requirement, and Quantitative Reasoning and Analysis Requirement

Elective courses to make up the total of 120 credit hours, other than those required for the Grenfell Campus Core Program Requirement and Major/Minor requirements, may be chosen according to the following guidelines:

  • Any courses in arts, social science, science and fine arts and
  • Up to 15 credit hours in other subject areas.
  • General Science Streams
  • 24 credit hours in each of three streams, chosen from the following list of courses:
  • Mathematics:
  • Mathematics 1000, 1001, 2000, 2050, 2320
  • Nine additional credit hours beyond the 1000 level chosen from Mathematics or Statistics, at least 6 which must be beyond the 2000 level.
7.4.6 Bachelor of Science with Major in Physics

www.grenfell.mun.ca/physics

Table 10 Bachelor of Science with Major in Physics

Required Courses

Elective Courses

Courses as outlined under Grenfell Campus Core Program Requirements, Breadth of Knowledge Requirement, Literacy Requirement, and Quantitative Reasoning and Analysis Requirement

Elective courses to make up the total of 120 credit hours, other than those required for the Grenfell Campus Core Program Requirement and Major/Minor requirements, may be chosen according to the following guidelines:

  • Any courses in arts, social science, science and fine arts and
  • Up to 15 credit hours in other subject areas.
  • Mathematics 1000, 1001, 2000, 2050, 2260 (or the former Mathematics 3260), 3202. Since Mathematics 2000 is required for a number of upper-year Physics and Mathematics courses, a student not completing Mathematics 1001 in first year will require more time to complete the degree. A student who has completed Mathematics 1000 and Physics 1020 with a minimum grade of 65% may enrol in Physics 1051. Taking the sequence Physics 1020, 1021, and 1051 will increase the number of credit hours needed to complete the degree.

9 additional credit hours in Physics chosen from Physics 3160, 3180, 3250, 3230, 3820.

Table 11 Suggested Program of Study for the Bachelor of Science with Major in Physics
  • Year 1
  • Fall & winter
  • Chemistry 1001 (recommended)
  • Elective
  • English 1001
  • Mathematics 1001
  • Physics 1051
  • Year 2
  • Fall and Winter
  • Elective
  • Elective
  • Mathematics 2260
  • Physics 2053
  • Physics 2056
  • Year 3
  • Fall and Winter
  • Year 4
  • Fall and Winter
  • Elective
  • Elective
  • Elective
  • Physics 4100
  • Physics 4880
  • Elective
  • Elective
  • Elective
  • Physics 3180 and/or Physics 3230 and/or Physics 3820
  • Physics 4950
7.4.7 Minor Programs Offered by the School of Science and the Environment

www.grenfell.mun.ca/minor

Table 12 Minor Programs Offered by the School of Science and the Environment
  • Economics Minor
  • Economics 1010 (or the former 2010), 1020 (or the former 2020), 3000, 3010
  • 12 additional credit hours in Economics of which at least 6 must be at the 3000 or 4000-level
  • Environmental Science Minor
  • Biology 1001, 1002 and 2600 or Chemistry 1200, 1001, and one of Chemistry 2440 or Environmental Science 2261
  • Additional 15 credit hours in science courses within the Environmental Science program of which at least 6 credit hours must be at the 3000 or 4000 level
  • Environmental Science Biology Minor
  • Biology 1001, 1002, 2010, 2122, 2600
  • 3 credit hours from Environmental Science 3110, 3130, 3131, 4131
  • An additional 6 credit hours in courses with the Environmental Science designation of which at least 3 credit hours must be at the 3000 or 4000 level.
  • Environmental Studies Minor
  • Environmental Studies 1000, 2000 and 6 credit hours chosen from the Environmental Studies Core.
  • 12 credit hours chosen from the Environmental Studies Electives. The courses chosen must be beyond the 1000-level and from at least three subject areas.
  • Environmental Science Chemistry Minor
  • Chemistry 1200, 1001, 2210, the former Chemistry 2300 (or 2301), Chemistry 2440
  • 3 credit hours from Environmental Science 3210, 3261, 4240
  • An additional 6 credit hours in courses with the Environmental Science designation of which at least 3 credit hours must be at the 3000 or 4000 level
  • Geography Minor
  • Geography 1050, 2001, 2102, 2195, 2302, 2425
  • 6 additional credit hours in Geography which must be at the 3000 or 4000 level.
  • Mathematics Minor
  • Mathematics 1000, 1001
  • either 18 additional credit hours from Mathematics and Statistics courses at the 2000 level or higher, at least 6 credit hours shall be in courses at the 3000 level or higher (Physics 3820 can be used in place of a Mathematics course at the 3000 level); or
  • 15 additional credit hours from Mathematics and Statistics courses at the 2000 level or higher, at least 6 credit hours shall be in courses at the 3000 level or higher (Physics 3820 can be used in place of a Mathematics course at the 3000 level); and
  • 3 credit hours in one of Computer Science 1510, 1710, or Engineering 1020
  • Physics Minor
  • Physics 1050 (or 1020), 1051, 2053, 2056, 2820.
  • An additional 9 credit hours in Physics at the 2000-level or above.
  • Science Minor
  • The Minor in Science may be chosen in courses from the following disciplines: Biology, Chemistry, Computer Science, Earth Sciences, Environmental Science, Mathematics, Physics, Science, and Statistics. Students who have completed courses drawn from other Science disciplines must obtain approval of the Head of Science.
  • Mathematics 1000
  • 6 additional credit hours in first year science courses (At least 3 credit hours must be in a laboratory course chosen from any science discipline except mathematics).
  • Five science courses beyond the 1000 level, at least 6 credit hours of which must be beyond the 2000 level. (Mathematics 1001 may be substituted for one of the 2000 level science courses).

Students for the Bachelor of Science degree offered by the School of Science and the Environment may complete a minor offered by the School of Science and the Environment, the School of Arts and Social Science or the School of Fine Arts. See Table 19 Minor Programs Offered by the School of Arts and Social Science, or from Table 5 Minor Program Offered by the School of Fine Arts, or from Table 12 Minor Programs Offered by the School of Science and the Environment